Total Number of Transcriptions : 5745
Total Number of Documents Begun : 1390
Id Item Collection Transcription Last Updated
201606018 Documents furnished to Howe upon appointment as Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 18 supplied to the aged, and widows and orphans. Education will be beneficial when their labors are more regular. Cape Breton. Rev. Mr. [McKeaguny?] The Indians have commenced erecting a large and tasteful Chapel (R.C.) on an Island in Bras d'Or Lake - their own resources will, it is feared, be inadequate to complete it. They resort to the Island / Indian Island / at the festival of St. Anne's, from all parts of Nova Scotia, the neighbouring Province, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland. Perhaps 400 families assemble at the Festival -- they establish a tribunal for the trial and punishment of the offences, drunkeness and theft, &c. Intercourse with the Whites demoralizes the Indians. Their destitution results from the deprivation of their ancient resources, fishery and pelting, hence the temptation to plunder and intoxication suggests the amelioration of their condition, by inclosure [sic] of their land for tillage - supplies of seeds and agriculture implements, land allottments to each family. A Superintendent to distribute seed potatoes and tools, as loans. [premium?] [forbush?] crop. Education  November 27, 2017 — 3:01 pm
201606126 Letter from Howe to David Dimock of Gold River regarding the supervision of expenditure for installation of a chimney and windows in John Pennall's house., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 123. [written at top right corner] pounds. You will oblige me by occasionally dropping me a line to say how the Settlement gets along. Yours truly Joseph Howe. David Dimock Esq. (Joe Penall - raised new house of old barn. James Pinall hauled stuff for Barn, will not be ready to build till Spring.) --- From W. Hendry, - Brookfield Brookfield Nov. 25th 1842 Hon. Joseph Howe M.E.C. &c &c As you are the "indian Commissioner", I have taken the liberty to address you on the subject of the Indian Reserve of lands in this district, and wish to inform you that the survey made by Mr. Freeman Esqr. has included part of a hill of land which I had promised myself would have made a farm for my son, and which I have been improving on these two years. And which if the Indian Grant is established as the said survey will render the place insufficient to make a   November 25, 2017 — 7:55 pm
201606125 Letter from Howe to David Dimock of Gold River regarding the supervision of expenditure for installation of a chimney and windows in John Pennall's house., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 To W. Dimock, - Gold River. -- Halifax Nov. 24th, 1842 My dear Sir I intended to have written you from Liverpool, to request you to superintend some little expenditure which I contemplate at Gold River. John Penall has moved his house on the Western side of the River, and filled it with hay. I think it a pity the house should be deserted by the family, as that would be making a step backwards -- I have therefore promised to aid him to build a chimney and put in windows, if he would set about repairing it. Will you be kind enough to lay out £8 or £10 in the most suitable manner to make the building habitable, and draw upon me for the amount. I also promised young John to give him the nails and hinges for a barn whenever he had the frame and stuff ready. This I understand he has not yet done. When he is ready send me a memo. of what he wants, to the extent of a few  November 25, 2017 — 7:04 pm
201606185 Letter from Joseph Howe to Nicholl denying relief to Louie Meuse for his burnt camp. Gives permission to a white farmer to take crops off the Knockwood land as long as he knows that doing so sets up no claim to the land. Distribution of supplies for farmi, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 Answer to the Foregoing letters of Mr Nicholl's Halifax, May 9, 1843 Dear Sir I avail myself of the first leisure moment to reply to one or two points touched on in your letters received during the Winter, and upon which no decision has been come to. Harris's claim to the logs I cannot recognize. for if I do, there will be no end to old bargains of the same sort, and we shall never have possession of the land or to Keep trespassers from destroying the timber. Burnt Camps are so common that I cannot relieve Meuse, who is a young active fellow, able to retrieve, by industry and economy what he has lost. If you think it best to let Neal take a crop off Knockwood's lot this year, you may, but it must be distinctly   November 25, 2017 — 7:33 pm
201606204 "Report by Thomas Crawley, Surveyor General of Cape Breton, describing the settlement of the Chapel Island Mi'kmaq about six miles from St. Peter's. Includes map showing 1281 acres of reserve.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 Chapel Island Reserve Great Lake Bras d'or Chapel Island Granted to Trustees for the Indians Ambroise Id. Maurie Id. Passage up to St. Peters Settlement of the Chapel Island Indians 1281 Acres about 2/3 fit for cultivation Wm. McDonald Louis Cove Road to St. Peters laid out in 1822. Road to St. Peters laid out in 1831. William Robertson North (in 1818) 103 chains South (in 1818) 164 chains West (in 1818) 64 ch. AW Mc.Niel Duncan McDougall Sydney 5th August 1833 T. Crawley S.G.C.B. Scale 60 chains to an Inch   November 15, 2017 — 2:46 pm
201606186 Letter from Joseph Howe to Nicholl denying relief to Louie Meuse for his burnt camp. Gives permission to a white farmer to take crops off the Knockwood land as long as he knows that doing so sets up no claim to the land. Distribution of supplies for farmi, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 185 understood that he gives value for it in some kind of improvement and set's up no Claim to further occupation, You may make the best distribution you can of 50 Bushels of seed potatoes, and ten of grains, among those who really have land prepared for crops -- a plough and harrow may also be hired or purchased for them, a cart I am afraid cannot be afforded. as there are many other parts of the Province to look to besides Bear River, Inlaine must wait for his Cow till I see what will be absolutely indespensible elswere. To feed the Children, to induce them to come to school, would I fear be bad policy -- to supply it's agricultural requirements of the old one's too lavishly, would be but to multiply their wants, without increasing their fore thoughts and industry. we must endeavour to make a little go a great way, and stimulate them to do as much as possible for themselves. I am much obliged by your assistance and sensible correspondence -- it is not unlikely that I may pay you a short visit in the course of the summer. Yours truly Jos Howe  November 15, 2017 — 2:02 pm
201606185 Letter from Joseph Howe to Nicholl denying relief to Louie Meuse for his burnt camp. Gives permission to a white farmer to take crops off the Knockwood land as long as he knows that doing so sets up no claim to the land. Distribution of supplies for farmi, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 Answer to the Foregoing letters of Mr Nicholl's Halifax, May 9, 1843 Dear Sir I avail myself of the first leisure moment to reply to one or two points touched on in your letters received during the Winter, and upon which no decision has been come to. Harris's claim to the logs I cannot recognize. for if I do, there will be no end to old bargains of the same sort, and we shall never have possession of the land or to Keep trespassers from destroying the timber. Burnt Camps are so common that I cannot relieve Meuse, who is a young active fellow, able to retrieve, by industry and economy what he has lost. If you think it best to let Neal take a crop off Knockwood's lot this year, you may, but it must be distinctly   November 15, 2017 — 12:04 pm
201606213 List of trespassers on a tract of land reserved for the Mi'kmaq at Wagmatcook in Cape Breton with the date of settlement of each and estimated extent of improvements to the 8th July 1837., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 No 7 List of Trespassers on a tract of Land reserved for the Indians of Wagamatcook in the County of Cape Breton, with the date of the settlement of each, and estimated extend of improvements, to the 8th July 1837 - Surveyed by D, B, McNab, D.S. Family Stock Date of Settlement No. Names of Trespassers Age Sons / Daughters Cows / Oxen / Sheep / Swine On East Side of the River 1 Kenneth MacLeod 42 / 4 / 1 / 3 / * / * / * Spring 1828 2 Widow Mary McLean 50 / 5 / 1 / 3 / 2 / 12 / * Spring 1830 3 Kenneth Campbell Unknown Unknown 4 A clearing near K. Campbell's Store ---------------------------------do ----------------------------- ditto 5 do do do do ------------ ---------------------do ---------------------------- ditto 6 Charles McKenzie --------------------------------- do ---------------------------- ditto 7 Alexander McKenzie 35 / 1 / 4 / 2 / * / * / * Spring 1835 On West Side of the River 1 Angus Matthison 36 / 1 / 3 / 3 / * / 5 / * Spring 1828 2 Murdoch McLennan 45 / 1 / 3 / 3 / * / 5 / * Spring 1837 3 Donald Nicholson 60 / 2 / 1 / * / * / 3 / 1 Spring 1831 4 Quary McQuarry 40 / 4 / * / 1 / * / 2 / 1 Spring 1830 5 Kenneth McKenzie 26 / 1 / 1 / 1 / * / * / 1 Spring 1836 6 Roderick McLennan 40 / 4 / 1 / 2 / * / 2 / * Spring 1832 No. Extent of Improvements Contents in Acres Nearly Qualities of Lands Improved FILL IN HERE ---------------------------------------------------- Boundaries of Improvements Northern / Southern / Eastern / Western FILL IN HERE On the East side of the River 1 Kenneth McLeod...42 4 1 3 - - - Spring 1828 18 12.23 22 1/20 Good upland Birch Beech Beech Fir 2 Widow Mary McLean...50 5 1 3 2 12 - Spring 1830 11.70 14.30 16 3/4 [Good upland] Beech Birch Maple Birch 3 Kenneth Campbell ... Unknown Unknown {A Log store 20 feet by 19 feet, [and] and unfinished frame house 25 feet by 19 feet} Broad arrow on the door posts of each Building 4 A clearing near K Campbell's store - - do ditto 5 3.40 1 7/10 Intervale Birch Elm Ash Alder 5 do do do do - - do ditto [4.50?] 2.50 1 1/8 Good upland Maple Birch cherry tree Birch 6 Charles McKenzie - - do ditto A Log Store 22 feet by 17 - - - - Broad arrow on each door post 7 Alexander McKenzie 35 1 4 2 - - - Spring 1835 {12.80 4 5.- 5} 7 1/2 Hilly Ground Intervale Fir Ash Fir Balm Birch Elm Birch Elm On the West side of the River 1 Angus Matthison 36 1 3 3 - 5 - Spring 1828 8.50 37 31 3/7 Good upland Birch Birch Maple Fir 2 Murdoch McLennan 45 2 2 1 - - - Spring 1831 {10.50 9.- 13 2} do do Intervale Maple Birch Birch Elm Birch Balm Beech Birch 3 Donald Nicholson 60 2 1 - - 3 1 Spring 1831 15 13 19 1/2 Hilly Ground Fir Birch Birch Fir 4 Quary McQuary 40 4 - 1 - 2 1 Spring 1830 15 6 9 Good upland Fir Beech Fir Birch 5 Kenneth McKenzie 26 1 1 1 - - 1 Spring 1836 {3.50 2.50 4 5} 2 3/5 Good upland Beech Beech Birch Maple Birch Birch Birch Maple 6 Roderick McLennan 40 4 1 2 - 2 - Spring 1832 7 12.50 8 3/4 do do Birch Birch Fir Birch East side acres 49 1/8 W. side acres 86 11/20 acres Total 135.675  October 25, 2017 — 6:23 pm
201606185 Accounts of William Nicholl. No date., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 1863 Money Received (Pd) Sign Expended P S P 14 Jany Cash by Post 25 By Cash paid for Oxen 13 - - 7 Apl do do Mr Holdsworthy 10 " " " " Cow 3 10 - (Pd) 35 " " " H Broom for Lease 6 - - " " " G beal for " 3 - - " " " A Morse, Blacksmith 2 3 - " " " H broom do 1 16 11 " " " John Rice for ) - 9 6 Grindstone & shovel) 1 Quarters schooling for 2 Indians 1 - - 1 do " " 13 do ______________ (Pd sign) 37 | 9 | 7 1/2 Answer to the Foregoing letters of Mr Nicholls Halifax, May 9 1843 Dear Sir I avail myself of the first leisure moment to reply to one or two points touched on in your letters received during the Winter, and upon which no decision has been come to. Harris's claim to the logs I cannot recognize. for if I do, then will be no end to old bargains of the same sort, and we shall never have possession of the land or to Keep treppassers from destroying the timber. Burnt Camps are so common that I cannot relieve Mense, who is a young active fellow, able to retrieve, by industry and economy what he has lost. If you think it best to let Neal take a grass off Knockwooths lot this year, you may, but it must be distinctly   October 25, 2017 — 6:29 pm
201606188 Return of the names of Mi'kmaq scholars taught in the school district of Bristol in the County of Queens whereof Patrick Gough is the teacher., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 187 Return of the names of Indian Scholars taught in the school district of Bristol in the County of Queen's where of Patrick Gough is the Teacher Commencing the first week of January last viz. No. Names Ages Studies 1 John Williams 28 Reading and Writing 2 Joseph Jeremy 48 Spelling do do 3 Abraham [Lusey?] 30 do " do 4 Alexander Jeremy 22 do " do 5 Petey [Toney?] 25 do " do 6 James Jeremy 13 do " do 7 Mary Ann Gruad 18 do " do 8 Madaline Maltie 16 do " do 9 Madaline Jeremy 13 do " do 10 Ozett Jeremy 11 do " do 11 Peter Paul 25 do " do 12 James [Toney?] 28 " " " 13 Peter Gruad 12 " " " 14 Joseph Gruad 12 " " " 15 Joseph Maltie 30 " " " Liverpool April 5th 1843   October 25, 2017 — 6:45 pm
201606224 Micmac Nouns. A list of nouns in English with the Mi'kmaq translations. No date., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 Micmac Nouns. God quâzoke Sky or Heaven wâzoke Sun nakôzeh Moon tipcanôezeh Night tîptic river sêbo lake côosepem Sea - ocean âtcook fish ramâge dog lamôdge stone coondoun gun pascowee tree kmoodge Moose Tiam Carriboo Callipoo Horse Tasibo Oxen Wedabeh Beads Wiobscool Fine Bucktoo Cow Wendogeam Kiss Wiscakelaw Hand [Enpudew?] Wood Bucksukel   October 25, 2017 — 6:27 pm
201606112 "Letter from Joseph Howe to William Nicholl about forming a class of Mi'kmaq students, children or adults, teaching them reading and writing, and paying 10s per quarter per student.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 109 me a line, giving me such information as you may think necessary for me to have as to the condition and advancement of the Indian Settlement at Bear River. Yours truly, Joseph Howe. William Nicholl Esqr.} ------------- From W. Nicholl ---------- Hillsburgh, 12th. Nov. - 1842. Sir Charles Glode has been to me saying you wished me to take a pair of his oxen for the Indians here, but when I asked the price found he wanted £18 for a pair of four years old; which being much too high as cattle are now selling, and as it was four pounds more than you directed me to give, I declined taking them; but as he wished me to wait till he could hear from you, I thought it best to do so, and to let you know that (crossed out) I have enquired the prices, have heard of a pair five years old that may be got for £13, and know that two of my neigh- bours have lately bought good cattle for £12 a yoke. The Indians here are very thankful for what you have done for them, and seem re- solved to improve their lands; there are but four   October 25, 2017 — 6:18 pm
201606111 "Letter from Joseph Howe to William Nicholl about forming a class of Mi'kmaq students, children or adults, teaching them reading and writing, and paying 10s per quarter per student.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 108 To Wm. Nicholl's Esqr. Bear River Nov. 2, -1842. Dear Sir If you will endeavour to form a class of the Bear River Indian Children or Adults, sending me from time to time their Copy Books and a certificate signed by the Revd. Mr. Godfrey stating the progress made in Read- ing and Arithmetic, I will pay you for each scholar 10s per Quarter, or 40s by the year. Will you also purchase at the lowest rate a good pair of working oxen for the use of the Indians, not to exceed £14, drawing upon me for the amount and taking a Bill of Sale in my name. These you will please deliver to the Indians, or such of them as are prepared to feed, and want to work them, for such periods of time and under such regulations as you may deem best for their interest. Will you also purchase and deliver to Francis Glode, an axe, a spade, a hoe, and a hack, - and give to Norval Toney an axe. Will you also purchase and deliver to Matthew Picton a good Milk Cow, drawing upon me for the cost of the Cow and Tools. I will be obliged by your occasionally dropping   October 25, 2017 — 6:16 pm
201606072 Letter from Faulkner to Howe regarding the survey of Indian Brook reserve, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 70C From Faulkner Lower Stewiacke 2nd Dec. 1842 Sir I here enclose a copy of your letter respecting the Indian land. I commenced the survey last week, but was obliged to quit owing to the depth of snow, which still continues to increase. I wrote to you last week respecting Goreham Paul and his claims to the lot or block of 1100 acres, and expected an answer this week but did not receive any. Goreham is very anxious to have his house put in order, and would gladly remove to it provided it was habitable, but I left without making any positive arrangement either with respect to the land or house and would like to have your opinion as to the course to pursue. I will resume the survey as soon as the snow gets less. I am yr. obt. sert. Wm Faulkner Hon. Joseph Howe  October 25, 2017 — 6:46 pm
201606220 Letter from Thomas Irwin of Charlottetown to Joseph Howe arguing the education of the Mi'kmaq people in the Mi'kmaq language. Description of the beauty of the language., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 as I was able endeavoured to embody their language in a written form, but to be candid with You I think that generation as devoid of taste as of virtue and humanity who would suffer the interesting Originals to perish without using any effort to stay their accelerated downward course, and for this reason such persons are the least likely to appreciate the labours of the Philologist or philanthropist As to our [underlined] posterity if they emulate the actions of their fathers [underlined] I have no better hopes of pleasing them, than I have the present sordid tasteless race whose extinction will hereafter be less regretted than that of the aborigines. I shall write to Mr Perly, Indian commissioner in New Brunswick on this subject and after I have heard from him I shall endeavour to gratify your laudible curiosity as I best can. In the mean time I would impress upon you the necessity of conveying  October 25, 2017 — 6:46 pm
201606113 "Letter from Nicholl to Howe regarding the cost of oxen, schooling of Mi'kmaq children, and purchasing a grindstone. Dated at Hillsborough.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 children at present attending the school, more would be sent but that they are in want of clothing. There are many of the elder ones wish to come but they cannot spare time now. I therefore propose to have an evening school of three or four nights in the week when the roads are good in the winter season for their benefit. I have sent to St. John to get a grindstone for them (as they have none in their settlement and are obliged to come out to the Bridge whenever they want to grind), which I hope will meet your approbation as it will save them a great deal of time. I remain Sir yr. obet. sert. William Nicholl Hon Joseph Howe William Nicholl --- To W. Nicholl. --- Halifax Nov. 21 1842 Dear Sir The Bearer of this [Newell?] Paul, is desirous of settling among the Indians at Bear River. Will you put him in possession of the lot adjoining Francis Glode, on which he formerly [chopped?], and which has since been leased to [illegible oam]. He will want some logs and  October 25, 2017 — 6:06 pm
201606171 Census of Pictou Mi'kmaq - December 1842., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 Names Residence Children Total Steven Tonie & Wife Merigomish 6 8 Peter Paul & Wife (Blind) Merigomis / 2 Francis Thom & Wife Merigomish 5 7 Maltie Sapier & Wife (Blind) Merigomish 1 3 John Sapier & Wife Merigomish 1 3 Peter Thom & Wife Merigomish 2 4 Lewis Sheponie & Wife Merigomish 2 4 Michael Brospea & Wife Merigomish 3 5 Jas [James] Lurlan & Wife Merigomish 2 4 Jubal [Pattns?] & Wife /sick/ Merigomish 2 Widow Lehan Merigomish 3 4 Noel Sapier Widower Merigomish 1 2 Paul [Iuhairie?] & Wife Merigomish 1 3 - [Iuhairie?] Jr & Wife Merigomish 1 3 Peter Cabadier & Wife Merigomish 1 3 Parsaid & Wife Merigomish 2 Peter Sapier & Wife Merigomish 1 3 Andr Sapier & Wife Merigomish 4 6 James [Iapare?] R John 1 3 John Laurie & Wife Merigomish 2 Widow Molly Walton Merigomish 1 Widow Toney 80 years old Merigomish 1 24 75 22 carried form other side 81 46 Families making altogether 156 From Government 10 Double Blankets 10 Old Coats From the Inhabitants of Pictou 14 Pairs Trousers 9 Coats 9 Vests 8 Petticoats 7 Hats 11 Pair Stockings 1 Blanket Boots - Shoes - Shifts - Mitts Since Cencus was taken 12 Years ago have increased 10 individuals  October 25, 2017 — 6:51 pm
201606170 Census of Pictou Mi'kmaq - December 1842., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 167 Census of Pictou Indians their names families and places of Residence Decr 1842 when they were supplied with 20 Blankets 10 Coats Names Residence Children Total Peter Paul, [Senior?] & Wife Boat Harbour 2 4 Peter Paul [junior?] & Wife " " 2 4 Peter Wilmot & Wife " " 1 3 Mary Hadley Widow " " 2 3 [Thos] Wilmot & Wife " " 2 4 Molly Hadley " " 1 Paul [Pruoper?] & Wife " " 2 Joseph Setone & Wife " " 2 4 Hapan Paul & Wife /Blind/ N. River 2 Joseph Wilmot & Wife " " 2 4 Mathew Paul & Wife " " 2 4 Peter Paul [his son?] & Wife " " 1 3 Peter Hadley & Wife " " 3 5 [Sapier?] [Tonsura?] & Wife /sick/ " " 4 6 Michael Philip & Wife " " 2 Michael Philip 2nd & Wife " " 3 5 Michael Francis & Wife " " 2 4 Michl Peter Francis & Wife " " 2 [Sapier?] Paul & Wife " " 2 4 [Neil?] [Morrer?] & Wife " " 1 3 Jas Broshen & Wife " " 3 5 John Paul & Wife " " 3 5 Michael Duncan & Wife " " 2 Brashen & Wife " " 1 3 24 Families Individuals 81  October 25, 2017 — 6:49 pm
201606112 "Letter from Nicholl to Howe regarding the cost of oxen, schooling of Mi'kmaq children, and purchasing a grindstone. Dated at Hillsborough.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 me a line, giving me such information as you may think necessary for me to have as to the condition and advancement of the Indian Settlement at Bear River. Yours truly Joseph Howe William Nicholl Esq. --- From W. Nicholl. --- Hillsburgh, 12th Nov. 1842 Sir Charles Glode has been to me saying you wished me to take a pair of his oxen for the Indians here, but when I asked the price found he wanted [pound sterling] 18 for a pair of four years old; which being much too high as cattle are now selling, and as it was four pounds more than you directed me to give, I declined taking them; but as he wished me to wait till he could hear from you, I thought it best to do so, and to let you know that I have enquired the prices, have heard of a pair five years old that may be got for [pound sterling] 13, and know that two of my neighbours have lately bought good cattle for [pound sterling] 12 a yoke. The Indians here are very thankful for what you have done for them, and seem resolved to improve their lands; there are but four  October 25, 2017 — 5:18 pm
201606184 "Letter from Nicholl to Joseph Howe requesting that all correspondence to him be sent to Digby. Howe's letters to Nicholl keep getting lost. Report on activity at Bear River. Requests agricultural supplies of seeds, grain etc.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 for them on the Hill shall return them, as had not I taken them they must have been nearly starved. I think if you would allow it, to get a barrel of biscuit for the Children who come to school as it would insure their more regular attendance, when they would improve more, and their parents being unable always to supply them, they are about on that account and loose what they have learned. I have herewith sent you a general account of my Receipts and Expenditure which I have put on this sheet to avoid double postage and the first opportunity I have of a private conveyance will sent it in a single sheet with such receipts as you have not had yet, if such is your wish. I remain Sir Your Obt Svt Willm Nicholl The Honble Josh Howe Account for Children that have attended the school for the [Quarted?] ending 28th February 1843. Andrew Meuse James Meuse Abraham Glode [Leevie?] [Bertmere] Joseph Pictou Mathew Pictou Betsy Meuse Mary Paul Betsy Toney Rose Ann Glode Mary Pinaul Mary [Sopok?] This is to certify that the above mentioned Indian Children have under tuition of W Nicholl made proficiency during the last Quarter in reading, writing, and spelling. The attendance of the younger children however has not been so regular as was to be expected, the absolute want of clothing and the inability on the part of the parents to supply them with food during school hours from 9 o clock until four has contributed not a little to break in upon regularity in this particular - more children and some adults have signified a wish to attend when the season will allow. |Signed| [Wm?] M Godfrey March 4th 1843.   October 25, 2017 — 3:24 pm
201606183 "Letter from Nicholl to Joseph Howe requesting that all correspondence to him be sent to Digby. Howe's letters to Nicholl keep getting lost. Report on activity at Bear River. Requests agricultural supplies of seeds, grain etc.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 it, and I had more postage to pay than I should had it gone to Digby. The Indians are fencing in their feilds which they will nearly finish this week, and are anxiously looking for the seeds you promised them when you were here; they likewise want a Cart, Plough, and Harrow, without which they cannot do much, as at present they are hardly able to obtain provisions for their families, and are totally unable to hire those Instruments. Some of them have likewise applied to me for hoes but as I could not supply them with anything untill I heard from you, I should be glad if you would write me word what to do, as I should not wish them to leave their lands before they get their Crops in; this has been a hard winter for them, but I endeavour to encourage them to plant what they can, that they may be better off next winter but to do it they must be supplied with potatoes. Francis [Saleme?] wishes to know if he can have the Cow now which he was to have this Spring - as the Indians were unable to get hay to keep the oxen as they ought have been, and as they were [muched?] worked down I took them away and have got a person to keep them for a while, when I hope they may be able to perform their ploughing [etc] and as soon as I find sufficient feed  October 25, 2017 — 3:00 pm
201606223 "Very faint handwritten note reading, ""There are a great many other letters and 4 etc. to be copied in."" No more such letters or 4 appear. Following page was left blank. No date.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 There are a good many other letters, Returns, etc to be copied in. August 31 1848 I found the rock in [illegible] about 20 [illegible] above the bridge [illegible] a [Cargo?] [illegible] [illegible] the [illegible] not about to by the [illegible], [illegible] and a [illegible] [illegible] of the stream left free. [illegible] [illegible] in[illegible] a[illegible] the opposite side of the [illegible] from the Indians [illegible]  October 25, 2017 — 3:19 pm
201606010 Copy of an Act to provide for the instruction and permanent settlement of the Mi'kmaq, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 10 [blank]  October 24, 2017 — 4:27 pm
201606012 "Copy of the Commission of Joseph Howe as Commissioner of Indian Affairs by Falkland, Lt. Gov.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 12. said Joseph Howe, I do by these presents approach you to be the Commissioner for Indian Affairs accordingly, with all the rights, power and authority, conferred upon on vested in such Commissioner by the provisions of said Act, hereby enjoining you strictly to be granted in all things by the several provisions of the aforesaid Act and by such Institutions, as you may receive from myself, or the Commander in Chief for the time being. Given under my Hand, and Seal at Arms, at Halifax, this second day of April, in the year of our Lord One Thousand eight Hundred and forty two, in the fifth year of her Her Majesty's Reign. By His Excellency's Command John Whidden  October 19, 2017 — 4:01 pm
201606738 Letter from H.H. Cogswell to Michael Wallace regarding improvements on his land at Pomquet., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 respect of all men or [bodies?] of men who are entrusted with any portion of the executive authority but trust there is no impropriety in remarking that to entitle themselves to the [respect] and confidence of the Public they should restrain themselves to the temperate and legal exercise of their legitimate powers. I have the honour to be with profound respect Your Honors most Humble Servant Henry H Cogswell Halifax 12th May 1824 [written vertically bottom left corner] Mr. Cogwells observations on the permission given to Indians to Occupy his Land at Pompket.   October 6, 2017 — 1:19 pm
201607410 "Petition of Dr. Lewis S. Murray of Upper Musquodoboit to the House of Assembly seeking payment for medical services rendered to John Cope, 12 miles from Murray's home.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Upper Musquodoboit Jany 25th, 1864 John Cope (Indian) To Lewis S. Murray M.D. Jany 14th To Attendance & Medicine $15.50 Personally appeared before Me Matthew [Bernis?] one of Her Majesty's Justice of the peace in and for the County of Halifax Lewis S. Murray M.D. who made oath and [swore] the above account is for the attender of John Cope, Indian, and is Just and true January 25th a.D. 1864 Matthew Bernis J.Peace  October 6, 2017 — 1:06 pm
201607412 "Petition of Dr. Lewis S. Murray of Upper Musquodoboit to the House of Assembly seeking payment for medical services rendered to John Cope, 12 miles from Murray's home.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 [written vertically] Petition [Dr.?] Murray  October 6, 2017 — 1:37 pm
201607411 "Petition of Dr. Lewis S. Murray of Upper Musquodoboit to the House of Assembly seeking payment for medical services rendered to John Cope, 12 miles from Murray's home.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Upper Musquoduboit Janry 25th, 1864 John Cope (Indian) To Lewis S Murray M.D. 1863 Dec 20th To visit (12 miles) ------------------------ $6.00 " 23 Dressing arm $1.00 ------------------ 1.00 " 25 do do 1.00---- ----------- 1.00 Janry 12 (Visit 11, miles) -------------------------- 3.00 14 do do---------------------------------- 3.00 " Medicines---------------------------------- 1.50 ______________ $15.50 Personally came and appeared before Me Matthew [Bernis?] one of Her Majestys Justice of the Peace in and for the County of Halifax Lewis S Murray M. D. who Maketh oath and saith, the foregoing [illegible] doth contain a true and Just account of his Medical attendance on John Cope (Indian) Sworn to before Me Matthew Bernis J.Pce } January 30 a.D 1864 Lewis S. Murray M.D.   October 6, 2017 — 1:54 pm
201606791 Letter from T. Crawley to William Hill enclosing returns of survey and observation with reference to the Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (174 Dear Sir Enclosed are Returns of Survey and warrants for [Messr] Gammell & Co. & with associates __ I am happy to hear that Sir [Peregrine?] is arrived; I hope with reestablised health __ His Excellency will have abundance of business to occupy his time and attention, but I hope he will have [illegible] to take into consideration the security of the [?landed] Property of our poor Indians; and I am persuaded you will not let slip a favorable occasion to bring the matter within the scope of his attention I fear our [credit?] is something low in the [estimation?] of our Mikmaks __ I should not be surprised if a [dissertation?] from the tribe found its way to Government House __ I think I suggested in a former note that an Island for a Chapel had been granted to [Tmotres?] for the benefit of the Indians __ Whether such a [security?] would do in the present case [assist?], I leave to be determined by others__ l am, with great regard Dear Sir yours sincerely T. Crawley 22nd. June 1836 William Hilll Esqr [?SJ] &c &c  October 6, 2017 — 1:52 pm
201606743 "Petition of Joseph Paul to James Kempt on behalf of his elderly father, Peter Paul, Horton Corners, requesting relief. Includes a note that 1000 acres are reserved for Mi'kmaq in the rear of Horton township as well as a tract of several thousand acres in ", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [written vertically] Petition of Joseph Paul - an Indian - Mr. [illegible]. 16 Feb 1825 His Excellency Sir James Kempt, &c &c &c. There is one thousand acres of Land Reservd for Indians in the Rear of Horton Township & a large Tract of several thousand acres in its vicinity, on which the Indians might be accomodated _ if any means could be found to pay for the survey & they [were?] to Point out the Situation they [would?] prefer_ C Morris [S Genl?]  October 6, 2017 — 12:56 pm
201606742 "Petition of Joseph Paul to James Kempt on behalf of his elderly father, Peter Paul, Horton Corners, requesting relief. Includes a note that 1000 acres are reserved for Mi'kmaq in the rear of Horton township as well as a tract of several thousand acres in ", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (161 1/2 To his Excellency Sir James Kempt, Lieut. Governor of the Province of Nova Scotia, &c, &c, &c ===== The Petition of Joseph Paul in behalf of his aged father Peter Paul, Indians, residing at Horton Corner Humbly Sheweth That your Excellency's Petitioners are very poor and miserable, having no other means of supporting themselves and their respective families than by the precarious subsistence they obtain by shooting and fishing, which, in consequence of the increase of the White Settlers, they are nearly deprived of this benefit, and have no other resource left than to pray that your Excellency will be graciously pleased to allow them some portion of the ungranted Lands contiguous to the above Settlement; and they are induced to make this request for the express purpose of cultivating the same, as the only means of saving them from actual starvation. And your petitioners as in duty bound will ever pray Joseph Paul his X mark  October 6, 2017 — 12:07 pm
201606705 Letter from Yorke to Hill [?] meant to accompany a petition regarding ungranted land. Mentions Mr. Morris., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [157 1/2?] Dear Hill[?] I am sorry to be such a troublesome Correspondent but Sir James[?] desired me to send you the accompanying petition & petitioner & to [beg?] [that? - written above to insert here] you will hear his Story and consult with Mr_ Morris as to the practicability[sp?] of complying with his request which Sir James is  October 6, 2017 — 12:09 pm
201606706 Letter from Yorke to Hill [?] meant to accompany a petition regarding ungranted land. Mentions Mr. Morris., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 disposed to do if there is any ungranted land near where he wishes to fix himself Truly Yours L. Yorke Wednesday 4th Feby  October 6, 2017 — 12:38 pm
201606698 "Letter from James Walker to Charles Morris regarding the surveying of a road in Chester and complaining about another surveyor, Mr. Vaughn, who is too easily bribed with liquor. Attached to RG 1 vol. 430 nos. 156-157.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 can prevail upon him to do as their own [interested?] motives may [script?], and in his situation a Silly Man may do much evil, the advice or information of a Simple Countryman in some instance may with Justice be thought presuming, but I trust in the present instance my information will be received as it is intended, for the public good and encouragement of the New Settlement, Vaughan may do very well was he under present controle, I would therefore recommend that all Orders of Survey /for the present/ be directed to Mr Crandle, and if Mr Crandles Health should prevent him from doing t he duty himself, Vaughan is at all times ready, As respects the Whelans, John is [setted?] at Indian Point, and William saild [sailed] a short time ago for the West Indies, and it is not at present likely either of them would settle on this New Road, I have a wish to get my Land in that [direction?], and [verily?] expect in a little time to settle on it myself, and would wish to [see?] it owned and settled by those that would do the same, and hope you will put it in Mr Crandles Power, to prevent any survey taking effect untill it may be in his Power to make a Survey of the Road and Land adjoining, he has written you on the subject by way of St Margarets Bay which I hope you will Receive and answer I remain your Honor Most Obedient Humble Servant James Walker  October 6, 2017 — 12:57 pm
201606657 "An order for clothes for Louis Tony and Peter Maurice, two good men with influence over their fellow Mi'kmaq, including the letter requesting provisions for them and the order to get proper dress for each of the, but ?let it be clearly understood that I c", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 1812 Indian Affairs order for Clothes [written vertically lower half of page Order a proper dress for each of these Indians But let it be clearly understood that I cannot issue either Arms or Provisions to them unless their Services are actually called for J.C.S. ------------ [H.H?] Cogswell Esqr. }  October 6, 2017 — 11:54 am
201606656 "An order for clothes for Louis Tony and Peter Maurice, two good men with influence over their fellow Mi'kmaq, including the letter requesting provisions for them and the order to get proper dress for each of the, but ?let it be clearly understood that I c", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 into the Woods and [illegible] lose them. Mr [Gushe?] thinks these two men good Indians and they have an Influence over their fellows. July [28?] th 1812  October 6, 2017 — 11:13 am
201606655 "An order for clothes for Louis Tony and Peter Maurice, two good men with influence over their fellow Mi'kmaq, including the letter requesting provisions for them and the order to get proper dress for each of the, but ?let it be clearly understood that I c", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (148 Louis Tony and Peter Maurice Indians in the name of their fellow Indians promise if his excellency will order them some provisions and Clothing that they will come in when called on to fight for him. They say the guns must not be given to the Indians [till?] they are wanted because they would take them into  October 6, 2017 — 11:35 am
201606659 Negative copy of the petition of Daniel Toney on behalf of himself and 17 families of Mi'kmaq. Referred to the Surveyor General and annotated by J.C. S. (John Coape Sherbrooke), Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 148 1/3 a certain season of the year abounds Your Excellency's Petitioners humbly pray that this [unlocated?] tract of land may be granted to the Families above mentioned, with such articles of Clothing and utensils to enable them to carry on the improvement of the said tract, as your Excellency, in your wisdom, shall deem fit. And your Petitioners, as in duty bound will ever pray for Your Excellency's welfare. Daniel his X mark Toney Peter Tom John Upworth Joseph Toney Peter Toney Paul Tony Peter Brenar Job Brenar Peter Brenar Jnr [Henori?] Gloud Joseph Gloud Francis [Mancoot?] Joseph Tom Joe [Brodores?]  October 6, 2017 — 11:26 am
201606658 Negative copy of the petition of Daniel Toney on behalf of himself and 17 families of Mi'kmaq. Referred to the Surveyor General and annotated by J.C. S. (John Coape Sherbrooke), Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 148 1/3 To His Excellency, Sir John Cope Sherbrooke, K.B. Lieutenant Governor & Commander in chief of the Province of Nova Scotia , & its dependencies- &c &c &c &c The Petition of Daniel Toney, an Indian, in behalf of himself and seventeen Families of the Micmac Tribe Humbly sheweth. That Your Excellency 's Petitioners are desirous of forming a settlement for themselves and their growing families; being for the most part deprived of the benefits that formerly accrued from hunting, from the vast numbers of Moose Deer and other wild animals which have been destroyed by the English Settlers of late years- That there is a Tract of land bordering on the sea-shore in the mouth of The Gut of Annapolis, that it appears , is ungranted and not settled and as the situation is favorable for fishing , and shooting seals and Porpoises, [with - written above] which the Bay of Fundy, at   October 6, 2017 — 11:53 am
201606661 Negative copy of the petition of Daniel Toney on behalf of himself and 17 families of Mi'kmaq. Referred to the Surveyor General and annotated by J.C. S. (John Coape Sherbrooke), Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [written vertically middle of page] The Petiti[on of?] Daniel Toney in behalf of himself and 17 families of the Micmac Tribe of Indians 148 1/3 -------------- Referred to the Surveyor General to Report upon further. J.C. Sherbrooke. ----------------------------- Enquiry to be made upon this subject of the Representatives for the C County of Annapolis J.C.S. ------------- -------------  October 6, 2017 — 11:12 am
201606544 "Letter from Abe Merchand [?] to John Wentworth reporting that the local magistrate and settlers at Sheet Harbour want to make him aware of the situations of three Mi'kmaq families (i.e. the families of Lewis Cope, Eleanor Cope, and Peter Cope.) Urge relie", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (104 Halifax January 2d 1802 Sir I am strongly importuned by [?W. or Mr] James Sutherland the only magistrate residing at Sheet Harbour, and by the settlers there to represent to your Excellency the very [necessitous?] & alarming situation of 3 Indian Families aboriginies of Sheet Harbour, consisting in all of 22 [heads?] (vizt. Lewis Cope, his Squah & eight Pappouses, with a bedridden Grandmother of 80 years old - Peter Cope, his Squah & 4 pappouses - Eleanor Cope / the widow of Paul Cope who was drowned 2 years ago/ & 4 Pappouses/ - They have not a gun, and they are so naked that they run the risk of perishing with the cold, when they go to cut a stick to burn -- They have no [provisions?] whatever  October 6, 2017 — 11:27 am
201606676 Surveyor General C. Morris' report regarding request of Mi'kmaq at Shubenacadie for an additional tract of land of 100 acres containing the place of the old Mass House and burying ground on the western side of the Shubenacadie River and which was included, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (150 Surv[eyor]. Gen[era]ls Office 18th. May 1814 Sir The Indians are desirous of obtaining one -- hundred acres of Land including the place of the old Mass House and Burial Ground on the Western side the Shubenaccadie River -- which are included in a tract of Land containing 1900 acres Granted Col.[one]l Hamilton in the year 1763 -- and is now owned and in possession of the Families of the [Ellis's?] -- who have made great improvements thereon and also Erected a Saw and Grist Mill -- this Land is not attainable except by purchase -- The Indians have Eleven hundred acres of Land laid off to them -- about 2 1/2 miles in the Rear of the above place -- which is choice Land for meadow. Corn & Vegetables -- their Names are Thomas Paul Peter Paul John Paul Sam[ue]l Paul Francis Paul [Gorchan?] Paul James Paul [Glorid?] Paul Alex Paul Thomas Morris 1st Thomas Morris 2nd } 1100 acres Land by order of the late Govr. Wentworth I shall take an early opportunity to visit the Shubennaccadie & endeavour to effect the object of the Indians in obtaining a piece of the Land from [Messrs?] [Ellis?] in lieu of other   September 20, 2017 — 8:11 pm
201607424 Map of lands on S.W. branch of the Marguerite River [Margaree?] reserved for Mi'kmaq, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Indians 145 8-7-6 S.40°.W(1816) 20.06 ch 7 S.65 °.E. (in 1816) 110 Chains [upside down] Reserved for the Micmacs see the warrant for Janet McRae N.65.° W.(in 1816) 97 Chains [narrow area between lots 7 and 6] 6 [Written upside down in pencil] All on this plan is on the Big old plan Take the names from this plan [river and 2 islands at bottom of drawing] Micmacs [written on island to right] Alder islands S.W. Branch of the River Marguerite [Drawing of arrow to show north?] Scale 20 Chains to one Inch [drawn?] by WEB [1828?]  September 19, 2017 — 10:33 am
201607409 "Petition of Dr. Lewis S. Murray of Upper Musquodoboit to the House of Assembly seeking payment for medical services rendered to John Cope, 12 miles from Murray's home.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 141 To the Honourable the Legislature of the Province of Nova Scotia in General Assembly convened The petition of the undersigned humbly sheweth. That your Petitioner in the course of his professional duties was called away twelve miles from his home to attend John Cope(Indian) whose arm was severely cut and whose life depended on immediate Surgical aid. That your Petitioner has visited said Indian at his camp several times together with other attendance for which he is entirely unable to pay. Your Petitioner therefore prayeth that your Honourable House will take his case into consideration and grant him the sum charged in the accompanying account. Your Petitioner as in duty bound shall ever pray. Lewis S. Murray M.D. Upper Musquodoboit Jany 25th 1864  September 19, 2017 — 10:01 am
201607393 "Letter from Henry G. Farish, Liverpool, to the House of Assembly regarding his account for medical attendances on sick Mi'kmaq. Memorandum of services visits and medicines rendered to sick Mi'kmaq of Queens County by the same.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Honorable House and that you will be pleased to move your Honorable House to grant him such relief as in its wisdom it may think fit and for which as in Duty bound your humble Memorialist. As in Duty bound will ever Pray, Alexander Lane MD. RN. Mahone Bay County of Lunenburg 19th January 1865   September 19, 2017 — 10:18 am
201607336 Letter from Charles J. Gossip MD to the Provincial Secretary regarding the ?Indian remedy? for small pox laid before the society by Dr. Morris., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Indian Medicine --------------------------  September 19, 2017 — 10:28 am
201607327 Petition of Joe Cope and his people to the House of Assembly requesting relief., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 127 To the Honorable The House of Assembly. The Humble Petition of Joe Cope for him self and some of his tribe. Showeth That the severity of the winter has reduced them to a state of great distress: That sickness has been So prevalent among them: that food obtained in the ordinary way of hunting has been very scarce, and that they are now suffering greatly from these [various?] causes They would therefore humbly beg your Honorable House to grant them such relief as your Honorable House may be disposed to do. And as in duty born etc Joe Cope. X his mark [Newport?] Mch25 1861   September 19, 2017 — 10:58 am
201607302 Account of Dr. William Pearson of Musquodoboit for services rendered to Mi'kmaq. Letter of chearnely authorizing attendance upon Mi'kmaq at Spry Bay suffering from small pox. Account of William Hall of supplies given to the Mi'kmaq. Account of Thomas Hanl, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 1861 Spry Harbour Indians To Francis [Hawse] [Dr] To [Diging] the Graves and Burying 8 Indians in Decr 1860. & Jany 1861 } £ 2 . 10 . 0 The above named Francis [Hawes] sworn to the above account before me February 18th 1861 Alexander [Fraser] J.P.   September 19, 2017 — 10:35 am
201607289 "Memorial of Dr. Samuel G.A. McKeen, Victoria County, to the Executive Council regarding services rendered to Mi'kmaq in Victoria and neighbouring counties. Account of McKeen.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 No. 72. S G A McKeen Victoria- Sick Indians]  September 19, 2017 — 10:20 am
201607283 "Report on the petition of Murdoch McLennan, Donald Nicholson, Roderick McLennan and Quarrie McQuarrie by Samuel Fairbanks, Commissioner of Crown Lands, regarding trespasses on Wagmatcook. Includes petition.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 my letter on the Subject dated 12th inst. Samuel Fairbanks Commr for Lands  September 19, 2017 — 10:21 am
201607281 "Account of Dr. Henry G. Farish of Liverpool for medical attendances on Mary Cobliel, with statement of support and petition to the House of Assembly for remuneration.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 No. 70 Petition of Henry G. Farish M.D. Praying for Compensation for attendance [?at OR of] a sick Indian [?Cowie]  September 19, 2017 — 9:22 am
201607274 Account of Dr. Charles Aitken of Lunenburg for medical services rendered to the Mi'kmaq and petition of Dr. Aitkens to Members of the House of Assembly requesting payment for services provided to Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 No. 76 The Petition of Charles Aitken, Surgeon _ & Indians  September 19, 2017 — 9:45 am
201607270 "Letter from Joseph Howe, Provincial Secretary, to Charles D. roach regarding Shinimacas, requesting it be laid off and sold to the highest bidder.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 114 Copy 1 Provincial Secretarys Office Dec. 1860 Sir Herewith you will receive Plans and Report, in respect to a Tract of Land 1000 acres, reserved for the Indians at shinimicas, you will proceed to lay off the Land in 100 acre lots that it may be sold to the highest bidder for the benefit of the Indians, you will lend to me your report of these surveys, with your estimate of the value of each lot if sold in the open market. I am Sir your obedient servant Joseph How Charles D. Roach Esq  September 19, 2017 — 9:23 am
201607269 "Letter from Chearnley to the Provincial Secretary regarding small pox among the Mi'kmaq at Spry harbour, Halifax County on the Eastern Shore. report totals: five deaths, nine cases and thirty-seven people in the community. Includes Joseph Bowman's related", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Capt. Chearnley Small Pox Indians  September 19, 2017 — 9:08 am
201607267 "Letter from Chearnley to the Provincial Secretary regarding small pox among the Mi'kmaq at Spry harbour, Halifax County on the Eastern Shore. report totals: five deaths, nine cases and thirty-seven people in the community. Includes Joseph Bowman's related", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 113 Halifax N.S. Decr 24th 1860 Sir We beg to call your attention to the enclosed letter relating to the fact that Small Pox has broken out amongst some Indian families residing about Spry Harbor Eastern Shore Halifax Cy. We have also had an interview with a Mr Hall who left that neighbourhood on Friday 28th Ins. He states that there had been up to that date Five deaths in all 9 cases among the different families. On referring to the C.I. Affairs Accts for the season we find the number of Indians in that locality to be about thirty seven. men women & children I have the honor to be Sir Your obedient servant [in essence MDD?] County of Halifax Wm Chearnley C I Affairs 2 The Honble The Provincial Secretary &c &c &c.   September 19, 2017 — 9:26 am
201607234 Petition by Francis Bouriceau requesting release of Gabriel Meuse from the Provincial Penitentiary. He is sentenced to one year for perjury. Pleading mitigation of 'extreme poverty.' Petition not approved., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 103 To His Excellency the Right Honorable the Earl of Mulgrave, Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia re re re The Memorial of the Undersigned Respectfully Sheweth That in the last September Term of the Supreme Court at Digby, Gabriel Meuse having pleaded Guilty to an indictment preferred against him for perjury, was sentenced to be imprisoned for one year in the Provincial penitentiary. Your Memorialists, from what took place at the Trial, feel that the accused under the pressure of extreme poverty, yielded to strong temptation, and that the circumstances greatly mitigated the offence with which he was charged. Your Memorialists would therefore respectfully request that Your Excellency would be pleased to take the case of the prisoner into your favorable consideration, and to remit a portion of the sentence passed upon him by  September 19, 2017 — 9:13 am
201607215 "Unsigned memo on stationary of the Provincial Secretary's office regarding the condition of the Mi'kmaq of Nova Scotia, apparently referring to earler recommendations regarding trespasses on Mi'kmaq land. 1858.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Indian Reserves 13 April 1852. ? [CH?] Rupert  September 19, 2017 — 9:12 am
201607196 "Letter of Stweart Campbell of Guysborough regarding relief for Mi'kmaq at McNairs Cove, Strait of Canso.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 92 28th April1836 Stewart Campbell Guysborough 28th April 1836 My dear sir, Since my return home, I have been applied to respecting the aid granted to the Indians at McNair's Cove, Strait of Canso. Ten pounds were granted for this service. I never written toJames Wallace Esq a magistrate at the [Cou?] to attend to their relief. Presuming that he will do so, will you be good enough to honor his draft for the amount.  September 19, 2017 — 8:56 am
201607195 Grants 1858 for Mi'kmaq per Report of Committee., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 91 Grants 1858 for Indians per Report of Committee Provincial Secretary to Pay Michael Keamey for Blankets b.11.4 [checkmark] do do b.16.8 [checkmark] William Murray & Co do 9.10.9 [checkmark] do do 15.19.6 [chmk] John Essow & Co for provisions to 1.12.6 [chmk] 34.10.9 [chmk] 12 May 1838 Overseers Poor Township Sydney their bill for Support of G. Gabriel 5.2.4 To pay Neil McMullen his bill in full 2.12.6 ". " Coroners Bill in full 1.13.10 William McQueen North Sydney his bill 23 June 1838 3.0.0. 12.8.8 Overseers of Poor for Eastern District of Parrsboro to pay Francis Carroll for supplies 2.15.21/2 Jacob J. DeWolf do. 5.12.6 8.7.8 27 May 1838 Overseers Poor for district of Pugwash to pay H. G. Pineo's bill supplies 2.0.0  September 19, 2017 — 8:23 am
201607182 Letter to John Compton [?] regarding relief money for seed purchase for the Mi'kmaq of Shubenacadie. Requests that he accompany Michael Thomas of Shubenacadie to McNabs store and to see Thomas receives the ten pounds., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 87 St Mary's May 8th 1855 Dear Mr Compton I heard a few days since form the Hon M Tobin that a sum of £10 has at the disposal of the Catholic Trust at Dartmouth for the use of the Indians at Shubenacadie who are in want of something to purchase seeds. I have just heard that the Rev Mr Dawley  September 18, 2017 — 4:01 pm
201607177 Letter from Chearnley to Wilkins regarding relief to be provided to the Mi'kmaq in Queens County., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 85 Sir. Halifax 22nd Dec (84. 85 ) I beg leave to acknowledge the receipt of your letter dated Dec.21st 84. In reply I must state.-that 50 Blankets have already been sent to be distributed amongst the Indians in Queens County. a gentleman Mr Gough of liverpool has kindly undertaken to serve out the clothing to the Indians and has after great trouble furnished me with a list of names and numbers of each famiky resident in the county The blankets sent were in proportion to the first lot received from the contractors 40 more are packed and ready to be forwarded by the first vessel that sails for that port The Indians in Queens county will as far as is in my power receive their share of the Province bounty equally withall others in my district . I cannot advise that any money shall be sent to Mr Campbell. I have already issued upwards of 120 pairs of blankets not including those sent to Queens county averaging 12 6 a pair . I now owe Messrs Henny w£20 for Blankets and am confident that when I furnish my accounts at the expiration of the year the province will be indebted to me in at least £25 more I have the honor to be ,sir your obedient servant Will Chearnley The Honble LM Wilkins  September 18, 2017 — 4:35 pm
201607175 "Letter from Samuel Chipman of Cornwallis to L. Wilkins, Provincial Secretary, regarding requests he has received from Mi'kmaq women for blankets.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 84 Ansd. Sep 28/54 Corwallis Sept[embe]r 26 / [18]54 [?To or Dr] the Honble Provincial Secretary, My dear Sir, I was besieged today by the Indians, more particular the "Squaws", for Blankets. As the cold weather is coming upon them and many of them truly destitute has the money voted last year been applied in the purchase, of Blankets and If so, what has been done with the proceeds, the Indians says they have none this present year. Does Capt Chearnley, as Indian Commissioner apply the money and cause the due proportion and to be sent to Each Each County where there are Indians & please afford me the required Information. Yours Respectfully Samuel Chipman  September 18, 2017 — 4:02 pm
201607173 "Letter from James Uniacke, Commissioner of Crown Lands, to Lewis M. Wilkins, Provincial Secretary, regarding Chearnley's request to prosecute Webber et al for trespassing. Mentions trespasses of ?Gould? [Gold] River Mi'kmaq reserve, Whycocomagh, Wagmatcoo", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 83 Halifax 24 May 1854 Sir, I beg to inform you for the action of the Executive Government that Captain Chearnly the Indian Commissioner has applied to me to authorise prosecutions against Messrs Webber for intrusion on the reserve at Ingrahams River and obstructing and diverting the rivers for lumbering purposes. It appears that half of the river is reserved for the benefit of the Indians--There is also intrusion on the Indian Reserve at Gould River by mill owners who claim by possession, and dispute the rights of Government in consequence of a [illegible] to [Althorp?] to interfere [vide?] jjjstatement enclosed Captain Chearnly applies to me to act under 11 Section Cap 4 of Revised Statutes. I have also complaints from Messrs Crawley and Coucteau of intrusions on Whagamatkook, [Whyhokomak?] and [Margaree?] reserves, on the first twenty Scotch families [illegible] built houses and cultivated, they were [prosecu?] -ted  September 18, 2017 — 4:16 pm
201607167 Memo of James B. Uniacke regarding Fr. Courteau's request for relief funds for the Mi'kmaq of Cape Breton. Recommends £41.10.0., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 81 Mr Courteau 23 April 1851.Mr Howe wrote to Mon Couteau that £30 was what to him for the Indians- 7 June 1851. Mr Keating wrote to him in answer to his order favour of Mon [illegible] that he had paid him £15 and that Mr Courteau was to keep the £15 he held for the education of Mihale Christmas but this £15 is due in Canada and therefore Indians have only £15 In 1846 Aug - £26.10. was expended by authority of Government, when his draft was refused because grant was exhausted and he is deficient to that amount Mr Courteau administers religious ceremony to the Indians 600 in number and is obliged to support them [illegible] come [illegible] Indian [illegible] in [illegible] [illegible] and must have provision and Mr Courteau has to provide for ther wants See journals for 1849 - appendix no 89 - [illegible] Expenditure by the Revd [illegible] Corteau in C.B. -- Amt from Provl Treas[ur]y £50_ Expended in provision of charities £26.11. Balance reserved to purchase provisions to deeds 23.9. 50 Balance in hands of Rev Mr Corteau - £23.9 see Journals for 1850_ Petition of Revd Mr Corteau - page 455- or Appendix No 42_ p.157- "Committee cannot recommend How does it appear that £15 is due to Canada? A separate claim should be made for the amount in the next session for that appears in the minutes.  September 18, 2017 — 4:22 pm
201607166 "Letter from William Chearnley to Joseph Howe in response to Bobie petition defending relief efforts in the four counties of Queens, Kings, Lunenburg and Shelburne.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 [P?] Bobie Indian Complaint & Remarks of Capt Chearnley  September 18, 2017 — 4:03 pm
201607163 Letter from Charles Morse of Liverpool to Joseph Howe regarding the petition of peter Bobie., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 79 Liverpool 17th Jan 1854 To the Honble Jos Howe Dear Sir Peter Bobie has directed me to desire you today the Enclosed before His Excellency. I know nothing of the matter only what I have learnt from him. He tells a most pitiful story however. The Blankets and Coats sent were by all accounts of the most shabby by description. I remain yours truly, Charles Morse  September 18, 2017 — 4:02 pm
201607162 "Petition of Peter Bobie, Mi'kmaq Chief in Kings, Queens, Lunenburg, and Shelburne Counties to Lt. Gov. LeMarchant requesting relief in the four counties for destitute Mi'kmaq.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Referred to the Commissioner for Indian Affairs Pro. Sectys Office Jany 19. 1854  September 18, 2017 — 3:07 pm
201607158 Letter from William Chearnley to Uniacke regarding a visit from Webber regarding his trespass on Mi'kmaq lands at Ingram River., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 77 Halifax Janua[r]y 1854 Dear Mr. Uniacke Mr Francis Webber called upon me and handed to me a letter from you. He wished to converse with me on the matter in dispute between us, but i refused to do so without having a witness present. I may as well explain my reason. You are well aware that complaints had been made against Mr Webber to the Government long before I was placed in charge of Indian Affairs shortly after I entered into office. The Indians from Ingrahams River made a complaint to me about Mr Webber's encroachments on their Lands. I made it a point to see Me Webber and had both Parties together a host of witnesses being present. I [illegible] I had arranged the matter to the satisfaction of both Parties. Mr Webber and myself walked to the Dam erected across the River (The dispute being about the Dam erected by Mr Webber).. His word pledged to me that a certain portion of the Dam which was erected by us should be always kept open. Shortly after this proceeding the Indians again called upon me stating their old complaint. That the River was totally damed across and thereby a serious injury was done to a portion of their land by back water etc. I then thought it my duty to bring [illegible] case to the notice of the Government. Government sent me accompanied by Mr Hendry County Surveyor to Ingrahams River to arrange [illegible]finally  September 15, 2017 — 4:25 pm
201607154 "Letter from Uniacke, Attorney-General, to Webber et al, advising that if he does not hear from them regarding their trespasses on Mi'kmaq land at Ingram River by the 25th of January, 1854, he shall take action against them. Also includes a letter from Amh", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Uniacke to Webber  September 15, 2017 — 4:00 pm
201607152 "Letter from Uniacke, Attorney-General, to Webber et al, advising that if he does not hear from them regarding their trespasses on Mi'kmaq land at Ingram River by the 25th of January, 1854, he shall take action against them. Also includes a letter from Amh", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 76 Messrs Francis Webber, Anthony Webber and John Duncan Gentlemen I addressed you on the 10 August last on the instance of John [J Morris?]Commissioner of brown Lands and Captain Chearnley Commissioner for the Indians and now am again requested to inform you that no steps have been taken to re move the dam at Ingrahams River erected by you and the only portion of the Indians land suitable for agricultural purpose remains at times flooded with water in consequence of its continuance that I shall  September 15, 2017 — 4:21 pm
201607136 "Letter from James B. Uniacke, Attorney General, to Francis Webber, Anthony Webber and John Duncan, regarding instructions given to him by the Commissioner of Crown Lands and the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to commence trespass proceedings against them ", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 escape litigation, or I shall be compelled to commence an action against you. I am y[ou]r ob[e]d[ien]t serv[an]t James B Uniacke 11 August 1853  September 15, 2017 — 4:20 pm
201607135 "Letter from James B. Uniacke, Attorney General, to Francis Webber, Anthony Webber and John Duncan, regarding instructions given to him by the Commissioner of Crown Lands and the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to commence trespass proceedings against them ", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 73 Halifax 10 August 1853 Messrs Francis Webber, Anthony Webber and John Duncan- Ingram's River Gentlemen I am instructed by John Sillars Esquire Commissioner of Her Majesty's Crown Lands and Captain Chearley Commissioner for the Indians to institute proceedings against you for various and continual trespasses on the land reserved for the Indians, cutting logs there on, flooding the same, and by the mode of using the [illegible] doing them serious injury and preventing them from taking fish. As the Government are bound to protect the Indians in the peaceful enjoyment of the land reserved for them I request that you will call at my office and enter into some arrangement by which you may escape  September 15, 2017 — 4:31 pm
201607132 "Letter from William Chearnley, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, to F. Webber et al regarding the complaint from Prancis Phillips and Louis Paul of trespasses by Webber and the others on Mi'kmaq land at Ingram River. Notes on backer that Webber said he woul", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 (72 Ingrahams River 25th July 1853: Gentlemen A complaint has been made to me by Francis Phillips and Louis Paul (Indians) residing at Ingraham's River on the opposite side of your property. The cause of the complaint is that by your having the River damed across a serious injury is done to their land by causing an overflow of water so as to preclude the possibility of their turning a valuable Portion of their Land to profitable cultivation. I have examined into the complaint and I find it to be a just one. I therefore have to request that you will cause that part of the Dam you have formed extending over their half of the River to be removed forthwith. The Stream has been measured and surveyed by the County Surveyor and the Indian Water Line marked. Should this request not be complied with on or before Friday next the 29th July I shall as in Duty bound be under the necessity of bringing the matter to the notice of government. I have the Honor to be gentlemen Your obedient Servant Will Chearnley Indian Commissioner Messrs Webber & co. &c &c &c Ingraham's River  September 15, 2017 — 4:59 pm
201607128 "Letter from John Spry Morris, Commissioner of Crown Lands and Surveyor General, giving a description of the Mi'kmaq reserve situate on the shore of St. Margarets Bay on both sides of Ingram River within the county of Halifax. Includes true copy of the des", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Ingrams Grants  September 15, 2017 — 4:32 pm
201607124 "Letter from A. Gesner to Joseph Howe, Provincial Secretary, regarding his resignation from his post as Commissioner of Indian Affairs of Nova Scotia.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 D. Gesner --------------- Indian Commissioner  September 15, 2017 — 4:59 pm
201607119 Memo of Mi'kmaq reserves throughout Nova Scotia including Cape Breton., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Indian Reserves 7 April 1852  September 15, 2017 — 4:57 pm
201607116 Memo of Mi'kmaq reserves throughout Nova Scotia including Cape Breton., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 67 Included "Indian Reserves 7 Copies 1852" Memo of Indian Reserves throughout thr Province of Nova Scotia including Cape Breton. Halifax County situation acres 300 [Ingram's?] River St. Marg's Bay 500 Head of St Marg's Bay ( was granted to the Indians, and has since been sold by them. 700 seven lots of 100 a's each, situate at the head of the Great Ship Harour Lake. Lunenburg County 1360 two lots situate near Gold River, one 960 a's the other 400 a's. Queens County 1000 On Portmedway River, in 10 lots 100 a's each_ 10 on same R. Farther down 1000 East of Springfield settlement on Portmedway River. 400 West of Pleasant Field at [Ponho-ok?] on Liverpool River- in four lots 100 a's each.615 on Fairy Lake, in seven seprate lots.- Shelburne County 1000 At the Forks of the Clyde [on?] Cape Negro River. (Yarmouth no reserve)  September 15, 2017 — 4:07 pm
201607111 "Letter from W.A. Hendry, Commissioner of Crown Land Office, to the Att.-Gen. regarding a complaint by Lewis Paul that he has been interfered with by Francis Webber and other proprietors of a saw mill near the head of the tide at Ingram River.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Lewis Paul  September 15, 2017 — 4:11 pm
201607110 "Letter from W.A. Hendry, Commissioner of Crown Land Office, to the Att.-Gen. regarding a complaint by Lewis Paul that he has been interfered with by Francis Webber and other proprietors of a saw mill near the head of the tide at Ingram River.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Ingraham's River set up without delay, so as to ascertain precisely~what tresspasses have really been committed. As the commr. of crown Lands is out of town, where he will remain for about 10 days the land cannot be surveyed until his return. In the mean time ( if you think so ) perhaps it would [the - crossed out] will to send a letter to Webber & co, - giving them notice not to tresspass [trespass]. I am your Obedt, hb.le Servant W. A. Hendry Commr. of Crown Land Office 9th Oct. 1852. __ The Honble. Attorney General &c &c &c Letter to Adams and Lewis who is building a mill near [?] [?Br]   September 15, 2017 — 4:56 pm
201607106 Letter from James McLeod of Sydney to Joseph Howe regarding £40 for Mi'kmaq relief in Cape Breton., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 63 Indian affairs The Honble J. McLeod Sydney 14 th May 1852 My dear Sir, Enclosed you have [illegible] for my faithful performance of the Office of Indian Commissioner I have drawn on receiver General for forty pounds as you directed Is the money to be Confined to the use of the Indians in the Counties of Cape Breton and Victoria or is a share of it to be given to the Indians at St. Peter's in the County of Richmond, my commission only Extends to these residing in Cape Breton & Victoria and is quite enough formed to attend to as W. Crawley do not Wish to take further trouble or responsibility in these matters, Yours truly James McLeod Hon. Joseph Howe Pro. Sec.  September 15, 2017 — 4:42 pm
201607172 "Letter from Crawley of Sydney to Joseph Howe regarding the report of distribution of relief for the Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton in 1851. Includes copy of the report of Abraham Gesner, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for 1851.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 1854 About Ind [illegible] Goat Island  September 15, 2017 — 4:59 pm
201607098 "Letter from Crawley of Sydney to Joseph Howe regarding the report of distribution of relief for the Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton in 1851. Includes copy of the report of Abraham Gesner, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for 1851.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Cape Breton 13 Feb 1852 The Distribution of the Legis. Grant for the Benefit of Indians H.W. Crawley  September 15, 2017 — 4:02 pm
201607092 "Letter from Abraham Gesner, Indian Affairs Commissioner, to Joseph Howe, Provincial Secretary, regarding giving the Mi'kmaq some of the old obsolete arms of the military so they may hunt in winter and get food for their families.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 62 Halifax 8th. Jany: 1852 Sir, A number of the Indians have applied to me for guns to enable them to obtain some food by hunting during the winter as has always been their custom. I know that many of them are without guns, or the means of obtaining them and I would therefore most urgently request that the Government be [desired?] to apply a number [say fifty - written above so insert here] of the old Militia Arms to the relief of these poor and helpless people. I have the honor to be Sir your most Obedient humble Servant A Gesner Com: Indian Affairs Hon. Joseph Howe Provincial Secretary &c. &c. &c. A. Gesner Jany 8 1852 -----------  September 15, 2017 — 3:29 pm
201607088 "Letter from W.H. Creighton, Gold River, to the Receiver General, regarding 5 pounds voted for relief of Mi'kmaq at Gold River.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 13th May 1857 [?W.H.] Creighton [Ansd? - Answered] 15th. -----------  September 15, 2017 — 3:23 pm
201607081 "Letter from H.W. Crawley, Sydney, to Joseph Howe, regarding the administration of Indian Affairs by Fr. J. Courteau [?] of L'Ardoise and Crawley's correspondence with Courteau regarding the same. Mentions monies provided for the education of Michael Noel,", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 who have invaded their lands - In this matter, as you know, I am equally powerless - The repre- sentations made in my annual reports have failed to attract the notice of the Legislature to the helpless Indians - and the Representatives of these counties will probably not interfere, because the aggressors are their supporters, which the Indians have no votes to give them - As you have always befriended these destitute and oppresed creatures I put it to you (excuse the liberty) whether it would not be expedient as well as just that the Govt should interpose, to procure a legis- lation enactment conforming the Indians the same rights as the other inhabitants to vote at the elections in consideration of the large tracts of land held by them or for them - As before suggesed in my reports, such a measure would elevate the Indians - increase their self respect and the consideration of there neigbours further - incline the members conduce to the redress of their long endured suffrages - But I will not further the access on your time, and shall hope that if any thing can be effected in this matter, it will obtain your consideration I remain, my dear Sir, Yours very truly, H.W. Crawley -   September 15, 2017 — 3:01 pm
201607080 "Letter from H.W. Crawley, Sydney, to Joseph Howe, regarding the administration of Indian Affairs by Fr. J. Courteau [?] of L'Ardoise and Crawley's correspondence with Courteau regarding the same. Mentions monies provided for the education of Michael Noel,", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 sum remained for him to receive this year. Furthermore, I he did not get a single "sous" last year for "his savages" - so he expenses himself - in consequence of his papers having been detained at Sydney, in Justice Mombourquet's office, lying in quarantine with small pox on board; and that on applying to you he received for answer that all the money allowed for the Indians has been distributed Perhaps you will be so good as to set His Reverance right on these points; or to enable me to do so - I am nearly as much in the dark as the Revd gentleman himself, not knowing how or where to obtain the journals and proceedings of the "[illegible]" - Possibly the members may be furnished with these, but I have not the advantage of being on such terms with the gentleman that I could ask for a loan of these papers. In the only instance where I did so, the most material part of the copies was found to be missing. M. Courteau is also perplexed how to protect "his savages" from the Scotch trespassers who  September 15, 2017 — 3:49 pm
201607079 "Letter from H.W. Crawley, Sydney, to Joseph Howe, regarding the administration of Indian Affairs by Fr. J. Courteau [?] of L'Ardoise and Crawley's correspondence with Courteau regarding the same. Mentions monies provided for the education of Michael Noel,", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 58 Sydney, CB. 20 Aug. 1850 My dear Sir, I have been requested by my Colleague for Indian Affairs, the French priest at L'Ardoise, Revd. J.Courteau, to give him information on sundry particulars, relative to his Indian charges, which it is not in my favour to impart without previous reference to you. I have no personal acquaintance with M. Courteau, but we have had frequent corres- pondence by letter, for many years Please, from time to time, when his people had business to transact in my late office - As he always writes in French, it seems probable that he cannot express himself in English. His statement is, that £15 was provided last session for the education of one Michael Noel - and he wants to know whether he or I must draw for it - (I know nothing of Michael Noel) - Also, that I am entitled to draw for a sufficient sum to erect a school house at Eskasonick, and therefore he does not know whether any sum The Honr.able Joseph Howe, &c & &c  September 15, 2017 — 3:41 pm
201607082 "Letter from H.W. Crawley, Sydney, to Joseph Howe, regarding the administration of Indian Affairs by Fr. J. Courteau [?] of L'Ardoise and Crawley's correspondence with Courteau regarding the same. Mentions monies provided for the education of Michael Noel,", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Indians Henry Crawley Esq  September 15, 2017 — 3:24 pm
201607075 "Petition by Newel Joe, Newel Dennis et al to Lt. Gov. John Harvey for relief for the Mi'kmaq of Nova Scotia, particularly those around St. Mary's. They argue that some of the problems from which the Mi'kmaq suffer, especially the scarcity of game, ?has be", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 referred In the [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] Dec. 14 ---------  September 15, 2017 — 3:35 pm
201607061 "Letter from William, Bishop of Halifax, to Joseph Howe regarding Howe's offer to give him money for the relief of poor Mi'kmaq. He says he'd rather have someone else distribute it and directs Howe to give five pounds to the bearer of this letter for his t", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 D. Walsh  September 15, 2017 — 3:47 pm
201607058 "Letter from William, Bishop of Halifax, to Joseph Howe regarding Howe's offer to give him money for the relief of poor Mi'kmaq. He says he'd rather have someone else distribute it and directs Howe to give five pounds to the bearer of this letter for his t", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 5£ for the use of his Tribe, as I would wish to have a correspondence with the Priest before he gets more Yr dear Mr Howe, Very Sincerely. + Wm. Bp of Halifax Tuesday St Marys Hon. J. Howe &c &c &C  September 15, 2017 — 3:44 pm
201607056 "Petition of Francis Fraser of Pictou to Sir John Harvey, Lt. Gov., requesting relief for himself and his family. He has had consumption for many years.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Indian Francis Fraser Dec. 28 '49 4 pair of blankets sent to Hon. A Campbell Tatamagouche  September 15, 2017 — 3:40 pm
201607055 "Petition of Francis Fraser of Pictou to Sir John Harvey, Lt. Gov., requesting relief for himself and his family. He has had consumption for many years.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 53 To His Excellency Sir John Harvey K C.B. &c &c &c Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Chief in and over the Province of Nova Scotia and to the Charitable and Human Therein The petitioner of the undersigned most humbly and respectfully Showth That your petition although of [illegible] appearance is never the less of such a most consolidation as not to be Enablic to perfom manual Labour Sufficient for the maintenance and Support of himself and family That petitioner has laboured under Consumption for several years and that of failing discourse only enable him at intervals to leave his Wigwam for the purpose of asking and receiving Charities from those who are disposed to dispense that bounty to him &c Therefore pray that with a liberal hand you will extend to him such Relief as you may conceive a human individual in his sphere of life further unto and he will pray &c &c Francis Fraser Indian Pictou 19th Sept 1849 Is If anything be sent me please direct to Tatamagouche post-office Francis Fraser Indian  September 15, 2017 — 3:23 pm
201607054 Letter from [?] of Pictou to Joseph Howe regarding the bearer of the letter and three other Mi'kmaq on their way from Pictou to Halifax who are determined to see the Governor about obtaining relief for Mi'kmaq of Pictou who are destitute., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 The Honorable Jos. Howe Halifax  September 15, 2017 — 3:08 pm
201607053 Letter from [?] of Pictou to Joseph Howe regarding the bearer of the letter and three other Mi'kmaq on their way from Pictou to Halifax who are determined to see the Governor about obtaining relief for Mi'kmaq of Pictou who are destitute., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 52 Pictou 19th Sept. 1849 The Honorable Jos Howe The bearer of this with three other Indians called upon His Excellency when here for a day or two ago to ask assistance for the Indians in this County & presenting that they were in a very destitute state-His Excellency said he could do nothing for their unless their [case?] was properly brought before him & their statements duly authenticated -I can see no way in which this can be done but by the Indian commissioner [visiting?] them & judging for himself - The bearer & three others are determined to be off on Monday to see the Governor - possibly it would be in your power to put them in the way of getting some old coats & blankets -if they succeed in this object-it would be prudent to confine their recpts to what those applying were to receive for their own share . Yours [?] [signiture]  September 15, 2017 — 3:53 pm
201607050 "Report of Lewis Johnston, M.D. of Bridgetown, relative to the small pox among the Mi'kmaq on the Bay Shore in Annapolis County.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Report of Lewis Johnston MD relative to Small Pox among the Indians  September 15, 2017 — 2:56 pm
201607047 "Report of Lewis Johnston, M.D. of Bridgetown, relative to the small pox among the Mi'kmaq on the Bay Shore in Annapolis County.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 50 The report of Lewis Johnston MD relative to the small pox on the Bay Shore in the county of Annapolis among the Indians. Information having been [?layed] with Richard James Esq J.P. I under his directions visited the aforesaid district. and report as follows - I found [[illegible - crossed out] two Indians labouring under smallpox. One of them had been ill six days and exhibited all the symptoms of confluent small pox. The other was attacked at a more recent period  September 15, 2017 — 2:09 pm
201607046 "Letter from Gesner of Sackville to Howe regarding settlement of Mi'kmaq on reserves, privision of relief, and encouragement of agriculture.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Indians Dr Gesner 22 Nov. Received Nov 27  September 15, 2017 — 2:42 pm
201607045 "Letter from Gesner of Sackville to Howe regarding settlement of Mi'kmaq on reserves, privision of relief, and encouragement of agriculture.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 some supplies, and it has been necessary to furnish some clothing. Though the above [channels], that proportion of the grant which was placed at my disposal has been expended, and I am now without means to meet the pressing demands made upon me from every [gnarter], to aid the Indians. The partial failure of the potato, and the almost total destruction of the wheat, have been most unfortunate circumstances for this people, yet; they do seem altogether discouraged, and Still hope to be further successful in extending their settlements. Applications for blankets and other necessaries, to [meet] the coming winter, are received by almost every [mail], and in a few instances, money is called for as a sort of [county] proportion of the grant, to meet and manage sick claims require much ingenuity, of patience and forbearance. I do not complain that the poor Micmacs consider any house a sort of asylum or hospital, I shall always rejoice to contribute my [illegible] to their comforts and necessities. But, under all these circumstances I am compelled to beg the [illegible] of the Government and a further sum of money to enable me to relieve present distress, and provide some clothing for the aged, the sick and for the helpless families. [illegible] the honor to be Sir your Obedient humble Servant A Gesner Com: In: Affairs Hon: Joseph Howe Provincial Secretary &c. &c. &c.  September 15, 2017 — 2:36 pm
201607044 "Letter from Gesner of Sackville to Howe regarding settlement of Mi'kmaq on reserves, privision of relief, and encouragement of agriculture.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 49 Sackville 22nd Nov: 1848 Sir, In reference to the Micmac Indians, under my charge, I have the honour to state, that during the past season I have such-ceedid in settling upwards of twenty families upon the lands reserved for the tribe. Two good barns and several houses have been completed, seed has been supplied, and small bounties given to the industrious. The settlements, especially that at the Shubenacadie, are improving and only for the failure of the potato and wheat crops, there would have been most encouraging success. It was wisely proposed by yourself and I have adhered to the plan as par as possible, that to encourage this people to engage in agriculture would be the best mode of affording them permanent relief and for this object, the grant from the legislature appears to have been made; but I have found it impossible to avoid the application of [small][illegible] to the relief of sickness and other distress. And during the planting season I was compelled to supply food to twenty five families, at the Shubenacadie rather than have them abandon their new occupations. Sickness at Fairy Lake and other casualties have also called for some   September 15, 2017 — 2:01 pm
201607035 "Letter from Gesner to Joseph Howe, Provincial Secretary, regarding the Mi'kmaq at Clare.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Dr. Gesner Clare Indians Copy [sent] to [?] Mr [?] [?]  September 15, 2017 — 2:52 pm
201607034 "Letter from Gesner to Joseph Howe, Provincial Secretary, regarding the Mi'kmaq at Clare.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 exercise much caution in the disposal of the Jublie money but I will remit [$]5 for the Indians of Clare, and with it state the circumstances should it meet with your [illegible]. I am dear Sir Your Obt. Servant A Gesner Com. Joseph Howe Prov. Secreatry ec. etc. -   September 15, 2017 — 2:54 pm
201607033 "Letter from Gesner to Joseph Howe, Provincial Secretary, regarding the Mi'kmaq at Clare.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 46 Sackville 3rd May 1848 Dear Sir In reply to your note of the 1, I beg to say that by reference to my census of the Micmacs, I find that there are only four families belonging to Clare; These cultivate no land but subsist chiefly by begging and fishing. It is my desire that the grant for the Indians should be applied as far as possible to settle them upon the reserves, and as the fishing season has arrived, I am not of the opinion that there will be much suffering among them for food. The sum of [$]15. would be far beyond the share of the Indians of Clare, and those belonging to Yarmouth I am informed have removed to Argyle. Numerous applications for money fall into my hands from different quarters, and I am compelled to exercise  September 15, 2017 — 2:07 pm
201607029 "From Abraham Gesner, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, to Rupert George regarding his report on the Mi'kmaq Nation including population figures for Nova Scotia, Cape Breton, Nre Brunswifck, Prince Edward Island, Gaspe' St. Pierre and Miquelon. Contains desc", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 45 Cornwallis 29th Sept:1847. Sir, I have the honor to report for the information of His Excellency of the Lieutenant Governor, that I have now completed the examination of all of the Indian settlements in my district ,and a census of all the Micmacs belonging to Nova Scotia proper. I have also obtained from official and other documents, statements that are probably nearly correct in regard to the number of the whole nation. They are as follows. Souls Micmac Indians of Nova Scotia ...961 Cape Breton ..................500 New Brunswick .............935 District of Gaspe, Canada ...............444 St.Pierres & Miquelon Newfoundland.200 Prince Edward's Island.....................250 ------------ Total of Micmac Nation 3290 According to old French historical accounts of Acadia, the total number of the Micmac Nation in 1745 was 15.000. Among the 961 souls of Nova Scotia proper there were in 1846 births 79 deaths 106, leaving a difference against the tribe in one year of 27. at Sir Rupert D George Bart Provincial Secretary &c &c &c  September 15, 2017 — 2:10 pm
201606991 "Receipt for payment received from Mitchell for forty great coats, 1838. Receipt for payment received for thirty-seven great coats, 1837. Receipt for payment received for twenty-five pairs of blankets from R.G. Noble, 1837.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 34 T.W. James Esq. [illegible] Deblois Mitchell 1837 [illegible] 28th 40 great coats [illegible] 3 £7 10 [illegible] Received payment Deblois Mitchell for [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] 28th 1837  September 15, 2017 — 1:26 pm
201606984 Account of distribution of pairs of blankets and rugs to Mi'kmaq in Queens County., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 31 Account of Distribution for ten pair of blankets & ten rugs to the Indians in Queens County Malli Gloud Wife & Children 2 pair blankets, 2 rugs Joseph Jeremy Orphan Boy 1/2 pair blankets, 1 rug Alex Davis Wife & Child 1 pair blankets, 1 rug Abraham Gloud Wife & Children 1 pair blankets Francis Gloud Wife & 3 Children 1 pair blankets Allice Jeremy Widow & Child 1/2 pair blankets, 1 rug Mary Labradore Widow & Children 1/2 pair blankets, 1 rug Sally Maltin Widow & Children 1/2 pair blankets, 1 rug Mary Ann Labradore Widow & Children 1/2 pair blankets, 1 rug Francois Wife & Children 1 pair blankets, 1 rug Mary Anne [illegible] Woman 1/2 pair blankets John Jeremie Wife & Children 1 pair blankets, 1 rug 10 pair blankets, 10 rugs Liverpool, Queens County 12th January 1837 [illegible]  September 15, 2017 — 12:35 pm
201606981 Copy of affidavit of Kenneth Campbell regarding settlers on Mi'kmaq lands at Wagmatcook., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 30 (Copy) Halifax ec } Co. towit } Kenneth Campbell of Wagmatkook in the County of Cape Breton, Trader maketh oath and saith that he was born in Prince Edward Island and has Resided in Cape Breton for the last twenty four years or therabouts, that in the year eighteen hundred and thirty three Deponent purchased a shop, from James Broderick on the Indian Reserve at Wagmatkook and became tenant to the Indians at an Annual Rent of Thirty shillings, being the same Rent that the said James Broderick paid, that Deponent has paid the Indians said Rent by distributing it among them to their satisfaction __ That Deponent has lately commenced the erection of a larger store near  September 15, 2017 — 12:35 pm
201606969 Receipt of Robert Thomas for payment received for 22 1/2 pairs of blankets., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 25 Halifax NS Tho[ma]s. James Esqr 1836 To Rob[er]t. Romans Dr Decr_ 12. 22 ½ p[air]s Blankets 11/- [?£] 12-7-6 1837 May 1 Rec'd payt Robert Thomas   September 15, 2017 — 12:12 pm
201606968 Record of relief distributed to Mi'kmaq of Queens County. Also includes acknowledgement of receipt of payment from Eastern Stage coach for carriage of blankets and great coats., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Thomas W. James Esq Pro. [Secy.?] To the Eastern Stage Coach 1836 Feby 17th. To carriage of 2 Bales of Blankets & 2 Do. Great Coats for the Indians 170 [illegible] @ 2 1/2 £1.15.5 Receive'd payment Jos. G. Ross   September 15, 2017 — 12:03 pm
201606962 Letter from Peleg Wiswall of Digby to James regarding the Mi'kmaq settlement at Bear River., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 22 Digby 4th, Jany, 1836_ Dear Sir Respecting the Indian settlement at Bear River, please to inform His Excellency that, my health has not allowed me to visit it for some time past,- but that, I receive favorable accounts from it. Most of the settlers have made [profitable] clearings upon their lots, and a few of them, have built substantial houses. The Squaws are less given to wandering with their children, on errands of beggary. [Andrew Meuse - underlined], the Chief and his brother-in-law, [Paul Toney - underlined] are out of the Province solliciting subscriptions for finishing the inside of their Chapel. In the mean time, while Meuse is away, the Indians look to [Francis Salome -underlined] as their protector and advisor. I have not taught these Indians to expect any further donations from the Government , altho it is certain that [they -written above so insert here] are not as yet, fully able to go alone. _ The Blankets distributed last season, were [Rose Blankets - underlined], too fine and thin to be of any lasting use. If any thing is given this year, I would recommend that coarse and strong pulled   September 15, 2017 — 12:28 pm
201606963 Letter from Peleg Wiswall of Digby to James regarding the Mi'kmaq settlement at Bear River., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 cloth called Bears Skin. A few yards of which, to each family, be employed either as blanketting or other cloathing [clothing]. With respect I have the Honor to be Dear Sir Your [?friend] [obdt.] Servt P. Wiswall Tho: James Esqr &c &c &c   September 15, 2017 — 12:05 pm
201606956 Letter from James Shrewe to Thomas W. James regarding monies for relief of settlers at Sherbrooke., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 On H. M. Service To Thomas W. James Esq Dep't Provincial Sect. Halifax Chester 11th Dec 1835 Mr. Shrew relative to send Potatoes for poor Indians Paid 17 Dec 1835 and 19th  September 15, 2017 — 11:34 am
201606955 Letter from James Shrewe to Thomas W. James regarding monies for relief of settlers at Sherbrooke., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 and that I have every reason to believe the greater number would readily liquidate their respective debts, provided they were allowed to work out the amount upon the road. I now wish to be informed whether I shall remit the money now received, together with what I may yet receive to you, or retain, and pay it over the individual who may be appointed to superintend the work. I am Sir your Obed. Lord James Shrewe To Thomas W. James Esq  September 15, 2017 — 11:00 am
201606954 Letter from James Shrewe to Thomas W. James regarding monies for relief of settlers at Sherbrooke., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 19 Chester Dec. 11, 1835 Sir For the information of His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor, I would beg leave to state through you, that I have received eighteen shillings and sixpence on account of the potatoes sent last spring for the relief of the Sherbrooke settlers. His Excellency I believe is already aware that, understanding. The potatoes cost a shilling and ten pence at Halifax, and two pence freight, I took a note of hand from each individual at the rate of two shillings for bushel for the quantity apportioned,  September 15, 2017 — 11:39 am
201606950 Notes and receipts from Peter Toney acknowledging receipt from Mr. Duncan of five pounds. Notes are regarding the delivery of blankets to various places., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 1856 17. 2. 5.   September 15, 2017 — 11:06 am
201606942 "Petition of Charles Gloade, Chief of Mi'kmaq in the western part of the province, to Lt. Gov. Campbell, requesting money for purchase of seed potatoes for Mi'kmaq settled on land on Annapolis-Liverpool Road. Received in Halifax.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 17 To His Excellency [?] Campbell KCB Leutenant Governor and Commander in Chief in and over His Majesty's Province of Nova Scotia- The humble petition of Charles Glode the Chief of the Micmac Tribe of Indians in the Western part of the Province of Nova Scotia [ sheweth?] on behalf of himself and Tribe- That your Petitioners have settled on [ Sands?] on the new road leading from Annapolis to Liverpool where they have several clearings. that of your humble Petitioners being about twenty acres and others of Six acres and more- Your Petitioners most humbly represent that from the extreme scarcity of money they are unable to provide themselves with Potatoes for seed for the ensuing Year- and therefore pray that Your Excellency will graciously pleased to grant them a small sum of money to enable them to purchase seed for planting - which they cannot procure in any other way- And as [in?] duty bound will ever pray- Charles Glode [X his mark ] for himself & other Indians  September 15, 2017 — 11:40 am
201606939 Petition of Malti Gloade to Lt. Gov. Sir Colin campbell requesting relief for no less than twenty Mi'kmaq in Liverpool area., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 16 To His Excellency, Sir Colin Campbell Governour and Commander in Chief in and over His Majestys Province of Nova Scotia &c &c &c &c The Petition of Malti Gloade, a lame Indian with a large family Respectfully and Humbly Sheweth That your petitioner is one among a Number of Indians. comprising not less than Twenty families who obtain a precarious Subsistence by Hunting &c That amongst them are many young children who are exposed to much suffering from the [?coldness] of the weather [&c.] Whose parents have not the means of procuring for them clothing against the [rigours] of the coming winter. That His Majestys Government has on former occasions kindly furnished to other Indians Blankets and other old clothing. Your Petitioner therefore on his own behalf and that of the other Indians associated with him respectfully solicits the attention of your  September 15, 2017 — 11:18 am
201606932 "Letter from James Flemming to George requesting relief for approximately 100 Mi'kmaq who fled from Dartmouth, Shubenacadie Grand Lake to Londonderry to escape sickness in Halifax. The Mi'kmaq are left destitute.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Londonderry 29th Jany 1835 James Flemming Esq Requesting Relief for Indians J. Flemming Sir Rupert D George Baronet ec. N.S.  September 15, 2017 — 11:46 am
201606931 "Letter from James Flemming to George requesting relief for approximately 100 Mi'kmaq who fled from Dartmouth, Shubenacadie Grand Lake to Londonderry to escape sickness in Halifax. The Mi'kmaq are left destitute.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Memo from 20- to 40 blankets from 10 - 20 Coats --   September 15, 2017 — 11:05 am
201606921 Receipt from D.B. McNab for payment received from Crawley for survey completed of Chapel Island Reserve. Also includes several other receipts for payment for goods., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 18th July 1833 Received of Captain Crawley Surveyor General the sum of four pounds one shilling and a penny for laying out land for the Chapel Island Indians __ D.B.McNab 12  September 15, 2017 — 11:59 am
201606919 Letter from Campbell to McCaskill to George acknowledging receipt of 25 bbl.s of Indfian meal and rye flour for alleviation of distress in the Mi'kmaq settlement of Whycocomagh., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 the Meal which on examination will the Barrels averaged no more than 187 ½ lb to say 8½ lb short of the number marked on each Barrel which we presume will be easily accounted for through the numerous small weighings out of each barrel. It may create surprise that we were not regulated in the distribution of the Meal by the number of persons residing in each family but we were rather guided by the extent of their immediate want and means of resource. We have the honor to be Sir Your Honor's Obd't and Humble Servants Whycogomagh October 31 1834 John Campbell [name] McAskill  September 15, 2017 — 11:48 am
201606918 Letter from Campbell to McCaskill to George acknowledging receipt of 25 bbl.s of Indfian meal and rye flour for alleviation of distress in the Mi'kmaq settlement of Whycocomagh., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 11 Sir Ruperts D George [Barond?] Sir We have the pleasure of acknowledging the receipts of 25 Barrels of Indian Meal and rye flour sent down by his Excellency for our distribution among the distressed in our Settlements early in the Month of August last. We have the honor of offering His Excellency through your Honors Medium the sincere thanks not only of those [poor?] distressed who shared in the distribution of the Mead but also, of all among us who rejoice in the alleviation of the misery of the distressed. We all view this early token of His Excellency's benevolence as a prelude to a happy administration while His Excellency remains and the helm of our Provincial government, which is sincerely wished may be of a long standing. Enclosed is a concrete list of the distribution of the  September 15, 2017 — 11:44 am
201606914 Petition of Peter Paul et al to Lt. Gov. John Campbell requesting assistance for starving Mi'kmaq living near Windsor., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 9 To his Excellency Lieut General Sir John Campbell E.G.C.B. Lieut Governor and Commander in Chief in [accord?] for the Province of Nova Scotia and its dependencies [illegible marks] The Petition of Peter Paul, Joseph Stephen, Noel Norris, Charles Louis, Perter Norris, Thomas Phillips, and John Simons in behalf of themselves & families Most humbly therwith that your Petitioners are native Indians of the Province of Nova Scotia and with their families, amounting in all to thirty eight persons, many women & children, are living near Windsor in the County of Hants, that they are discontent [because?] of the great scarcity of wild animals of every description owing to the general settlement & cultivation of the country by the white Inhabitants totally unable to maintain themselves by hunting - that tho [though?] before the making of baskets & other little crafts of industry of the women they are unable to obtain to [too?] much of the [neccesities?] of life as as will barely keep them from starving, yet they are unable to [accumulate?] sufficient to procure their clothing & blankets to enable them to withstand the inclemency of the approaching winter, & that surely they can procure some assistance they must inevitably perish as many of them are at this instant almost [expired?] & are compelled to sit down in their open & exposed camps without anything to cover or shelter them from the [cruelty?] of the [season] Your Petitioners therefore most humbly pray that   September 15, 2017 — 10:09 am
201606911 Letter form Crawley to George regarding plans and descriptions of Chapel Island and Malagawatch. The only Mi'kmaq settlement left to survey is on the Marguerite River [i.e. as of 11 Aug 1833]. Includes receipt from D.B. McNab for payment received for surv, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Government [D] £ s d ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- To Mr. Dugal B. McNab for laying out a Track of Land for Indians at [?Malagawaatchkt] 4 15 0 Do. Do at Wagamathook & Whykokomagh 13 4 8 Do. Do. near Chapel Island, Bras d'Or 4 1 1 To Mr. Benjn. Cossit for laying out a Tract of Land for Indians at [Escasonie]. ---------------------------------- 5 7 6 To Mr. William [Renell?] for laying out the Indians Gardens at Marguerite River ---------------------------- 1 12 6 -------------------- £ 29 1 3 --------------------- 28 11 1 --------------- . 10 2 ? [the following is written on the right half side of the page] [Cd - Continued?] £ s d By Cash advanced 31st. Oct 1832 ................... 24 10 1 Do. ...................... 2nd. May 1833 .................... 4 1 1 ---------------- £ 28 11 1 Sydney 27th Jany 1834 T.Crawley [illegible] 7   September 14, 2017 — 3:10 pm
201606908 Letter from Crawley to George regarding the last tracts of Mi'kmaq land ordered to be surveyed. Identified only as ?Island.?, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Received at Sydney, C.B. 9th Jany. 1833, from Capt. Crawley R.N. the sum of thirteen pounds, four shillings, and eighty pence, on account of Government, being for my surveys of the Indians' lands, at Wagamathook, and Whykokomagh. D.B. McNab [DS of Lds?]  September 14, 2017 — 3:37 pm
201606907 Letter from Crawley to George regarding the last tracts of Mi'kmaq land ordered to be surveyed. Identified only as ?Island.?, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Dear Sirs I am happy to have it in my power, at last, to transmit Plans and Descriptions of the land reserved for the Chapel Island Indians and also for those of Malagawatchke There remains now only the Remnant of the Indian Settlement at Margauerite River, about [20 or 40?] Acres, a return of which I am in continual expectation of receiving. With it, I will transmit an exact account of expenses as well as of monies received. Two of the Surveys even rather more expensive than I expected, but the whole will not, I hope, exceed my calculation. I am Dear Sir ever yours T. Crawley 11th. Augt. 1833 Bart  September 14, 2017 — 3:53 pm
201606906 Letter from Crawley to George regarding the last tracts of Mi'kmaq land ordered to be surveyed. Identified only as ?Island.?, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 human beings may shurley [surely] be saved from the most abject misery __ I have also enclosed a general account of expenses, with receipts, incurred in laying out the Indians Lands which have not reached so high as my estimate I will transmit [Mr Renells?] receipt as soon as it comes to hand. I am with high esteem Dear Sir Yours sincerly T.Crawley 29th. Jany. 1834  September 14, 2017 — 3:21 pm
201606903 Account regarding survey of Malagawatch, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 4 The Province of Nova Scotia To D. B.McNab [Ds] - 1833 July 24th. To laying out a tract of land for the Indians of Malagowatchkt [Malagawatch] } £2-15-0 " travel 15/_ assistant 9/_ Return ________ 2/6 1-6-6 " paid for provisions___________________________" 14-0 --------------- £4-15-6 D.B.McNab. ASofLds [assistant surveyor of lands?] Sworn before me 25th July 1833 _ Chas.. McNab J Peace  September 14, 2017 — 3:08 pm
201606898 "Account of D.B. McNab, Deputy Surveyor, for laying out land at Chapel Island", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 431 2 The Province of Nova Scotia To D.B. McNab [?Ds.] 1832 June 16th To laying out a tract of land for the Chapel Island Indians } [4?] days @ 13/_ £ 3 - 0 - 0 " travel 7/6 Return 2/6 ----- " 10 - 0 " paid for provisions ------- " 11 - 1 ------------------- £ 4 - 1 - 1 D. B. McNab [?AsofLds] Sworn before me at McNab 16th January 1833 } [Chas.] McNab J Peace The above charges appear to me very reasonable Th. Crawley  September 14, 2017 — 3:05 pm
201606902 Letter from Thomas Crawley to Sir Rupert George regarding the survey of Chapel Island and activities of settlers in Wagmatcook. Sworn to 16 Jan 1833., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Sir Rupert D. George [Bart.] &c &c &c 1832 Captain Crawley. ------------ [Inclose] return of Survey for the widow of John Cameron, & an account of Survey for the Indians. -----  September 14, 2017 — 3:28 pm
201606894 "Handwritten notes, possibly of Joseph Howe, regerding relief in the 18th century. Notes may be taken from Executive Council minutes.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 700 500 each Christopher Renson - C. Benson [Jr_] Wm_ Benson - James [Stridge] John Lee J Thomas Henning - 2400 [acres] - 2200 for them and lot marked containing 200 acres for [John?] Lee & Thoms Henning [conditions] - [Quit Rent] 2/ [illegible] - 3 [acres] within every 50 - 4th_Jan.y 1787_ 42 Bishop's Stoves [50?] Freight [crossed out] 4 [crossed out] [Cards?] -- 4 - 25 Expenses -- 1 - 50 -------------- [59.75?] myself [Oil?] 7 [Liqueur?] 21 Champagne 32 [Ex?] 1 - 50 ------------------ 61 . 50 42 . -- [59 . 75?] ------------------- [163 . 25?]  September 13, 2017 — 12:02 pm
201606890 Letter from Howe to J.S. Morris regarding the laying off of 500 acres for Francis and Jasper Paul on land on which they have made improvements at the head of Ship Harbour Lake. Also directs Morris to tell his deputies to warn trespassers off Mi'kmaq lands, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Pro. Secretary Order to lay out lands for Indian at Ship Harbour Lake wrote I [Shelh?] today [?] [illegible] wrote Pro. Secretary a transmitted J. Kents & A. Campbell accounts for Jasper 17th March 1849   September 13, 2017 — 12:54 pm
201606891 Account for laying out five lots of 100 acres each as Mi'kmaq land at Ship Harbour Lake and inspection of Mi'kmaq lands at Pomquet in 1848., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (195 1/2 Province of Nova Scotia To John Spry Morris Surveyor General [illegible] 1848 To Amount of the following accounts [illegible] for the Survey of Indian lands, made by direction of the Government To Amount of James Kents Bill for laying out 5 lots of 100 acres each at Ship Harbour Lakes 10.13.0 To Amount of A. Campbells Bill for Inspecting Indian land at Pomket 2.2.0 -------------- £ 12.15.0 -----------------------------------  September 13, 2017 — 12:49 pm
201606889 Letter from Howe to J.S. Morris regarding the laying off of 500 acres for Francis and Jasper Paul on land on which they have made improvements at the head of Ship Harbour Lake. Also directs Morris to tell his deputies to warn trespassers off Mi'kmaq lands, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (195 Provincial Secretary's Office May 9, 1848 Sir I have it in command from His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor to request that you will direct [Mr Keuk?] ti lay off 500 acres of [?] to [?] the improvements made by Frances and Joseph Paul, at the head of the Ship Harbour Lake, dividing it into 100 acre lots, and assigning to each respectively 100 acres. The [?] to be Reserved and [?] granted. Will you also direct your Deputies generally to warn off trespassers on the Indian Reserves, and to report to you their names with such information touching their encroachments as may be necessary for the guidance of the [?] Officers of the [?]. I have the honor to be Sir Your Obedient Servant Joseph Howe John [S?] Morris, Esq.   September 12, 2017 — 3:03 pm
201606888 "Letter from Alex. Campbell, Deputy Surveyor, to John S. Morris reporting that he has inspected the Mi'kmaq lands in Sydney County and found no cases od tresspasses except for some wood cut. Discusses the timber cutting and sawmill being erected on the lan", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 A. Campbell dp Surveyor Indian Land John S. Morris Esq Commissioner of Crown Lands Halifax  September 12, 2017 — 3:13 pm
201606887 "Letter from Alex. Campbell, Deputy Surveyor, to John S. Morris reporting that he has inspected the Mi'kmaq lands in Sydney County and found no cases od tresspasses except for some wood cut. Discusses the timber cutting and sawmill being erected on the lan", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (194 Antigonish 4th Nov 1848 Sir, agreeable to my instructions from you I inspected the Indian Lands in the County of Sydney and found no person holding possession of any part of them nor any trespass committed on them except some timber that has been cut,and as far as I could ascertain the man who cut it obtained permission from some of the Indians and paid them more or less for it. Two men named Donald Chisholm and John Chisholm are building a saw mill on the lot marked D on Mr. A Thomson's plan, on which Peter Batistin the Indian resides. But I understand they have got a Lease of it from this Indian for a period of twentyYears, Sanctioned,they say,by Rev'd Colin MKinnon and Bishop Fraser. I am Sir ,Your most obedt Servant Alexander Campbell Depty. Surveyor John S. Morris Esqr Comisscour of Crown Lands   September 12, 2017 — 3:49 pm
201606884 Direction to the Provincial Treasurer to pay thirty pounds to Bishop Fraser for the relief of Mi'kmaq in Sydney County. Payment received acknowledged., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Indian Grant Order to pay Bishop Fraser for Relief of Indians £ 30   September 12, 2017 — 3:34 pm
201606848 Report of the Committee ?to whom the petition of certain persons trespassers upon the lands reserved for the Indians at Wagamatook [sic] in the county of ca pe Breton together with a variety of other papers connected with the subject.? Dated at Halifax., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (187 "The Committee to whom the Petition of certain persons trespassers upon lands reserved for the Indians at Wagmatook in the County of Cape Breton, together with a variety of other papers connected with the subject, were referred, beg leave to Report. That upon a careful examination of the statements made by the Petitioners and the report of the Surveyor General of Cape Breton, and other papers submitted to them, Your Committee are of opinion that the whole reserve originally made for the use and benefit of the Indians, as stated in a sketch thereof hereto annexed, should be faithfully continued and that not the smallest occasion should be given them to complain of being deceived in placing reliance upon the promises of Government. It does not indeed appear that the Government has performed any act by which its good faith to the Indians has been violated, but on the contrary it has promptly taken measures to prevent any injury being done to them by trespassers. It appears to be only necesscary to carry out the measures of Government to the contemplated extent to prevent the Indians from entertaining a Suspicion that any British subjects can trespass upon their reserves with impunity. The case is embarrassed with the circumstance that the persons who have trespassed upon these reserves are poor and ignorant people who have most probably taken up their position and made improvements on these reserves under an impression that they would be treated with as much [levity?] and forbearance as persons who have taken unauthorized possession of the Waste lands of the Crown in various parts of the Province. The trespassers upon the Indian reserves can hardly be supposed capable of accurately considering that the good faith of Government towards the Indians renders it impossible to extend the same kindness and tenderness to them as it might were the trespasses committed upon unreserved Crown lands. Your Committee are therefore disposed to view the case of these trespassers in the most favorable light in which it can be placed, and therefore recommend that the Surveyor  September 12, 2017 — 3:56 pm
201606847 "Petition of Francis Paul, Peter Tom, Michael Tom and Edward Nowlins for relief for themselves and their families. Includes backer with note asking Thomas James to attend to petition. Dated at Douglas, Kennetcook.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Relating to the Indians at Pictou.  September 12, 2017 — 3:31 pm
201606846 "Petition of Francis Paul, Peter Tom, Michael Tom and Edward Nowlins for relief for themselves and their families. Includes backer with note asking Thomas James to attend to petition. Dated at Douglas, Kennetcook.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] Thomas W. James Esquire &c &c &c Provincial Secretary's Office Halifax -----------  September 12, 2017 — 3:12 pm
201606845 "Petition of Francis Paul, Peter Tom, Michael Tom and Edward Nowlins for relief for themselves and their families. Includes backer with note asking Thomas James to attend to petition. Dated at Douglas, Kennetcook.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Petition of 4 Indian families for blankets and great Coats ----------- [illegible] James [will] be so good as to attend to this.  September 12, 2017 — 3:39 pm
201606842 "Letter from L.M. Wilkins to James acknowledging reciept of blankets, great coats and rugs for relief of the Mi'kmaq. Dated Windsor.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 186f. Windsor 5 January 1801 My dear I have just received four pair of blankets three great coats and twelve rugs that accompanied your letter of the 3rd [ illegible] and will thank you to inform Sir [ illegible] that ? have much pleasure in distributing them amongst the most needy of the Indians in this neighbourhood. Very ? yours L M Wilkins Mr W James  September 12, 2017 — 3:34 pm
201606834 Letter to George reporting on the condition of the Mi'kmaq in Pictou and the sending of a letter by Apsein. Inquires again about obtaining 100a for Mi'kmaq at the mouth of the Harbour as was discussed some years back. May refer to Boat Harbour and RG 1 vo, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (186c Sir R: George Sir I beg leave to state that the few Remaining Indians reciding in this District, are quite destitute of the means and [nec?] of Life, The Bearer Apsein Paul is one of the Best he is a Sober Man, & lately lost his best support, a Son who died of consumption. He goes to Halifax for and to buy a [Gun?] & to apply for Licence to occupy part of the Land at the entrance of this Harbour, which they the Indians claimed, ab Origins and of which you wrote above some years back - One Hundred Acres would answer their purpose. I believe a Mr. Archibald McDonald & a Mr. [Irving?] of Halifax have same claims on the property - I have the Honor to be respectfully Sir Your very Hugh Denacky Pictou 22nd Feby 1834  September 12, 2017 — 3:59 pm
201606824 Letter from Crawley to George regarding his hope to soon complete all the 4 of survey for Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton. He notes that there appears to be some difference in the amount of land to be laid out at what is now the Chapel Island reserve. Families the, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Sydney - 26th Feby 1833 Thomas Crawley -------------- With plans of the Indian Sir Rupert D. George Bart. &c &c &c  September 12, 2017 — 3:00 pm
201606815 Letter from Thomas Crawley to Rupert George regarding surveys completed of Mi'kmaq lands in Cape Breton., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Capt Crawley 3d Sept: 1832 --------------- Recd.16th ---- ------------------ Surveys for Indians &c ----------------------- Sir Rupert D. George [Bart.] &c &c &c   September 12, 2017 — 3:26 pm
201606810 Letter from P. Wiswall to Rupert George reporting on the purchase of supplies for the Bear River community in the spring and that the remaining funds may be used to purchase Indianss of common convenience in the fall. Notes that he and Abbe Sigogne will dedi, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (180 Digby. 9th.Aug.1831. Dear Sir Agreably to your permission, I have [ drawn?] on you at this date for £20 in [?favr.] of [Messrs?] Stewart & Budd on acct. of the Bear River Indians_ The supplies as p[e]r inclosed memorandum were furnished to them in the Spring and proved sufficient to bring them comfortably forward_ The whole sum was not [expended?], but £5.3.0 yet remains, and may serve to purchase a few articles of general convenience, such as grind-stones, or the like in the autumn- Thus far, this Settlement has succeeded beyond my expectations. The members of it have ceased to be troublesome[ beggars?] They have all been healthy- Their improvements advance and their crops of growing potatoes and grain are sufficiently promising to ground a hope of their being independantly comfortable for the coming year_ The Revd. Father Segogne will go with me next week to visit the settlement, and at the same time  September 12, 2017 — 2:02 pm
201606792 Letter from T. Crawley to William Hill enclosing returns of survey and observation with reference to the Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 William Hill Esqr &c &c &c Indian property   September 12, 2017 — 2:06 pm
201606790 "Letter from Thomas Crawley, Cape Breton, with reference to Hugh McLean's case, M.M. Keagney's petition, the Indian Grant, and other matters.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Sydney 12 January 1830 ------------------- Thos Crawley Esqr, ---------------- Hugh Mclean's [?case] [?Mr] McKeagney's petition Indian Grant Jno [?Hundley's] warrant Petition of [illegible] of Belworth --------------- William Hill Esqr &c &c &c   September 12, 2017 — 2:24 pm
201606785 "Poor quality negative copy of a petition from John Quinlan [?] and Samuel Irvine [?] for lands claimed by Mi'kmaq, Joseph Alexiel, in Shelburne.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 172 To His Excellency Sir Colin Campbell Commander in Chief in and over His Majestys Province of Nova Scotia &c &c &c The Petition of John Quinlan and Samuel Irwin Humbly Sheweth That your Petitioners are Located and settled on Long Island situate on the Roseway River about eleven Miles from the Town of Shelburne. That your Petioners [Petitioners] have resided there about eighteen years That there is a certain Tract of Meadow Land forming a Projection on the North East Point of the said Island which formed the principal inducement for your Petitioners to make their settlement in consequence of its being represented to them that the same was reserved for the common use or benefit of the Settlers on the said Island during the Administration and by His Excellency The Earl of Dalhousie. That your Petitioners have had on or about Ten Acres of the said Meadow under Fence and in Possession this eighteen Years. and that there is about Thirty Acres of Meadow now in Possession of an Indian named Joseph [?Alexie] from which Hay may be made to keep thirty Head of Cattle That Your Petitioners never interfered with the said Indians Possessions We your Petitioners have made application to John Spry Morris Esquire wishing to purchase the said Tract or Piece of Meadow that we have in Possession wishing to have the same free from   September 12, 2017 — 2:50 pm
201606770 "Request by bearer, Peter Wilmot, for ungranted lands at the forks of the River John in Pictou, so he may support his family. Includes remarks by Surveyor General.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [Refd] to the [Hon] the Surveyor General all the land at and contiguous to the River John is granted to individuals or for the [will] of the college - with his [Excellencies] [permission] - I would with my Deputy to endeaver [endeavour] to select one hundred acres in such situation as may suit the Petitioner to be subject to such apportionment as his excelly may [?] to order & approv G [?] [?] (169)  September 12, 2017 — 2:23 pm
201606768 Petition of James Lulan of Pictou on behalf of himself for relief in consequence of interference with his land. Includes backer with note that five pounds be taken from the Indian Account to be given to purchase necessaries for the Mi'kmaq and since the I, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [illegible] Sulan an Indian ------- March 1829 -------------- £ 5 X sent to the [Deacon?] by Sulan - to purchase [ necessaries?] for these Indians [illegible signature] X [?since] the Indian accounts were rendered to he House. -- [illegible] George 15th May 1829  September 12, 2017 — 2:48 pm
201606759 Negative copy of letter from Richard Uniacke to Lawrence Kavanaugh regarding payment of funds to Lawlor for instruction of the Mi'kmaq as per letter in RG 1 vol. 430 no. 166., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (167 Halifax August 18 th 1828 Sir/. During the last Setting of the House - The Sum of £50 was voted for The Indians in Cape Breton to [school?] them- The enclosed documents have been forwarded to me by The Indians- which I [ illegible] for His Excellency 's consideration , & I beg leave from my own knowledge of [Rev?] Lawlor to recommend [ illegible] most strong to Sir James as entitled to The allowance I have The Honor to be [illegible] Richard Uniacke  September 12, 2017 — 2:28 pm
201606754 "Poor negative copy of a receipt [?] of payment to John S. Harris [Morris?] for surveying a tract of land at Bear River for Mi'kmaq, laying a road through said tract, measuring and marking lots within the tract and making duplicate plans thereof.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 164 Digby 14th March 1828 The Province of Nova Scotia To P. Wiswall - [?Dos] To Cash paid John S. Harris Surveyor, by approbation of His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor, for surveying a Tract of Land for the Bear-River Indians, - laying a road through the said tract, measuring off & distinctly marking 20 lots of 30 acres each & making duplicate plans thereof ----------- £11 - [illegible] - Eleven pounds - Recd. [illegible] from [Sir] Rupert D George for Joseph [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] 31st: March 1828  September 12, 2017 — 2:54 pm
201606747 Statement of distribution of various articles among Mi'kmaq people for relief by order of James Kempt., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Statement of Distribution of various articles among Indians.   September 12, 2017 — 2:53 pm
201606746 "Poor negative copy of what appears to be a letter regarding the petition of Groade and Davis in RG 1 vol. 420 no. 162a partially covered by a copy of the backer for the same. Seems to be a request for ungranted land. Mentions Queens County, Liverpool, and", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 162 ---- The Board of Land Commissioners for Queens County beg leave most Respectfully, to Recommend the [Within] [Petition ] to the favourable consideration of His Excellency Sir [James ] Kempt _ . _ . _ Liverpool. January 30th. 1827 Benjamin [?Vinaut] } Board [of] James [Gorham] } Land [Commissioners]   September 12, 2017 — 2:56 pm
201606739 Letter from H.H. Cogswell to Michael Wallace regarding improvements on his land at Pomquet., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 At the Whitehall,   September 12, 2017 — 2:08 pm
201606733 Letter from John Morris to William Hill enclosing the abstract of the Commissioners of Land for the month of February and also enclosing a copy of a letter from Trotter to the Board of Commissioners regarding the improvements of the Mi'kmaq on lands at Po, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (160f Antigonish 3rd March 1824 Sir I beg leave to send you the abstract for the month of February with the Petitions for His Excellencys decision - I am also directed by the Board to transmit you for His Excellencys information the enclosed copy of a letter from The Revd Thomas Trotter submitted to them at their last meeting upon the subject communicated to His Excellency by Major Cunningham respecting the Indians at Pomquet, at the same time have to observe that Mr Elisha Randle [?Law] of Little River and Adolphus Atwater of Pomquet Ferry have made affidavit to a statement respecting which confirms Mr Trotters account so far as it goes, but it refers chiefly to the occupation and improvements made upon McWinnie's Grant and is neither sufficiently distinct nor minute with respect to the Grants of Colonel Campbell and Cogswell, the Commissioners have therefore thought it unnecessary to [transmit?] it at Antigonishe Land Commissioners Relative to to the claims of Indians to Lands at Pomquet granted to Mr McWinnie & others ---------- Dated 3 Mar 1823 _ Recd 16th " _ In Council 17th March [2nd April - crossed out] 1824 See minutes._  September 12, 2017 — 2:08 pm
201606723 "Affidavit of Thomas Trotter and John Monro certifying that they did, in April of 1824, measure the improvements made by the Mi'kmaq in lands in Pomquet granted to Colin Campbell, H.H. Cogswell, and William Mcwhinnie and found said improvements to be 3 1/2", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 William McWhinnie H.H. Cogswell Colin Campbell Explanation of the figures 1st 5 acres all the old stumps disappeared excepting a few of the most durable and these very much decayed. [?Has] been cleared a second time by Johnsto[ne] and the young wood appears from the stumps to have been very close and nearly 20 years of age 2nd 15 acres must have been cleared nearly about the same time with [No - crossed out] No 1 " [11] Eleven or twelve acres have been cut down a second time by Johnston[e] but not burnt and the young wood is standing on the remainder [?It] is so [close] as to be hardly penetrable and cannot be less than 20 years of age 3rd 14 ½ acres cleared apparently about the same time with the two former. the growth of young wood has been kept down by cattle and the lot is in a good state for pasture 4th 2 acres apparently cleared about 8 or 10 years ago 5th 4 ¼ acres apparently cut about 7 or 8 years ago bit [not - underlined] cleared of the brush and part of the heavy timber 6th 1¼ apparently cleared about 5 or 6 years ago 7th 8 ¾ acres most of which appears to have been cleared about 4 or 5 years ago 8th 1 acre apparently cleared about 4 or 5 years ago. 9th [?16] acres some of which has been cleared nearly 20 and part not more than 2 years ago What has been lately cleared has been done in a very complete state and part of it is under a most promising crop of young grass 10th 2 acres an old clearing and partly grown up with young wood 11th 2 ½ acres very old and partly grown up with young wood 12th 2 acres apparently cleared about 10 or 11 years ago and said to have been partly cleared by [Talbert] the Ferryman at Pomquet 13 partly cut down but not measured (160 b.)   September 12, 2017 — 2:00 pm
201606722 "Copy of a letter from the Rev. Mr. Trotter relative to the claims of Mi'kmaq to lands granted to McWhinnie and others at Pomquet. Describes creation of reservation, relations with adjoining non-Mi'kmaq land owners, improvements by Mi'kmaq upon the dispute", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Copy of a letter from the Revd. Mr. Trotter relative to the claims of Indians to Lands granted to McWhinnie and others at Pomquet. ------- Inclosed in Mr [Munroe's] letter of 3rd March 1824 -----------------   September 12, 2017 — 2:16 pm
201606718 Letter from John Spry Morris to William Hill regarding trespasses by non-Mi'kmaq on Mi'kmaq lands at Malagawatch. Explains that a complaint made by Alexander McIntosh and others against Deputy W. Luce for having laid out land for them at Malagawatch that, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (160  September 12, 2017 — 2:04 pm
201606714 Letter from Doucet to Lt. Gov. James Kempt regarding the condition of Mi'kmaq at Cape Sable., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Lieut. Governor-. Respecting the Indians at Cape Sable & - Recd. 14 Feby 1823__  September 12, 2017 — 2:47 pm
201606711 Letter from Doucet to Lt. Gov. James Kempt regarding the condition of Mi'kmaq at Cape Sable., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (159 Son Excellence Sir James Kempt, Qu'il plaise à votre Excellence, [Me] pardonnerez = vous, si je rappelle à votre souvenir un Curé de Québec qui ent l'honneur d'etre [connu] de vous lors de votre première visite en Canada! __ Ce Curé = là est celui qui demande humblement la permission de vous écrire aujord'hui. Le Capitaine [McKennon], [?Votre OR Notre] représentant, mon voison & mon Ami, aura seul l'avantage d'informer votre Excellence que nous n'apprîmes votre arrivée à Yarmouth que la veille de votre départ; encore était = il dix heures du [?soirée] Nous marchaines toute la nuit, & nous eumes la mauvaise chance d'arriver à la maison du Colonel [Bond], une heaure après que votre Excellence l'ent quittée. Après l'honneur de vous être présenté, nous n'avions tous deux rien de plus a coeur que de vous parler des malheureux Indians du Cap = Sable. Sir Francis Kempt. __  September 12, 2017 — 2:34 pm
201606706 Letter from Yorke to Hill [?] meant to accompany a petition regarding ungranted land. Mentions Mr. Morris., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 disposed to do if there is any ungranted land near where he wishes to fix himself Truly Yours L. Yorke Wednesday 4th Feby  September 12, 2017 — 2:14 pm
201606691 Bishop Plessis of Quebec to Sherbrooke regarding Abbe Sigogne's mission to the Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 4 [?Aug] 1815 Indian Affairs Catholic Bishop of Quebec  September 12, 2017 — 1:53 pm
201606688 Letter from Bishop Plessis of Quebec to Sherbrooke regarding the conditions of the Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 sur ces terres, à la condition expresse de réunir en village auprès d'eux, les Micmacks de la Province er de leur donner l'éducation dont ils sont susceptibles en même temps qu'ils leur enseigneraient à trouver dans la terre qu'ils ont sous les pieds et qu'ils laissent en [foiche?], leur subsistance et celle de leurs enfans [enfants]. Dans mon humble opinion, le Gouvernement, par cette [mission?] sans s'engager dans aucune dépnse, retirerait du vice et de la misère près d'une centaine de familles vraiment dignes de compasion. J'ose donc espérer que Votre Excellence, amie comme elle l'est du bonheur des sujets Britanniques de toute dénomination en cette Province, voudra bien transmettre ces idées aux ministres de [abreviated letters] et que s'ils daignent les prendre en considération, elle aura la bonté de me le faire savoir à Québec, afin de pouvoir traiter de cette affaire avec le supérieur de l'ordre de la Trappe aussi promptement que semble l'exiger l'état des pauvres sauvages au [vont] desquels je m'intéresse. J'ai l'honneur d'être avec le plus grand respect de Votre Excellence Halifax, 27 juillet Son Excellence Le Lieut. Général Sir John Sherbrooke Chevalier du bain, Lieutenant Gouverneur de la Prov. de la Nlle Écosse [left botton of page] Le très humble & très obéissant serviteur + J. O. Plessis évêque catholique de Québec  September 12, 2017 — 12:02 pm
201606685 Letter from Bishop Plessis of Quebec to Sherbrooke regarding the conditions of the Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (153 Sir John La visite des paroisses et missions de mon diocèse m'ayant conduit dans cette capitale de la ÉNouvelle-Écosse, mes yeux y ont été frappés et mon coeur affligé du grand nombre de sauvages de la nation des Micmacks qui y sont errans [errants], pauvres, abandonnés à l'ivrognerie, à la paresse et aux vices qui découlent de ces deux funestes sources. Votre Excellence plus à portée (porter) que moi de voir ces désordres, en gémit avec d'autant plus de raison que ces Micmacks sont naturellement bons et dociles et n'ont rien de la férocité des autres nations sauvages qui existent en Canada. Sous ce dernier rapport, ils ne sont pas indignes de l'attention paternelle du gourvernment de [T. N. ?] Ce sont des enfants quxquels il faut enseigner le travail. Si l'on peut y réussir on aura tout gagné avec eux. Attachés à leurs champs il y trouveront leur vêtement et leur nourriture et n'auront plus  September 12, 2017 — 12:01 pm
201606684 Letter to Sherbrooke relating that the Bishop in the colony of Quebec intends to tour the province which will extend to Halifax., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Sherbrooke [illegible] of Quebec  September 12, 2017 — 12:33 pm
201606673 "Very faint petition of Rev. John M. Segoigne in behalf of Pierre Brenard, a Mi'kmaq man praying for a grant of land. Also mentions that Wallace, Uniake and Morris were directed to report upon the claims of Mi'kmaq for land in the province for burying grou", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (149 2/3) At a Council held in the Council chamber at Halifax the 27th. Nov 1813. Present His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor &c &c &c Read the Petition of the Revd. John M Segoigne in behalf of Pierre Brenard and Indian praying for a Grant of Land & recommending that the same may be granted in trust whereupon it is Ordered that the Petition be referred to the [Honble] M. Wallace, R. J. Uniacke & C. Morris who are also directed to report upon the claims of Indians for Land in this Province for Burying Grounds places of   September 12, 2017 — 12:59 pm
201606662 "Various outstanding accounts of monies stil owed by government, Wentworth, for Indian accounts. Includes a paper with three names, Simon Paul, Francis Labradore, and Andrew Botomy.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 148 2/3 1808 -- Bill by Sir John Wentworth in favor of Hartshorn & Boggs. for £ 100 Sterling } _ 111. 2 . 2½ Balance due by Government on last accounts transmitted } 3. 4. 1¾ Hartshorn & Bogg's account for 1807 & 1808 _________ } 48. 15. 3 Hartshorn & Tremain's account in 1807. & 1808. ______ } 26. 10. 4 Allowance to Agent & Superintor. 11 . 2 . [illegible] ------------------------ [illegible] 9. 11 . 8 [illegible] -------------------------- 21. 10. 6 Blankets, axes, [mill] [and] Potatoes. Gun Powder, guns, 25 [illegible] 3 families at [illegible], 28 in all. 2 Guns ---- 2.10 2 axes ---- -- 15. 3 blankets -- 3 - . .15 ---------- 7. 0 -----  September 12, 2017 — 12:14 pm
201606660 Negative copy of the petition of Daniel Toney on behalf of himself and 17 families of Mi'kmaq. Referred to the Surveyor General and annotated by J.C. S. (John Coape Sherbrooke), Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Joseph Simons Lewie Muess  September 12, 2017 — 12:32 pm
201606658 Negative copy of the petition of Daniel Toney on behalf of himself and 17 families of Mi'kmaq. Referred to the Surveyor General and annotated by J.C. S. (John Coape Sherbrooke), Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 148 1/3 To His Excellency, Sir John Cope Sherbrooke, K.B. Lieutenant Governor & Commander in chief of the Province of Nova Scotia , & its dependencies- &c &c &c &c The Petition of Daniel Toney, an Indian, in behalf of himself and seventeen Families of the Micmac Tribe Humbly sheweth. That Your Excellency 's Petitioners are desirous of forming a settlement for themselves and their growing families; being for the most part deprived of the benefits that formerly accrued from hunting, from the vast numbers of Moose Deer and other wild animals which have been destroyed by the English Settlers of late years- That there is a Tract of land bordering on the sea-shore in the mouth of The Gut of Annapolis, that it appears , is ungranted and not settled and as the situation is favorable for fishing , and shooting seals and Porpoises, [with - written above] which the Bay of Fundy, at   September 12, 2017 — 12:59 pm
201606650 "Very brief summarized answers to George Monk's circular letter (RG 1 vol. 430 nos. 143 and 144) from Annapoolis, Pictou, Shelburne, Chester, Liverpool, Dorchester, Westmorland and Sissiboo.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (147 The following are the answers to a Letter addressed by Judge Monk to the undermentioned Gentlemen, requiring their opinion of the Indians should there be an American War. [illegible] ------------------------- Annapolis - Wm.Robertson 31st. Octr. 1807 --- The Indians seem to think little about the War, & would wait to see who was most likely to gain the day & then join that party ----- Shelburne Ths. Crowell Novr. 27th. 1807 Many have lately been in & about the Town, who are wretchedly poor; it will be a difficult task to procure a correct account of their number. --- Pictou Hugh Dennon Esqre. 20th. Decr. 1807 Inclosing a list of the Indians who seem as if they would be very [riotous] in case of an American War ----  September 12, 2017 — 12:07 pm
201606648 Account to Hartshorne and Boggs for sundries supplied to the Mi'kmaq by order of Governor Wentworth., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Indian Accounts Judge Monk  September 12, 2017 — 12:12 pm
201606645 Account to Hartshorne and Boggs for sundries supplied to the Mi'kmaq by order of Governor Wentworth., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (146 Halifax Nova Scotia Government To Hartshorne & Boggs Dr For Sundries supplied the Indians by Order of His Excellency Governor Wentworth.- Date To whom delivered No. Powder No. Shot No. Flints No. Guns No. [?Hats] 1807 Novr. 7 } 7/2 30 2 1 3 21 James Paul [Goram?] Paul Clods , Paul Thomas Francis and Thomas Morris } [?7]/2 30 " " " 2 1 3 23 Noel [Sanpier?] Lewis Anthy and John Anthony } 4/2 18 " " " 1 4 9 Decr.. 3 Thos, [?Boitton] Paul bask .... 3 12 " " " " 16 6 6 Paul Labradore, Gabreal Barbard, [?Cheremi] & Hannah Cheremi } 6 24 12 1 " 3 4 " 7 JJos. Bask & his wife Jacob Bask & Widowed mother } 3 12 " " " " 16 6 11 Paul Morris and Sons .... 1/2 6 " " " " 8 3 14 Joseph Philip ....1 4 " " 1 1 15 6 18 John Bask & his wife.....1 4 " " " " 5 6 22 Joseph Paul, Paul Bonnes 2 8 " " " " 11 " 24 Lewis Paul, Simon Paul and a Blind Indian ....2 8 " " " " 5 6 28 John Nocout .....1 4 " " " " 5 6 30 Joseph Paul & Thomas Bell } 2 8 " " " " 11 " 31 Capt. Philip , Peter Morris Penard Argamatin Francis Penard, John Penard Ino. Muse } [?6] 24 " " " 1 13 " 1808 Jany 1 Thos.. & Jos. Ball Paul Martyn 4 16 " " " 1 2 " 4 James Paul Junr.. 1/2 2 " " " " 2 9 11 [Nootus?] Paul 1/2 [?6] " " " " 8 3 ---------------------------------- Carried Forward £ 17 12 6  September 12, 2017 — 12:15 pm
201606630 Circular letter from George H. Monk to various recipients identified by district. Monk requests assistance in answering the command of Lt. Gov. Wentworth to ascertain the number of Mi'kmaq within the province and to form a system for their management. He, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (144 Sir Having this day received the commands of His Excellency Lieut. Governor Sir John Wentworth, to ascertain as nearly as it can be done, the number of Indians within this Province; and also to form a system for the management of them, allow me to request the favor of your assistance; as far as it may be perfectly convenient & agreeable to you, and without your incurring any expence; or authorizing any charge or demand by others: and that you will contribute [that] assistance, by making such observations & inquiry - without discovering the object - as may enable you to furnish me with a return of the number of male Indians from 16 to 60 years of age (inclusive) within the District of [illegible OR blank] with the names & characters of their chiefs, captains, & leading men, and also the numbers of aged men & of women & children: and stating your opinion of the disposition of the Indians on seeing the militia imbodied for the defence of the Province - whether they appear friendly, and show a readiness to act as Friends in case of any service being required of them, or the contrary. and at this early period I must particularly, & earnestly request, that should you know, or hear of any disaffected parties or Individuals among them, or of Strangers who may be suspected to be Emissaries of the Enemy, that you will in every such instance, immediately give me an exact, & full account of such disaffected Parties & Individuals, and Strangers, that His Excellency may be informed thereof. Relying upon your voluntary aid in the  September 8, 2017 — 4:10 pm
201606634 Circular letter from George H. Monk to various recipients identified by district. Monk requests assistance in answering the command of Lt. Gov. Wentworth to ascertain the number of Mi'kmaq within the province and to form a system for their management. He, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (143 Windsor 20th. October 1807. Sir Having this day received the commands of His Excellency Lieut. Governor Sir John Wentworth, to ascertain as near as it can be done, the number of Indians within this Province; and also to form a System for the management of them, allow me to request the favour of your Assistance, as far as it may be perfectly convenient, and agreeable to you, and without your incurring any expence [expense], or authorising [authorizing] any charge, or Demand of others; and that you will contribute that Assistance, by making such enquiry, and observations -- without discovering the object - as may enable you to furnish me , with a Return of the Number of Make Indians, from 16 to 60 years of age (inclusive) within the District of [illegible OR blank], with the Names, and Characters of their Chiefs, or leading Men; and also the numbers of Aged Men, and of Women and Children; - and stating your Opinion of the Disposition of the Indians, on seeing the Militia imbodied for the defence of the Province; whether they appear friendly, and show a readiness to act as Friends, in case of any service being required of them, or the Contrary. And, at this early period, I must particularly, and earnestly request, that should you know, or hear of any disaffected Parties, or Individuals amongst them, or of Strangers who may be suspected to be [Emissaries] of the Enemy, that you will in every such instance immediately give me an exact and full account of such disaffected Parties and Individuals and Strangers, that His Excellency may be informed thereof. Relying  September 8, 2017 — 4:18 pm
201606628 Receipt from James Archibald for 15 pounds received on account from M. Wallace as per Indians at RG 1 vol. 430 no. 141., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (142 Halifax 3rd March 1803 Received from The Commissioners for Relief of Indians by the hand of Michael Wallace Treasurer of the Province Fifteen pounds on Account for Supplys to Indians at Truro by order of the Commissioners James Archibald  September 8, 2017 — 4:10 pm
201606625 Account of James Archibald of supplies distributed to the Mi'kmaq at Truro., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Recd. payment Timo[thy] Prout --------------------------- James Archibald order  September 8, 2017 — 4:41 pm
201606620 Henry Watkey's account for repairing guns for Joe Glued [Glode?] and C. Knockwood., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Henry Watkeys accot. for repairing Indians June £ 0 .. 11 .. 6 ------------------- paid 21 January 1803 No. 22   September 8, 2017 — 3:48 pm
201606616 Account of Tremain and Boggs for blankets supplied to the Commissioners for Indians., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Tremain & Boggs Acct. of Blankets for Indians May & June 1803 £ 8..2..0 No 27  September 8, 2017 — 3:47 pm
201606615 Account of Tremain and Boggs for blankets supplied to the Commissioners for Indians., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Halifax N Scotia. (136 Commissioners for Indians To Tremain & Boggs Dr,, 1803 May 16 To 4 Blankets...@9/ £ 1.16.0 " 23 To 1ditto...0.9.0 "25 To 6 ditto....@9/...2.14.0. "28 To 2 ditto ....0.18.0. June 2 To 2 ditto......0.18.0. " 4 To 1 ditto......0.9.0 "6 To 1 ditto....0.9.0. "8 1 ditto.....0.9.0. £ 8,,2,,0 Halifax NS June 8. 1803 Received Payment of the above Eight pounds two shillings [illegible] from Michael Wallace Esq Tremain & Boggs  September 8, 2017 — 3:15 pm
201606614 "Account of Hartshorne and Boggs for gunpowder supplied to the Indian Committee, 1802-1803.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Hartshorne Boggs' Accot. of Powder, Shott &c for Indians, from the 10th March 1802___to the 23rd May 1803_____& to 10th June ------------ £ 25 9.11½ ------------- 1..0..6 ----------- £ 26.10.5 ½ No.28  September 8, 2017 — 3:24 pm
201606611 "Account of Hartshorne and Tremain for goods supplied to the Committee for Indians, 1801-1803.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Hartshorne & Tremain Accot.of Indian meal Supplied by them to Indians from 22. October 1801 _ To 12th June 1803. £ 54..0..9. -------------- No.29.   September 8, 2017 — 3:51 pm
201606603 Account of supplies to Mi'kmaq by Mr. Smith of Douglas in 1802 and 1803 by order of Commissioners., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Account of Supplys to Indians. by Wm. Smith Esqr. of Douglas in 1802. & 1803 By order of the Commissn. £3..12..6. ------------- No.25. [illegible] supplies furnished for Indians by W. Smith in 1802 and 3 by Mich[ae]l. Wallace Esquire orders _ Rec[eive]d payment for my Father Wm. Smith Stephen Smith   September 8, 2017 — 3:26 pm
201606601 Sundries delivered to poor Mi'kmaq by Jonathon Crane at Kings County., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Accot. of Supplies to Indians at Horton by Jonathan Crane Esqr March 1803 £ 5..3..4- No 31.  September 8, 2017 — 3:29 pm
201606597 "Letter from Alexander Waugh to Gov. Wentworth regarding the condition of poor Mi'kmaq around Tatamagouche. Notes that at least one family, that of Francis Wilmot Sr., was formerly from Antigonish. Requests food and clothing.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (128 Sir I beg leave to trouble you with a few Lines by way of information With respect to the Poor Indians in this settlement there is three family's- Francis Wilmot [Senior?] formerly from Antigonish - Francis Wilmot Junior belonging to this Settlement - One Widow Woman and her Son about five years old they are in number nine they have in a great Measure been a town Charge as there is but two men among them fit for anny [busnes?] - I have been Obliged to assist them With Some Cloaths & Provisions to prevent them from starving both With hunger & cold- however I wish to receive Advice from Government before I proceed any further I Remain With Great Respect Your very Humble Servt Alexr. Waugh Tatmagouch Febry 4th 1803 His Excellency Sir John Wentworth   September 8, 2017 — 3:04 pm
201606596 "Letter from George Oxley reporting the distress of some Mi'kmaq in the neighbourhood of Ramsheg [perhaps Ram's Head or Ramsey, or a place name no longer in use.] requests relief for letter bearer, Lewis Tony, and other Mi'kmaq named and described.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 5.17.6 [Mr.?] [S S M?] George Oxley Ramsheg 4th February 1803. reporting the distress of some Indians in that neighbourhood __ __answered:__ Charles Morris and Michl. Wallace Esquires Halifax   September 8, 2017 — 3:36 pm
201606591 Letter from the Justices in Sessions at Colchester representing the condition of Mi'kmaq in that district. requesting relief for forty Mi'kmaq living in or near Truro., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Letter from The Justices in Sessions at Colchester representing the Condition of Indians in that district January 1803.  September 8, 2017 — 3:15 pm
201606587 Receipt signed by P. McCondachie for potatoes supplied to the Mi'kmaq at Sheet Harbour. Payment received from M. Wallace., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Peter Mc.Condachies Receipt for payment of 10 Bushels Potatoes to Indians at Sheet Harbour in 1802 £1..5..0 ------------ P[ai]d. 12 April _ 1803 - No. 24   September 8, 2017 — 3:32 pm
201606584 Jonathon and John Tremain's account of a hatchet for Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Committee for Indians (122 To Jon. & John Tremain [D.] 1802 [Novem.] 17, To 1 Hatchet....... £ ..2 .. 9 Received payment of M Wallace Esqr Jon & John Tremain   September 8, 2017 — 3:41 pm
201606583 Woodin's account of potatoes supplied to Mi'kmaq at [St.] Margaret's Bay., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 M. Wallis Esqr  September 8, 2017 — 3:29 pm
201606581 Woodin's account of potatoes supplied to Mi'kmaq at [St.] Margaret's Bay., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 15th  September 8, 2017 — 3:38 pm
201606580 Woodin's account of potatoes supplied to Mi'kmaq at [St.] Margaret's Bay., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [illegible] Woodin's Acct. Potatoes supplied to [left edge torn - In]dians at Margarets [left edge torn - B]ay - November 1802 £0..10..0 --------  September 8, 2017 — 3:03 pm
201606579 "Return of Mi'kmaq living at Sheet Harbour in the County of Halifax, 1802.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 State of the Indians at Sheet Harbour 15th November 1802  September 8, 2017 — 3:34 pm
201606577 Letter from James Sutherland to M. Wallace requesting relief for Mi'kmaq residing in Sheet Harbour., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 James Sutherland Sheet Harbour 16th November 1802 James Sutherland's letter about the Indians at Sheet Harbour Michael Wallace Esqr. Halifax  September 8, 2017 — 3:03 pm
201606576 Letter from James Sutherland to M. Wallace requesting relief for Mi'kmaq residing in Sheet Harbour., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Sheet Harbour Novr 16th 1802 (119 Sir/ I have from a principal of humanity for the Distresses of some poor Indian familys residing in this place and in consequence have taken the liberty of soliciting your intrest [interest] with his Exelency [Excellency] Sir John Wentworth Bart. to allow them some provisions to help them through the winter They are also [in - crossed out] much in want of Blankets. I have seen them in so distress that those of large families were obliged , whilst a part of them put on all the Cloathing they have [to beg around the settlement? - written above so insert here] the rest sat naked in the wigwams, and I am much afraid without they have some relieif [relief] they will be little better this winter~ Inclosed is a return which Mr. McCondachy has very Correctly made out, as he is best a[c]quainted with them and worthy of every Confidence I am Sir with Great Esteem your Most Obdt. Serv[an]t . Ja[me]s. Sutherland Mic[hae]l. Wallace Esqr  September 8, 2017 — 3:36 pm
201606575 Receipt for payment received from Wallace for John Brown for Indian Meal., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 John Brown's Acct. of 6 Barrels Indian Meal for the Indians 30th Sept 1802 £6..10..0 No.14  September 8, 2017 — 3:48 pm
201606573 Petition and letter from Wentworth to Commissioners of Indian Affairs regarding Mi'kmaq families at Cape Sable that are having their ?good dispositions discouraged by several white people who claim the lands.? requests having Mi'kmaq lands measured and lo, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Sir John Wentworths Note of 28th September 1802 On His Majesty's service To Michael Wallace Esq. & Commissioners for Releif of Indians, &c . &c Halifax -------------- Wentworth. ---------------  September 8, 2017 — 3:52 pm
201606569 "Letter from Wentworth to Commissioners for Indian Affairs ordering that Francois Michelle and ten other Mi'kmaq be given twelve dollars, twenty pounds pork, thirty of beef and fifty of biscuits, two guns, flints and powder for their return to New Brunswic", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (116 Halifax July 10th 1802 Sir Please supply Francois Michelle and ten other Indians. Twelve dollars -- Twenty pounds pork -- 30lb beef -- 50 lb biscuit -- Two Guns -- 2 lb Powder -- 8 lb Shot -- 1/2 doz.n flints -- to provide for their return to New Brunswick ___ yours [etc?] Wentworth. NB. Please give each man his dividend of the money -- W. The other things they may divide themselves To Michael Wallace Esq. Commis[sioner] for Indian Affairs Cash as above . ------ £3.0.0 Leather for mocosuns [21/?] -- 1.1.0 [Mac?] Cash ------------- [2/6?] -- 2.6 Pork, Beef, Biscuit, Shott, flnts, & Powder etc ------------------------2.13.3 _________________ £6:16:9 M.W.  September 8, 2017 — 3:00 pm
201606565 Letter by Casper Wollenhaupt acknowledging payment received for potatoes supplied to Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (114 Halifax Nova Scotia [illegible] Hon[oura]ble Michael Wallace Commissioner for Indian Affairs To Casper Wollenhaupt [Dr?] for the following supplies to Indians viz [illegible]z [illegible] 31 20 Bushels potatoes @15 1.5.0 1 Hoe 4.0 [illegible]rull 11 Bushels potatoes @15 13.9 2 Hoes 7.0 _____ £2.9.9 Received payment Casper Wollenhaupt   September 8, 2017 — 3:25 pm
201606563 "Letter from Ed. Mortimer, Pictou 12 May 1802, with an account of blankets supplied to Mi'kmaq.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (113 Pictou 12th May 1802 Sir When last in town [I mentioned?] my having delivered some of the Indians a few blankets, in distress as usual, account of which you have enclosed and order annexed favor [illegible] Messrs Andrew & John Liddell, amount seven pounds. which please honor. I am Sir Your most obedient humble servant Edw[ar]d Mortimer Michael Wallace Esq. Halifax  September 8, 2017 — 3:41 pm
201606562 "Account of potatoes furnished to Mi'kmaq at Guysborough, May 1802.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [illegible- edge torn] [Nixon] Acct. of Potatoes [?as] [furnished] Indians at Guysborough __ 30th May 1802 --------- £ 11..5..0 ----- No. 14  September 8, 2017 — 3:04 pm
201606560 Account of Edmund Ward for blankets for Mi'kmaq. Payment received from Wallace and Commission for Indians., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Edmund Ward's Account of Blankets for Indians £ 4,,5,,3 paid 27th Septemr.1802 No.16  September 8, 2017 — 3:04 pm
201606558 "Receipt from J. Crane for payment received from Michael Wallace for supplies distributed to the Mi'kmaq of Kings County, 1801-1802.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Jonathan Crane's Accot. of Sundry Supplys to Indians- £ 7.13.3 -------------- paid 13th April 1802 No.13  September 8, 2017 — 3:06 pm
201606551 "Distribution list of sundries sent to Sheet Harbour for relief of the Mi'kmaq residing at that place, i.e. Lewis Paul's family, ?Able Wise wife and two children,? Francis Cope and two grown up boys, and Inasine [?] and his wife.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Indian Distribution List 16th January 1802 Sheet Harbour.  September 8, 2017 — 3:05 pm
201606550 "Distribution list of sundries sent to Sheet Harbour for relief of the Mi'kmaq residing at that place, i.e. Lewis Paul's family, ?Able Wise wife and two children,? Francis Cope and two grown up boys, and Inasine [?] and his wife.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (107 Sheet Harbour, January 16th 1802 Distribution list of [illegible] as [illegible] sent the Indians residing at this pleace by Michal Walace Esq. Treasurer of N. Scotia Mr. Jones Baleon Lewis Paul Wife Mother in law and g children 5 of them just [illegible] Baral Meal five blankets one tub powder 4 [illegible] shott Able wise wife and 2 children one Baral Meal 4 Blankets [illegible] Power 4 [illegible] shott Invasine and his Wife one Baral Meal 2 Blankets Frances Cope and 2 grown up Boys 2 [illegible] Powder 0 [illegible] shott Peter MCondachie   September 8, 2017 — 3:23 pm
201606548 Receipt from James Balcom [?] for sundries sent by him to Sheet Harbour for relief of Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (106 Halifax. 4th January 1802. Recd. from The Commissioner for settling & relieving distressed Indians by the hands of Michael Wallace, Four Barrels of Indian Meal, one bundle Containing six pair of blankets - also four pounds of Powder & sixteen pounds of [illegible], which I promise to deliver to Mr Peter McCondachie at Sheet Harbour for the relief of Indians near that settlement. James Balcom   September 8, 2017 — 3:18 pm
201606544 "Letter from Abe Merchand [?] to John Wentworth reporting that the local magistrate and settlers at Sheet Harbour want to make him aware of the situations of three Mi'kmaq families (i.e. the families of Lewis Cope, Eleanor Cope, and Peter Cope.) Urge relie", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (104 Halifax January 2d 1802 Sir I am strongly importuned by [?W. or Mr] James Sutherland the only magistrate residing at Sheet Harbour, and by the settlers there to represent to your Excellency the very [necessitous?] & alarming situation of 3 Indian Families aboriginies of Sheet Harbour, consisting in all of 22 [heads?] (vizt. Lewis Cope, his Squah & eight Pappouses, with a bedridden Grandmother of 80 years old - Peter Cope, his Squah & 4 pappouses - Eleanor Cope / the widow of Paul Cope who was drowned 2 years ago/ & 4 Pappouses/ - They have not a gun, and they are so naked that they run the risk of perishing with the cold, when they go to cut a stick to burn -- They have no [provisions?] whatever  September 8, 2017 — 3:25 pm
201606536 Account of shot and powder furnished by order for the Mi'kmaq. (A receipt from Hartshorn and Boggs.), Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Hartshorne & Boggs Acct of the Shott and Powder furnished by order for the Indians £12..9..10 to 20. Febry 1802 No 11  September 8, 2017 — 2:28 pm
201606535 Account of shot and powder furnished by order for the Mi'kmaq. (A receipt from Hartshorn and Boggs.), Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (99. Commissioners for Indian Affairs 1801 To Hartshorn & Boggs D[elive]r April 7 To 1 lb Gunpowder 3/6 4 lbs shot 1/8 .......£0.5.2 May 27 " 3 lbs d[itt]o 9/....12 lbs shot 5/ .......0.14.0 June 3 " 3 lbs d[itt]o 9/.....12 lbs shot 5/ .......0.14.0 Augt 7 " 36 lbs shot @ 5.d 27 flints a doz./ 9lbs powder at 3/6 ...2.8.9 15 " 2 lbs powder 7/...8lbs shot 3/4 .......0.10.4 20 " 12 lbs shot 5/....3 lbs powder 10/6.......0.15.6 Septm'r 11 " 6 lbs powder at 3/6...24 lbs shot a 5 d......1.11.0 October 3 " 8 lbs shot 3/4 .....2 lbs powder 7/1...1 axe 6/6...1.16.10 Nov'r 24" 4 lbs Gunpowder a 3/6 ....... 0.14.0 26 " 4 lbs d[itt]o ....14/....16 lbs shot a 5 d. 6/0 ....1.0.8 1802 January 4 " 4 lbs d[itt]o14/....16 lbs shot at t.d = 6/8 ... 1.0.8 25 " 8 lbs shot 3/4...2 lbs Gunpowder 7/ .......0.10.4 29 " 4 lbs d[itt]o1/8....1 lb Gunpowder 3/6.......0.5.2 February 2 " 4 lbs d[itt]o 1/8....1 lb Gunpowder 3/6 .......0.5.2 3 " 2 lbs Gunpowder 7/...8lbs shot a 5d = 3/4 ...0.10.4 " " 1 hatchet 2/9.......0.2.9 20 " 1 lb Gunpowder 3/6....4lbs shot 1/8.......0.5.2 [Total] £12.9.10 Received Payment of the above account from Michael Wallace Esqr Hartshorne & Boggs  September 8, 2017 — 2:56 pm
201606533 An account of supplies to the Mi'kmaq last winter (of 1800) at Fishermans Harbour., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (98. An account of Supplies to the Indians Last winter at Fishermans Harbour by the [Justise?] March 6th 180[?0 OR 1] 3 ½ bush[els?] of Potatoes [2/] ........7 ½ lb gunpowder .2..3p.... 2 . 3 3 lbs Shot. [?6p].......................... 1 .. 6 3 yards blue Cloth [7 / 6?] .......... 1 . 2... 6 £ 1 - 13 3 Description of Indians [Lewe?] Johns Widow one Lad & four children ...6 3 women - [?Issabel] [?hanit] - [?Molta] [?lenor] one Lad and 3 Children. 7. --- 13 Geo, Dawkins   September 8, 2017 — 2:16 pm
201606529 "List of Mi'kmaq families in Lunenburg County. Gives names of heads of families, whether married, and numbers of children.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (96. Joseph [Luarrell?] Wife & 6 Children } resides at Gold river [Pinall] [Halgomartin?] Wife, Child & one old man } resides at Gold river Joseph [Pinall] Wife 3 children } resides at Gold river Francis [Pinall] and Wife } resides at Gold river Peter [Docomain?] and Wife & 1 child } resides at Gold river Joseph Labrodore Wife & 2 Children } [Mussamier?]  September 8, 2017 — 2:29 pm
201606527 Receipt acknowledging payment by the Commissioners of Indian Affairs for work stocking and repairing guns for two Mi'kmaq by order of John Wentworth. Signed Henry Watkeys., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (95. Commissioners for relief of Indians D[elive]r to Henry Watkeys 1800 & 1801 for stocking and repairing Guns for Indians by order of Sir John Wentworth, M. Thomas and M. Wallace £3.9.6 Halifax 20th March 1802 Rec'd payment from Michael Wallace Henry Watkeys  September 8, 2017 — 2:52 pm
201606525 Account (invoice) of James Lowe for supplies given to ?Old John Bettis.?, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (94.) Old John Bettis D[elive]r to James Lowe to 3 Bushels fo potatoes at 2 p bushel 0..6.. p. 12 lb of meal at 3d p pound _ _ _ 0..3..- d. 3 bushels of potatoes _ _ _ _ _ 0..6 _ _ _ _ 15d d. 7lb of meal at 3d pr pound _ _ _ _ 1-9 =16=9 James Lowe  September 8, 2017 — 2:23 pm
201606523 Account (invoice) of James Lowe for supplies given to ?lame Mona? [?] Francis and her family., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Acount of Provitions given to Lame Mona Francis and her family consisting of 60 weight of Indian meal at 3 pr pound £ 0..12..6 9 3/4 bushels at 2. pr bushel 0.7.6 James Lowe £ 1..0..0 (93.)  September 8, 2017 — 2:45 pm
201606521 William Nixon's receipt for sundry supplies sent by him to Guysborough for distressed Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (92.) Halifax 8th December 1801 Received from The Commisioner for the Relief & settling of Indians, by the hand of Michael Wallace. Ten Barrels of Indian Meal & twenty pairs of Indian Blankets, also authority to purchase One Hundred to One Hundred and fifty Bushels of Potatoes at Guysborough to be distributed among such aged & distressed Indians as may stand in need of relief during the ensuing winter in the Eastern district of the Province - Which supplys I promise to account for to said Commissioner. Wm Nixon  September 8, 2017 — 2:29 pm
201606520 "Letter from Commissioners of Indian Affairs to William Nixon reporting that as a result of a letter by Joseph Marshall and one by Nixon, that the Commissioners will be granting relief to the aged and infirm male Mi'kmaq and Mi'kmaq women with small childr", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (91.) Halifax 8th Decem 1801 Sir In consequence of a report made to us by Joseph Marshall Esq and your letter to His Excellency Sir John Wentworth Bar. stating the probable situation of the Indians in the Eastern part of the Province the ensuing winter: - We have put on board your [illegible] for the relief of such aged and infirm Indians or women with small children without husbands whose situation your know to require aid - the following [illegible] 10 Barrels Indian Meal conts 1500 ? 20 pair of 2 point Blankets - and [illegible] to further authorise you to purchase and distribute when necessary from one hundred to one hundred & fifty bushels of Potatoes - These we expect you can provide readily for 15 d or at most 18 d / bushell. You will be so good as take a particular account of the names of the Indians you relieve and the quantity of each article issued to each, what must be returned to us by the earliest conveyance in the spring - We are [illegible] yours & Wm Nixon Esq Guysboro  September 8, 2017 — 2:30 pm
201606518 Letter from Monk to Wallace enclosing the letter from Ratchford (RG 1 vol. 430 no. 89) for consideration by the Commissioners of Indian Affairs., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (90. Windsor 6th Decr. 1801 Dear Sir I have communicated the inclosed to one of the Commissioners for Indian affairs who being here alone, does not incline to act on the occasion, but approves of my submitting the application to you. If I can be serviceable in forwarding, or affecting andy wishes of the commissioners, I shall make it my duty to attend to their commands. I remain, dear Sir, with regard, Your devoted, & obedient Servant G H Monk Michael Wallace Esq.  September 8, 2017 — 2:26 pm
201606516 "Letter from James Ratchford to George Henry Monk seeking relief for distressed Mi'kmaq remaining in the area to catch trout and muskrat, as the moose and caribou are very scarce.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (89. Parrsboro 1 Dec. 1801 Respected Sir I was relating the suffering of some poor distressed Indians that resided in this place last winter to Judge Brenton and he informed me that you had it in your power to grant them some relief and desired me (Should any more appear in these parts) to make it known to you not doubting but you would readily assist them. There has been several here lately and by the best information I can get there is four or five families that intend to remain round the different lakes and ponds in these parts to catch trout and muskrats which is the principle they depend on for subsistance the moos and Careboo are very scarce. I have heard of only on of the former and three or four of the latter being killed in those parts for  September 8, 2017 — 2:35 pm
201606514 "Letter from William Nixon to Sir John Wentworth stating the situation of Mi'kmaq at Guysborough. Reports that a number of immigrants arrived at Pictou from Scotland bringing small pox, whooping cough, and measles. Fearing for their health, the Mi'kmaq lef", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (88.) Guysboro County Sydney 20 Novr. 1801 Your Excellency, Sir John Wentworth Bart. Sir I have to inform you Since a Number of Emigrants have arrived from Scotland. at Pictou and its Vicinity and bringing with them the Small Pox Measels & Hooping Cough the Indians who were Situated near that Place for fear of those Disorders have fled and are now Situated at the head of Guysboro River to the amounts of forty or fifty Familys and are in a Very wretched Situation for want of Clothes Provisions and Other necessarys - and its Doubly hard upon those Poor Creatures they being deprived of comeing Last Year to Halifax on account of the Small Pox so that they have been deprived of releif [relief] for upwards of two years - if Your Excellency will be Pleased to grant those poor beings any releif it will be an act of the Greatest Humanity I have the Honor to be Your Excellencys Very Hble Servt. Wm. Nixon  September 8, 2017 — 1:43 pm
201606509 Letter from Joseph Marshall to Michael Wallace reporting that fourteen Mi'kmaq families have lately moved to the Guysborough area from Antigonish where they are inoculating for the small pox virus. Seeks relief. Mentions Salmon River encampment., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (86. Guysboro 15th October 1801 Sir I am informed by Mr John Newton that there are lately come within the vicinity of this settlement fourteen families of Indians chiefly from Antigonish, as the people of that settlement are inoculating for the small pox, and I have every reason to believe there will be as many more families of Indians, in and near this settlement all the ensuing winter. I went out to Salmon River a few days ago and saw there five wigwams crowded with old looking Indians, young children, and the wives of the younger men that were out hunting; and in taking a proper view of their Huts, I could see very little in them to subsist upon, and as little on their persons to shelter them from the inclemency of the weather. I asked them several questions, but could get very little information from them but what would end with saying they were very poor, which really  September 8, 2017 — 1:19 pm
201606508 "Letter from Crane to Brenton, Morris and Tonge desiring to know what supplies he is to furnish to the Mi'kmaq.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Jonathan Crane Horton. 4th October 1801 desiring to know what supplys he is to furnish the Indians M. S. Brenton Wallace Tonge Morris ?  September 8, 2017 — 1:02 pm
201606506 "Letter from Crane to Brenton, Morris and Tonge desiring to know what supplies he is to furnish to the Mi'kmaq.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (85. Horton Oct 3rd 1807 I will thank you to let me know whether I am to supply the Indians with any more necessaries and what amounts. Whatever sum you think proper to Allow I think you had better give me discretionary power to give them ( [illegible]) I can better judge of the exigency of their respective situations & wants, than what you may at a distance. I had made them promises in consequence of  September 8, 2017 — 1:29 pm
201606504 Account of blankets sent to Guysborough for the Mi'kmaq under the charge of William Nixon., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (84. [C]omm for Relief of Indians Bo of [Jonathan?] & John Trumain 10 pair Blankets.....@ 14/ £7 Rec'd on board Nixons [?] for Guysboro Received payment from M Wallace [Jonathan?] & John Trumain  September 8, 2017 — 1:23 pm
201606502 Invoice of Edmund Ward for blankets and other supplies for Mi'kmaq relief., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (83. Halifax Nova Scotia The Commissioners for the [R]elief of distressed Indians Bo of Edmund Wards 1801 [De]cember 8th 10 pair Blankets @ 14/ £7..~..~ 5 1/4 yds Oznaburgs @ 1/ for wrapper £~..5..3 £7..5..3 Sent for W Nixon to Guysboro Received payment from Michael Wallace this 22d December 1801 Edmund Ward  September 8, 2017 — 1:26 pm
201606500 Receipt from John Woodin for reimbursement for money for seed potatoes for Mi'kmaq at St. Margaret's Bay., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (82. Halifax. 26th. Augt. 1801. Recd. from the Committee for Indian Affairs by the hand of Michael Wallace Two pounds five shillings for seed potatoes furnished by his order at Margarets Bay £ 2..5..0 John Woodin Entd  September 8, 2017 — 1:41 pm
201606498 "Invoice for goods supplied for Mi'kmaq relief at Country Harbour, 1800 and spring 1801.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (81. The Province of Nova Scotia -- D. - to George Dawkins 1807 March 6 For the following supplys to Indians last Winter vizt. 3 1/2 Bushels of Potatoes --- w 2/ £ - 4.0 1/2 do Gun powder --- - - 2.3 3 do shaft - - 1.6 3 yards Blue Cloth - w 7/6 .. 1.. 2.. 6 --- £1..13..3 To Sundries supplied by Mary Parker to various Indians in January last - bill - 1..13.0 To Sundries supplied to John Baptiste an Indian by James Lowe to tribe - 16.9 To ditto to Same Mono - an Indian woman & family - by Lowe 1.0.0 ___ £ 5..3..0 I do certify that the above supplys were given to the Indians by my orders & approbation --- Country Harbour f a March 1807 Received from Michael Wallace one of the Committee for relief of Indians. The amount of above Account Geo Dawkins  September 8, 2017 — 1:42 pm
201606479 Invoice from Henry Watkeys to M. Wallace for two guns for two Mi'kmaq brothers., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (75. Michael Wallace Esq Halifax Oct 16th 1810 to Henry Watkeys To 2 guns for two Indians at 30/ ~ £3.0.0 1801 21st October Received payment [?] Henry Watkeys  September 8, 2017 — 1:29 pm
201606459 Letter from Samuel Moore to Lawrence Hartshorn reporting the case of a distressed Mi'kmaq family at Wilmot., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (69. Wilmot 4mo 27 1801 Respectful Friend I have understood there is some provision by Government for the Support of the Indiens and I did not know who had the Manigment of It therefor I make free to Desire thee to make the necessary Inquiery of those who has the Manigment; ther was several families campt near me this winter and some of them [seamed?] to be willing to work if they could get imploy therefore I imployed one man who had a helpless mother to maintain. I tot him to [illegible] down and by a misfortune in the fall of a tree broke his [ledg?] [ye?] 23 of last month & I got it [illegible] and have took the necessary care of him every since and at this time can begin to beare his weight and step a little but provible will be some time before he will be able to do any work he and his helpless mother has scarcely anything to cover their nakedness therefor if there is any provision for Indiens I do not think there is any more needy or deserving as he seems willing to work for the support of him Self and Mother; they have been a heavy taxe on me this winter. From thy Friend Samuel Moore Lawrence Hartshorn  September 8, 2017 — 12:22 pm
201606454 Letter from George Oxley including a report of the state of the Mi'kmaq in Cumberland County., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 The Honorable James Brenton - Charles Mortis Junior Michael Wallace Esquire Halifax ---- George Oxley -- River Philip, 16 April 1801 including a report of the State of Indians in Cumberland County. --  September 8, 2017 — 12:38 pm
201606451 Letter from George Oxley including a report of the state of the Mi'kmaq in Cumberland County., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (66. River Philip 16th April 1801 Gentlemen, After having used the utmost diligence of inquirey and from my own knowledge I shall endeavour to Answer the different Queries offered for my Answers-The numbers Great and small who usually reside in this County most of which are here at present is Eighty five - For the statement of the Heads of family the Children above twelve years and them under, I shall refer you to the Inclosed- I know not any of the Heads of the family's within mentioned who are addicted to Drunkeness in any remarkable degree nor any but will be drunk when opportunity offers- As far as I know and am informed not any thing of Dishonesty can be laid to their charge- 2 There are not any at present in this County that can learn that hath any special sway or influence over them-3rd There have in both respects as noted in the Inclosed above [refered?] to-4th There is one person of Irish and French Parents who I am informed can speak their Language is but a private man and hath no particular influence amongst them-5th They generally resort to Minudie to the French Priest who is at Present a W. Poor alias Power sometimes to Prince Edward Island, once a year is as often as they go for Confession and Absolution- 6th There is Fox Harbour Paid out for the Royal Fencibles under the Command of Colonel [Gorham?] but never settled good land a good harbour well timbered [erased] [maples? ] for staves etc Pugwash an elligible situation good land and timber good fishing of herring Eels etc. a good harbour and ungranted except some part of it formerly to Indians who have never settled it-Shinnimacacias Excellent land but only a small River and not a good harbour well timbered with pines ash etc The whole of the above lands on the Gulph of St. Lawrence between Ramsheg and Bay de Vert Extensive hunting grounds on their rear and about twenty miles from the Great Cumberland road-7th The enumerated Articles for staves hoops etc may be had either on the lands or vicinity and a ready market may be had for those articles if manufactured -8th The whole of the above coast and harbours abound in fish such as herring [ Gasperoe?] Salmon and Eels which are very easy taken- 9 th Potatoes may be had delivered at any of the above lands from [ ?.] per bushel in the fall of the year-  September 8, 2017 — 12:40 pm
201606449 Receipt from Henry Watkeys to Michael Wallace for payment for repairs to a gun belonging to Paul Bonis [Bones?]., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (65. Michael Wallace Esq to Henry Watkeys 1801 Halifax April 10th New Stocking hammer and Seven Brick [?] and two new pipes to A Gun Belonging to Paul Bonis Indian Received payment in full £ 1.2.6 Henry Watkeys  September 8, 2017 — 12:14 pm
201606441 Letter from George Gracie of Shelburne with report of Mi'kmaq in Shelburne County., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [duplicate exact copy of 1st page?]   September 8, 2017 — 12:24 pm
201606415 Mary Parker's account for supplies given to Lewis Paul and family., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (51. [1]801 Indian, Lewis Paul & family Received from [torn] 22 Mary Parker ~ 7 1/2 Bushels potatoes at 2/6....18~9 25th 25 lbs Rye flour at ~ 3. ....5~3 13/lbs yard Blue Cloth at [?]....7.. 1 Bushel potatoes to Lewis John's widow..2~6 £1.13.6 Signed Mary [her mark] Parker Joseph Darby witness   September 8, 2017 — 10:53 am
201606410 "Handwritten copy of circular letter of the report of Joint Committee for Indians, 1801.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (49. Copy. (Circular) Sir Halifax 23 Jany. 1801 In performance of the duty assigned to us by the two houses of the general assembly of which we form a joint Committee, and with the approbation of his excellency the Lt. Governor, we take leave to submit to your consideration the following queries intended to procure information necessary for us to form a Plan for the Settlement of the Indians, to be laid before the Legislature at its next sitting. 1st What is the number of Indians who usually resort to this [Crossed out: County of Shelburne] be pleased to state that Name of [illegible] head of the Family, also (for further distinction) that borne by his Father, the Number of Males and Females above 12 years and the Children, with a short observation as to the Character of the head of the family, whether sober or drunken, honest or [notoriously?] otherwise. 2nd Who are the Indians (if any) who appear to have the most ascendancy or influence over the rest? 3rd Are there any who have made attempts or [shewn?] disposition [illegible] Settle or who have taken up trades, be [pleased?] to distinguish [illegible] by Name 4 are there any who have any white persons in the who understand the Indian language or have a particular influence amongst the Indians? 5 To what Priest do the Indians of resort for Confession and absolution and can you state how often they leave their usual places of abode in general for this purpose? 6 What Lands are there in the suitable for Settlement of the Indians, who usually resort to that whether the farms are ungranted liable to Escheat [the reversion of property to the state] for want of improvement or attainable by purchase? Should there be different situations under any of there circumstances be pleased to point them out and describe the quality of those Lands   August 28, 2017 — 12:27 pm
201606406 Notes to be included in report from the Committee for Indian Affairs to the House of Assembly., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Memo to be included in Report from the Committee for Indian Affairs to the House of Assembly  August 28, 2017 — 12:11 pm
201606405 Notes to be included in report from the Committee for Indian Affairs to the House of Assembly., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (48.) Vote in 1800 for Relief of Indians - £350.00 -Expended:- for supplys sent by order of the Committee of [His] Majestys' Council of the House of Assembly to Sydney County £76.19.6 Disbursed at Halifax de de by this order. - £28.10.11 [total] 105.10.5 " ditto in Kings County by I. Crane Esq. - £19.11.9 " ditto in Cumberland by G. oxley Esq. - £16.12.0 [total] £141.14.2 2 Accounts have been laid before the Committee for certain supplys by two Frenchmen, to Indians at Torbay last winter, which they were in some degree compelled to furnish to prevent worse consequences! ___the amount £16.11.0  August 28, 2017 — 12:21 pm
201606396 Invoice of supplies sent to Antigonish for relief of the Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (44. Invoice of sundry supplys shipped by order of the Committee of His Majesty's Council, and House of Assembly to Antigonish, for the relief of such Indian Familys as may be in distress for want of the necessaries of life during the ensuing winter and spring, to be distributed by Edward Irish and T.W. Hurlihy Esquires, to whom they are consigned - by Grahams Shallop: No. 1 10 Barrels of Indian Meal ...w 20/6 .............13.5 3 3 Bags Containing 3ch Ship Bread ...w 35/.. 5 5 Bags ............... - 9 - 4 2 kegs Containing - 50 [D?] Gunpowder w 3/....... 7 10 - 5 8 Bags Containing. 2 ch No.1 Shott w 40/.......4 - - No. 2 3 Bundle Containing - 9 Bushel salt w 4/ 1 16 - Barrels 3/6 each ..... - 10 6 5 A Bale Containing 10 pair 2 1/2 point Blankets ....@ 14/7 1/2 .... 7. 6. 3 1 [ss?] - 15 striped single Blankets @ 7/ 5. 5. - No. 1 A Bale Containing 40 Single Blankets .......@ 7/.................14 - - wrapper for ditto.................... -. 3. 9 3 Bundl. Containing 30 half wore Blankets received by order of Sir John Wentworth ................. paid Truckage to Shallop ................................... - 6 - [No.6?] Freight to Antigonish ............................ 3. 3. 0 L. 62. 19. 6 Halifax 10th December 1800 Mich Wallace   August 28, 2017 — 12:19 pm
201606393 Account of blankets and coats for Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [Laird?] Seabury Acct. Of Blanket Coats for Indians - 12 December 1800 £3.3.0 paid. No.7  August 28, 2017 — 12:15 pm
201606392 Account of blankets and coats for Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (42. Committee for Indian Affairs by order of M. Wallace Esquire to D Seabury 1800 Dec 12 - 7 Blanket Coats .9/. £3"3"0 [Rec?] Payment of M Wallace Esquire D Seabury  August 25, 2017 — 11:20 am
201606390 Receipt for freight of Mi'kmaq supplies to Antigonish., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (41. Halifax 11 Decem. 1800 Reced from Michael Wallace Three pounds three shillings in full for the freight of Twenty one Barrels of Indian supplys shipped on board John Grahams shallop to Antigonish. £ 3.3.0 Edward Irish  August 25, 2017 — 11:51 am
201606388 Account of ship biscuits sent to Antigonish for the Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Halifa[x] The Committee for Indian affairs. . } By order of Michael Wallace Bought of William Young (40.) CH 3//0..0 Ship Biscuit with Bags included - - -- w 38/...£5..14.0 Same time Received payment in full from Michael Wallace - - - Received Payment William Young  August 25, 2017 — 11:14 am
201606387 Account of Indian meal and blankets sent to Antigonish for the Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Joseph Davis accot of Indian Meal & Blankets sent to Antigonish for the Indians - 10 December 1800 £27.8.9 paid No. 1  August 25, 2017 — 11:34 am
201606384 Account of barrel of gunpowder to Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (38.) Halifax Mic[?] Wallace Esq Committee for Indians - [torn]00 To Scuife & Wallace D. December 10 50 lb Gunpowder....3/....£7.10 Received payment Scuife & Wallace  August 25, 2017 — 11:27 am
201606382 Account of salt sent to Antigonish for the Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Halifax NS 1800 The Committee for Indian Affairs By Order of Michael Wallace Esquire (37.) Bought of Fraser Thom & Co. Dec. 10th 9 Bushels fine salt - @ 4/ - 1"16"0 3 Barrels to contain ditto - 3/6 - "10"6 _________ £ 2" 6"6 Received Payment for F T & Co Joseph Wood Jan - 7 - 1801   August 25, 2017 — 11:21 am
201606380 "Account for Indian Committee from Hartshome and Boggs for powder, shot, guns and supplies to Mi'kmaq, 1801.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (36. Indian Committee 1800 To Hartshorne & Boggs D[elive]r Septr 25th To 4 Lbls Shot 1/8 1 lb powder 3/6.....0.5.2 " a Gun for an Indian from H[enr]y Watkey.....1.5.0 Decr 10 " 25 lbs Gunpowder a lb 3/ & 2 Cannisters 5/.....4.0.0 1801 Jan.y 6 " 1 fowling piece 40/ 1 hatchet..... 2/6 2.2.6 23 " 1 Gun 40/ 2 lbs powder 7/ 8 lbs shot..... 3/4 2.10.4 Feb.y 11 " 1 d.o 30/ 1 lb powder 3/6. 4 lbs of shot 1/8.....1.15.2 21 " 4 lbs shot 1/8...1 lb powder 3/6.....0.5.2 March 7 " 1 Gun 30/ 2 lbs powder/. £.....2.0.4 " " 2 lbs powder 7/. 8 lbs shot 3/4.....0.10.4 30 " 1 lb powder 3/6...4lbs shot 1/8.....0.5.2 _________ £14.19.2 __________ H Sent to Antigonish by E. Irish 4. ___ disbursed here ______ 10.9.2 ___________ 14.19.2 Received payment from Michael Wallace for Hartshorn & Boggs Thomas Roby  August 25, 2017 — 11:11 am
201606371 Copy of letter from the Committee of His Majesty's Council and House of Assembly regarding supplied for the relief of distressed Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (34. |Copy| Halifax 10th Dec. 1800 Gentlemen The Committee of His Majesty's Council and House of Assembly, appointed to administer relief to the Native Indians of the Province, who from age, sickness or other Inability to procure their own subsistance may, during the ensuing winter be in danger of starving from want of the necessaries of life! Have deemed it expedient to send a small supply of blanketing, powder and shott, and Indian meal to Antigonish, under your care to distribute, to such Indians as may be in that District of the Province, who are fit objects and in absolute want of relief: I am also instructed by the Committe to authorize you to purchase at Antigonish or its neighbourhood, if you see cause, one or two hundred bushels of potatoes, in addition to the articles sent from hence to be distributed in like manner. It is the earnest request of the Committe that you avail yourselves of all occations, to impress upon the minds of the Indians, the necessity there is of their turning to Industry and providing themselves with some provisions in the summer for their winter necessities - for, it will be invain to look to Government for an annual support, it being the Determination of the Legislature, that they shall cultivate the Ground, otherwise they will be abandoned to their Fate. Not having had an opportunity of sending any supplys to Country Harbour, Guysborough Pictou or Marigomish, nor any other settlement to the Eastward or Northward, it is highly  August 25, 2017 — 10:25 am
201606367 Report of Committee on Subject of Indians, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 33 1/2 The Comm appointed to inquire into & to report on the condition of the Indians in this province, report. That owing to the failure of the resourses of hunting & fishing on which this distressed people depended for their existence their condition has become miserable in the extreme & calls loudly for the humane consideration & interference of the legislature of this province - and when it is remembered that the distress of these the aboriginal proprietors of this country, are chiefly occasioned by the settlements of those people whom this legislature represents & their occupancy of of those situations from which the former chiefly drew their [substinance?] their claims in the opinion of your committee become irresistable Such however is the natural [insolence?] of these people & such the unhappy propensity of great numbers of them to the vice of drunkeness that most exertions of charity towards their relief have only the effect of increasing these dispositions, & your committee are formily of opinion that the supplies here to fore so liberally granted to them by our mother country instead of proving ultimately beneficial to them have generally tended to divest them from those pursuits on which their subsistance depended & to increase those habits of precarious dependance which form so striking  August 25, 2017 — 10:29 am
201606365 Account of rye and axes etc. furnished to the Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (33. The Committee for relief of Indians To Patrick Hiffernan Dr 1800 July 12th To 2 bfls Rye meal 35/...£3~10~0 To 2 axes 10/2 [?] 5/ 1~10~0 £5~0~0 Halifax 29th June 1801 Received payment from Michael Wallace } Patrick Hiffernan I certify that the forgoing articles were furnished by my [direction?] William Tonge   August 25, 2017 — 10:32 am
201606363 Receipt for money for potatoes for distressed Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Jan 12th 1800 Then Rec[eive]d of George Dawkins Seventeen shillings it being the price of seven bushaels of potatoes which I delivered to John Bathust and Frances Paul for the use of the Indians of [illegible] by order of George Dawkins Esquire. Mich[ae]l Hindy The Indians above mentioned reside commonly at Sheet Harbour and owing to their very [illegible] gave them an order on Michael Hynds to the above amount Geo Dawkins J.P.  August 25, 2017 — 10:43 am
201606361 Account of blankets and shot sent to the Mi'kmaq of Antigonish., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Halifax N.S. (32.) Mich[ae]l Wallace Esq for Committee for Indian Affairs To Forsyth Smith & Co D[elive]r 1800 Dec 8 To 1 pr [illegible] 2 1/2 point Blankets @ 14/ 7 1/2 } £ 7.6.3 1 pr stript Blanketing 5.5.. 15 Blankets 2 [?] & Lead shot 40/ 4.0.. _____________ £16.11.3 Received payment in full this 1 April 1801 For Forsyth Smith Alex Smithe   August 25, 2017 — 10:34 am
201606360 Account of sundries supplied to Mi'kmaq by Joseph Davis., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Joseph Davis Accot. of Sundries supplied to Indians in 1799 & 1800 £ 16 .. 11 .. 6 ___________ p - No. 33  August 25, 2017 — 10:57 am
201606359 Account of sundries supplied to Mi'kmaq by Joseph Davis., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (30. Government D[elive]r] To Joseph Davis 1799 for Sundries Supplied to Indians June 18th [To/For?] 7 gunpowder_28/_4 Blankets 40/_£ 3,,8,,0 4 canvas frocks _32/_ 4 pr trousers 30/_ £ 3,,2,,_ 4 check shirts 30/_ 28 Shott_14/__. £ 2,,4,,_ 50 Musquet flints_____________. " _,,2,,6 Sept 3rd 1 Frock_8/_. 1pr Trousers_ 6/6__ "_,,14,,6 ". 10 1/4 Pork _6/_ 12 Bread 3/___________ " _,,9,,_ Dec 10th 12 Gunpowder 48/_ 28 Shott_ 10/_ 7 Ball 3/6 3,,1,,6 del (delivered) Philip Paul. Tho[ma]s Solomon. & Prosper Joseph 1800 Jan 10 20 Gunpowder_@ 3/6_ del[vere]d to Tho[ma]s Pearson [For] Order of Coln (Colonel) Pyke _______. " 3,,10,,_ __________ £16,,11,,6  August 25, 2017 — 10:39 am
201606357 Description of ?Land for Indians at Merimichi.?, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (29. Land for the Indian at Merimichi ----- Situate laying and being beginning, below, the point, formed by the River called by the Inhabitants, Little South West River, and the Northwest Branch of the River Merimichi and thence to extend up that North West Branch Twenty miles measuring the several courses of the River, and back on each side the said Northwest Branch, one mile Equidistant from the River, containing twenty thousand acres more or less  August 25, 2017 — 10:37 am
201606356 Permission to Paul Morris to occupy the land he improves at Pendant bay., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (28. Secys Office Halifax, 17th June 1784 Permission is hereby given to Paul Morris a native of Nova Scotia, to occupy during pleasure the land he improves at Pendant Bay. Also to fish & hunt not interfering with any inhabitant and no person is to molest him. By His Excellency's Command Fredk [?Buckeley] [?Mr. Farling]  August 25, 2017 — 10:49 am
201606347 Indianss regarding land in Nova Scotia that is not included within the Crown Reservations and has been requested by Mi'kmaq Chief Philip Bernard including Warrant to the Chief Surveyor of Lands Charles Morris to measure and lay out 500 acres at St. Margaret', Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (26 1/2 To His Excellency John Parr Esq.re Captain General and Governor in Chief in and over His Majestys Province of Nova Scotia, the Islands of St John of Cape Briton and their Dependencies Vice Admiral of the same etc...etc...etc... The Memorial of Solomon and Taumaugh Indians of St Margaretts Bay and Philip Bernard Chief of the Tribe Humbly [Sheweth?] That your Memorialists were promised by Sir Richard Hughes and Sir Andrew Snape Hammond a tract of Five Hundred Acres of Land at St Margaretts Bay, and that they obtained a License to occupy it, until a Grant could be made out for them, but before that was accomplished the Land was found to be the property of Brook Watson Esq.re and was afterwards sold by his agents at Halifax, in consequence of which they were dispossessed of it, they Therefore Humbly Pray that your Excellency would be pleased to give them a Grant of the same Quantity at the Head of the said Bay --- And as in Duty bound your Memorialists will ever pray ----- Halifax the 1st of February 1786  August 25, 2017 — 10:08 am
201606342 Indianss regarding land in Nova Scotia that is not included within the Crown Reservations and has been requested by Mi'kmaq Chief Philip Bernard including Warrant to the Chief Surveyor of Lands Charles Morris to measure and lay out 500 acres at St. Margaret', Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 26 1/2 No: 436. John Wentworth Esquire Surveyor General of Woods in the Province of Nova Scotia and all other His Majesty's Territories in America etc etc etc. ---------------------------- Whereas Application hath been made to me to grant Certificate that a certain Tract of Land containing Five Hundred Acres is not included within the Crown Reservations; 500 Acres. unto Philip Bernard Chief of the Tribe of Indians, and Solomon, and [Tawmaugh], two of his said Tribe--- at the Head of Saint Margarets Bay----- County of Halifax [written along the left edge] which said Tract of Land is Situate laying, and being at the Head of Saint Margaret's Bay within the County of Halifax and is abutted and bounded as follows: Beginning at a Spruce standing in a Cove on the Western side near where the River discharges itself into the Bay, thence to run North 19° W.46 Chains; thence N 32 E [50] Chains; thence S 49 E 93 Chains; or until it comes to Lands laid out unto Simon [Gorren] and others; thence to be bounded by said Gorren's Land untill it comes to the Sea Shore of Saint Margarett's Bay aforesaid; thence to be bounded by the several Cources of the said River [line through] Shoar untill it meets the Bounds first mentioned containing Five Hundred Acres. Which said Tract of Land hath been surveyed and laid out unto Philip Bernard Chief of the Tribe of Indians, V Solomon and [Tanmaugh], Five Hundered Acres; as by the Report of the chief Surveyor of Lands in the Province of Nova Scotia dated  August 25, 2017 — 10:42 am
201606338 Receipt from John Howe for 100 circular letters ?for settlement of the Indians.?, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (25. [illegible] Michael Wallace Esqu. 25. To John Howe Jan. 10 To 100 Circular Letters for the settlement of the Indians 1.10.0 1780 March 24th - Received payment, one pound ten shillings - John Howe  August 25, 2017 — 10:24 am
201606322 Indian Accounts of M. Francklin, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (23. Halifax 15 Nov 1780 Dear Sir I now inclose you the Indian Accounts which I wish to have a warrant from the Lieu't Governor on the Treasury for. The Lieu't Governor can with Propriety give it because the Council were knowing to the expense to be created except the little amount of £18_2 supplied by your order which you may leave out if you please. I shall apply my self to the Lt Governor for the extra expense incurred upon the Navy Acc't. When these are paid my demand will be lessened to less than £900 which I hope to get at New York. I am Dear Sir Your most Obed Sevt Mich Francklin Expense summed by the Mirimichy Indians £35 9, 7 1/2 building house at St Johns 35,13,3 sundrys delivered by order M Bulkeley 18 - 2 £413:10:5 To the Hon'ble Mr Bulkeley Mr Butter is to be with the Lt Gov'r at 2 O'Clock  August 25, 2017 — 9:32 am
201606297 Copy of the Brevet de Commission of the Indian Chief, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 20 Copy of the Brevet de Commission of the Indian chief. Nous Jean-Baptiste Louis Le Prevost Chevalier Seigneur Duquesnel Capitaine du [Vaussaux?] du Roy Chev. de l'ordre Royal & Militaire de S. Louis - Commandant pour Sa Majeste a l'Isle Royale. Isle S. Jean & autres adjacentes ./. Estant necessaire pour le bien du Service de Sa Majeste & pour a tranquillite du village Sauvage Mikmak de Mirligueche en l'Acadie de pendant de ce gouvernement, de pourvoir a l'etablissement d'un Chef dont l'experience pour la Guerre & la bonne conduite Soit connue, & Sous le bon & [louable?] rapport qui nous a ete fait de la personne du nomme Francois Miouce de sa capacite pour la Guerre & de Son Zele & attachement a la France. NOUS n'avons [cru?] faire un meilleur choix que de Sa personne pour commander ledit village de Mirligueche; & en consequence l'avons commis & etable par ces [presentes?] pour se metttre a la tete de tous les Sauvages com posait ledit village afin de leur faire [executer?] les ordres que nous lui donnerous. Ordonnons a tous lesdites Sauvages de le reconnoitre & lui obeir en tout ce qu'il leur commandera pour le Service du Roy. Pour raison de quoi Nous lui avons donne [les Presentes], & a icelle fait [approsu?] le cachet de nos Armes. Fait a Louisbourg ce vingt cinquieme Juillet Mil Sept cent quarante deum. (Signe) Duquesnel Initials encased in circle: [L.J?] NB The son of said Francis Miouce, possessor of the original hath besides a medal of Louis XV which he wears when he apprears at Church [or in public?]. he is now in a decrepit old age.  August 25, 2017 — 9:45 am
201606290 Letter from W. Sherriff to Lawrence regarding staff and muster lists., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 18 Boston 13th Oct. 1760 Sir My last bearing Date the 9th of Sept. last wherein were Inclosed the Effictive Lists of the Staff officers of His Majestys Garrison of Annapolis Royal up to the 24th Inst. advising Your Excellancy that I was hopeful of sending you the Duplicates of the two Lists for the Musters from the 25th June up to said 24th. Inst, as I was in Expectation soon to Receive the Musters and Lists up to the 24th Decemb. next, but being since that Informed of Major Philipps's Sudden Death at Halifax, I was some what apprehensive of a Disappointment, both in Regard to the Muster Rolls and Lists, but in order to Prevent as far as I was Capable my void or Blank in the prescribed time for Mustering, I wrote to Col. Hore to advise him that I had Proposed to Mr. George Dyson, the Major's Brother in Law, to performe for me that office, and hope Your Excellency will approve of my so doing. I shall not trouble Your Excellency upon His Excellency Gov. Lawrence this  August 25, 2017 — 9:15 am
201606275 Summaries of letters regarding Mi'kmaq from various areas of Nova Scotia., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (9. Mr. Hierlehy (sp)'s Letter on the Antigonish Indians [H2? (abbreviation for second half of fiscal year?)] Incloses a List of the Heads of Families; -- cannot ascer-tain the exact numbers of women & children, but computes four or five children to a Family: - Does not think they [would?] be easily persuaded to join either the English or French army, but would attach themselves to whatever party should prove victorious; - should a French party have such a [product?] they would probably join it. - Knows no person fit for an [emissary?] ; -- any but an Indian would be [suspected?] among them;- such suspicion to be guarded against; -- the interest of their Priests, the most effectual [security?]. Pictou Mr. Denovan's : First Letter - Recommends David [Rogers?] - as a person who would furnish information: -- Mr. Denovan's second Letter - Incloses a return of the Indians [from?] Cape St. George to Tatamagouth. -- " Having occasion to talk with several of them with respect to their opinions of [War?], they will join, in their own [words?], the strongest side; -- one affirmed he would scalp [all?] [Pictou?] in two nights; -- in fact they are not to be depended upon." ___ Cumberland Mr. [illegible]'s Letter Reckons two or three Families at [illegible]; -- eight or ten in the vicinity of Bay Verte; -- and about twenty more at the [River?] Philip & Remsheg -- they would wish to remain neutral, but in case of [necessity?] "would fight for their Brother King George"; -- have no Chief in this Quarter, and are very insignificant. ___ Annapolis Mr Robertson's Letter, -- [Annexes?] a List of the Indians; -- "in case of war they would wait to see who was most likely to get the [day?], and then join that party; -- not contaminated as yet by any foreign [emissaries?]; ___ Recommends [Newell?] [Mohaw?]  August 25, 2017 — 9:29 am
201606239 True copy of the 1754 Penobscot Ratification of the Treaty of 1725, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Ratification of former Treatys by the Penobscot Tribe at Casco Bay 6th July 1754 [illegible] 7  August 25, 2017 — 9:42 am
201606237 True copy of the 1754 Penobscot Ratification of the Treaty of 1725, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (7. We the subscribers being the Chief Men of the Penobscot Tribe having heard the Submission and agreement of the Eastern Indians viz [?] the Penobscots, St. Johns, Cape Sables, and other Tribes, Inhabiting within his majesty's Territories of New England and Nova Scotia, who were engag'd in the War in the Years 1723, and 1724, which was made and concluded at Boston the fifteenth day of December 1725 between the Honourable William Dummer Esq. then Lieutenant Governor and Commander in chief in and over the Province of the Mafsachusetts [Massachusetts] bay, and John Wentworth Esq. Lieutenant Governour and Commander in Chief of the Province of New Hampshire, and Paul Mascarene Esq. appointed by Laurence Armstrong Esq. Lieut. Governour and Commander in Chief of the Province of Nova Scotia or Accadia of the one part, and the aforesaid Eastern Indians of the other part Also the Submifsion [Submission] and agreement of the Eastern Indians viz the Penobscots, Norridguralks Arfsigunticooks and Weeweenocks made and concluded at Falmouth in Casco [?] Bay on the sixteenth day of October 1749 between Thomas Hutchinson, John Choak (Choate), Israel Williams and James Otis Esqrs Commissioners appointed by the Honble [Honorable] Spencer Phips Esq Lieutenant Governour & Commander in Chief of his Majesty's Province of the Massachusetts bay aforesaid , and Theodore Atkinson and John Donning Esq Commissioners appointed by his Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq Governour and Commander in Chief of his Majesty's Province of New Hampshire of the one part , and the aforesaid Eastern Indians of the other part; distinctly and deliberately read over and Interpreted to us Do by these presents in a publick [public] and solemn manner, as well for our selves as for all the rest of our Tribe.  August 25, 2017 — 9:28 am
201606236 True copy of the 1754 Penobscot Ratification of the Treaty of 1725, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 6 remain in full force Efficacy and Power to all Intents and purposes whatsoever. Done and Concluded at Falmouth in Casco Bay Before his Excellency William Shirley Esqr, Captain General Governour and Commander in Chief in and over his majesty Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England aforesaid, and his Majesty's Council of said Province The Honble Paul Mascarene Esqr Commissioner from the Province of Nova Scotia, The Honble Daniel Warner Esqr Peter Gilman & Clement March Esqrs Commissioners from the Province of New Hampshire and the several Gentlemen that Subscribe their names as Witnesses hereto. Witness our hands and Seals this sixth day of July, in the twenty eighth Year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the Second by the Grace of God of Great Britain France & Ireland King Defender of the Faith &c Annog Domini 1754. Witnesses present: Thos Hubbard Wm Brattle Ezra Richmond Thomas Clap Samual Livermore William Bowdoin Ebenr Nichols John Storer Edwd Milliken Job Lewis Saml Moody Charles Brockwell Wm Sever Frans Wells Junr. Wm Lithgow Moses Pearson John Ernest Knochell Ezekiel Price [Names represented by a Mark/Seal] Ausong [illegible] his mark & seal Nooduit [illegible] his mark & seal Bawparemet [illegible] his mark & seal Tersock [illegible] his mark & seal Abenquid [illegible] his mark & seal Macque alias Matthew [illegible] his mark & seal Espegueant [illegible] his mark & seal Saukees [illegible] his mark & seal Espeguseret [illegible] his mark & seal Sooseph [illegible] his mark & seal Pierre [illegible] his mark & seal arexes [illegible] his mark & seal A true Copy Attest Ezekiel Price Cler.  August 25, 2017 — 9:03 am
201606235 True copy of the 1754 Penobscot Ratification of the Treaty of 1725, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (6. We the Subscribers being the Chief Men of the Penobscot Tribe having heard the Submission and Agreement of the Eastern Indians vizt. the Penobscotts, St Johns Cape Sables; and other Tribes, inhabiting within his majesty's Territories of New England and Nova Scotia who were engag'd in the War in the Years 1723. and 1724 which was made and concluded at Boston the fifteenth day of December 1725, between the Honble William Dummer Esqr. then Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Chief of the Province of the Massachusetts bay, and John Wentworth Esqr. Lieutenant Governour & Commander in Chief of the Province of New Hampshire, and Paul Mascarene Esqr. appointed by Lawrence Armstrong Esqr. Lieutenant Governour & Commander in Chief of the Province of Nova Scotia or Accadia of the one part; and the aforesaid Eastern Indians of the other part. Also the Submission and Agreement of the Eastern Indians vizt the Penobscotts, Norridgwalks, Arssequnticooks [Anasagunticooks] and [Weeweenocks?] made and concluded at Falmouth on Casco Bay on the sixteenth day of October 1749 between Thomas Hutchinson, John Choate, Israel Williams & James Otis Esqrs Commissioners appointed by the Honble Spencer Phips Esqr. Lieutenant Governour and Commander in Chief of the Province of the Massachusetts bay aforesaid, and Theodore Atkinson and John Downing Esqrs Commissioners appointed by his Excellency Benning Wentworth Governour and Commander in Chief of his majestys Province of New Hampshire of the one part, and the aforesaid Eastern Indians of the other part distinctly & deliberately read over and Interpreted to us, Do by these presents in a publick & Solemn manner as well for our selves as for all the rest of our Tribe by whom we are Delegated and fully impowered for that purpose Ratify and Confirm all and singular the articles contained int he aforementioned Submissions & Agreements and agree that the same, and each of them shall be & remain  August 25, 2017 — 9:11 am
201606234 True copy of the 1754 Norridgewolk Ratification of the Treaty of 1725, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 5/ and agree that the same and each of them shall be and remain in full force Efficacy & Power to all Intents and purposes whatsoever. Done and concluded at Falmouth in Casco Bay before his Excellency William Shirley Esq'r Captain General Governour & Commander in Chief in & over his Majestys Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England and his Majesty's Council of said Province, the Honourable Paul Mascarene Esq'r Commissioner from the Province of Nova Scotia the Hon'ble Daniel Warner Esq'r, Peter Gilman and Clement March Esq'rs Commissioners from the Province of New Hampshire, and the several Gentlemen that Subscribe their Names as Witnesses hereto. Witness our hands & seals this Second day of July in the twenty eighth year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the Second by the Grace of God of Great Britain France & Ireland King Defender of the Faith &c Anno Domini 1754. Witnesses present Passagueant als Piere [totem] his mark & seal Thos. Hubbard Sabatis als Nudaugawaremet [totem] his mark & seal Wm. Brattle Job als Joseph + his mark & seal Henry [Gibbs] Quenaie als Augustine [totem] his mark & seal John St[?ov]er [Masjet] als Michael [totem] his mark & seal Ezra Richmond Magaugwambe [totem] his mark & seal Thos. Clap Ambrueeses X his mark & seal Saml. Livermore John Andreas [totem] his mark & seal Jer Powell Sabautis [totem] his mark & seal Wm Bowdoin Lovel als Neutaugeeta X his mark & seal John Hunt Andrew Neueactau [totem] his mark & seal Ebenzr. Nichols Joseph Measley [totem] his mark & seal Edw. Milliken Francois [totem] his mark & seal John Minot [Actaon?] [totem] his mark & seal Job Lewis [Aaroon?] [totem] his mark & seal Wm. Sever Pierre Toma + his mark & seal Saml Moody Ausong + his mark & seal Christ Minot Q[illegible]uot [totem] his mark & seal Dan Foxcroft Saml. Goodwin Wm Lithgow Joseph Inches John Feveryear Wm Woodside Jas. Bowdoin Ezekiel Price A true copy [attestd] Ezekiel Price [Clerk]  August 25, 2017 — 9:27 am
201606233 True copy of the 1754 Norridgewolk Ratification of the Treaty of 1725, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 5 We the subscribers being the Chief Men of the Norridgewalk Tribe having heard the submission and agreement of the Eastern Indians viz't the Penobscott Norridgewolk, St. Johns, Cape Sables, and other Tribes Inhabiting within his Majestys Territories of New England and Nova Scotia who were engaged in the War in the Years 1723 and 1724, which was made and concluded at Boston the fifteenth day of December 1725 between the Honourable William Dummer Esq'r then Lieutenant Governour & Commander in chief of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, and John Wentworth Esq'r Lieutenant Governour & Commander in Chief of the Province of New Hampshire, and Paul Mascarene Esq'r appointed by Laurence Armstrong Esq'r Lieutenant Governor & Commander in Chief of the Province of Nova Scotia or Accadia of the one part, and the aforesaid Eastern Indians of the other part. Also the Submission and Agreement of the Eastern Indians viz't the Penobscott, Norridgewalks, Arssegunticook, & Weeweenock made and concluded at Falmouth in Casco Bay on the sixteenth day of October 1749 between Thomas Hutchinson, John Choate, Israel Williams & James Otis Esquires, Commissioners appointed by the Hon'ble Spencer Phips Esq'r Lieutenant Governour and Commander in Chief of the Province of the Massacheusetts Bay aforesaid, and Theodore Atkinson and John Donning Esq'rs Commissioners appointed by his Excellency Benning Wentworth Esq'r Governour and Commander in Chief of his Majestys [Majesty's] Province of New Hampshire of the one part; and the aforesaid Eastern Indians of the other part distinctly and deliberately Read over & Interpreted to us Do by these presents in a publick & solemn manner as well for our selves as for all the rest of our Tribe by whom we are Delegated & fully Impowered for that purpose Ratify and Confirm all and singular the Articles contained in the aforementioned submissions & agreements and  August 25, 2017 — 9:40 am
201606001 Letter from Joseph Howe to Lord Falkland, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 1 Letter to Lord Falkland. My Lord, I have just had a long visit from two very intelligent Indians, and, as I have a leisure hour, would like to lay before your Lordship, before they pass away, some of the ideas suggested by their conversation, and by subsequent reflection upon the present state of the Micmacs, that your Lordship may, if there is anything in them, be aided in digesting, what I know has often occupied your thoughts, some plan for improving the condition of the Tribe. In turning attention to this subject it will be necessary to lay aside our own Township and County divisions, and adopt those of the Indians themselves _ we must deal with them as clans or sub divisions of a kindred race, and operate upon them through their Chiefs. There are several of these in Nova Scotia proper: one in Halifax, one at Pictou _ another at Pomket _ one at Annapolis _ one at Lunenburg, and probably one other on the Western Shore, besides two at least, if not more  August 21, 2017 — 12:42 pm
201606222 Letter from Andrew Henderson of Albion Vale to Joseph Howe regarding the request of Charles Glode for assistance to build a house. Note on the bottom of the letter says Howe wrote to Henderson authorizing ten pounds to Glode to help in building a house., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 potatoes according to your orders, and will shortly draw for the amount of Kempton's Bill, John Jeremy is getting forward with his house but complains of it's [its] being too small, not much larger, as he says than his camp. Strange to hear a savage thus express himself; but I suppose some white barbarian told him so. If you have the means at command and can assist Glode --- it would perhaps ultimately turn to the advantage of the whole Tribe. I am Dear Sir Yours very respectfully Andrew Henderson Albion Vale June 21st 1843 To Honourable Joseph Howe Wrote Henderson to expend £10 in assisting Glode to build his House.  August 18, 2017 — 8:31 am
201606221 Letter from Andrew Henderson of Albion Vale to Joseph Howe regarding the request of Charles Glode for assistance to build a house. Note on the bottom of the letter says Howe wrote to Henderson authorizing ten pounds to Glode to help in building a house., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 221 religious information to the poor abandoned creatures. I shall always feel happy to hear what progress you make towards ameliorating their condition Yours Thomas Irwin For the Hon Joseph Howe &c &c &c From Andrew Henderson Dear Sir This will be handed to you by Charles Glode who is very anxious to obtain aid towards the erection of his house. The four pounds, which You promised should be forthcoming, would do but little [very - crossed out] where every thing would have to be obtained with cash. Were it possible to grant him 10£, it would be about sufficient with his own labour; and I would see it faithfully expended. He is trying to get out of the Camp, and with your assistance, will accomplish the object; but otherwise being poor and freindless he cannot succeed. I furnished the Indians at Fairy Lake with  August 18, 2017 — 8:13 am
201606221 Letter from Thomas Irwin of Charlottetown to Joseph Howe arguing the education of the Mi'kmaq people in the Mi'kmaq language. Description of the beauty of the language., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 221 religious information to the poor abandoned creatures. I shall always feel happy to hear what progress you make towards ameliorating their condition Yours Thomas Irwin For the Hon Joseph Howe &c &c &c From Andrew Henderson Dear Sir This will be handed to you by Charles Glode who is very anxious to obtain aid towards the erection of his house. The four pounds, which You promised should be forthcoming, would do but little [very - crossed out] where every thing would have to be obtained with cash. Were it possible to grant him 10£, it would be about sufficient with his own labour; and I would see it faithfully expended. He is trying to get out of the Camp, and with your assistance, will accomplish the object; but otherwise being poor and freindless he cannot succeed. I furnished the Indians at Fairy Lake with  August 18, 2017 — 8:02 am
201606219 Letter from Thomas Irwin of Charlottetown to Joseph Howe arguing the education of the Mi'kmaq people in the Mi'kmaq language. Description of the beauty of the language., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 219 order to remove your doubts I send you an example which you can test with the first Indian you meet. Nemedége I see. Nemedu I see it. Nemul I see thee. Nemik I see him. Nêmekik I see them. Nemulock I see you. -- Nemedul k'tul I see thy canoe, vessel &c Nemedulanel, Quedenel I see thy canoes. Namedulamick k'tuamk I see they domestic Animals -- These are of different conjugations according to the nature of the verb - Again - Alasudeme I pray Alasudem I pray it. Alasumel I pray to thee Alasudemul. I pray thee for something -- Alasudemelseoul. I pray for thee -- Alasudemelséouse I pray for myself. There you know less than six different conjugations in all their varieties of Moods Tenses. Persons. Gender and numbers! Where they savage who invented or used so refined and Philosophic a language? Only a savage could say so! I am fully sensible of the Obligation of preserving some memorial of those interesting but fast-fading people and I have as far  August 18, 2017 — 8:27 am
201606218 Letter from Thomas Irwin of Charlottetown to Joseph Howe arguing the education of the Mi'kmaq people in the Mi'kmaq language. Description of the beauty of the language., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 whether he and I or thou and I are meant by Me! Yet the Mickmacs distinguish this with as much precision as we do He and she, Again what nation (the ancient Greecians excepted) have provided in their verbs a plural for two and another for many: and yet the Mickmacs distinguish them by the terminations, just as we do two [underlined] from three four &c - Who else use a middle voice? in fact were I to repeat all the beauties of this language in detail, it would require a volume rather than a letter, and much more time than I have now at command. The Mickmacs are therefore justly proud of their language, and I assure you they appreciate it's beauties and can and often do, point out its superiority over the English What language but Mickmac can in one word express, without the slightest fear of ambiguity, the Nominative, the Accusative, and either the dative or Ablative, both singular and plural? This will appear almost incredible and in  August 18, 2017 — 8:02 am
201606216 Letter from Thomas Irwin of Charlottetown to Joseph Howe arguing the education of the Mi'kmaq people in the Mi'kmaq language. Description of the beauty of the language., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 From Thos Irwin Esq East Point, June 23rd 1843. Hon Sir) I have just received your kind favour and I justly appreciate the Philanthropic and literary motives that induce you to write it. We are, (and I think are likely to continue so) at issue on the Best mode of Benefitting the aborigini in their present state, - While I grant you that to open the door for them to the whole circle of sciences, the English language would be the more desirable medium, yet to pave the way to the first rudiments of knowledge the medium should be through their vernacular idiom to make them either understand or relish the abstract rudiments of letters or literature. The reason is obvious to those conversant with Human nature and with the Character of these people in particular. For first they are passionately fond of their noble dialect, and justly so I fear you would deem me an enthusiast were I to detail  August 18, 2017 — 8:33 am
201606215 "Report of William Faulkner, Deputy Surveyor, describing the Mi'kmaq reserve at Ingram River. Includes map of 330 acres of reserve.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 215 Faulkner's Survey, June, 1843. Vacant Indian Reserve 330 Acres Beginning Heirs of Henry Boutilier Granted to Charles Ingram & Others Ingrams River Vacant Philips Bridge Road Landing Scale 20 chains to an Inch  August 17, 2017 — 2:27 pm
201606212 Map showing lot no. 7 on the western bank of the southwest branch of the Marguerite [Margaree?] River of 1000 acres reserved for Mi'kmaq. Also shows Mi'kmaq presence on one of two islands in the River near the lot. No date or identification of surveyor., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 211 S.W. Branch of Marguerite River No. 8 No. 7 Reserved for the Micmacs About 100 Acres (see the Warrant to James McRae) N. 65 W. (in 1816) 97 chains S. 40 W. (1816) 20.06 6 Micmacs Alder Island Scale 20 chains to one Inch  August 17, 2017 — 9:43 am
201606210 "Report by Thomas Crawley, Surveyor General of Cape Breton, describing ""a Lot of Land laid out for Andrew Noel and Family"" known as Indian Gardens. Includes map showing 50 acres of reserve.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 209 Vol 432 Noel's Reserve Margeurite River Marin White William Harrington Indians Gardens Andrew Noel [and] Family 50 acres Southwest Branch Northeast Branch Sydney 27th Jany. 1834 T. Crawley, SGCB Scale 20 Chains to an Inch  August 17, 2017 — 9:11 am
201606208 "Report by Thomas Crawley, Surveyor General of Cape Breton, describing the Whykokomach [Whycocomagh] Mi'kmaq settlement. Includes map showing 2047 acres of reserve.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 207 No. 3 Whykokomagh Reserve. Whykokomagh Indians Settlement 2074 Acres The greater part Mountainous Land Part of the Indians Settlement Hugh McKinnon Sydney 31st Jany. 1833 T. Crawley S.G.C.B. Scale 60 chains to an Inch Robert Campbell Roger's Hill would like to purchase a part of this Reserve  August 17, 2017 — 9:41 am
201606207 "Report by Thomas Crawley, Surveyor General of Cape Breton, describing the Whykokomach [Whycocomagh] Mi'kmaq settlement. Includes map showing 2047 acres of reserve.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 Description of the Whykokomagh Indians Settlements at the head and western side of the Basin of Whykokomagh. Beginning at the entrance of a small Brook, about 7 chains eastward of a small pond, thence bounded by a line running by the Magnet (in 1832) No. 25 E. 87 chains -- thence S. 86 25 West (in 1832) 130 chains, more or less, till a blazed maple near the shore be in the direction S. 25 W. thence S. 25 W. (in 1832) 189 Chains, more or less, to the said blazed maple, thence along the shore easterly, to the place of commencement, containing 2074 acres, more or less, including the large Island in front, agreeably to the annexed Plat. The greater part of this tract consiste of mountainous land. Sydney, 31 Jany. 1833 T. Crawley, S.G.   August 17, 2017 — 9:10 am
201606206 "Report by Thomas Crawley, Surveyor General of Cape Breton, describing the tract of land at Escasonich [Eskasoni] reserved for the Mi'kmaq there settled. Includes map of 2800 acres of reserve.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 205 No. 2 Escasonick Reserve. Escasonick Indian Settlement Road from Sydney to the Strait of Barra North Shore of St. Andrews Channel Sandy spit Ronald McDonald Sydney 5th Decb. 1832 x T. Crawley, S.G.C.B Scale 60 chains to an Inch.  August 17, 2017 — 9:03 am
201606205 "Report by Thomas Crawley, Surveyor General of Cape Breton, describing the tract of land at Escasonich [Eskasoni] reserved for the Mi'kmaq there settled. Includes map of 2800 acres of reserve.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 Description of a tract of land at [Escasonick?], on the north side of St. Andrews Channel, reserved for the Indians there settled. Beginning at the south-east angle of a lot of land laid out for Ronald McDonald, at a stake on the shore, thence bounded by a line running by the Magnet N. 12 12 10 150 Chains, thence N. 75 E. 240 Chains, thence S. 12 12 E. 152 Chains, more or less, across the mouth of a creek, to the shore, thence along shore westerly, including a sandy spit, to the place of commencement, containing 2800 acres, more or less, reserving the Road leading from Sydney to the Strait of Barra, agreeably to the annexed Plan about 1/2 may be fit for cultivation. Sydney, 5 Dec. 1832 T. Crawley, S.G.  August 17, 2017 — 9:36 am
201606202 "Report by Thomas Crawley, Surveyor General of Cape Breton, describing the settlement of the Malagawatch Mi'kmaq on the north-western side of the Great Lake Bras d'Or. Includes map showing c 1500 acres of reserve.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 201 No. 4 Malagawaatcht Reserve. Entrance into the Basine of the River St. Denis Settlement of the Malagawaatchkt Eastern Side of the Basin of the River St. Denis Channel for canoes ancient Indian cemetery Indians 1500 acres about 1/2 fit for cultivation orchard of the Indian Beginning S. 78 W 58 chains Big Harbour of Malagawaatchkt N. 15 W. 21. August 2nd 1833 T. Crawley S.G.C.B. Scale 60 chains to an inch  August 17, 2017 — 9:19 am
201606200 "Report by Thomas Crawley, Surveyor General of Cape Breton, describing a tract of land on Wagmatcook River reserved for the use of the Mi'kmaq settled thereon. Includes map showing 4500 acres of reserve.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 199 No. 1 Wagamatcook Reserve, Cape Breton 4,500 acres John McRae A tract of Land reserved for the use of the Indians Settled on the Wagamatkook River 4500 Acres The greater part fit for cultivation Landing Landing Landing Badeck Bay Sydney 20th Feby. 1833. T. Crawley S.G.C.B. Scale 60 chains to an Inch  August 17, 2017 — 9:01 am
201606196 "Letter from James Dawson of Pictou to Howe regarding the state of the Mi'kmaq on Merigomish Island. Includes Howe's response, agreeing to send seeds to Merigomish.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 195 your special orders, as the season of sowing was far advanced, and I hope you will approve of it, but as there is plenty of time yet for Potatoe planting and as I have reason to beleive that many of them are preparing ground I wish to have your authority to supply them with these -- and you may rely upon my taking care that no improper use is made of the Government aid at your disposal I wish you had found it conveinient to be here before the planting season -- but I suppose your other Duties have prevented you Complts to Mrs Howe I am Yours truly James Dawson P.S. Let me know from you if possible by Mondays Post. J.D. Answer, to the foregoing. Halifax May 27th 1843 My Dear Sir I am obliged to you for your constant attention to the Indians. The rule I go by, is to supply them with just as much seed as will sow the lands they have ready  August 17, 2017 — 9:20 am
201606195 "Letter from James Dawson of Pictou to Howe regarding the state of the Mi'kmaq on Merigomish Island. Includes Howe's response, agreeing to send seeds to Merigomish.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 great care of them and return them in good order Yours truly Jos Howe --- From, James Dawson Esqr, Pictou Pictou 25th May 1843. Honble J Howe Dr. Dir I rec'd your letter a few days ago, regarding a supply of Nails and Boards to an Indian but as the planting season was so close at hand he has postponed his intended Building till after that is over _ In the meantime a new class of [wants - underlined] have come up They were unfortunate enough last Year to have the most of their Crops at Merigomish Island destroyed by peoples Cattle which came from the neighbouring Island, and what remained has been all used up in the long Winter to keep in their Lives _ they have therefore no seed to put in the ground, and I have been Lively beset to get them both Wheat and Potatoes of the former I got them 2 Bushel altho they wanted much more, and also grass seed to sow with it. I have done this without  August 17, 2017 — 9:15 am
201606195 Letter from Thomas Irwin of Charlottetown to Joseph Howe regarding the Mi'kmaq grammer textbook he wrote; appears to tie arguments regarding Mi'kmaq education to treaty rights. Includes Howe's letter of response noting that the treaties are preserved in C, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 great care of them and return them in good order Yours truly Jos Howe --- From, James Dawson Esqr, Pictou Pictou 25th May 1843. Honble J Howe Dr. Dir I rec'd your letter a few days ago, regarding a supply of Nails and Boards to an Indian but as the planting season was so close at hand he has postponed his intended Building till after that is over _ In the meantime a new class of [wants - underlined] have come up They were unfortunate enough last Year to have the most of their Crops at Merigomish Island destroyed by peoples Cattle which came from the neighbouring Island, and what remained has been all used up in the long Winter to keep in their Lives _ they have therefore no seed to put in the ground, and I have been Lively beset to get them both Wheat and Potatoes of the former I got them 2 Bushel altho they wanted much more, and also grass seed to sow with it. I have done this without  August 17, 2017 — 9:53 am
201606192 Letter from Thomas Irwin of Charlottetown to Joseph Howe regarding the Mi'kmaq grammer textbook he wrote; appears to tie arguments regarding Mi'kmaq education to treaty rights. Includes Howe's letter of response noting that the treaties are preserved in C, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 191 On the other hand by publishing the Grammar, as I formerly proposed, it would not benefit the Indians, which is my cheif object: -- and to publish a work that would require so much time and labour without yeilding a remunerating return is what I could not at present afford, tho, I would very much desire to lay the work before the learned world however unqualified I may be for the task. -- These, sir, are my ideas on this subject for which I took the liberty of troubling you. Should you, on a reconsideration of the subject, be able to suggest any more feasible method of conveying instruction to the Poor Indians, I shall be at all times happy to hear it, and ready to cooperate with any effort made to ameliorate their wretched condition. -- Under these circumstances, while I sincerely thank You for the trouble you seemd desirous to take on their behalf, I do not perceive the utility in my meeting you at Pictou. If you felt any desire to peruse the MMS. If I could send them to you safely, and free of expence I would. -- If this suggest's any matter for reply, be so kind as to Hon Joseph Howe  August 17, 2017 — 8:33 am
201606191 Letter from Thomas Irwin of Charlottetown to Joseph Howe regarding the Mi'kmaq grammer textbook he wrote; appears to tie arguments regarding Mi'kmaq education to treaty rights. Includes Howe's letter of response noting that the treaties are preserved in C, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 Savages, to the rhapsodies issued by the London tract Society! This has also been the cause of the failure this year only under a different pretence - Now, to publish by subscription this [latter?] work that I designed for the sole purpose of instructing the Indians, would not be using the subscribers well, as the work to them would be useless: - and therefore, unless one could count on a certain number of charitable individuals who would be willing to subscribe for the sole benefit of the Indians, it is useless to make the attempt. Indeed, in my opinion, it if the imperative duty of the Governments under which they live, to provide for their education as well as for those other wants which we have taught them, but have deprived them of the means of supplying: I wish very much for copies of those treaties entered into with the Indians at the time they gave up their arms or as the say themselves "buried the tomahawk". I know they are to be found in the record Office in Halifax if I could spare the time to see after them. Hon Joseph Howe  August 17, 2017 — 8:00 am
201606190 Letter from Thomas Irwin of Charlottetown to Joseph Howe regarding the Mi'kmaq grammer textbook he wrote; appears to tie arguments regarding Mi'kmaq education to treaty rights. Includes Howe's letter of response noting that the treaties are preserved in C, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 the early history of those fast fading but interesting people. - It is impossible to consider the construction of this Language - the delicate shades of difference in its expressive terms. Its copious uses. Its cautious provisions amongst its thousands of almost similar terminations, to prevent ambiguity. It's philosophic distinctness of the various graduations admitted by them in arrangement of their verbs, at once - point them out as a race, descended from a people who conceived their ideas with logical precision, and clothed them in melliflous and expressive language. Such I am certain were the fathers of the present degraded Mickmacs! About the same time I petitioned the House of Assembly to grant me a sum to enable me to publish a work which I had compiled for the exclusive use of the Indian, written all in Mickmac; being an elementary book in order to learn to read. - This the bigoted Sots to whose care the fate of this unfortunate Island is almost exclusively committed, opposed because I prefered the beautiful and classic productions of the pious who converted the Hon Joseph Howe  August 17, 2017 — 8:30 am
201606189 Letter from Thomas Irwin of Charlottetown to Joseph Howe regarding the Mi'kmaq grammer textbook he wrote; appears to tie arguments regarding Mi'kmaq education to treaty rights. Includes Howe's letter of response noting that the treaties are preserved in C, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 Thos. Irwin letter / Charlottetown 15th May 1843 Hon Sir, I have just had the pleasure of receiving the letter with which you have honoured me - I perceive, by looking over its contents, that you have mistaken my intention in publishing the works I have compiled in the Mickmac Language: allow me therefore to explain - In 1930 I proposed, if sufficiently encouraged to publish a Grammar of the Mickmac Language for the use of the English Reader. My object then was to bring before the notice of the Philologist, a System of Grammar which might, nay, would be deemed imaginary, if living proof of its existence were not at hand: and, however incompetent I might be to do it justice, Still I had no doubt, had it been published, however imperfectly, it would amply repay the Philosopher, and curious in languages, the trouble of a perusal; nay more, it would have excited the further inquiries of the learned, whose time and talents if thus employed would doubtless throw much light on Hon Joseph Howe  August 17, 2017 — 8:47 am
201606187 "Letter of Patrick Gough of Liverpool to Rev. C. Doyle of Chester reporting on the progress of Mi'kmaq pupils in his school. ""One of them named John Noel Williams declares that he will continue going to school until such time as he shall be competent to wr", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 P Gough to the Revd C Doyle Liverpool February 2nd 1843 Revd Dear Sir I embrace the present opportunity of informing you (according to promise) of the progress of your Indian pupils there are fifteen of them in number, and it is very pleasing in way the desire evinced by them of improving themselves, not only in learning but also in behaviour an cleanliness. It is a gross mistake that these poor creatures are not susceptible of mental cultivation, you may judge of the fact by the progress made by them. In the commencement eight of them began the alphabet and knew it next day they communicated to the rest in their Camps what they learned, and since the first two days every new comer knows the alphabet. I have ten of them spelling and another reads very well for these I have procured copy books and feel pleasure in informing you how rapid they improve. One of them named John Nuel Williams declares that he will continue going to school untill such time as he shall be competant to write to Government requesting a remission of the fine imposed on him by the magistrates for catching salmon in Port Medway River. I am Dear Sir Yours very truly Pat[ric]k Gough To the Revd Mr Doyle Chester  August 17, 2017 — 8:55 am
201606184 Account from M. Godfrey for children that have attended the school for the quarter ending 28 Feb 1843. Location of school unidentified but there are children from Bear River reserve attending., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 for them on the Hill shall return them, as had not I taken them they must have been nearly starved. I think if you would allow it, to get a barrel of biscuit for the Children who come to school as it would insure their more regular attendance, when they would improve more, and their parents being unable always to supply them, they are about on that account and loose what they have learned. I have herewith sent you a general account of my Receipts and Expenditure which I have put on this sheet to avoid double postage and the first opportunity I have of a private conveyance will sent it in a single sheet with such receipts as you have not had yet, if such is your wish. I remain Sir Your Obt Svt Willm Nicholl The Honble Josh Howe Account for Children that have attended the school for the [Quarted?] ending 28th February 1843. Andrew Meuse James Meuse Abraham Glode [Leevie?] [Bertmere] Joseph Pictou Mathew Pictou Betsy Meuse Mary Paul Betsy Toney Rose Ann Glode Mary Pinaul Mary [Sopok?] This is to certify that the above mentioned Indian Children have under tuition of W Nicholl made proficiency during the last Quarter in reading, writing, and spelling. The attendance of the younger children however has not been so regular as was to be expected, the absolute want of clothing and the inability on the part of the parents to supply them with food during school hours from 9 o clock until four has contributed not a little to break in upon regularity in this particular - more children and some adults have signified a wish to attend when the season will allow. |Signed| [Wm?] M Godfrey March 4th 1843.  August 16, 2017 — 4:48 pm
201606181 Letter from William Nicholl of Hillsburgh [Hillsboro?] to Howe regarding accounts for expenditures on clearing land etc. at Bear River for the Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 if left to the Indians, and there is no certainty of Mockwoods being here in the spring. I Remain Sir Your Obt. Servt. Willm Nicholls The Hon. Joseph Howe --- Wm Nicholl to Jas Holdsworth Esq Hillsburgh 4th March 1843 Sir, There is likewise another subject to which I wish to call his attention which is the getting of Logs from off the 1000 acres which I mentioned to him in my letter of the 30th Dec'r, since which I find Mr Josiah Harris had purchased the Logs off one Lot, five or six years back of an Indian for which he supplied him with clothes, and other things to the value of Five Dollars, but this Indian not improving on the lot which He ought to have done within three years it became forfeited, and has since been given to another who has begun to clear on it, and Mr Harris has got a number of logs cut there this winter, and as soon as I was informed of it, I forbid him cutting anymore or taking what he had cut, until I should hear from Mr Howe on the subject, and I think to allow him to take them now would certainly tend to discourage the present occupier (who had forbidden him to cut them) and might occasion him to aban-  August 16, 2017 — 4:44 pm
201606180 Letter from Irwin to Howe regarding his textbook in Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 179 And lay the foundation of their future improvement -- if this proposition meets your wishes, I hope you will let me know by the return of the mail; for I only wait here to see if anything permanent Could be done for these interesting people; And as I am incuring expences otherwise unnecessary, I am anxious to know at your earliest conveniance. I am Hon. Sir with every respect Yours &c Thomas Irwin Hon Joseph Howe Halifax Wm Nicholl's letters Hillsburgh 18th January 1843. Sir) I received yours of the twelf Decr with the £25 on the 14 inst and find that the delay was occasioned by it's being directed to Annapolis instead of Digby I herewith send you an account of what I have paid with the Leases and receipts also the bills that are yet unpaid and the writing books of the Children all of which Mr [Coldsworth], has kindly taken charge of Mr. Neal whishes to be allowed to clear off what he chopped last Autumn, and to sow Grain where he had potatoes &c and engages to seed it down to grass, and put it under good fence, if you think fit, I will allow him to do it as he has had but a small return for the labour he has expended on it, and it is likely to be better done than  August 16, 2017 — 4:50 pm
201606180 Letter from William Nicholl of Hillsburgh [Hillsboro?] to Howe regarding accounts for expenditures on clearing land etc. at Bear River for the Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 179 And lay the foundation of their future improvement -- if this proposition meets your wishes, I hope you will let me know by the return of the mail; for I only wait here to see if anything permanent Could be done for these interesting people; And as I am incuring expences otherwise unnecessary, I am anxious to know at your earliest conveniance. I am Hon. Sir with every respect Yours &c Thomas Irwin Hon Joseph Howe Halifax Wm Nicholl's letters Hillsburgh 18th January 1843. Sir) I received yours of the twelf Decr with the £25 on the 14 inst and find that the delay was occasioned by it's being directed to Annapolis instead of Digby I herewith send you an account of what I have paid with the Leases and receipts also the bills that are yet unpaid and the writing books of the Children all of which Mr [Coldsworth], has kindly taken charge of Mr. Neal whishes to be allowed to clear off what he chopped last Autumn, and to sow Grain where he had potatoes &c and engages to seed it down to grass, and put it under good fence, if you think fit, I will allow him to do it as he has had but a small return for the labour he has expended on it, and it is likely to be better done than  August 16, 2017 — 4:07 pm
201606179 Letter from Irwin to Howe regarding his textbook in Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 Thos Irvin's Charlottetown May 2nd 1842. Hon. Sir, I again take the liberty of troubling you respecting the provisions your legislature has made respecting the improvement of the Indians. I sent you the Island papers containing a report of the debate on my petition in favour of the Indians. and also a letter which I fear have miscaried. On refering to the papers you will see the silly grounds on which the claims of the poor aborigines have been dealt with by our humane legislature, the fact is, Our Assembly is little better than the servile tools of a very bigoted, despoetic, clique that would sacrafise every claim of humanity for the purpose of upholding their arrogant pretentions to aristocrative superiority! What hope then that such persons will trouble themselves about the fate of the aborigines whose present state is a libel on their actions; I have compiled an elementary work something similar to or rather on the same principle as Murray's Spelling Book which if printed and the Indians taught to read it would be, I am convinced, of incalculable Advantage to them.  August 16, 2017 — 4:59 pm
201606178 "Letter from Moses Perley, Indian Commissioner of Saint John, NB, to Howe regarding Howe's report and the state of the Mi'kmaq on PEI.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 175 relative to their affairs, and advised them to apply for the appointment of a Commissioner, stating the advantages which the Indians of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia had derived from such appointments. They nominated two; the Honble Colonel Lane and Henry Palmer Esq whom Sir Henry Huntley immediately appointed, and I have every reason to believe that the much neglected portion of the Micmac Tribe residing in the Island will here after be better looked after. I shall take the liberty of forwarding you my documents relating to Indian Affairs which may be published in New Brunswick and respectfully request the favour of your forwarding me such as may be published in Nova Scotia. I have the Honor to be Your very obt servant M. H. Perley Commissioner for Indian Affairs in New Brunswick  August 16, 2017 — 4:13 pm
201606176 Letter from Howe to Dr. Geddes of barrington replying to his letter of 28 March regarding the purchase of lands for the Mi'kmaq around Barrington., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 173 I have written to Mr Hamer to distribute 20 bushels of seed potatoes among those who have land cleared and fit to receive them Yours Truly Joe Howe Dr Geddes, Barrington. Halifax, May 8, 1843. My Dear Hamer There are two or three Indians who have clearings on the Sabin Lake - will you distribute among such of them as you are certain will plant and not eat them 20 Bushels of Potatoes for seed, and I will pay the Bill, when I know the amount Yours Truly Joe Howe  August 16, 2017 — 4:32 pm
201606175 Letter from Howe to James Dawson of Pictou regarding supplies for Stephen Toney on Merigomish Island., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 Halifax, May 8, 1843. My dear Sir, You wrote me some time ago that Stephen Toney was inclined to build on Merrigomish Island, if he could get a little aid. Please supply him with a few pounds worth of such materials as you think will be most desireable. Yours truly Joe Howe. James Dawson Esq. Halifax, May 8, 1843. Dear Sir, I received your letter of the 28th March, and am much obliged for your suggestions. If the Indians are satisfied to take the land when surveyed, Mr Kimble may lay off a lot for each. I will think of the Fishing Station, but am doubtful about the propriety of spending £25, except on a Reserve, or on property the title of which could be claimed  August 16, 2017 — 4:40 pm
201606175 Letter from Howe to Dr. Geddes of barrington replying to his letter of 28 March regarding the purchase of lands for the Mi'kmaq around Barrington., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 Halifax, May 8, 1843. My dear Sir, You wrote me some time ago that Stephen Toney was inclined to build on Merrigomish Island, if he could get a little aid. Please supply him with a few pounds worth of such materials as you think will be most desireable. Yours truly Joe Howe. James Dawson Esq. Halifax, May 8, 1843. Dear Sir, I received your letter of the 28th March, and am much obliged for your suggestions. If the Indians are satisfied to take the land when surveyed, Mr Kimble may lay off a lot for each. I will think of the Fishing Station, but am doubtful about the propriety of spending £25, except on a Reserve, or on property the title of which could be claimed  August 16, 2017 — 4:31 pm
201606174 Letter from Joseph Howe to Andrew Henderson of Annapolis issuing instructions on provisions etc. to be supplied to Mi'kmaq around Annapolis. Advises that Indian Affairs refuses to purchase land for Jack Gloade., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 171 Halifax May 8, 1843 My dear Sir, The first 4 Indians on your list I know to have land chopped, and therefore you may give them 10 Bushels of Potatoes each. The next 7 may have 5 Bushels each. Jack Glode has no clearing, and therefore cannot want any, except to eat, and I have no authority to furnish provisions. You may, if Charles Glode prefers to spend the price of the corn which was promised to him, say about £3. or £4 in assisting to build his House. This a great point to get them out of the wigwams. Enquire of Henry, if he comes to you, on when his house is to be finished, and he hears that measures are taken, through Mr. Kingston, or the nearer settler, that the land for the Fairy Lake Settlement rarely reaches those for whom it is designed. I am afraid I cannot afford to buy the land for Jack Glode. If Charles builds, impress upon him the importance of having a frost proof cellar this House. Yours Truly Jos. Howe Mr. Andrew Henderson Annapolis  August 16, 2017 — 4:29 pm
201606172 Letter from William Walsh of Halifax to Joseph Howe commenting on Howe's report [?]., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 169 Dear Sir I have read over with much attention the interesting Report on the state of the poor Indians which You were kind enough to send me some days ago, and I fully share in Your benevolent sympathies in behalf of those suffering and uninterested people. On reading an account of the Expenditure for the Board and Education of the two Indian boys who have been placed at St Marys College, it occurred to me that so large a sum might be more usefully employed for other benevolent purposes. It appears to me that no great progress can be reasonably expected in the elder of those boys, but I think your experiment might be carried on with the Younger, who, if entirely confined to the College, and subjected to a peculiar discipline might improve very much, He seems more capable of improvement than  August 16, 2017 — 3:21 pm
201606168 Letter of Daniel Dimock of Chester to Joseph Howe reporting the Mi'kmaq of Gold River., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 165 stating the times of attendance, No. and hours, &c and signed by Mr [Dimock] and Mr Doyle. Your Obedient Servt Jos Howe Mr Daniel Krolland Chester Basin Chester January 29th.. 1843. Honorable and Dear Sir I would have replied to your favour of the 27th Nov sooner concerning our neighbours at Gold River but I thought it would be better to wait a while and see what effect the encouragement you promised them would have on their own industry as you take an interest in there welfare, I took it for granted you did not wish to cherish Indolance that is so natural to there Species, but to Stimulate them to industry and I have endeavoured to impress them with this fact, and I feel a pleasure in saying to you the promises you have made them has had a good effect, Old John and his Sons are buisily engaged processing lumber and shingles for the reconverting of the Barn into a dwelling  August 16, 2017 — 3:16 pm
201606168 Letter from Daniel Krolland of Chester Basin to Joseph Howe regarding Mi'kmaq at Gold River and services as a teacher rendered by him. Mentions John Pennall. Includes Howe's response agreeing to pay Krolland upon receipt of proper paperwork., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 165 stating the times of attendance, No. and hours, &c and signed by Mr [Dimock] and Mr Doyle. Your Obedient Servt Jos Howe Mr Daniel Krolland Chester Basin Chester January 29th.. 1843. Honorable and Dear Sir I would have replied to your favour of the 27th Nov sooner concerning our neighbours at Gold River but I thought it would be better to wait a while and see what effect the encouragement you promised them would have on their own industry as you take an interest in there welfare, I took it for granted you did not wish to cherish Indolance that is so natural to there Species, but to Stimulate them to industry and I have endeavoured to impress them with this fact, and I feel a pleasure in saying to you the promises you have made them has had a good effect, Old John and his Sons are buisily engaged processing lumber and shingles for the reconverting of the Barn into a dwelling   August 16, 2017 — 3:25 pm
201606167 Letter from Daniel Krolland of Chester Basin to Joseph Howe regarding Mi'kmaq at Gold River and services as a teacher rendered by him. Mentions John Pennall. Includes Howe's response agreeing to pay Krolland upon receipt of proper paperwork., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 I hope Your Honr will be pleased to let me know, seeing from the Novascotian that Your Honr had incured an apparent [loss?] and knowing at the same time that Your Honr promised to pay me at the rate of Twenty Pounds a year, at least Your Honr promised me to see paid for every hour of my Labour If I am to continue my instructions under such circumstances, Your Honr will be pleased to let me know, If there should be any doubt as to the truth of this statement Mr [Dimock] can safely certify the same, In the mean time, I remain Your Honr's Obt & very humble servant Danl Krolland Halifax, May 8, 1843. Sir, Sometime last fall Penall and [Hammond] [informed?] me that there had been something amiss in your conduct towards the children attending the School, and that they had taken them away. When Mr [Doyle?] was up here recently, I asked him about the School, and he spoke unfavorably. I shall be happy to compensate you for your services, provided regular Certificates are forwarded,  August 16, 2017 — 3:20 pm
201606166 Letter from Howe to Irwin agreeing to assist Irwin in publishing his Mi'kmaq grammar/textbook by subscription; he will not subsidize the publication from the Indian Affairs budget., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 another Hundred Dollars or consent to take a certain number of copies at the Subscription price. If you will meet me at Pictou, and bring the MS. with you, I will examine it and consult with you as to the best mode of placing it creditably before the world. Yours truly Jos Howe Mr Thomas Irving Charlottetown, P.E. Island. _____ Chester Basin April 15th 1843 To the Honorable Joseph Howe Sir In pursuance to your Honr Letter to Mr Dimock, I take the Liberty of writing to Your Honr concerning my Instruction to the Indians of Gold River. I can assure Your Honr that I visitted them regularly according to contract and am happy to be able to aspire Your Honr, that six of John Penall's seems well inclined to learn, for I find three of them able to read a little. The other three together with three of Ives are spelling. But whether I am to continue visitting them or not is what   August 16, 2017 — 3:53 pm
201606165 Letter from Howe to Irwin agreeing to assist Irwin in publishing his Mi'kmaq grammar/textbook by subscription; he will not subsidize the publication from the Indian Affairs budget., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 Halifax, May 6, 1843. Dear Sir, I have received your letters, and read the Debates with some interest. I saw some of your specimens of an Indian Grammar published in the Charlotte Town Papers in 1830, though not all. It would give me much pleasure to aid you in the publication of your work, if I could do so within the scope of my commission, but the small sum placed at my disposal being specially appropriated, I am doubtful how far I should be justified in expending any part of it in getting out a Book, however laudable. What I can do and will with great pleasure is to assist you to publish the work by subscription. I have no doubt that I can get 100 copies, at least, taken in Halifax, at 5p each. A similar subscription list in Charlotte Town and other places, would cover the cost and if the Book was really creditable as I have no doubt it would be, it is not improbable that our legislature would vote you  August 16, 2017 — 2:49 pm
201606162 "Letter from Thomas Irwin of Charlottetown, PEI, to Joseph Howe regarding a book in Mi'kmaq written by Irwin as a grammar/textbook and urging Howe to purchase copies for use among the i'kmaq of NS.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 159 equally great. The object having been gained, of showing that the Indians were amenable to the law, the matter was allowed to drop. --- From Mr. Irwin ------- Charlottetown, P E Island March 20th. 1843. Hon Sir, By the public papers, I have seen the reports you laid before the Executive on the Indian Affairs, And I was very much rejoiced to see the praise worthy efforts you have made for the purpose of ameliorating the Condition of those too-long abandoned people. During the present Session of our Legislature, I petitioned the House of Assembly to grant me pecuniary aid in order to enable me to publish a Manuscript of an Elementary book in Micmac, in order to lay the foundation of their future education. These are one hundred and forty closely written pages of foolscap, it consists of the usual, elementary matter found in all elementary book's then progressive reading lessons &c. A committie [committee] was appointed a few days ago to whom was referred my petition together with the report of the Board of Education and a recommendation from the Catholic Bishop of the Diocess, [Diocese] both recommending the work. The Committie reported to the House that they would  August 16, 2017 — 2:18 pm
201606162 Handwritten report [probably by Howe] regarding the Mi'kmaq cutting firewood on farms near Dartmouth and requests of farmers n the area for the Indian Affairs Commissioner to do something about it., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 159 equally great. The object having been gained, of showing that the Indians were amenable to the law, the matter was allowed to drop. --- From Mr. Irwin ------- Charlottetown, P E Island March 20th. 1843. Hon Sir, By the public papers, I have seen the reports you laid before the Executive on the Indian Affairs, And I was very much rejoiced to see the praise worthy efforts you have made for the purpose of ameliorating the Condition of those too-long abandoned people. During the present Session of our Legislature, I petitioned the House of Assembly to grant me pecuniary aid in order to enable me to publish a Manuscript of an Elementary book in Micmac, in order to lay the foundation of their future education. These are one hundred and forty closely written pages of foolscap, it consists of the usual, elementary matter found in all elementary book's then progressive reading lessons &c. A committie [committee] was appointed a few days ago to whom was referred my petition together with the report of the Board of Education and a recommendation from the Catholic Bishop of the Diocess, [Diocese] both recommending the work. The Committie reported to the House that they would  August 16, 2017 — 2:29 pm
201606160 Handwritten report [probably by Howe] regarding the Mi'kmaq cutting firewood on farms near Dartmouth and requests of farmers n the area for the Indian Affairs Commissioner to do something about it., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 157 1843. -------- In March the following resolutions are communicated to me by Committee, consisting of Andrew Sheils, Alex Ferguson and J. McNab. They were passed by a respectable meeting of Farmers, residing the neighborhood of Dartmouth. Resolved, That this meeting whilst duly appreciating the praiseworthy endeavours of the Government to ameliorate the condition of the Indians of this Province, have to regret the aspiration of the Commissionership in drawing such additional numbers about the vicinity of Dartmouth, the evils of which have, for a long time, been, and at present more particularly are, most surely felt by nearly every land owner of this district, in the ravages the Indians are making upon the most valuable of their wood, which in many instances has been totally destroyed by them, consisting of young groves of Oak, Maple, Ash, &c which have been preserved  August 16, 2017 — 2:15 pm
201606158 "Letter from Howe to Cruickshank of Napan advising that the bearer of the letter, Alex Thomas, lives near the school and if Cruickshank will teach Thomas' children, he will be reimbursed by the Indian Affairs Commissioner.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 155 only to say that if my assistance could be in any way serviceable in the promotion of so humane and important an object as either ameliorating the evils or elevating the condition of the aborigines of our County I shall be happy to give it. From Hon. Sir Your Most Obedt. Sr Saml. Creelman Hon. Joseph Howe -------- To Mr. Cruickshanks --------- Halifax 13 Dec. 1842. Sir The bearer of this, Alex. Thomas, tells me that he lives within a few miles of your School and that he has two or three children fit to be educated. If you are disposed to instruct them and will make a class, I will pay for their schooling on your sending me their copy books and a Certificate of attendance from persons I know. Yours &c Jos. Howe. Mr Cruickshanks Napan.  August 16, 2017 — 2:40 pm
201606157 Letter from Samuel Creelman of Stweiacke to Howe responding to Howe's letter of 13 Sept. Discusses land around Stewiacke settlement., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 from Stewiacke and as far as it is already settled the soil is of a good quality. But on the other hand accounts which I have obtained respecting it do not coincide, and those received from the best informed are the most unfavourable. But the fact is I know of no person that has ever been on it for the purpose of ascertaining its quality. If however it be a desireable [desirable] object to have good hunting ground contigious to the proposed settlement there could not perhaps be a more suitable locality in this respect in the Province. The land lying to the South abounds at present with the Moose, Carriboo and Martin, and it is there that our Indians cheifly hunt when they are camped in this settlement. I am sorry that my information with respect to the soil is not more definite but better information I believe cannot be obtained untill the land is further explored. With respect to whether you could depend on my assistance in forming a settlement, I have   August 16, 2017 — 2:28 pm
201606154 "Letter from Abraham S. Harris of Pictou to Howe regarding earlier request for agricultural implements for the Mi'kmaq. In postscript, he says that any lands secured for the Mi'kmaq must have title so secured so that they cannot alienate the lands.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 151 from Mr A. S. Harris Pictou 18th April 1842 Hon. Joseph Howe Dear Sir A few weeks ago I had a few lines from Hon. Mr. Uniacke mentioning that a petition which I had forwarded him for presentation to the House from the Indians praying implements to enable them to prosecute their agricultural labour had been referred by the House to the Indian Commissioner who would supply their wants from the Provincial Grant. As the season draws near when these tools will be needed I thought it my duty to advise you upon the subject. You will observe that the petition seeks picks, shovels, spades, axes and hoes, now any implements farther than the different kinds recited in the petition would I believe be unnecessary for the present as they do not use horses or oxen -- But the difficulty it appears to me will be  August 16, 2017 — 2:24 pm
201606153 Letter from George E. [Ican?] of Arichat to Joseph Howe requesting payment for conducting a census of Mi'kmaq in Richmond County the summer before. He notes that he took the trouble to travel to the Indian Mission on Bras d'Or last summer on St. Ann's Day, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 out the wishes of Government I adopted the most effectual steps to do so -- I took the trouble to travel down to the Indian Mission in the Bras dor Lake on the 26th July last the anniversary of their titular Saint "St. Ann" when they would be congregated together -- in doing so my travelling expenses cost me upwards of 50/ and I was occupied six days in doing the needful -- I was induced to go to that trouble under the full conviction that Government would remunerate me -- altho retrenchment is the order of the day -- I little expected they required their servants to work without pay -- if it is the case there is no inducement for persons to go to any extra trouble to afford them information. None of the other Clerks of the Peace took the trouble I did, altho I invited them to join me there. Trusting you will enable me to receive some recompensation I have the honour to be Sir your Most Obe't Humble Ser't Geo. E. Ican Hon Joseph Howe. Halifax  August 16, 2017 — 11:40 am
201606152 Letter from George E. [Ican?] of Arichat to Joseph Howe requesting payment for conducting a census of Mi'kmaq in Richmond County the summer before. He notes that he took the trouble to travel to the Indian Mission on Bras d'Or last summer on St. Ann's Day, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 and are often distressed even for fuel. Mr Dawson who has kindly interested himself in their welfare, at my request, and Mr Crerar the Deputy Surveyor, recommend that 1000 acres should be reserved for them, at the headwaters of Barney's River, to include the whole of a lake called Brown Lake, on McKay's map, and also lots Nos 12, 16, 17, 18 to the North and North-west of said lake, as shown on Mr. Crerar's plan. Will you be kind enough to bring this subject to the notice of His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor, with a view to the reservation and survey of the tract named, at as early a period as possible. I have the honour to be Yr Obed't Sev't Joseph Howe From Geo. E. Ican. Arichat Cape Breton 5th July- 1842 Honoured Sir As I find you are appointed Commissioner for Indian affairs I beg leave to submit to you my claims for taking the Census of the Indians for the County of Richmond last year: and to follow  August 16, 2017 — 11:00 am
201606152 Letter from Joseph Howe to John Whidden regarding Pictou Mi'kmaq requesting Whidden bring Dawson's recommendation for a reserve at Barneys River to the attention of the Lt. Gov. to get him to do a survey as quickly as possible., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 and are often distressed even for fuel. Mr Dawson who has kindly interested himself in their welfare, at my request, and Mr Crerar the Deputy Surveyor, recommend that 1000 acres should be reserved for them, at the head waters of Barney's River, to include the whole of a lake called Brown lake, on McKay's map, and also lots Nos. 12, 16, 17, 18 to the North and North-West of said lake, as shown on Mr Crerar's plan. Will you be kind enough to bring the subject to the notice of His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor, with a view to the reservation and survey of the tract named, at as early a period as possible. I have the honour to be yr. obedt. sert. Joseph Howe 12th Dec. 1842 --- From Geo E. Ican --- Arichat Cape Breton 5th July - 1842 Honoured Sir As I find you are appointed Commission for Indian affairs I beg leave to submit to you my claims for taking the Census of the Indians for the County of Richmond last year: and to follow  August 16, 2017 — 11:37 am
201606151 Letter from Joseph Howe to John Whidden regarding Pictou Mi'kmaq requesting Whidden bring Dawson's recommendation for a reserve at Barneys River to the attention of the Lt. Gov. to get him to do a survey as quickly as possible., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 or 100 acres which will serve for a summer residence while they pursue the shore fishery and vend their various domestic manufactures, -- this lot would also serve for training them to farming occupations to prepare them for permanent residence on their grant. I intend to get a petition to the Legislature signed by all the respectable inhabitants -- setting forth their destitute situation and praying aid to procuring the necessary land for them in Summer -- this will help to strengthen your hands in procuring a liberal grant for the service next year. I will be happy to see you here next spring -- which I hope will be as early as you can find it convenient. I am yours respectfully Jas. Dawson. --- To John Whidden Esq d. --- Sir The Pictou Indians are without any land none having been reserved for them in that County, -- though numerous they have no property to improve  August 16, 2017 — 11:19 am
201606148 "Letter from Howe to Dawson. Howe will be sending down coats and blankets for distribution to the aged, infirm and poor only. Asks Dawson to scout around to see if there is any Crown land suitable for a reserve in Pictou; if there is, there will be no diff", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 145 Answer to the foregoing. 5th Dec. 1842. My dear Sir I was in hopes to have been able to have got East this summer, but it was with a good deal of difficulty that I made out to get round the Western Counties. Early in the Spring I hope to visit the Indians in your County, - in the meantime I have directed Mignowits to send you a few Blankets and Coats, to be given to the aged and infirm, or poor families only. I wish you would let me know whether there are any Crown Lands in situations that would be suitable for them, because if there are then would be no difficulty in getting a grant or reserve of 500 or 1000 acres. Jos. Howe. From Mr Dawson Pictou 8th Dec. 1842 Hon Joseph Howe. I duly received yours of 5th inst. and a few hours after, the blankets etc. arrived, which  August 16, 2017 — 11:09 am
201606146 "Letter from Dawson to Howe asking if the Mi'kmaq of Pictou County can expect any ""Royal Bounty"" this year. Tell of the need for relief, particularly clothing. There are about 62 families: 150 individuals. Says the government must purchase or otherwise acq", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 143 From Mr Dawson. Pictou 30th Nov. 1842. Hon. J. Howe Dr. Sir I do not know whether the Indians may reasonably expect anything this year in the shape of Royal Bounty -- but those who reside here never had more need of it. The winter has set in with unusual severity and notwithstanding the generosity of the inhabitants to them, there is a great deal of destitution among them, particularly for clothing. If nothing of this sort be yet sent them from Head Quarters, it should be done without delay, as there are many invalids among them just now from age, blindness, and other infirmities, who cannot leave the camp to shift for themselves. There are about 40 or 42 families (about 150 individuals) belonging to this County at present -- and if anything be sent them, it is necessary that every one get something, this was not the case last year, and there was was much dissatisfaction in consequence -- if you send to me I shall take pleasure in endeavouring to please them all.  August 16, 2017 — 10:41 am
201606098 "Western Tour, 1842 - Joseph Howe's report on tour of western NS Mi'kmaq reserves", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 94 to build himself a House, and I promised, if he would, and would endeavor to set an example, and gather the Indians about him, to assist him to the extent of £8. In order that the exact condition of the property should be ascertained, and the proper steps be taken to secure a title, I addressed the following Letter to the nearest Surveyor. Barrington, Oct. 27, 1842. Dear Sir, Will you be kind enough to have surveyed a 200 acre lot of land on what Paul Williams has made improvements, on the Barrington Great Lake, sending me a description and plan of the same that a title may be secured, and notice given to prevent trespasses upon him. Will you also survey and mark the boundaries of 100 each for Freeman Francis and Joe Francis, on the same lake, if there is any Crown Land there, sending me a description of each lot that I may take the regular steps to secure a title. If John Paul, who lives on the upper end of the Lake, desires to have land, you will please lay off 100 acres for him, in like manner. Your Bill of expenses for the Surveys will be paid by me. If   August 16, 2017 — 10:42 am
201606097 "Western Tour, 1842 - Joseph Howe's report on tour of western NS Mi'kmaq reserves", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 93 On the Clyde there appeared to be no Indians, at present, although it is like all the other more important streams; visitted at certain seasons. [At Barrington - underlined in red] I was fortunate enough to find the larger portion of the Indians there resident in the Township, at the Harbour. These are [were - crossed out]: Paul Williams -- a Widower -- whose Children live about Liverpool Joe Francis, wife and 7 children Freeman Francis, wife and 3 children John Paul, wife and 4 children Molly Paul, and daughter -- both widows -- oldest going to marry Paul Williams A list, furnished by Dr. Geddes, who vaccinated the Indians some time ago, contains other names -- but these were all that the Indians themselves knew of them within the Township, and some of the others I had already met in other places. Indeed it is quite a common thing for Camps to be pitched in a dozen different places in the course of a season. From free conversation with Williams and some others, I learnt that [the shores of - written above so insert here] the Great Barrington, on Sabin Lake, a sheet of water some 7 miles long upon Barrington River, was their favorite residence -- here they have been for some time in the occupancy of lands, to which their title is, to say the least, doubtful, and which have been claimed by some of the whites. It appeared that the soil was stony and rough, but there was an evident anxiety to possess it Williams professed his willingness, if he could obtain a secure title  August 16, 2017 — 10:08 am
201606096 "Western Tour, 1842 - Joseph Howe's report on tour of western NS Mi'kmaq reserves", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 92 Mr James [Cullopy?], offering to pay for the children's schooling, if he could prevail on the parents to place them under his charge, and passed on. These were the only Indians that I saw or could hear of, between Liverpool and Shelburne, although I made rather an extensive tour round the Ragged Islands and other portions of the Sea Coast. At the [Roseway River - underlined in red], about 10 miles above Shelburne, a family of Indians have been settled for many years on a portion of an Island, that appears to have been granted to them, as I do not find it among the Reserves. They are popularly called Luxies, although Alexis appears to be the true name. Joe, Lewis, & John -- one (Joe) dead recently, left Squaw but no child. Lewis 3 children -- John 2 They have a Log House on the lot [and a small orchard - written above so insert here] have sometimes [raised?] 150 bushels of potatoes -- but have failed to make the most of a very desirable position, partly from their own erratic habits, and partly because, there being no power to restrain such improprieties, they have been encroached upon and injured by their neighbors. I should have visitted this place, but learned from the owner of a Saw Mill, that the Indian Men were both engaged with a lumbering party on the Jordan River, and were so far back that it might be difficult if not impossible to find them. I shall take steps to ascertain the - nature of their title -- and to [protect?] them in the quiet possession of their property. I gave Donald McKay, surveyor, at Shelburne, to run the lines of Labrador's Lot at Port Hebert, and give notice to trespassers.  August 16, 2017 — 10:28 am
201606095 "Western Tour, 1842 - Joseph Howe's report on tour of western NS Mi'kmaq reserves", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 91 there is any ungranted land in that settlement. I met two families on the road, who had left this neighborhood, and were on their way to Liverpool -- it was raining hard -- they were poorly clad -- one of the men and one young squaw evidently consumptive. I advised them to attach themselves to one of the settlements in Queens, gave them some temporary relief -- referred them to my old friend Cableal for information, and passed on. The [Tantigan?] River, a small stream, a few miles to the eastward of the Sable, is still frequented by the Beaver, an animal which in most places has become extinct. I also heard of some on the lakes back of Annapolis, 12 or 15 miles from the Valley. At [Indian River -underlined in red] I found John Meuse, his wife, and six children. Their camp was comfortable -- they lived by fishing, hunting and basket making, seemed averse to farming, and particularly the Squaw, a fine looking, intelligent, but determined woman, to any kind of education. They said they owned a tract of land at Bear River, which would be enough for the Boys. They did not want more. As four of their children were of a suitable age to receive instruction, and as there was a School within two miles of their camp, I impressed upon them the importance of education, and illustrated its value by such argument as they could readily understand Gave some relief to a Squaw who had been confined in the Camp in the absence of her husband -- Sent a message to the Schoolmaster,  August 16, 2017 — 10:50 am
201606094 "Western Tour, 1842 - Joseph Howe's report on tour of western NS Mi'kmaq reserves", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 90 The tract referred to in the latter clause of this letter it is desirable to have, as it will be required for the use of the Indians who frequent the Main Liverpool River, includes their fishing ground, some slight improvements already made, and, if not secured, will probably soon be taken up by the whites. Having closed my business in this County, I took the road to Shelburne, and regret to add that I have but little to report, that is at all satisfactory as regards the Indians that I found scattered along the whole line of Coast from Liverpool to Digby. At [Port Hebert - underlined in red] there is one family -- Joe Labrador, and his wife, Molly [Tall?] [and 8 children - written above so insert here] -- these people I saw in Liverpool, and arranged to meet them on the road and visit their place, but not getting back from Brookfield in time, missed them, and there being no road, was compelled to pass on. They complained of some encroachments, which I subsequently enquired into and endeavored to have remedied. They are in possession of a 200 acre lot, have a log house, have made some improvements, but live chiefly by the fishery Francis Labrador, his wife, and six children, I found at Sable River. Also Peter Labrador, wife and 4 children. They had snug camps, but were living after the Indian mode - owned no land -- but obtained a subsistence by fishing on the Coast and Rivers, taking moose on the barrens, and vending Baskets and other small wares. Francis expressed a wish to obtain a lot at Port Hebert, beside Joe and Molly Tall, but I am not aware that  August 16, 2017 — 10:57 am
201606093 "Western Tour, 1842 - Joseph Howe's report on tour of western NS Mi'kmaq reserves", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 89 any other more convenient public highway, and report the distance, and probable expense of making a narrow Road. Will you also measure and mark 1/3rd of an acre of land which Barnabas [Inglis] has sold to me at Pauhook, and take a warranted deed of it in my name, in trust for [Cablael] Glode and his descendants. I should also like to have 10 acres of Crown Land surveyed for the Indians below the Pauhook Bridge, and on the receipt of your Plans and description of the same I will take the proper steps to secure a title. Will you also visit the Indian Settlement on the Kedgemucoochie Lake, and lay off 100 acres of land, to each head of a family, or young man disposed to settle, sending me descriptions of the lots that I may apply for grants. As it will much aid the Indians to have a portion of meadow land I should like about 100 acres in the most convenient spots to be [?run] off, not to belong to either, but for the general use of the whole. Will you also lay off about 400 acres, on the East side of the River at the Liverpool Pauhook, to include the Indian Burial Ground and improvements there, reporting descriptions, that a title may be secured. You will please send your Bill to me, for any or all of these [Services?], and I will remit the amount. Yours truly Jos Howe Whitman Freeman  August 16, 2017 — 10:21 am
201606092 "Western Tour, 1842 - Joseph Howe's report on tour of western NS Mi'kmaq reserves", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 88 Joseph Howe and Cableal Glode engage that he shall be left free from any claim, on the part of the Indians, to the lands in his possession." Barnabas Miles, in consideration of a payment of 20 [illegible] -- to him paid this 21 day of October, by Joseph Howe, undertakes to give him a first claim Deed of 1/3rd of an acre of Land, adjoining Cole's [Southern?] Boundary. to be held for the use and benefit of Cableal Glode and his people. Jos Howe Millard Cole Barnabas Miles X Witness Samuel Hunt We walked out to Martin's, where the waggan was to meet us, and returned that night to Liverpool, having spent 5 days in this expedition into the interior of Queen's County. The following morning I spent an hour explaining my plans to Whitman Freeman Esq., an intelligent surveyor, who lives at Milton, and having [secured?] his co-operation, gave him the following letter of instructions: Liverpool, Oct. 22, 1842 Dear Sir, Will you be kind enough, at your earliest convenience, to [run?] out, and mark, in the presence of some of the Queen's Co. Indians, the general boundaries of the Indian Reserve of 1000 acres, on the Port Medway, and Pleasant Rivers. and lay off the same in 100 acres lots, giving to each, if possible, a front either on one River or the other, and marking them and the Plot by Nos. from 1 to 10, for easy reference hereafter. Will you also lay off and mark a line of road from the Reserve to the Brookfield Road, near Smith's, onto  August 16, 2017 — 10:09 am
201606091 "Western Tour, 1842 - Joseph Howe's report on tour of western NS Mi'kmaq reserves", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 87 In the neighborhood of this reserve, somewhat lower down, we visitted a place now covered with huge trees at least half a century old, but where the stones have evidently been moved by the hand of man at a period to which no man's memory now extends. The remains of a rude wall, much sunk, covered with leaves and decayed vegetable substances, and out of which old trees are growing, is easily traced. The Indian knew nothing of it -- neither did the early settlers, and neither any companions nor myself were able to satisfy ourselves by any plausible speculations as to its origin. After shooting several of the falls of the Port Medway, [operations?] which, while they tried my [nerves?] a little, tested the skill and gallantry of my conductors, we entered upon the great lake, and after a somewhat rough passage, and having inscribed our names upon a [hewable?] tree where every passenger is expected to "leave his card," we arrived at the Pauhook settlement once more _ relieved the minds of the People, by informing them that they were not on the reserved lands, and made arrangements with them for fencing and keeping sacred the Indians Burial ground, and for the purchase of 1/3 of an acre of Land, by the River side, for the use of the Indians in the fishing season[ (Miles and Coles Agreement). - underlined] X "Millard Cole engages to put a good fence round the Indian Burial Ground at Pauhook, and to leave them in undisturbed possession of it -- and  August 16, 2017 — 10:47 am
201606090 "Western Tour, 1842 - Joseph Howe's report on tour of western NS Mi'kmaq reserves", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 86 peared very anxious to better their conditions, and grateful for the attention paid to them, and I left them strongly impressed with the conviction that there is more promise of realizing the hopes and disires [desires] of the Government and Legislature in this neighborhood than any where else in the western Counties.) The remainder of the day was spent in returning to Brookfield. (2 ½ miles of Road will have to be [made?] to the Lake Settlement costing £50.) The next morning (Friday) Capt. [illegible] [?James] volunteered to accompany me down the River to the Reserved Land, which lie about a mile from the Settlement. The northern [A - crossed out] corner of this lot touches on the Port Medway, the Wild Cat River, a continuation of the the Pleasant River, which takes the more savage title after passing through the [Maleaga] Lake, runs through the southern portion, the wild meadow which skirts the reserve, along the sides of these two streams, having been either granted, or in occupation of the neighboring farmers -- Some slight trespass has been made a part of the rear by a person of the name of William Hendry -- but the greater part of it is untouched, covered with a fine growth of hard wood, and embracing a good deal of excellent soil. In the hope of making this tract of some use to the poor people for whom it was originally intended, I [have - crossed out] determined to have it surveyed, and gave [Cableal?] instructions to endeavor to leave as many of the Indians who had no permanent [Log - crossed out] houses, to it, as he could. promising him aid in proportion to his exertions, if he went to them himself and set them a good example.  August 16, 2017 — 10:09 am
201606089 "Western Tour, 1842 - Joseph Howe's report on tour of western NS Mi'kmaq reserves", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 85 a Barn if he could get hinges and nails. Abraham, who was a very intelligent person, had chopped about 4 ½ acres, and raised potatoes -- his Squaw was from Eastport, her camp was cleaner than any of the others, and there were some blue plates, and a small tea set on a shelf, looking [?more OR ever] perfect and in better order than any we saw elsewhere. Abraham and Peter live on a point which they want to have divided between them. Francis Meuse had chopped about an acre and a half, on an Island, but had made no further improvements. There are many Islands in this lake, some of them fertile and very beautiful -- but, though an Island farm requires but little fencing, and is less exposed, than one on the Main land, still, it is attended with other inconveniences, which make it rather desirable that Meuse should settle where he can have more of the Society and co-operation of his neighbors. There were two or three other clearings, or rather choppings, which we did not visit, as there was nothing new to observe, and I had got nearly all the information I required. I arranged with the Indians, to send Whitman Freeman, Esq. to lay off 100 acres for each, and referred them to Zenas Waterman and Capt. [Frank?], through whom we could correspond in future. These poor people ap-  August 16, 2017 — 10:40 am
201606088 "Western Tour, 1842 - Joseph Howe's report on tour of western NS Mi'kmaq reserves", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 84 and inspected the capabilities of the place, and the improvements already made. The latter were quite as encouraging as the former. Jeremy had chopped about 6 acres of excellent land, [burnt? - written above so insert here] cleared, fit for the harrow, about 2 acres -- and had raised a crop of potatoes, corn, and pumpkins -- he had procured stuff for a Barn 25 feet by 33. As he had set so credittable an example -- as he appeared to stand so high among the Indians, and bore an excellent character among the whites, and, as the site he had selected showed much taste and judgment, I thought it best, [in order - written above so insert here] to encourage and reward him -- to give an example to his neighbors, and a character of permanence to the settlement -- to go to the full extent of liberality authorized by the Act, and build him a house. Before leaving the neighborhood, I entered int a contract with John [Minard?] to build him a small frame house, 14 by 16, with a cellar six feet deep, [logged?] and [massed?] -- with a stone Chimney, 2 windows, a door, with 2 tables and 2 benches. The work is to be done by July 1 1843, and is to cost £25. I also agreed to furnish nails and hinges for his Barn, 25 feet by 33, when everything else was ready. ½ to be paid as work progresses. Joe Peter had also made a very good beginning -- he had chopped 4 acres -- burnt one, and raised some potatoes, and corn. He had a fowl house, and some hens -- a [slab?] camp. He was anxious to have 2 spades -- to have his land secured to him -- and promised to build  August 16, 2017 — 10:30 am
201606087 "Western Tour, 1842 - Joseph Howe's report on tour of western NS Mi'kmaq reserves", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 83 had commenced. X Jeremy's family consisted of his wife, Sally, and 6 children. His oldest daughter Molly [Oceola?], married to Ian Lewis, who was away. The other settlers on the Lake were Joe Peter, wife, and child. Francis Charles, wife, and 5 children Frances Meuse, wife and 5 children Abraham Peter, wife and 1 child John Pictou & wife Peter Glode (or [Piet?]) wife and 2 children _ and Lewis Alexis, from Shelburne, and another Indian, who were anxious to join the Settlements. Here, then, were 40 souls, in a situation, remote from the vices and temptations of towns x - with a good soil -- abundance of wood -- enough of hunting, and fishing to eke out a living till farms could be made, and I saw at once that there were many elements here which might be combined to form a little community -- indeed the Fairy Lake seemed to offer a fairer promise of improvement and civilization among the Aborigines than any place I had yet seen. In the morning we visitted nearly all the Camps -- paddled round much of the Lake, to look at the wild meadows which skirt its shores, x The [Fairy] Lake lies nearly midway between Liverpool and Queen's.  August 16, 2017 — 10:36 am
201606085 "Western Tour, 1842 - Joseph Howe's report on tour of western NS Mi'kmaq reserves", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 81 shown to them, for examination on my return, I proceeded on through Caledonia, accompanied by a party of friends, who kindly volunteered their services to escort me, in what was one of the main objects of my journey into the interior of Queen's County, a visit to the Kedgeumcooge, [Lake? - crossed out] or Fairy Lake. [Early in the spring, two Indians from this County, had visitted me in Halifax, representing their anxiety to settle, and become farmers, if they could get land. The more intelligent, John Jeremy, informed me that he had selected a spot on the Fairy Lake, but was afraid to improve, or build, until he was assured that he would not be disturbed. Ascertaining that the Crown owned the tract to which I referred, I advised him to return, proceed with his improvements, and if he appeared to evince a desire to become a proprietor, by his perseverance and industry, I would take the necessary steps to obtain a title for him. It was to visit this man, and some others who it appeared had joined him, in founding a settlement, [illegible - crossed out] that led me to the Fairy Lake. The excursion was rendered exceedingly unpleasant by the state of the weather and the lateness of the season. After riding for several hours over a very bad road, we approached the last house on the line of settlement wet with the drizzling rains. Having stabled our horses -- got some refreshment -- obtained the necessary information, and accepted the offer of the Proprietor, and his Brother, to join our party, we struck [plunged - crossed out] into the woods  August 16, 2017 — 10:29 am
201606082 "Western Tour, 1842 - Joseph Howe's report on tour of western NS Mi'kmaq reserves", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 78 education of two or three of them. I next called on Mr.Wm [illegible], an energetic and able Teacher of the principal school at Port Medway, who at once entered into the [views?] of the [Government], and expressed his readiness to use every exertion to get Paul to send his children to School, and to do justice to them should they come there. After my arrival at Liverpool I understand that some opposition had been shown by the Trustees to the introduction of the Indian Children into the School, but hope that no [illebred] prejudices will be allowed to interfere with arrangements, which promise much advantage to a very deserving family. On reaching Liverpool, I could find but two camps in the neighborhood of the town, although I learned that, at times, there were a good many. Some Indians were off the neighboring headlands, duck shooting, but most of them were in the interior. I visitted the two Camps on Saturday, and Sunday. One of the Families (that of [Mattis]) had lost a child, and were engaged in mourning, and pre- paring for the funeral + Having seemed a trusty guide to the interior _ [Cablead?] Glode _ a sober Indian of good character, I took him into the waggon and started  August 16, 2017 — 10:31 am
201606079 "Western Tour, 1842 - Joseph Howe's report on tour of western NS Mi'kmaq reserves", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 76 only a small patch, far in the woods intended to raise a few potatoes, to be dug and eaten in the hunting season. From Gold River to Mahone Bay, there are no Indians. wishing to ascertain if there were any in the interior of Lunenburg County, and see its Northern settlements, I struck into the New Cornwall Road, a busy thoroughfare, upon which most of the [?Cut] [wood] shipped at the Bay, is brought down in ox teams. For six or eight miles this Road is tolerable, and for nearly that distance is skirted, particularly about the site of an old Block House 5 miles out, with substantial houses, bespeaking very creditable industry and independence. New Cornwall is divided from New Germany by about seven miles of forest, the road through which is wretched - Cornwall has been named by a native of Falmouth, England, who resides there, and who is, I believe the only Cornishman there, the rest being Germans - New Germany [On the contrary- crossed out] contains very few Germans, most of the Inhabitants being off-shoots from the Annapolis Stock, who have made fine farms and a good road. The further extremity of this settlement brought me near the head waters of the Lahave. From hence the ride down that River, to Bridge water is very pleasant - the sail being good. There were [none - crossed out] no Indians on this route _ none or nor at Bridgewater _ nor at Lunenburg _ nor at Petite Riviere - nor at Mills village.   August 16, 2017 — 10:34 am
201606078 "Western Tour, 1842 - Joseph Howe's report on tour of western NS Mi'kmaq reserves", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 75 The Gold River has long been celebrated for its Salmon Fishery. A good many officers of the army, and others, visit it every spring. From these the Penalls have learnt the Art of Fly-fishing, dress their own flies, and annually kill as many salmon with the Rod as they formerly killed with the spear. Angling is practiced by the Indians no where else, in this Province, that I am aware of. It is probable that the Fishery on this stream will, for some years, be a valuable resource to the Indians here, but it must fail, as it has upon other Rivers, and their most certain and permanent means of living must ultimately be the land. I slept and breakfasted at old Mrs. Penall's, in whose establishment there was a strange blending of the practices of savage and civilized life. The inmates were cheerful, obliging and hospitable, and although not so scrupulously clean as one could have wished, not more negligent in this respect than some white families upon the shore. About £25 laid out judiciously at Gold River would improve the settlement much _ encourage the young people, who, if they can get some education, may be expected to exhibit more of industry and enterprise. Daniel [Dimock?], Correspondent. From Gold River I rode into the Sherbrooke Settlement 18 miles where it was said an Indian was making a clearing, but found it was   August 16, 2017 — 10:47 am
201606077 "Western Tour, 1842 - Joseph Howe's report on tour of western NS Mi'kmaq reserves", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 74 got to Gold River. I do not remember, but he is married to a Penall [25 years ago -written above so insert here] has a family, and is a smart intelligent fellow. He speaks both languages fluently, and would not be taken for an Indian if not seen among them. Tom entered quite into my [views?]. He had a distinct recollection of Mr. Bromley's exertions, and attributed to them all the little improvements that had been made by the Indians, either at Gold River or any where else. He has sons grown, and was himself young looking and well dressed. He stated that he had been improving 50 acres of land on the west Branch of the Lahave, which had been surveyed for him by Morris of this he was most anxious to attain a grant. He stated that there were some wild meadows about 9 miles up the Gold River which the Indians had cut for 8 or 10 years, and of which he thought they ought to have a grant. The cultivation here was not very extensive. [and - crossed out] Potatoes were raised on about an acre of the Upland, and Hay on nearly the whole extent of the Interval. There were several head of cattle on the premises, and perhaps six tons of Hay in the Barns. With a little exertion, and some occasional aid, this settlement may be enlarged, and much improved. As there were a good many children and young people about it. I made an arrangement with Mr. Daniel [Killiard?], a Schoolmaster in the neighborhood, to teach them, and endeavored to impress upon their minds, the importance of acquiring the rudiments of our language, and some acquaintances with Arithmetic  August 16, 2017 — 10:50 am
201606076 "Western Tour, 1842 - Joseph Howe's report on tour of western NS Mi'kmaq reserves", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 73 a very old woman, almost blind and helpless, who lived in a camp, on the western side, whose husband & children are all dead. John has a large family, some dead, but some married and most of them, living about the River. He had recently moved his house, from the [Interval?] on the eastern side to the upland on the western side. It had been somewhat shattered in the journey, and was filled with hay, serving for a Barn instead of a Dwelling, the family living in a camp beside the very productive eel wear [weir] already referred to. As it [seemed] a pity that his House should be deserted, [and - written above so insert here] a step backwards [should be -crossed out] made by John's family. I impressed upon him the importance of repairing it, and promised him assistance to the extent of £10 or £12 to be laid out on the Building, to build a chimney and [illegible] windows [Joe - his oldest Son, was in the woods - John, a young fellow, was at home. - crossed out] The other House was occupied by the widow of Francis Penall. It [illegible - crossed out], contains one large kitchen, with a garret chamber over head, with a stone chimney and a large stove in the center of the former. The family consisted of two men - John in the woods - Joe, a smart young fellow, neatly dressed like a white. The old Squaw, and two young ones. Joe expressed an anxiety to build a new Barn. The old ones [being?] out of repair, and like lay buildings every where, when decayed, not worth repairing, and I promised to provide him with nails and hinges, for which he seemed very thankful. Here I found Tom Hammond, a half Breed, whose father was from Marlow in England, married a Squaw at Gaspé, where Tom was born. How he  August 16, 2017 — 10:29 am
201606074 "Western Tour, 1842 - Joseph Howe's report on tour of western NS Mi'kmaq reserves", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 71 Western Tour. 1842. l left Town on the 8th of Oct. to inspect the Indian Settlements to the westward?] and to ascertain, from actual observation, the condition of the people, the value and capabilities of their lands _ to hold personal communication with the leading men _ make arrangements with Schoolmasters, and open such correspondence with intelligent people in their neighborhood as might be useful hereafter. In passing round the head of Margaret's Bay. I re-visitted the reserve at Ingraham's River found but one Camp the family tending an Eel wear, a simple Contrivance, by which a shallow part of the River is fenced with small stakes and boughs, converging to a point in the center, at which is fixed a long wicker basket into which the Eels are carried. They are then pierced by a painted stick and hung up in the sun to dry. As these fish came down the Rivers in great quantities in the autumn, many are taken (at Gold River they had 8 or 10 Barrels) and, boil'd with Potatoes, they are a valuable resource in the winter. A crop of potatoes had been raised on the small garden spots cleared at this reserve, but the fences were not much better than in the spring, and no more land cleared. The men were in the woods calling Moose. At Chester I had an interview with Tobias Cook and his wife, in the presence of Smith in whose custody the Note of Hand had been left, when a Deed was taken of Indian Point. Smith stated that no money was paid that he knew, but, that after the death of Joe Paul, Cook demanded the Note, saying it was paid, and received it under these circumstances. I was inclined to believe there had been fraud, and gave Cook to understand that  August 16, 2017 — 10:23 am
201606075 "Western Tour, 1842 - Joseph Howe's report on tour of western NS Mi'kmaq reserves", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 72 he must be prepared to pay something for [quiet?] possession, perhaps £50, the place being worth now £500. He seemed disposed to compromise, provided the terms of payment were made easy, but I did not feel authorized to close with him without the consent of the heirs. Perhaps £30 would be got, and satisfy all parties. At Chester I was fortunate enough to meet the Rev. [Mr?] [Doyle?], C.P. whose mission extends over Lunenburg & Queens, he rode out with me to Gold River, put me in Communication with the Indians there, and promised to use his influence throughout his Parish, to induce them to send their Children to school, and take my advice. From Ingraham's to Gold River [23 miles - written above so insert here] there is no Indian settlement, although they frequent Hubbard's and Eastern River, which lie between, at certain seasons. *The Gold River settlement is the first and almost the only one, to be found on the whole south western shore, where any thing like an approach to settled residences combined with some agricultural improvement is perceptible. Two Houses were built here about 24 years ago, under the Superintendence of Mr. [Brownley?], and Barns were subsequently erected, the Indians being assisted by a [legislature] grant for that specific purpose. The Reserves here, embrace 40 acres of land, and the eastern side of the River, chiefly interval, skirting the margin of the River for about a quarter of a mile above and below the Bridge, over which the Post Road passes, and 960 acres on the western side of the River. Old Penall, the father of this family, died some years ago, (25) at the advanced age of 95. Of 3 sons and 2 daughters, who were born to him, but two remain, John Penall, who is the local Chief or head of the family, and Mary Penall,  August 16, 2017 — 10:14 am
201606177 "Letter from Moses Perley, Indian Commissioner of Saint John, NB, to Howe regarding Howe's report and the state of the Mi'kmaq on PEI.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 St John 8th February 1843 Sir, I take the liberty of soliciting from you, the favour of a copy of Your Report on Indian Affairs, which I learn has been submitted to the Assembly. Nothing has been done in Indian Affairs during the past year, in this Province, the Executive having neither means or credit for that or any other special purpose; a comparatively small sum would sufficient for the survey of the extensive Indian Reserves, and render them available, yet so desirable an object could not be affected. In June last year I visited Prince Edward Island, and during a fortnight's stay, succeeded in making a complete list of all the Micmacs on the Island. The result is this: Men 60, Women 60, Boy's 94; Girls 81, Total 295 souls, while at Lennox Island, the principal Indian Settlement, I had much conversation the heads of the Tribe. The Honble Joseph Howe Commissioner for Indian Affairs in Nova Scotia  August 14, 2017 — 4:45 pm
201606305 "Permission to pass given to Ambroise St. Aubin, Chief of St. Johns River", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (22. S O H Y S 1 Permitt the bearer Ambroise St. Aubin Chief of the Indians of St Johns River to return there without any hinderance or protestation. And all persons are hereby requir'd to give him all necessary and proper [aid & - written above so insert here] assistance on his Journey [illegible signature] and address note crossed out   August 6, 2017 — 2:48 pm
201606306 "Permission to pass given to Ambroise St. Aubin, Chief of St. Johns River", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [Pass?] to St. Aubin Chief of the St Johns Indians 7 Sept 1765  August 6, 2017 — 2:32 pm
201607205 Letter from H.S. Pineo of Pugwash to William Chearnley requesting blankets and other aid for Mi'kmaq in the vicinity of Pugwash., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Wm. Chearnley Esqr. Indian Commissioner Halifax 18[remaining date missing Indian Commissioner Pugwash application for [Plan] [Nets] pugwash JA 19 1857 [stamped date] NS JA 23 1857 [2nd stamped date]   August 1, 2017 — 3:16 pm
201607204 Letter from H.S. Pineo of Pugwash to William Chearnley requesting blankets and other aid for Mi'kmaq in the vicinity of Pugwash., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 94 Pugwash 19th February 1857. Dear Sir There appears to be in this neighbourhood Five families of destitute Indians who are suffering for want of Blankets and cloathing. One of these Alex B.Thomas who appears to be the chief speaker at present [implored?] my aid in writing to make you acquainted as to their suffering condition and states at the same time that they resided last winter in the Neighbourhood of [Amherst] and are making a similar application to the Revd. George Townsend that Gentleman wrote to the Commissioner at Halifax stating their wants. And that in Return one or two pair of Blankets [for each family - written above so insert here] was sent to them by coach at the expense of the Government; I have therefore taken the liberty of addressing you on their behalf, knowing them to be very needy and If you feel Justified in Sending a pair or two of Blankets for each to my Care they will be dealt out according to your directions. I have the Sheweth to be your obt. servant H S Pineo To Wm Chearnley Esqr. [Esquire] Indian Commissioner [the following is written on the left side edge of the page] Please [excuse] the liberty taken being a perfect stranger. I [never] had such an application before but [some] truly say they are suffering  August 1, 2017 — 3:22 pm
201606296 Act to prevent any private Trade or Commerce with the Indians and ?An Act for Continuing an Act entitled an Act to revent any private Trade or Commerce with the Indians.? 1760 and 1761., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 The [King?] Indian Trade  July 16, 2017 — 11:16 pm
201606295 Act to prevent any private Trade or Commerce with the Indians and ?An Act for Continuing an Act entitled an Act to revent any private Trade or Commerce with the Indians.? 1760 and 1761., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 transmitted from Nova Scotia received one intituled An Act for continuing an Act entitled an Act to prevent any private Trade or Commerce with the Indians whereby the former Act is made perpetual, We think it Our Duty humbly to propose to your Majesty that both the said Acts may receive your Majesty's Royal Disallowance Which is most humbly submitted Sandys Andrew Stone John York Whitehall June 23d. 1761   July 16, 2017 — 11:34 pm
201606447 Letter from James Fulton with a report of the state of the Mi'kmaq in the district of Colchester., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (64. Londonderry March 20th_ 1801 Gentlemen In compliance with Your Instructions of the 23d of January. I have Carefully taken an Account of all the Indians in this district at present; Except what may be at Tatamagush which I suppose [?Mr] Waugh Will return. I shall observe to comunicate the account as Directed but has not as Yet received - any from Cumberland Tatamagush or Pictue [Pictou]. I have heard nothing of any Indians in this Quarter suffering for want of substance during the Winter and therefore did not think it necessary to give them anything on government account. It is my opinion that if a Provential Bounty was given them for Killing Bears, it is the [business] the would most Incline to follow, and would be beneficial to the Inhabitants, Especially New Settlements. I am Gentlemen with Sentiments of due respect. Your Most Obedient Humble Servant James Fulton Hon[orabl]es. James [?Bunton] Charles Morris Michael Wallace } Esquires   July 8, 2017 — 8:42 pm
201606448 Letter from James Fulton with a report of the state of the Mi'kmaq in the district of Colchester., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [written vertically right lower corner] James [Fulton] Londonderry 20 march 1801 with a Report of the state of the Indians in the district of Colchester  July 8, 2017 — 8:45 pm
201606822 Letter from Crawley to George regarding his hope to soon complete all the 4 of survey for Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton. He notes that there appears to be some difference in the amount of land to be laid out at what is now the Chapel Island reserve. Families the, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (185 Dear Sir I hope to complete, in a short time, all the Returns of Survey for the Indians; but I must beg you to represent to the President that I have caused to be laid out, for the Indians settled about five miles from St. Peters. 1280 Acres which includes all I ever heard that they claimed; that if a Tract was laid out in proportion to the number of their families it would extend to 5000 acres more in the rear of this settlement, require several difficult surveys and greatly exceed my estimate of expenses, and moreover, would in my opinion, be useless to those for whose benefit it is intended, who depend more on the produce of the stores] than on that of the soil - Mr. McNab representing that it was with much difficulty he obtained their assistance; the provisions intended to enable them to proceed with him being [?denounced] by their families who were in a state of absolute starvation, the effect of a too ardent devotion to the juice of the [?cane]_ _ I begin to feel the want of some of the surveys of Roads which I had not time to copy before I forwarded them to your Office - I have in preparation Returns of Lots, near the Strait of Barra  July 6, 2017 — 2:23 pm
201606998 Notice to trespassers on Mi'kmaq reserves. 01/05/1837, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Notice To Trespassers on Indian Reserves Provincial Secretary's Office, Halifax, 1st May, 1837 Whereas, a number of persons, among whom are - Angus McKay, George Munroe, the Widow McKay, Malcolm McLeod, Alexander McDonald, Charles McKenzie, Malcolm McAulay, Alexander McKenzie and Charles McKenzie, under the alleged authority of Tickets of Location, assigning to them lots in the rear or neighbourhood of a tract of Land reserved for the Indians at Wagamatcook, in the County of Cape-Breton, and under a pretended ignorance of the limits of the said tract, have seated themselves on, and are now in the occupation of, Lands comprised within the said reservation, though the lines or bounds of the same, as traced and marked by order of the Government, are clearly discernible; and though these persons might have easily ascertained, (as they ought to have done,) by employing a Surveyor, the exact position of the lots intended for them: And whereas, His Excellency the Lieutenant-Governor is determined to protect the Indians against all persons who shall unjustly and cruelly usurp or interfere with their rightful property, whether situated at Wagamatcook aforesaid, or at Whycocomagh, or any other part of the Island of Cape-Breton. His Excellency, therefore, is hereby pleased to command all persons to abstain from extending their clearings, or cutting wood of any kind on the said Indian Reserve at Wagamatcook, or on any other Indian Reserve. And NOTICE is hereby given, that, from and after the 1st day of July next, all persons settled on any Indian Reserve, and not having obtained permission to remain thereon, under the Hand and Seal of the Lieutenant-Governor, will be required to quit such Reserve, under penalty of immediate prosecution; that every person whom His Excellency may be pleased to allow to remain on any such Reserve, will be made to pay a rent for the benefit of the Indians—the amount thereof to be fixed by His Excellency, and paid into the hands of such person as His Excellency shall appoint to receive it,—that persons permitted to remain on any Indian Reserve, will not be allowed to continue their improvements, and that to guard against any extension of them, a competent person will be employed to take a list of all persons now settled on every Indian Reserve, and to survey each clearing now made thereon;—His Excellency's intention being, not to sanction their permanent residence on the Lands on which they have intruded, but merely to allow them to occupy the houses which they have built for a certain number of years, (to be specified in His Excellency's License,) in order that they may have time to prepare their own lots, (and which they are hereby directed to cause to be immediately laid out by a Surveyor,) for the reception of their families. If, after this notice, any person shall dare to settle on any Indian Reserve, or to extend his improvements, or to cut timber, or commit any other act of depredation thereon, such offender will be prosecuted by His Majesty's Attorney General, and punished with the utmost rigour of the Law. By His Excellency's Command, Rupert D. George.  July 1, 2017 — 8:48 pm
201607185 Letter to John Compton [?] regarding relief money for seed purchase for the Mi'kmaq of Shubenacadie. Requests that he accompany Michael Thomas of Shubenacadie to McNabs store and to see Thomas receives the ten pounds., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Father [Hannan] to Mr Compton ---------  June 26, 2017 — 7:27 pm
201607183 Letter to John Compton [?] regarding relief money for seed purchase for the Mi'kmaq of Shubenacadie. Requests that he accompany Michael Thomas of Shubenacadie to McNabs store and to see Thomas receives the ten pounds., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Is unwell and unable to come to Halifax. But he requests that the money be given to the [bearer]. Mich[ae]l. Thomas a most trustworthy Indian in whose distribution of the money for the purposes mentioned he places the utmost reliance. If you would be good enough to accompany him to the Hon [?Mr OR Sir] McNabs and see that he gets this sum I will feel much obliged by you. I am  June 26, 2017 — 7:14 pm
201606055 "Letter from John Spry Morris to Joseph Howe regarding white encroachment on Mi'kmaq land at Indian Point, Lunenburg County", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 are done with them. I have the honor to be Sir your obedient servant John Spry Morris Hon Joseph Howe From W. Smith Chester 17th June, 1862 [1842?] To Hon Joseph Howe Dear Sir This day I received yours dated 6th May, concerning what I know about the land at Indian Point, the property of Tobias Cook. All that I know concerning it is that when Joseph Paul the Indian delivered the Deed to Tobias Cook there was no money paid. A note of hand was given of ten pounds the consideration money mentioned in the Deed. Joseph Paul delivered the note to me to keep until payment was made. J. Paul made no complaint to me that he had not received payment on the note. After his decease Tobias Cook demanded the note from me. I asked him which way he had paid the amount of the note, he said in goods, provision, and money, and he Cook being an illiterate man he could neither read nor write and could not keep any account. I took his verbal word and no heirs making any appearance after some years I gave up the note to Cook. The land at that time was uncultivated, and as to the value of it I cannot ascertain. There was no cultivation there to my knowledge until Cook made the first improvement. Yours truly James Smith [Sert]  June 17, 2017 — 4:30 pm
201606373 Copy of letter from the Committee of His Majesty's Council and House of Assembly regarding supplied for the relief of distressed Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 degree by your situation enforcing, that such a system may in a short time be adopted, as will more effectively serve the poor creatures, and relieve the Government from their constant importunities; and the Committe will in that event have great satisfaction in reporting to the Legislature, the beneficial effects of your Agency, so as to intitle you to its consideration. Enclosed you have an invoice of the articles sent from hence, with a receipt for their shipment, which I hope you will soon receive in safety. To Edward Irish. and Timothy [Hurlipy?] [illegible] Esqr. At Antigonish Sydney County  June 1, 2017 — 10:52 pm
201606372 Copy of letter from the Committee of His Majesty's Council and House of Assembly regarding supplied for the relief of distressed Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 highly probable the Indians may be induced to collect in the county of Sydney and your neighbourhood the present winter. This disposition the Committe would rather wish to have encouraged, than opposed; since it is much to be desired that the Indians should be kept as far from the capital as possible; where, although they may obtain temporary relief from Individuals, are eventualy much injured, and rendered dissolute by the too easy access to strong liquors; and besides, the Committe are of opinion, that the Eastern parts of the Province are the most suitable for their ultimate settlement, should they be reclaimed to Habits of Industry. It is the Desire of the Committe, that a correct account may be keept, in a Book for that purpose, of the name of each Head of a family, and the Individual of the family that receive aid from your hands, also the quality and quantity of each article in a separate column; a copy of which you will have the goodness to transmit to me, as soon as the season opens, and your supply in consequence thereof discontinued. The Committe are sensible Gentlemen, that they are imposing a public duty upon you, without any means of Compensation, which in its nature must be attended with much trouble, but they trust that your own humane and benevolent feelings will apologise for them, since you will no doubt consider it as taking a share in relieving the distresses of an Unfortunate Class of the Human species, whose wants are in a great measure occasioned by ourselves. Who have dispossessed them of their native soil and means of subsistance. The Committe however flatter themselves, that from your humane and active attention to this Business, with the salutary advice and Example you are capable of giving, and in some degree  June 1, 2017 — 10:09 pm
201606374 Copy of letter from the Committee of His Majesty's Council and House of Assembly regarding supplied for the relief of distressed Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Copy of letter from the Committee of His Majesty's Council and House of Assembly to Ed: Irish and Timothy W. Hurliky -10 [durm?] 1800 with supplys for the relief of District ed [distrupted?] Indians  June 1, 2017 — 10:10 pm
201606408 Report of Joint Committee for Indians with the circular letter to comprising members regarding a list of queries about the Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 14th. Could it poſſible to induce any of the Indians to go in fiſhing boats or veſſels, either by purchaſing ſhares in boats for them, ſupporting their Families during their abſence, cloathing their young men, or any other means? The forgoing queries appear eſſential to our object, and we requeſt as particular anſwers as from your own knowledge, or the information of others, you may be enabled to return. At the ſame time we wiſt you to recur to the Report of the Committee in page of the Journals of the Lower Houſe of Aſſembly for the laſt ſeſſion, as explanatory of the views of the Legiſlature on this ſubject; and will be thankful to you for any other information or obſervations which may tend to enable us to promote its benevolent intentions. We Remain with Reſpect, [J Bientoy] Charles Morris Junr_ Mich. Wallace [illegible] [Longy?] P.S. As an exact Return of the Number of the Indian belonging to the Province is eſſential to any accurate calculation of the experience of the ſettling them, it would be very deſirable that each Gentlemen to whom this Letter, is addreſſed, (a liſt of whom is ſubjoined), would fend to the one next him, on each hand, a Copy of his Return of the Number of the Indians, and to tranſmit to us the Copies he may receive, with Obſervations that occur, tending to produce the correctneſs wiſhed for.   May 31, 2017 — 9:39 pm
201606407 Report of Joint Committee for Indians with the circular letter to comprising members regarding a list of queries about the Mi'kmaq., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 48½ HALIFAX, 23d January, 1801 SIR, In performance of the duty aſſigned to us by the two Houſes of the General Aſſembly; of which we form a joint Committee, and with the approbation of His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor., we take leave to ſubmit to your conſideration the following Queries, intended to procure information neceſſary for us to form ſome plan for the ſet- tlement of the Indians, to be laid before the Legiſlature at its next meeting. 1st. What is the number of Indians who uſually reſort to the Be pleaſed to ſlate the name of the head of the Family ; alſo, (for further diſtinction), that borne by his Father, the number of Males and of Females above 12 years, and the Children ; with a ſhort obſervation as to the character of the head of the family, whether ſorber or drunken, honeſt or notoriouſly otherwiſe. 2d. Who are the Indians, (if any) who appear to have the moſt aſcendancy or influ- ence over the reſt ? 3d. Are there any who made attempts, or ſhewn diſpoitions to fettle, or who have taken up Trades ? be pleaſed to diſtinguiſh theſe by name. 4th. Are there any white perſons in the who under- ſtand the Indian language, or have a particular influence amongſt the Indians ? 5th. To what Prieſt do the Indians of reſort for confeſſion and abſolution ; and can you ſtate how often they leave their uſual places of abode in general for this purpoſe ? 6th. What Lands are there in the ſuitable for the ſettlement of the Indians who uſally reſort to that whether the same are ungranted, liable to eſcheat for want of improvement, or attainable by purchaſe ? Should there be different ſituations under any of theſe circumſtances, be pleaſed to point them out, and to deſcribe the quality of thoſe Lands, their diſtance from water-carriage; roads, and hunting grounds, their Timber and other productions. 7th. Whether theſe Lands, or their neighbourhood, afford materials for Staves, Hoops, Shingles, Clapboard, Oar Rafters, Handſpikes and Laths, and what market would there be for thoſe articles in cafe the Indians could be induced to manufacture them? 8th. What Fiſheries, whether for exportation, or merely for ſubſiſtence of ſettlers, (as Eels in winter) are there in the neighbourhood? 9th. At what price can Potatoes be purchaſed at the ſeaſon for gathering them delivered at ſuch Lands? 10th. At what expence be Huts be conſtructed, ſay 20 by 16 feet, of logs, roofed with Bark or other cheap materials, with ſtone and mud Chimneys, ſuppoſing the Indians affiting? 11th. What is the average price for clearing an Acre of Land fit for the Hoe? 12th. Can Wool, Flax, and Wheels be procured for employing the Indian Women, ſuppoſing them excited to induſtry ; and can perſons be had to inſtruct them in Spinning and Knitting ? 13th. Could any of the Indians, while receiving aſſiſtance from Government be induced to place ſome of their Children in the Families of the neighbouring ſettlers, to learn our domeſtic arts ; and would the ſettlers, for ſmall Premiums receive and inſtruct them?   May 31, 2017 — 9:46 pm
201607038 "Letter from Gesner to Howe, Provincial Secretary, regarding the application of Francis and Joseph Paul for land at Musquodoboit at the mouth of Ship Harbour Lake, also regarding the Mi'kmaq settlement at Ponhook, the Luxie family occupation of land on She", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 can be applied without a survey. A dam has been built on the reserve at Ingraham's river, and the water [?flows OR grows] a tract of wild meadow on the Indian land; trespasses are also committed, and disputes have arisen that can only be settled by making a survey of the land. In all these particulars I beg leave to seek the aid and direction of the Government with every desire on my part to protect and assist the unfortunate people under my charge. I have the honor to be Sir Your Most Obedient humble Servant A. Gesner Com: Indian Affairs [Hon]: Joseph Howe Provincial Secretary &c &c  May 31, 2017 — 8:35 pm
201607037 "Letter from Gesner to Howe, Provincial Secretary, regarding the application of Francis and Joseph Paul for land at Musquodoboit at the mouth of Ship Harbour Lake, also regarding the Mi'kmaq settlement at Ponhook, the Luxie family occupation of land on She", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 The spot applied for is an old resort of those people and their ancestors, and so far as I can discover the land has never been granted. The situation is favorable for their support, and as the petitioners and others associated with them have begun to direct their attention to agriculture I beg leave to suggest the propriety of reserving 500, or 1000 acres of land for the use of the Indians at the place described in their petition, and of making a survey of the tract with as little delay as possible. The Indians occupy and cultivate a small tract at the Ponhook in the County of Liverpool. Their only tittle [title] appears to be [long] [?possession]. Encroachments are made upon this land and serious difficulties have arisen between the natives and the whites. The [Luxie] family have long occupied a small tract on the Shelburne River at the head of Long Island, and by their labor it has been rendered capable of yeilding [yielding] a rent; but the encroachment made by the neighbouring settlers threaten to deprive them of the last acre of their inheritance, and no remedy can   May 31, 2017 — 8:25 pm
201607278 "Account of Dr. Henry G. Farish of Liverpool for medical attendances on Mary Cobliel, with statement of support and petition to the House of Assembly for remuneration.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 118 Liverpool Jany 28. 1861. Surgical attendance furnished to Indian by Henry G. Farish M.D. 1860. March 24. To visit 11 miles and setting compound and comminuted fracture of leg for Mary Cobliel } $20.00 March 28 to May 20 } To 10 visits semiweekly and adjusting splints and re-dressing wounds at $4.00 per visit being 2/3 of the charge of an ordinary visit } $40.00 ------------ $60.00  May 31, 2017 — 8:06 pm
201607279 "Account of Dr. Henry G. Farish of Liverpool for medical attendances on Mary Cobliel, with statement of support and petition to the House of Assembly for remuneration.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Liverpool N.S. Jany 28. 1861. Queens County. We the Overseers of the Poor for the Township of Liverpool do certify that Dr. Henry G. Farish has been authorized by us to attend the Indian mentioned in annexed account. John [May?] William Jackson Alexander [Cowie?] Lewis A. Sponagle Henry G. Farish of Liverpool in the County of Queen's and Province of Nova Scotia Physician & Surgeon, maketh oath and saith that the annexed account for services to the Indian of Queens' County is just and true, and that the Charges in said account do not exceed the usual charge made by him in his profession Sworn before me at Liverpool } Henry G. Farish this 29 day of Jany 1861 } Samuel T N [?Sellon] J.P.   May 31, 2017 — 8:23 pm
201607280 "Account of Dr. Henry G. Farish of Liverpool for medical attendances on Mary Cobliel, with statement of support and petition to the House of Assembly for remuneration.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Liverpool January 28th 1861 To the Honorable the House of Assembly in general session at present convened The petition of Henry G. Farish of Liverpool in the County of Queen's and Province of Nova Scotia Physician humbly sheweth that your petitioner has been employed professionly during the past year to attend to the Indian named in above account, that owing to the severity of the accident, the want of every convenience and comfort, and the utter unmanageableness of the patient it was absolutely necessary for the petitioner to make many more visits than would be required in an ordinary case, to replace the broken ends of the bones & render other assistance Your petitioner therefore humbly prays that your Honorable House will take his annexed account into consideration and cause the same to be passed and as is duty bound your petitioner will ever pray Henry G. Farish  May 31, 2017 — 8:53 pm
201607392 "Letter from Henry G. Farish, Liverpool, to the House of Assembly regarding his account for medical attendances on sick Mi'kmaq. Memorandum of services visits and medicines rendered to sick Mi'kmaq of Queens County by the same.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 139 To the Honorable House of Representatives of the People of Nova Scotia in Parliament Assembled the humble Memorial of Alexander Lane M.D.R.N. humbly sheweth that your humble Memorialist on the 25th day of December 1863 was suddenly called upon to visit Lewis Hammond an Indian, by his wife, stating that she supposed that he was in a dying state_ that your Memorialist immmediately visited the said Lewis Hammond and found him afflicted with a large Carbuncle occupying the back of the head and nape of the neck, accompanied by [Phrenitis?] _ that your Memorialist by active Surgical exertions saved his life and attended him until final recovery - that from the suddenness of the call your Memorialist was of course unable to get an order from the overseers of the Poor and that had he waited until they could have been [focused?] as they were all away at a distance at their usual Avocations, the poor man's life would have been lost _ that as soon as they, the overseers and Rate payers met for the discharge of their Official duties, your Memorialist laid his claim before them for remuneration - that it was rejected by a Majority who refused to Tax themselves for such a purpose_ Your humble Memorialist seeing thereby that he could not afford to lose his Time and Medicine when called upon in cases of Emergency to attend upon Indians, even for the providing against which your humble Memorialist believes there is no special Act of Parliament, your humble Memorialist humbly solicits the generous consideration of your  May 31, 2017 — 8:56 pm
201607391 "Letter from Henry G. Farish, Liverpool, to the House of Assembly regarding his account for medical attendances on sick Mi'kmaq. Memorandum of services visits and medicines rendered to sick Mi'kmaq of Queens County by the same.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Memorandum of services visits and medicines rendered to sick and indigent Indians of Queens County by Henry G. Farish M. D of Liverpool. 1864 $ Feb 23 | Frances Meuse | To visit 3 miles $1.00 [illegible] .60 | 1 | 60 24 | " | " visit 3 miles 1.00 [illegible] .25 [illegible] .30 | 1 | 55 [Mch] 19 | Jos. Gloud | " visit 3 miles 1.00 [illegible] .30 [illegible] & salt 40 | 1 | 70 " | Toney | [illegible] expectorant [illegible] .60 [illegible] [illegible] .60 | 1 | 20 Apr 11 | " | vt. 3 miles 1.00 [illegible] .25 [illegible] .60 | 1 | 85 | | [illegible] 25 | | 25 28 | Maltie | vt. 3 miles 1.00 [illegible] expectorant illegible] .60 [illegible] .25 | 1 | 25 June 3 | Gloud | Attendance on wife 2 miles. | 4 | 00 15. | " | vt 2 miles 1.00 [illegible] digitalis [illegible] .60 | 1 | 60 July 15 | Toney. | [illegible] .60 [illegible] .30 | | 90 Aug 10 | " | vt. 3 miles 1.00 [illegible] .25[illegible] 40 | 1 | 65 11 [illegible] | vt. 2 miles .80 [illegible] .60 | 1 | 40 " | Gloud | [illegible] 40 | | 40 Sep 14 | Davis | visit 3 miles 1.00 [illegible] .25 [illegible] .10 | 1 | 35 Oct 17 | Toney | [illegible] 60 | | 60 " | " | [illegible] .30 | | 30 Nov 12 | " | visit 3 miles 1.00 [illegible] 60 | 1 | 60 | [illegible] | vt. 3 miles 1.00 [illegible] 40 | 1 |40 Dec 25 | " | [illegible] 80 [illegible] 40 | 1 | 20 27 | Maltie | [illegible] 3 miles 1.00 [illegible] 25 [illegible] 30 | 1 | 55 29 | " | [Mint] Spices [illegible] & [Magnus] Sulphite | | 70 -------------- $ 28 | 05 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- I Henry G. Farish maketh oath that the charges in the above account are moderate & reasonable and not more than are usually made in [his - crossed out] ordinary attendance on the Poor. Sworn before me at Liverpool this 1st February day of 1865 } Henry G. Farish Robt Roberts [JP.]  May 31, 2017 — 8:13 pm
201607390 "Letter from Henry G. Farish, Liverpool, to the House of Assembly regarding his account for medical attendances on sick Mi'kmaq. Memorandum of services visits and medicines rendered to sick Mi'kmaq of Queens County by the same.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 138 To the Honorable the House of Assembly The petition of Henry G. Farish Humbly sheweth that your petitioner is a Medical Practitioner in the Town of Liverpool. County of Queens, and that during the past year your petitioner has had many calls to attend upon and furnish medicines to sick and indigent Indians, the amount of such services and medicines rendered your petitioner herewith annexes amounting in all to twenty eight dollars & 5 cts _ and your petitioner feeling that your Honorable House has on former occasions granted similar renumeration to medical men for services and medicines humbly prays that he may be allowed the amount of his Bill and in duty bound your petitioner will ever remain &c &c Henry G. Farish  May 31, 2017 — 7:39 pm
201606486 Names of Mi'kmaq ?belonging to? Kings County and supplies given to them in 1800., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Recd. from Michael Wallace Treasurer of the Province Nineteen pounds Eleven Shillings & nine pence in [full] of [illegible] [annexed?] account --------------------- Halifax July 17 1801 Jonathan Crane   May 29, 2017 — 12:40 pm
201606485 Names of Mi'kmaq ?belonging to? Kings County and supplies given to them in 1800., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [illegible ] [illegible] 11 . 3. 8 4 Bush.Potatoes 8/. [illegible] 4/. Salt 3/9. 15.9 Peter Francis ------------------------------- 28 1lb Powder 4/6 [illegible] 1/6 Blanket 12/6 --- 18. 6. Magdalen [?Lagore OR Legou] his wife 27 3 ½ yards Flannel 10/6. Tobacco 1/6 ------ 12 - 1 young child -------------------------- Thread 4? 14yd blue cloth .9/6. 14/3 ---- 14.7 Powder & [Shott?] --------------------------------- 7 - Magdalen Legou } ---------------- 65 4 Bush. Potatoes 8/. [Fish] 2/ --------- 10 Molly --- -- -- } 2 children 17 2 ½ yards blue cloth . 9/6 ------------------- 1 . 3 . 6. Sally -- -- -- } 19 2 ½ yards Flannel -------------------------- 7 . 6 Combs Tobacco & Thread -------------------- 4 . 6. 1 axe ---------------------------------------------------- 7 . 6 100 Gaspereau Fish ---------------------------- 4 . 3 1 pair Scissars ------------------------------------ 1 . 6. Some of these Indians wander in Cumberland County &c &c [written on left edge of page] Francis Nogood ------------------- 75 .4 yards Cloth ------------------ 5 /. S ~~~ John Wilmot ------------------------ 45 1 Bush. Corn --------------- 7 . 3 Daniel Toney -------------------- 40 3 ½ Pecks of Corn ---------- 6 . 3 Joseph Penhall Knife 2/. needles 1/. ----------- 3 ~ 2 Bush. Potatoes ---------------- 5 ~ --------------------- Joseph Nogood ---------- 19. 11 . 9 3 New Axes ready but not deld. [delivered] 1 . 10 35 __ 1 36 Halifax June 20th. 1801 Personally appeared Jonathan Crane and made Oath to the above and foregoing account, and that the said articles were delivered as before stated and that [they - crossed out] [said Indians - written above so insert here] were in real distress of want of said articles ___ Before me J.W. Schwartz J.P. [N.B.?] besides the above Charged have Given £5 _ at [best] [value] in provisions not charged _   May 29, 2017 — 12:32 pm
201606893 "Handwritten notes, possibly of Joseph Howe, regerding relief in the 18th century. Notes may be taken from Executive Council minutes.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 28th - June 1779 - D 454 - --------------- A tract of land, two miles square on the [Stewiac?], ordered to be granted to the Indians, - adjoining Lord [Egmonts?] lands. Grant to be made to Mr_ Franklin and [Paul] [Pemmey?] write /an Indian/ in [trust] ---------------- 20th_ Nov: 1780 __ Expenses incurred for the benefit of Indians, amounting to £ 359-17 ordered to be paid. -------------------- 30th_ August 1799 ----------------------- Indians accounts for nearly six years examined and found correct, amtg [amounting] to £ 2945 - -------------------------  May 29, 2017 — 11:48 am
201606892 "Handwritten notes, possibly of Joseph Howe, regerding relief in the 18th century. Notes may be taken from Executive Council minutes.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 196 11th June 1766 - C. 589 The Commander in Chief laid before the Council [an address?] from the House of Assembly setting [forth] the inability of the Province Funds to supply a [sum] of money for purchasing the Presents for which the [several] [Tribes] of Indians had lately applied - And it was advised that a list of necessary presents be laid before the Council, and directions given for the purchase of [them] of which information should be given to the Lords of Trade and to desire their leave to draw on the [?Board] for the expense. ------------- 17th August 1778 - D 443 - Roman Catholic Priest from Canada allowed £100 a year , - and £100 paid to Mr_ Franklin to purchase presents for Indians. ---------- 6th Novr_1778 D 446 - Expenses of presents given by Mr _Franklin to Indians, amounting to £537-2-6 - ordered to be paid out of Treasury, and application to be made to the Secretary of State, for reimbursement. --------------------  May 29, 2017 — 11:44 am
201607018 Memorandum of Dr. Jennings regarding expenses incurred on account of the Mi'kmaq near Dartmouth and Maitland during his attendence on them and the reduction of his charges., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 43 Memorandum relative to the Expenses incurred on account of the Indians near Dartmouth and Maitland During my attendance on them - The following is a copy with explanations of the bill furnished the Government Medical attendance at £2 per day Horse hire at s10/- per day Q £ 90.0.0 -------------------- Medicine at [currency?] per day for each Indian while under treatment } 11.0.0 Medicine administered and Left with the Indians at Subenachedie & Maitland } 0.15.0 Horse hire for Dr. Richardson, his servant, an Indian, and Myself } 8.10.0 Expenses of travelling (four persons for six days) including hay, oats Stabling &c for two horses } 9.15.0 ------------------ £ 120-0-0 ----------------- Instead of the above amount only £85 were granted by the House of Assembly, - My attendance was as follows For thirty four days a total sacrifice of my private practice was made. At that Season of the year its average value is £2 per day. This year it must have realized more, an unusual degree of Sickness Existing, I was not in bed sooner Than from two to four oclock in the Morning during my whole attendance using every exertion in my power [?Q] Only £55 granted for attendance [written vertically on left edge]  May 25, 2017 — 5:58 pm
201607424 Map of lands on S.W. branch of the Marguerite River [Margaree?] reserved for Mi'kmaq, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Indians 145 8-7-6 S.40°.W(1816) 20.06 ch 7 S.65 °.E. (in 1816) 110 Chains [upside down] Reserved for the Micmacs see the warrant for Janet McRae N.65.° W.(in 1816) 97 Chains [narrow area between lots 7 and 6] 6 [Written upside down in pencil] All on this plan is on the Big old plan Take the names from this plan [river and 2 islands at bottom of drawing] Micmacs [written on island to right] Alder islands S.W. Branch of the River Marguerite [Drawing of arrow to show north?] Scale 20 Chains to one Inch [drawn?] by WEB [1828?]  May 25, 2017 — 5:13 pm
201607420 "Letter from Samuel Fairbanks, Indian Commissioner, to the Provincial Secretary regarding disbursement of funds granted by the House for Mi'kmaq relief.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 143 [for?]: Land Officer - 27 " Octr 1865. Sir During the last sitting of the House of Assembly the Committee on Indian Affairs recommended that the Sum of twenty Dollars each should be paid to four Indians [viz?] one in Pictou and three in Antigonish Counties towards building their Houses - and to be paid out of the funds granted for the Supply of Cloathing for the Indians generally - I am now called upon by the Indian at Pictou, to pay the amount allotted to him - and have a satisfactory Certificate that the House is erected- I have doubt however whether I am justified in paying these Sums - for the report is at [variance?] with the Law which restricts all [advances?] to the supply of Clothing - and if sanctioned, it will no doubt be followed by other [asseveration?] - and the charitable intention be defeated = At various times by order of the Government and to meet an immediate case of distress - small Sums have been advanced - but in making [ my?] Purchases - it [will?] be very [embarrassing?], if I cannot be certain of the amount at The Honble Pro. Secry [Journal?] 1865 [App?] & [45?] Revised Stat: [Cap?] 57 [Sec:?] 5.  May 25, 2017 — 5:59 pm
201607422 "Letter from Samuel Fairbanks, Indian Commissioner, to the Provincial Secretary regarding disbursement of funds granted by the House for Mi'kmaq relief.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 an order to that Effect - and the necessary Certificates will be obtained, before payments are made. I am Sir Your obed't Servt Samuel Fairbanks Indian Comr[Commissioner]  May 25, 2017 — 5:17 pm
201606999 "Letter from Thomas Crawley, Surveyor General of Cape Breton, to unnamed recipient, regarding the receipt of posters regarding trespassers on Mi'kmaq reserves.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Indians 37 Sydney 16th. May 1837 Dear Sir, I acknowledge, with great pleasure, the receipt of your letter of 3rd. May, with the Notices which I immediately published in Sydney and shall distribute to every part of the country as [speedily] as circumstances will permit _ I may reasonably [be] [expected] that this kind act of His Excellency will forever [?ensure] the poor Indians from the misery preparing for them by their unprincipled oppressors _ An exact survey of their seventeen or eighteen clearings would [incur] [more] expense than the object to be obtained would be worth _ I shall give such directions as will limit both the time and labor to the [narrowest] [compass] consistent  May 25, 2017 — 4:28 pm
201607000 "Letter from Thomas Crawley, Surveyor General of Cape Breton, to unnamed recipient, regarding the receipt of posters regarding trespassers on Mi'kmaq reserves.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 with the intention of preventing further [?depredations] The [concluding?] lines of your [?letter] about the pleasure communicated by the beginning. I hope soon to hear that your apprehensions of [fever] have not been realized, but that your health is perfectly restored _ You will, no Doubt, have discovered that the letter for Donald McRae was not included as intended _ Believe me Dear Sir sincerely yours T.Crawley   May 25, 2017 — 4:39 pm
201607225 Letter from Samuel Fairbanks to the Provincial Secretary regarding trespasses on Wagmatcook., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 upon the lot, & those who had made partial clearances but living upon adjoining lots. Some of the former had occupied for upwards of twenty years. No valuations were set upon their improvements. There remain, in my Judgment, but two courses open for remedy - the one to dispossess these Intruders altogether, which would require the interposition of the Attorney General, & the other to enter into a compromise, requiring payment of the value of the Land in its original or present state. Adopting either of these courses will involve some expense, as it will be necessary to ask the assistance of the Surveyor of the County, or some other competent person to proceed to the spot, & communicate with the Settlers & those who have made improvements_ or in the other alternative to furnish all necessary information for the Attorney General, and give the necessary notices to quit.- It is reported that some of  May 25, 2017 — 4:03 pm
201607224 Letter from Samuel Fairbanks to the Provincial Secretary regarding trespasses on Wagmatcook., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 99 [faintly written top left corner] Recd [illegible] Ret to [illegible] [faintly written top right corner] V. 47 AJ [Aff?] 19 [illegible] b 96. Department of Crown Lands Halifax - Augt. 12. 1858 Sir I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 11th instt. with reference to recent intrusions upon the Indian Reserves at Waga = = matcook in the county of Victoria.- Your previous communication on the subject of the Indian Reserves generally, had prompted my enquiry into their history & present state, & as I had proposed to commence with the tract above mentioned .4504 as[acres] being the most valuable - I am from the information derived from Reports & Plans in this office better prepared to submit my views with respect to it, & to ask for the authority of the Executive to carry them out - if approved. In 1854 a Special Report was made by the Surveyor of the County as to the number of Intruders naming those who were actually living The Hon: The Provincial Secretary &c &c  May 25, 2017 — 4:05 pm
201606063 Letter from Joseph Howe to Morris regarding plans of ten reserves mentioned in Charles Morris' report of 1820, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 63 Halifax, May 7, 1842. Sir I have been furnished, by the Deputy Secretary, with Plans of 10 Reserves, referred to in your Fathers Report to Government on the subject of Indian lands, made in May, 1820. From conversations with some of the Indians, they seem to have an impression that they have claims, either by possession, grant, or verbal arrangements with the authorities, in other places, as at Prospect, the Ship Harbour Lake, &c. Will you be kind enough to furnish me with any further information that may be in your possession, so that I may know exactly which lands the Indians hold in the Province, either by grant to Individuals or as Reserves in possession of the Crown. I have the honor to be Sir Your Obedt Servt John Spry Morris {?Esq]  May 25, 2017 — 4:02 pm
201606222 Printed Proclamation for the Treaty of 1752., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 By His EXCELLENCY Peregrine Thomas Hopson, Esq; Captain General and Governour in Chief, in and over His Majesty's Province of Nova Scotia, or Accadie, Vice Admiral of the same, and Colonel of one of His Majesty's Regiments of Foot, &c. A PROCLAMATION. WHEREAS the Treaty or Articles of Peace and Friendship hath been renewed on the 22d Instont, between this Government and Major Jean Baptiste Cope, chief Sachem of the Chibenaccadie Tribe of Mickmack Indians, inhabiting the Eastern Coast of this Province, and the Delegates of the said Tribe fully empowered for that Purpose. AND whereas it is provided by the said Treaty, that all the Transactions of the late War should on both Sides be buried in Oblivion with the Hatchet, and that the said Indians should have [?our] [?Favorable] Friendship, and Protection shewn [shown] them from this His Majesty [illegible], and also all the Benefits, Advantages and Priviledges in His Majesty's Courts of Civil Judicature, equal with all other of His Majesty's Subjects. I HAVE therefore thought fit, by and with the Advice and Consent of His Majesty's Council, in His Majesty's Name, to publish and make known the same to all His Majesty's Subjects, and strictly to charge and command all His Majesty's Officers, and all others His Subjects whatsoever, that they do forbear all Acts of Hostility against the aforesaid Major Jean Baptiste Cope, or his Tribe of Chibenaccadie Mickmack Indians, from and after the Day of the Date of these Presents, as they shall answer the Contrary at their Peril. Done in the Council Chamber at Halifax, this Twenty-fourth Day of November, 1752, and in the Twenty-sixth Year of his Majesty's Reign. P.T. Hopson. God save the KING. De Par Son EXCELLENCE Peregrine Thomas Hopson, Ecuyer, Capitaine Général et Gouverneur en Chef, pour le Roy, de la Province de la Nouvelle-Ecosse ou Accadie, Vice Amiral de la dite Province, et Colonel d'un Regiment d'Infanterie, etc. PUBLICATION. D'AUTANT que le Traité, ou les Articles de la Paix, et de l'Amitié , ont été renouvellés le 22me du present Mois, entre ce Gouvernement, et le Major Jean Baptiste Cope, chef Sachem de la Tribu de Chibenaccadie, des Sauvages Mickmacks, habitans les Cotes de l'Est de cette Province, et les Envoyés ou Deputés de la dite Tribu, ayant un plein pouvoir pour ce Sujet. ET Comme on est Convenu, par le dit Traité, que tout ce qui s'est passé de part et d'autre, durant la derniere Guerre doit être entierement mis en oubli, que la Hache doit être enterreé; et que ce present Gouvernement de sa Majesté doit assurer et demontrer aux dits Sauvages toute forte d'Amitié, de [Faveur?] et de [Protection?]; Comme [aussi?] les [faire?] Jouir, dans les Courts Civiles de Judicature, de tous les Bénéfices, Privileges et Advantages, dont peuvent Jouir les autres Sujets de sa Majesté. C'EST pourquoi, de l'Avis et Consentement du Conseil de sa Majesté et au Nom de sa dite Majesté, je publie et fais sçavoir ce que dessus à tous les Sujets de sa Majesté, afin que Personne n'en pretende Cause d'Ignorance, et de plus, Je charge, et Je defends absolument et tres etroitement à tous les Officiers de sa Majeste et a tous autres ses Sujets de quelque Qualité et Condition, qu'ils soient, de commettre aucun Acte d'Hostilité contre le dit Major Jean Baptiste Cope, ou ceux de sa Tribu de Chibenaccadie des Sauvages Mickmacks du jour de la datte de ces presentes, Ceux qui agiront au contraire, en responderont à leurs risque et Peril. Fait et passé dans la Chambre du Conseil à Halifax, le 24me de Novembre 1752, et la 26me Année du Regne de sa Majesté. P.T. Hopson. God save the KING. HALIFAX: Printed by J. Busbell, Printer to the Government, 1752.  May 25, 2017 — 4:22 pm
201606161 Handwritten report [probably by Howe] regarding the Mi'kmaq cutting firewood on farms near Dartmouth and requests of farmers n the area for the Indian Affairs Commissioner to do something about it., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 for years by their owners, and being the chief nature of the land. Resolved, That a Committee of three persons be appointed, to wait on the Hon. Joseph Howe, the Commissioner for Indian Affairs, to communicate with him upon the subject, and to prepare a Petition to the Executive, if necessary, humbly and respectfully requesting the adoption of some measures to prevent the same. Passed unanimously Signed A. Jarvis, Sec. On enquiry I found that two Indians had been arrested, and tried before a Magistrate, for cutting wood and hauling it away. I would have relieved [them?] from the [threatened?] fine and imprisonment, but thought it unfair to the people of Dartmouth, who had been a good deal annoyed by their depredations, and hoped that the scarcity of wood would induce many to remain in the interior where their morals are more secure, and their chances of a livelihood  May 25, 2017 — 3:04 pm
201607137 "Petition of Francis Fraser, Mi'kmaq, for relief for Mi'kmaq residing at Tatamagouche.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 74 To His Excellency Sir J. Gaspard Le Marchant Governor and Commander in Chief in [?over] the Province of Nova Scotia __ The petition of Francis Fraser an Indian and others Humbly Sheweth: That your Petitioners Francis Fraser and three families of Indians one now residing at Tatamagouche and one very much in need of clothing and Provisions for the coming winter _ Your Petitioners pray that Your Excellency would be pleased to send to them Blankets for clothing and Two guns to [enable] them to obtain provisions _ and your Petitioners as in duty Bound will Ever pray __ Tatamagouche October 25 [1853] _ Francis Fraser X his mark We the undersigned would recommend to your Excellencys consideration the prayer of the above Petition S. Archibald J.Peace E. [N]. Blanchard J.Peace Geo Reading J.P. David B. Lynds J.Peace [Thos] [G] [Brown] J.Peace  May 25, 2017 — 3:52 pm
201607161 "Petition of Peter Bobie, Mi'kmaq Chief in Kings, Queens, Lunenburg, and Shelburne Counties to Lt. Gov. LeMarchant requesting relief in the four counties for destitute Mi'kmaq.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 in need of or by placing the Same in the hands of responsible persons in the said Counties. As regards Queens County your Petitioner would be glad if the money was placed in the hands of the members. That the Indians in the last named county are, some of them, in immediate need of flour meal and blankets. If it were not for the Kindness and Charity of the white men in their neighbourhood they would be in a Starving Condition. If the money should be expended in Halifax, you Petitioner is desirous that the articles purchased should be put on board the [Liverpool?] Packet which has just left for Halifax. Your Petitioner humbly prays that your Excellency will cause such measures to be adopted in relation to the subject as your Excellency shall deem just and proper And your Petitioner as in duty bound will ever pray Peter X Bobie. Witness Charles. Morse  May 25, 2017 — 11:29 am
201607160 "Petition of Peter Bobie, Mi'kmaq Chief in Kings, Queens, Lunenburg, and Shelburne Counties to Lt. Gov. LeMarchant requesting relief in the four counties for destitute Mi'kmaq.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 78 To His Excellency Sir John Gaspard Le Marchant Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Chief in and over the Province of Nova Scotia and its dependencies &c &c &c The Petition of the undersigned Micmac Chief in the Counties of Kings Queens Lunenburg and Shelburne Humbly Sheweth That within the Jurisdiction of your Petition there are many Indians who are almost destitute of food and clothing. That out of the sum appropriated by the Legislature in the last Session to the relief of his people [in Queens County - written above so insert here] no part has been received with the exception of a few blankets and Coats of such a miserable quality as to be of little or no use. That your Petitioner is desirous that your Excellency would cause such measures to be adopted as will ensure to the Indians within his jurisdiction the money set apart by the Legislature for their relief either by appropriating it in the City to the purchase of such articles of clothing and food as they most stand in  May 25, 2017 — 11:18 am
201606009 Copy of an Act to provide for the instruction and permanent settlement of the Mi'kmaq, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 9. The Act. ------------ An Act to provide for the Instruction and permanent Settlement of the Indians. Whereas, it is proper to provide for the Education and Civilization of the Aboriginal Inhabitants of this Province, and for the preservation and productive application for their use of the Lands in different parts of the Province, set part as Indian Reservations -- for these objects, therefor-- Be it enacted, by the Lieutenant-Governor, Council and Assembly, That it shall and may be lawful for the Governor to appoint from time to time, during pleasure, a fit and proper person to be Commissioner for Indian Affairs, who, upon entering on the Office, shall give security for the faithful performance of its duties, to the satisfaction of the Governor and Her Majesty's Executive Council. And be it enacted, That it shall be lawful for the Governor, by and with the advice of Her Majesty's Executive Council, from time to time to issue instructions to the said Commissioner for his guidance, in performing the duties of his said office, and to revoke, alter, and modify the same, as may be thought proper. And be it enacted, That under and in subordination to such instructions, it shall be the duty of the said Commissioner for the time being to take the supervision and management of all Lands that now are or may hereafter be set apart as Indian Reservations, or for the use of the Indians, to ascertain and define their Boundaries, to discover and report to the Governor all cases of intrusion, and of the transfer or sale of the said Lands-or of their use or possession by the Indians; and generally to protect the said Lands from encroachment and alienation, and preserve them for the use of the Indians. And be it enacted, That in cases where there have been, or hereafter may be, erected or made valuable buildings or improvements on such Lands, it shall be in the power of the Governor, by and with the advice of Her Majesty's Executive Council, to make agreements with the persons who shall have made the same, or those claiming under them, either by way of satisfaction and compensation, for the value of the Lands so improved, with so much adjacent Land as may be necessary, or by way of rent or allowance for the use of such Lands, for such term of years, and under such considerations, as may be expressed in the agreements--and all such agreements shall inure by way of Sale or devise as may be therein expressed, and shall convey a legal title to the parties accordingly; and all monies receeived [received] in compensation or satisfaction, as aforesaid, shall be laid out either in the purchase of other Lands for the use of the Indians, or in some other manner, for their permanent benefit, as shall seem most advisable to the Governor, by and with such advice as aforesaid. And be it enacted, That in all cases of intrusion, encroachment, or unauthorized settlement or improvement upon any such Lands as aforesaid, it shall be lawful to proceed by information, in the name of Her Majesty, before Her Majesty's Supreme Court at Halifax, or in the County where the Lands may lie, notwithstanding the legal title by Grant or otherwise may not be vested in Her Majesty. And be it enacted, That it shall be the duty of such Commissioner under such instructions, to put himself in communication with the Chiefs of the different Tribes of the Micmac Race throughout the Province, to explain to them the wishes of the Government, and to invite them to co-operate in the permanent Settlement and Instruction of their people; that it shall be his duty subject to such instructions as aforesaid, to parcel out to each head of a family a portion of the reservations, with such limited power of alienation to Indians only as the said Instructions may from time to time authorise, and also to aid them in the purchase of implements and stock, with such moderate assistance from the funds placed at his disposal, as they may seem from time, by their industry and sobriety, to deserve, to aid in the erection of a dwelling for each Chief, a School House and place of Worship, and generally to take such measures as, in his discretion, subject always to such instructions as may seem necessary, to carry out the objects of this Act. And be it enacted, That such Commissioner shall have power to make arrangements with the Trustees or Teachers of any Schools or Academies throughout the Province for the board and tuition of such number of Indian Children as may be desirous of acquiring Education; and, whenever necessary, the expenses shall be paid out of the funds placed at his disposal. And it be enacted, That in order to form a permanent fund, applicable to the purposes of this Act, the Commissioner shall be authorized to raise subscription, to apply for contributions from Charitable Institutions, either in this Province, or elsewhere, and to draw from the Treasury, by Warrant from the Governor, issued from time to time, and in such portions as to the Governor shall seem requisite and proper, such sum or sums of Money as may from time to time be granted by the Legislature for that purpose And be it enacted, That the said Commissioner shall, at the close of every year, furnish the Governor, to be laid before the two Branches of the Legislature, a detailed report of his proceedings, and an account of his receipts and expenditures, together with the names of each Chief for the time being -- the number of heads of Families settled, and Children educated -- and generally, such other information as may enable the Governor and the Legislature to judge of the value and correctness of his proceedings. And be it enacted, That the word Governor, whenever it is used in this Act, shall be deemed, held and taken, to mean, include and apply, to the Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, or other Officer or person administering the Government of this Province, for the time being ; and that whenever in this Act, with reference to any person or matter the singular and the plural number shall be expressed, such expression shall be understood to include and mean several persons or matters as well as one person or matter, and one person or matter as well as several persons and matters, unless it be otherwise specially provided, or the subject or context be repugnant to such construction.   May 25, 2017 — 11:28 am
201606727 Letter from Thomas Trotter to Rupert George enclosing the report and affidavit regarding the improvements made by Mi'kmaq at private lands in Pomquet. Also includes backer of Dominique Philyspas., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 The Indians have naturally become distrustful and would not venture to plant or sow on Mr Cogswells land without some authority to do As the consequences might have been serious to them and as they have a considerable extent of land in excellent order and fit for the seed I have ventured to give them a written authority to sow and plant there for this season and to advise the other Commissioners to sign it along with me I [?cast] myself on his Excellencys goodness for thus going beyond my powers and hope that the peculiarity of the case will plead my excuse I would also take the liberty of requesting his Excellency to confirm this permission as soon as possible There are now upwards of one hundred and fifty Indians young and old living on the land in question and if they should take it into [?mind] that their security is insufficient or if any one should persuade them that it is so the consequences may be [distressing] Should his Excellency see it proper to recall Cogswells grant or should Mr Cogswell [redeed] the land to the crown I would recommend [it?] to his Excellency to adopt some plans to encourage industry among these poor and ill used people by giving each of them his own spot under certain conditions I have the honour to be with the highest respect Sir Rupert your very humble and most Obedient Servant Thomas Trotter Sir Rupert D. George Prov[incia]l. Sec[reta]ry.  May 18, 2017 — 11:18 am
201606726 Letter from Thomas Trotter to Rupert George enclosing the report and affidavit regarding the improvements made by Mi'kmaq at private lands in Pomquet. Also includes backer of Dominique Philyspas., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (160d Dorchester 5th May 1822 Sir Rupert I herewith transmit for the consideration of his Excellency the Lieut. Governor a statement of the improvements made by the Indians on certain land in the Settlement of Pomquet together with the Affidavit of Dominique Philyspar one of the oldest and most respectable settlers in the immediate neighbourhood of the Land Some of the Indians attended here yesterday but It was judged unnecessary to take their depositions but the following are the facts to which they will swear That they settled on the land granted to McWhinnie nearly three years ago and improved two acres and a half that they removed from them twenty [five OR four?] years ago and settled twenty three years ago on the lands granted to Colin Campbell and H. H. Cogswell that eighteen years ago they were ordered by some persons who cut the hay on some Marshland on the farm of Campbell' lot to remove from it and they did so at that time and have ever since confined themselves to Cogswells lot till two years ago when they moved again to McWhinnies [?Elisha Randal] Senr. [senior] of Little River and Adolphus Atwater of Pomquet who have resided twenty seven years in the neighbourhood of the land have offered to make affidavit to nearly the same things if necessary of trust however that his Excellency will be satisfied with what has been done and that It will not be thought necessary to put these men to any more trouble on this account   May 18, 2017 — 11:24 am
201607121 "Letter from A. Gesner, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, to W.H. Keating, Deputy Provincial Secretary, regarding the request for further funds for Mi'kmaq relief.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 a small sum, to enable me to carry out in part, those humane objects the Province has heretofore endeavoured to meet and to supply such food, clothing and medicine as the haples [hapless] condition of these suffering Micmacs urgently requires. I have the honor to be Sir Your Obidient humble Servant A Gesner Commissioner of Indian Affairs. £25. to be advanced to [Dr.].Gesner 1 Dec 1852  May 18, 2017 — 11:51 am
201606777 "Letter from Thomas Crawley to William Hill regarding Mi'kmaq lands in Cape Breton, his office and other matters.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 To the right owners _ I hear Sir Rupert has taken a [frisk?] to Paris- Will not Sir Peregrine's absence be the cause of shortening his visit to that dissipated Capital? I remain with great respect Dear Sir yours sincerely T Crawley 29th_ Decr. 1829  May 18, 2017 — 11:57 am
201606776 "Letter from Thomas Crawley to William Hill regarding Mi'kmaq lands in Cape Breton, his office and other matters.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Indians will be stationary until that desirable event takes place- When I was [desired?] to give my opinion on the best mode of securing land for the use of these unfortunate children of the Forest , I proposed to vest it in the hands of Trustees, for which there is a precedent in the Grant of an Island in the Bras d'ors for a Chapel for the benefit of these very people - It would not be safe to place land at their entire disposal; they would be cheated of the greater part in less than twelve months- There can be little doubt that this unhappy race will melt away before the fires that are lighted up by the [agriculturist], but it would be [barbarous?] not to give the original owners of the soil a chance of living by the means that threaten their [dissolution?]_ Sir James Kempt admitted this reasoning, Sir Peregrine is of the same opinion and [where?] the Honorable Committee take the matter into their serious consideration they will, doubtless recommend measures to ameliorate the condition and [retard?] the extirpation of the unoffending Aborigines- The Licence and Deed will be given  May 18, 2017 — 11:30 am
201606775 "Letter from Thomas Crawley to William Hill regarding Mi'kmaq lands in Cape Breton, his office and other matters.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (170 Dear Sir, I must commence this note by begging you to excuse the trouble which I have, unintentionally, occasioned you, of searching for [W. OR Mr.?] Sutherland's account - I had quite forgotten that it was returned that I might affix my certificate - It is now enclosed in this packet _ Nothing surprises me more than that an office on which the adjustment and identity of landed property so much depends should be left in the helpless state to which this of mine has [here OR been?] abandoned- For more than twenty years I was obliged to grope my way in perfect darkness, and when the light began to break in it was owing to the labors and chiefly at the expense of my Deputies- It has cost me infinite pains to prevent the inconveniences you describe, yet I can not flatter myself with having succeeded to such an extent as to ensure the bountiful maledictions of the rising generation of Advocates- I am happy to learn that Sir Peregrine is somewhat better and should rejoice to hear that his health was sufficiently reesablished to allow his return to his Government- I suppose the affairs of our poor   May 18, 2017 — 10:41 am
201606778 "Letter from Thomas Crawley to William Hill regarding Mi'kmaq lands in Cape Breton, his office and other matters.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [written vertically] Sydney ----------- Thos Crawley, Esqr. ------------ Indian lands ------------ William Hill Esqr. &c &c &c  May 18, 2017 — 10:14 am
201607103 "Letter from Crawley of Sydney to Joseph Howe regarding the report of distribution of relief for the Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton in 1851. Includes copy of the report of Abraham Gesner, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for 1851.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Shubenacadie and Bear River should be repaired , at a small cost, The Indians have a high veneration for their places of worship ; but are too poor to keep them in order. Numerous bills for attendance &c upon the Indians come in annually from medical gentlemen resident in different parts of the Province. These bills, in the aggregate amount to a large sum, which is drawn directly or indirectly from the only source by which these people are aided in their farming. It is therefore extremely desirable that such charges should not be made or if they are made that they should be audited and paid by the several counties where the Indians reside. At Christmas and other seasons of the year hundreds of the Indians collect about the confines of the City to attend to their religious observancies, and the aged, infirm and destitute seem naturally to throw them-  May 15, 2017 — 7:07 pm
201606967 Record of relief distributed to Mi'kmaq of Queens County. Also includes acknowledgement of receipt of payment from Eastern Stage coach for carriage of blankets and great coats., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 24 Queens County An Account of the distribution of Twenty pair of Blankets, sent by Her Excellency Sir [Colin?] Campbell for the poorer Indians in this County. Names of the Indians Number in Family Blankets delivered 1. [Malti] Gloud 10 in Family 5 Blankets 2. Abraham Gloud 5 do. 3 " 3. Alexr. Davis 3 do. 3 " 4. Mallory Jeremy (Widow. 3 do. 3 " 5. John Meuse 11 do. 4 " 6. Francis Labradore 4 do. 3 " 7. Joseph Gloud 4 do. 3 " 8. John Meuse Junr 5 do. 3 " 9. Stephen Aukhart 3 do. 2 " 10. Abraham Peter 2 Wife Child 1 " 11. Francis Gloud 5 " 2 " 12. Paul Martin 3 " 2 " 13. [illegible]. Gloud Junr 3 " 2 " 14. Peter [?Bobbey] 3 " 2 " 15. James Foley 4 " 2 " ----- ---------- 15 men - 68 - Total 40. Blankets {women & children} Liverpool 29th January 1836 [illegible]   May 9, 2017 — 4:16 pm
201606086 "Western Tour, 1842 - Joseph Howe's report on tour of western NS Mi'kmaq reserves", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 [?82] and, following rather blind paths, but familiar to our guides, through the forest and over swamps and wild marshes, for about five miles, we arrived on the margin of the lake, completely drenched, about an hour before dark. After rowing a mile, we turned a jutting point, and found ourselves in front of Jeremy's clearing, and [were] sufficiently uncomfortable to rejoice in the evidence of occupancy afforded by the smoke. He was from home, having gone through to Annapolis for nails. [to- crossed out] His Squaw received us hospitably, although some of her children were ill. A message despatched to the neighbouring camps, brought half a dozen swarthy men, of various ages and sizes, and a kettle of moosemeat. This was soon cut into small pieces _ fried in Carribou fat, and, with good potatoes and a cup of tea, enabled us to refresh ourselves, and resist the effects of wet clothing. The Camp was square, built of logs and slats, obtained at a saw mill near the foot of the lake -- scarcely wind or water tight, but, with a good fire in the centre, it contrasted rather favorably with our wet walk through the woods, and, after exhausting the topics supplied by the novelty of our situation, we went to sleep, inwardly thanking Providence for the comforts of home, and gathering, from the condition [from the condition - crossed out] of the simple creatures beside us, our inferiors in no [one?] [quality - crossed out] [?grace] of form, or quality of head or heart -- save only what cultivation had supplied -- additional incitements to persevere in the good work the Government  May 3, 2017 — 4:09 pm
201606084 "Western Tour, 1842 - Joseph Howe's report on tour of western NS Mi'kmaq reserves", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 80 was evident that members had been interred, and a small clearing of about two acres skirting the right bank of the River, long known, but little respected, as the "Indian Gardens", attested the antiquity of their possession, and here there were many reasons to suppose that the land had [not - crossed out] been reserved. As I had left my Book of Plans with my baggage, and as the settlers knew nothing more than that they had obtained possession of the lands they occupied in the usual way, while the strength of the Indians attachment to the spot seemed unbounded, I was at first afraid that the very unpleasant task would have been imposed upon me of disturbing the possession of a body of worthy, industrious, but unconscious trespassers. Having obtained all the information we [I - crossed out] could on the spot, [illegible - crossed out] and finding no boat or canoe at Pauhook, to take us [me - crossed out] up the Laker, we walked back to Martin's, and kept the main Road on through Brookfield, Pleasant River, and Brighton, finding but one Indian family, and that on the March from Halifax to Liverpool. I discovered, by examination, of the Plan, and comparing Notes with the People, that the 1000 acres of Reserved Lands, lay ten miles higher up the Port Medway than I had supposed, near the junction of Pleasant River with the larger stream, and immediately in front of the central Settlement at Brookfield. Leaving this land, of the existence of which as a Reserve, both the whites and Indians appeared to be entirely unconscious till the Plan was  May 3, 2017 — 3:42 pm
201606083 "Western Tour, 1842 - Joseph Howe's report on tour of western NS Mi'kmaq reserves", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 79 about mid-day on Monday, to [?Martans], and the Brookfield road, the main line of communication between the Capital and the back Settlements of the County of Queen's leaving the Carriage here, we walked, the next day, to the Pauhook Settlement, where the Indians were under the impression the Reserved lands in this County must be. The word Pauhook, which is applied to many lakes, in different parts of the Province, was explained by my guide to mean the foot of the lake, or the first Lake on a River nearest the sea. At the foot of the Great Port Medway Lake, a fine sheet of water ten miles long, supplied from the highlands drained by the Port Medway and Pleasant Rivers. X [there is? - crossed out] we found a growing and industrious settlement of whites occupying the land on [both] sides of the Falls _ the Lake above, and the River below, for about a mile. This River now, not withstanding the increase of Saw Mills upon it, [yields - crossed out] furnishes, in the seasons a good many Salmon and Gaspereau, _ in former times, before the erection of Mills, and the cultivation of the back country, which it drains, its waters must have abounded with these fish. X The Indians speak with enthusiasm of the never failing supplies [stores - crossed out] which they and their forefathers drew from its resources. A burial ground in which it  May 3, 2017 — 3:45 pm
201606080 "Western Tour, 1842 - Joseph Howe's report on tour of western NS Mi'kmaq reserves", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 77 [At Port Medway - underlined in red] I found one family - that of Peter Paul - under circumstances rather pleasing. I found Peter himself, rather an intelligent middle aged man, engaged in heading up pickled fish which are [canned] in considerable quantities at the neighborhood, and learnt from him, and from my friends in the village, that he worked steadily as a cooper _ was very industrious - [and - crossed out] bore an excellent character for sobriety and integrity, and maintained his family in comfort and independence. I visited his camp, about half a mile from Port Medway. It was one of the four sided structures, the base made of logs, and the roof of poles, slabs, on bark, which are frequently seen to the westward, though rarely about Halifax. where the camps are almost all conical, and made of poles and bark alone. These wigwams are more roomy and convenient than the conical ones, and approach without reaching the dignity and security of the log house. Paul's squaw seemed a respectable [?Indian OR Makmaw] _ his children, two of them grown up, active and intelligent. I explained the object of my mission - praised their past exertions _ and urged upon them the importance of some mental cultivation for the children. Having obtained their consent to the  May 3, 2017 — 3:58 pm
201607233 Letter from Rev. G. Townshend of Amherst to Chearnley regarding the bearers of the letters. They are representatives of the Mi'kmaq in Minudie and on Parrsboro road on the way to Halifax for the annual dole of blankets. Also request cloth for the same Mi', Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 With kind regards I am yours Geo Townshend Honble Provincial Secr[etar]y Halifax  May 3, 2017 — 2:49 pm
201607232 Letter from Rev. G. Townshend of Amherst to Chearnley regarding the bearers of the letters. They are representatives of the Mi'kmaq in Minudie and on Parrsboro road on the way to Halifax for the annual dole of blankets. Also request cloth for the same Mi', Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 102 Indians ----------- Rev G Townshead 1859 Copy to Capt Chearnley 16th Nov Amherst Novr_ 4th 1859 My dear Sir_ The bearers are Indian Representatives about to visit Halifax to obtain their annual dole of blankets_ There are at Minudie & on the Parrsboro Road eleven or twelve families numbering forty-eight souls of which twenty nine are adults, the rest - young children - If you can get some strong white cloth to make some of the men coats it will be very acceptable. Pray exert yourself on their behalf it is a work of mercy  May 3, 2017 — 2:21 pm
201607107 "Letter from John Spry Morris, Commissioner of Indian Land, to Joseph Howe requesting authorization to spend money for a careful examination of the Mi'kmaq reserves in Cape Breton by the Principal deputy Surveyor regarding white incursion onto Mi'kmaq land", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 64 Halifax 25th. Septr. 1852 Sir Her Majesty's Atty Genl. having called my attention to the state of the Indian Reserves, in the Island of Cape Breton, which are being intruded upon, by the Settlers therein, and having suggested the propriety, of ascertaing [ascertaining] the extent of such trespasses, I do for the furtherance of this object, request , that I may be authorized to incur, such expenses, as shall be found indispensable, for the careful examination, by the Principal Deputy Surveyer, of the several lots of land, included therein. I have the honor to be Sir your Obedt Servt John Spry Morris Com. Ind. Land The Honble Joseph Howe Prov. Secretary.   May 3, 2017 — 1:22 pm
201607108 "Letter from John Spry Morris, Commissioner of Indian Land, to Joseph Howe requesting authorization to spend money for a careful examination of the Mi'kmaq reserves in Cape Breton by the Principal deputy Surveyor regarding white incursion onto Mi'kmaq land", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Crown Lands Indian Reserves [Appd.?] 27 Sept 1852 ( written vertically )   May 3, 2017 — 1:24 pm
201606043 "Letter from Deputy Surveyor Alexander Thompson of Antigonish to J.S. Morris, Surveyor General, regarding the Pomquet reserve", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 43 The owners and possessors of the land adjoining were present, and would not let me proceed further. I then traced the line, which appeared to be an old one south until it met the River a small distance below the Bridge, and this finished my survey. You will please observe that the Northern line of this last lot marked B. is laid down, in the plan which I received form you is 10 chains. If I had laid it out accordingly it would take a large piece of valuable improved land ( which has been cultivated about 30 years, and some houses. A number of Indians and other people present, and the old line which I have traced out to the River they considered to be near the place where old Richard Morris placed it at first, the marks being all gone across the Intervale. I have endeavored to make as correct a survey as possible. When you place one of your plans, similar to the one you gave me, along side of the amended plan, the encroachments will become [more apparent. - underlined] &c. &c. Henry [underlined] recommends that their detached reserves be sold [(at £40/[pr?] 100 acres) written above so insert here], and a block of land (say Col. Campbell's 1000 acres fronting on the harbour, ) should be purchased for them (See letter to [You OR Ian?] 29 Jany. 1842  May 3, 2017 — 1:50 pm
201606042 "Letter from Deputy Surveyor Alexander Thompson of Antigonish to J.S. Morris, Surveyor General, regarding the Pomquet reserve", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 42 corners, and found it only to contain 160 acres, and not 200 as formerly laid down. I measured out H. Cogswell's lot, and the other lots adjoining the Reserve lands, in order to ascertain if they contained more than their complement, but found them middling correct, some lots being two or three rods short and some 2 or 3 rods long of their compliment. I sent for an old Frenchman, the name of Mathew [Deunon?], who informed me that he was one of old Richard Morris' Chainmen, in laying out the Reserve, and was present at the marking of the old Birch Tree, and there commenced laying off the lot adjoining on the South side, which is now named Colin Chisholm on the plan. From the information that I have been able to collect, I am led to believe that the encroachment on the reserve lands is from the North West, but do not say that any lot of granted land lying between the Pomket Harbour and the Reserve lands have any more than their Compliment. The lot marked A at Pomket forks has its full compliment and no encroachment on it. The lot marked B has not its compliment agreeable to the plan that you sent me as my guide. In running and chaining the lines [?are] the [N.?] measured from the water, 6 5 [C?] 28 and there met a corner, and an old line running from it south.  May 3, 2017 — 1:02 pm
201606041 "Letter from Deputy Surveyor Alexander Thompson of Antigonish to J.S. Morris, Surveyor General, regarding the Pomquet reserve", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 41 The Pomket Reserved. -------------------------------------- Antigonish 29th July, 1842 Alex. Thomson, Dy Surveyor - to J. S. Morris, Esq. Dear Sir, Agreeable to your instructions I proceeded to Survey and trace out the lines of the Indian Lands. Commenced on the Northern angle of Lot marked C and traced an old line agreeably to the annexed plan, 14 chains / instead of 50 chains as laid down in the plan for my directions from your office / I was then met by an old line, and corner, being the boundary of land in possession of Edward Gorman. Mr Gorman informed me that his lines and bounds were made a long time ago, by Mr. A. D. Harrington, and would not let me pass them. I then traced an old line S. 48 W Allowing 3° variation, found it to be an old line about 30 or 29 years old, by the age of the trees, and midling connect 112 chains to an old birch tree marked "Reserve". From there I traced annexed line No. 42 W. variations allowed 27 chains 50 links, and there met the southern boundary of Collin Campbell, Esq. lot, and run a course from thence N. 48 E. 31 chains until we met the Western line of Peter McChesney's lot. I measured the breadth and length of lot marked D. from the  May 3, 2017 — 1:13 pm
201606045 "Letter from Deputy Surveyor Alexander Thompson of Antigonish to J.S. Morris, Surveyor General, regarding the Pomquet reserve", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 45 Thompson's Plan Pomquet Reserves. [title underlined] Pomhket South Branch Pomhket forks B S 3° W A S 42° E 36 Chs / S 60° W 36 Chs Indian Chapple Road to little River A. Chisholm in possession Road to the Gut of Canso Collin Campbell Esq 1000 acres H H Cogswell 100 acres here in possession of Indians Wm [Mc?] Winnie Taylor Randall 100. Acr Randall 100 Acres A Irish in possession D Peter Battis Indians in possession / Stake S 42° E 20 Chs / Stake 80 Chains / Fir 20 Chs / Fir Little River Peter Chesney C 245 acres / N 42° W, 27,50 Stake / N 48° E 31 Chs Hemlock / Stake / Stake / S 42° E 14 Chs Stake / S 48° W 112 Chs to the River / old Birch marked Reserve Collin Chisholm [1 Mile scale]  May 3, 2017 — 1:44 pm
201606784 Poor quality negative copy of a table of the distribution of sundry articles for the use of the Mi'kmaq by order of John Kempt from December 1826 to December 1829., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (171 Distribution of Sundry articles for the use of the Indians by order of His Excellency Sir [James?] Kempt [column titled as follows] Date | To whom delivered | Yds Cloth | Pairs Blankets | Flannel Shirts | Yards [Swanskins?] | [Hdkps?] | [lbs] Thread | Bbls Meal | Gals [Molasses?] | lbs [?Tobacco] | Axes | Flannel [Gowns?] | Bushels Corn | [Hoes?] | [Grindstone?] | [Rye flour bls?] | Potatoes bushels | Wheat bushels | Shawls | Homespuns | fearnaught Coating 4yds | Shot bags | Gunpowder lbs | beans lbs | picks | medicines 1826 13 Decr | ? | " | 8 | 3 | [~ in all columns 'til coating]| 12 | 125 | " | " | " | 1827 29 May | To Indians by Father Carroll |[~ in all columns except 2 illegible] May & June | To Do by Jno Heckman Esqr Lunenburg | [" in all columns 'til axes] | 2 | " | " 4 | " | " 37 | 2 | [~ in remaining columns] 19th Septr | To Do by C. E. Dickson Esqr Amherst | 6 ¾ | 3 | [" in all remaining columns] Octr | To Do by [?H] Haliburton Esq Annapolis | [" in all columns 'til axes] | 10 | " | " | 5 | [" in all columns 'til picks] | 5 | " Novr | [Wm.?] Campbell Esqr, Cornwallis | " | 5 | [" in all remaining columns] Father Vincent Pomquet | 10 | 10 |6 | " | 6 | ½lb | 2 | [" in all remaining columns] Judge Marshall, Sydney | 16 ½ | 10 | 10 | 10 | 12 | 1 | 5 | [" in all remaining columns] 7 Dec | Father Vincent | [" in all columns except medicines] | sundry Decr. | Monsieur Segoine Sissaboo | 10 | 5 | 6 | " | 6 | ½ | [" in all remaining columns] Lawrence Kavanagh St.Peters | 17 ½ | 10 | 5 | 10 | 12 | 1 | 5 | [" in all remaining columns] 1828 January | Robt Bingay Esq Shelburne | 10 | 6 | 6 | 10 | 6 | " | 1 | [" in all remaining columns] February | Robt. Dickson Esqr. Onslow | " | 20 | [" in all remaining columns] May | Judge Wiswall Digby | " | 8 | " | " | " | " | 1 | 20 | 15 | 12 | " | 40 | 12 | 1 | [" in all remaining columns] Novemr | Do Do | [" in all columns 'til molasses] | 64 | [" in all columns 'til potatoes] | 40 | [" in all columns 'til beans] 3 | " | " C.E. [Leonard?] CapeB | [" in all columns 'til axes] | 20 | " | " | 40 | " | " | 10 | [" in all remaining columns] Decr. | Peter Joseph & other Indians Cumberland } | 2 ½ | [illegible]| [" in all columns 'til axes]| 6 | [" in all remaining columns] Indians in the neighbourhood of Halifax _ _ _ } | " | 12 | 15 | [" in all columns 'til flannel] | 3 | " | " | " 1 | "| " | 6 | 2 ½ |[" in all remaining columns] Geo Smith, Pictou | " | 18 | | [" in all columns 'til flannel] | 12 | [" in all remaining columns] 1829_ | Wm Campbell Esqr | " | 6 | 2 | [" in all columns 'til flannel] | 10 | [" in all remaining columns] Jno Heckman Esqr, Lun[enbur]g | " | 8 | [" in all remaining columns] Father Geary, Chezzetcook | " | 6 | [" in all columns 'til axes] | 6 | [" in all remaining columns] Total | 73 ¼ | 131 | 53 | 30 | 42 | 3 | 14 | 84 | 15 | 56 | 25 | 40 | 62 | 1 | 1 | 107 | 2 | 6 | 2 ½| 12 | 1 | 25 | 3 | 5 | Sundries  May 3, 2017 — 12:39 pm
201606748 Statement of distribution of various articles among Mi'kmaq people for relief by order of James Kempt., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Distribution of sundry articles for the use of the Indians by order of His Excellency Sir James Kempt [column headings] Date | To whom delivered | Yds Cloth | Pairs Blankets | Flannel shirts | Yds Swanskins | [Hdkps?] | lbs Thread | Bbls Meal | Gallons Molasses | lbs Tobacco | Axes | [paper torn - ?Fl]annel Gowns | Bushels Corn | Hoes | Grindstones | Bbls Rye flour | Bushels Potatoes | Bushels Wheat | Shawls | Homespuns | Fearna't coating yds | bags shot | lbs gunpowder | bls beans | picks | Medicines 1827 29 May To Indians by Father Carroll | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | 1 | - | - | 20 | May & June To Do by Jno Heckman, Esq Lunenburg } | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - |[illegible]| - | - | 4 | - | - | 37 | 2 | - 19 Septr_ To Do by C.E. Dickson Esqr Amherst } | 6 ¾ | 3 | - Octr_ To Do by T.C. Haliburton Esqr Annapolis } | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | 10 | - | - | 5 | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | 5 | - Novr Wm Campbell Esqr Cornwallis} | - | 5 | - Father Vincent, Pomquet | 10 | 10 | 6 | - | 6 | ½lb | 2 | - Judge Marshall, Sydney | 16 ½ | 10 | 10 | 10 | 12 | 1 | 5 | - 7 Decr Father Vincent | Sundries Decr Monsieur Segoine Sissaboo } | 10 | 5 | 6 | - | 6 | ½ | - Laurence Kavanagh St Peters } | 17 ½ | 10 | 5 | 10 | 12 | 1 | 5 | 1828 January Robt Bingay Esqr Shelburne} | 10 | 6 | 6 | 10 | 6 | - | 1 | - February Robt Dickson, Esqr. Onslow } | - | 20 | - May Judge Wiswall, Digby | - | 8 | - | - | - | - | 1 | 20 | 15 | 12 | - | 40 | 12 | 1 | - Novr Do. Do. | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | 64 | - | - | - | - | - | - | 40 | - | - | - | - | - | - | 3 | - CE [?Leonard], Cape Breton | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | 20 | - | - | 40 | - | _ | 10 | - Decr Peter Joseph & other Indians, Cumberland } | 2 ½ | 6 | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | 6 | - Indians in the neighbourhood of Halifax, at different times } | - | 18 | ~ | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | 3 | - | - | - | 1 | - | - | 6 | 2 ½ | 12 | 1 | 25 | - Geo Smith, Pictou | - | 18 | ~ | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | 12 | - 1829 Wm Campbell Esqr | - | 6 | 2 | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | 10 | - Jno Heckman Esqr Lunenburg } | - | 8 | - Father Geary, Chezzetcook | - | 6 | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | 6 | - Total | 73 ¼ | 131 | 53 | 30 | 42 | 3 | 14 | 84 | 15 | 56 | 25 | 40 | 62 | 1 | 1 | 107 | 2 | 6 | 2 ½ | 12 | 1 | 25 | 3 | 5 | Sundries [faintly written bottom left corner] In Store 33 Flannel Gowns 9 Flannel Shirts. _   May 3, 2017 — 12:36 pm
201606784 Poor quality negative copy of a table of the distribution of sundry articles for the use of the Mi'kmaq by order of John Kempt from December 1826 to December 1829., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (171 Distribution of Sundry articles for the use of the Indians by order of His Excellency Sir [James?] Kempt [column titled as follows] Date | To whom delivered | Yds Cloth | Pairs Blankets | Flannel Shirts | Yards [Swanskins?] | [Hdkps?] | [lbs] Thread | Bbls Meal | Gals [Molasses?] | lbs [?Tobacco] | Axes | Flannel [Gowns?] | Bushels Corn | [Hoes?] | [Grindstone?] | [Rye flour bls?] | Potatoes bushels | Wheat bushels | Shawls | Homespuns | fearnaught Coating 4yds | Shot bags | Gunpowder lbs | beans lbs | picks | medicines 1826 13 Decr | ? | " | 8 | 3 | [~ in all columns 'til coating]| 12 | 125 | " | " | " | 1827 29 May | To Indians by Father Carroll |[~ in all columns except 2 illegible] May & June | To Do by Jno Heckman Esqr Lunenburg | [" in all columns 'til axes] | 2 | " | " 4 | " | " 37 | 2 | [~ in remaining columns] 19th Septr | To Do by C. E. Dickson Esqr Amherst | 6 ¾ | 3 | [" in all remaining columns] Octr | To Do by [?H] Haliburton Esq Annapolis | [" in all columns 'til axes] | 10 | " | " | 5 | [" in all columns 'til picks] | 5 | " Novr | [Wm.?] Campbell Esqr, Cornwallis | " | 5 | [" in all remaining columns] Father Vincent Pomquet | 10 | 10 |6 | " | 6 | ½lb | 2 | [" in all remaining columns] Judge Marshall, Sydney | 16 ½ | 10 | 10 | 10 | 12 | 1 | 5 | [" in all remaining columns] 7 Dec | Father Vincent | [" in all columns except medicines] | sundry Decr. | Monsieur Segoine Sissaboo | 10 | 5 | 6 | " | 6 | ½ | [" in all remaining columns] Lawrence Kavanagh St.Peters | 17 ½ | 10 | 5 | 10 | 12 | 1 | 5 | [" in all remaining columns] 1828 January | Robt Bingay Esq Shelburne | 10 | 6 | 6 | 10 | 6 | " | 1 | [" in all remaining columns] February | Robt. Dickson Esqr. Onslow | " | 20 | [" in all remaining columns] May | Judge Wiswall Digby | " | 8 | " | " | " | " | 1 | 20 | 15 | 12 | " | 40 | 12 | 1 | [" in all remaining columns] Novemr | Do Do | [" in all columns 'til molasses] | 64 | [" in all columns 'til potatoes] | 40 | [" in all columns 'til beans] 3 | " | " C.E. [Leonard?] CapeB | [" in all columns 'til axes] | 20 | " | " | 40 | " | " | 10 | [" in all remaining columns] Decr. | Peter Joseph & other Indians Cumberland } | 2 ½ | [illegible]| [" in all columns 'til axes]| 6 | [" in all remaining columns] Indians in the neighbourhood of Halifax _ _ _ } | " | 12 | 15 | [" in all columns 'til flannel] | 3 | " | " | " 1 | "| " | 6 | 2 ½ |[" in all remaining columns] Geo Smith, Pictou | " | 18 | | [" in all columns 'til flannel] | 12 | [" in all remaining columns] 1829_ | Wm Campbell Esqr | " | 6 | 2 | [" in all columns 'til flannel] | 10 | [" in all remaining columns] Jno Heckman Esqr, Lun[enbur]g | " | 8 | [" in all remaining columns] Father Geary, Chezzetcook | " | 6 | [" in all columns 'til axes] | 6 | [" in all remaining columns] Total | 73 ¼ | 131 | 53 | 30 | 42 | 3 | 14 | 84 | 15 | 56 | 25 | 40 | 62 | 1 | 1 | 107 | 2 | 6 | 2 ½| 12 | 1 | 25 | 3 | 5 | Sundries  May 3, 2017 — 12:30 pm
201606748 Statement of distribution of various articles among Mi'kmaq people for relief by order of James Kempt., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Distribution of sundry articles for the use of the Indians by order of His Excellency Sir James Kempt [column headings] Date | To whom delivered | Yds Cloth | Pairs Blankets | Flannel shirts | Yds Swanskins | [Hdkps?] | lbs Thread | Bbls Meal | Gallons Molasses | lbs Tobacco | Axes | [paper torn - ?Fl]annel Gowns | Bushels Corn | Hoes | Grindstones | Bbls Rye flour | Bushels Potatoes | Bushels Wheat | Shawls | Homespuns | Fearna't coating yds | bags shot | lbs gunpowder | bls beans | picks | Medicines 1827 29 May To Indians by Father Carroll | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | 1 | - | - | 20 | May & June To Do by Jno Heckman, Esq Lunenburg } | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - |[illegible]| - | - | 4 | - | - | 37 | 2 | - 19 Septr_ To Do by C.E. Dickson Esqr Amherst } | 6 ¾ | 3 | - Octr_ To Do by T.C. Haliburton Esqr Annapolis } | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | 10 | - | - | 5 | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | 5 | - Novr Wm Campbell Esqr Cornwallis} | - | 5 | - Father Vincent, Pomquet | 10 | 10 | 6 | - | 6 | ½lb | 2 | - Judge Marshall, Sydney | 16 ½ | 10 | 10 | 10 | 12 | 1 | 5 | - 7 Decr Father Vincent | Sundries Decr Monsieur Segoine Sissaboo } | 10 | 5 | 6 | - | 6 | ½ | - Laurence Kavanagh St Peters } | 17 ½ | 10 | 5 | 10 | 12 | 1 | 5 | 1828 January Robt Bingay Esqr Shelburne} | 10 | 6 | 6 | 10 | 6 | - | 1 | - February Robt Dickson, Esqr. Onslow } | - | 20 | - May Judge Wiswall, Digby | - | 8 | - | - | - | - | 1 | 20 | 15 | 12 | - | 40 | 12 | 1 | - Novr Do. Do. | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | 64 | - | - | - | - | - | - | 40 | - | - | - | - | - | - | 3 | - CE [?Leonard], Cape Breton | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | 20 | - | - | 40 | - | _ | 10 | - Decr Peter Joseph & other Indians, Cumberland } | 2 ½ | 6 | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | 6 | - Indians in the neighbourhood of Halifax, at different times } | - | 18 | ~ | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | 3 | - | - | - | 1 | - | - | 6 | 2 ½ | 12 | 1 | 25 | - Geo Smith, Pictou | - | 18 | ~ | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | 12 | - 1829 Wm Campbell Esqr | - | 6 | 2 | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | 10 | - Jno Heckman Esqr Lunenburg } | - | 8 | - Father Geary, Chezzetcook | - | 6 | - | - | - | - | - | - | - | 6 | - Total | 73 ¼ | 131 | 53 | 30 | 42 | 3 | 14 | 84 | 15 | 56 | 25 | 40 | 62 | 1 | 1 | 107 | 2 | 6 | 2 ½ | 12 | 1 | 25 | 3 | 5 | Sundries [faintly written bottom left corner] In Store 33 Flannel Gowns 9 Flannel Shirts. _   May 3, 2017 — 12:01 pm
201606719 "Copy of a letter from the Rev. Mr. Trotter relative to the claims of Mi'kmaq to lands granted to McWhinnie and others at Pomquet. Describes creation of reservation, relations with adjoining non-Mi'kmaq land owners, improvements by Mi'kmaq upon the dispute", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (160a Copy Dorchester 24th Feby 1824 Gentlemen, Having occasion during the last week to visit the settlements of Pomquet and Little River I took the opportunity of collecting all the information that I could obtain respecting the Indians and have reason to believe that the Statements contained in Mr Cunninghams letter to His Excellency the Governor are in general correct excepting as they refer to lands granted to Mr. McWhinnie and now owned and occupied by James Grant; The Indians appear from what I learned to have been settled and to have made some improvements upwards of Thirty Years ago upon those parts of the public on [Navy?] Reserve which ly upon the waters of Pomquet and form the front of lands since granted to Mr McWhinnie , Colonel Campbell and H. H. Cogswell Esqr which I shall distinguish by the names of McWhinnie's, Campbell's and Cogswell's Grants; Having been disturbed by different people they applied for protection to His Excellency Lieut. Governor Sir John Wentworth about Twenty five years ago and obtained a letter under his hand authorising them to settle and plant Gardens upon any part of the Reserve they might choose with the exception of the point or neck of land on the front of McWhinnie's Grant on which they had already made some improvements; This point [?Contains] about Fifty Acres and the reason asigned [assigned] for excepting it was that it was to be reserved for the benefit of the Pomquet Ferry.. There was a plan of the Reserve annexed to the latter and in that plan the fifty acres in question was marked off by red lines and connected with a lot of a hundred acres adjoining it which was appropriated to the same purpose namely the support of the Pomquet Ferry  May 3, 2017 — 11:40 am
201606735 Letter from H.H. Cogswell to Michael Wallace regarding improvements on his land at Pomquet., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (160g) To His Honor Michael Wallace Esquire President and Commander in Chief in and over His Majesty's Province of Nova Scotia and its Dependencies &c &c &c --- May it please Your Honor, I beg to return my thanks for your kindness in submitting to my perusal, the letter of the Rev'd Mr. Trotter, under dates of the 5th Instant with the accompanying papers relative to my lands at Pomquet. The statements contained in these papers are so much at variance with the information which I received when I visited the Land last year, and with the observations which I made up on the spot, as to [induce] a strong, belief that inadvertence or design have given a colouring to the information upon which the Reverend Gentleman founded his Report. When the land was granted to me I paid the Surveyor an extraordinary price to run the lines (with chainmen) entirely round the tract to guard against the possibility of my interferring with the claims of others. He returned it free from claims and I was the more readily induced to believe it from the fact that the Royal inhibition to grant  May 3, 2017 — 11:47 am
201607364 "Letter from Chearnley to the Provincial Secretary regarding the report for the Lt. Gov. on expenditures of the Department of Indian Affairs, monies lent to Joseph Baptiste of Pomquet to allow him to build a house for his family, agriculture among the Mi'k", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Abstract of accounts -------------- Vote - /£300/$1200. Payments [illegible] with 10 Vouchers - 1172.27 Balance 27.73. --------------- $1200.00  May 3, 2017 — 12:12 am
201606128 Letter from Robert Hendry of Antigonish to William Henry regarding the encriachment by whites on Mi'kmaq lands at Pomquet., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 125 [in top right corner] Pomket Indians. R.N. Henry, to W.A Henry. ----- Antigonishe, 29 Jany, - 1842. ---- Dear William Thomson has handed me the enclosed plan of an actual survey made by him of the Indian lands. It appears there is little left for them and that it is in detached blocks. As they are situated thus, their resorting to these settlements brings them into collision with the other inhabitants and when the place is more improved the evil will be encreased. They feel that their lands have been encroached on, and it is not strange that they would retaliate and annoy those they consider intruders. Such Mr. [Meruson?] informs has been the case, and the inhabitants near to them suffer by their petty annoyances. He and I have been talking the matter over, and he is strongly of opinion it would be a good measure to purchase [a block - crossed out] for them a block of land whereon they would all settle and thus neither [or?] intrude on the others. He says their lands are good and would readily sell for  May 3, 2017 — 12:26 am
201606129 Letter from Robert Hendry of Antigonish to William Henry regarding the encriachment by whites on Mi'kmaq lands at Pomquet., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 [40?] the hundred acres. He thinks that the Block of land formerly Colonel Campbell's would be a very suitable place for them and that it might yet be procured for them, - part of the lot is now taken from John Chisholm and the remainder the Chisholms eventually will have to part with. There is no doubt the Indians should be on the Harbour and have free access to it - now they must necessarily trespass on the lands of others and in passing and repassing they are in habit of throwing down fences and exposing the crops of the inhabitants. Whatever injuries in this way they do, has to be borne with lest worse might happen. - I think the matter is worthy of consideration and a treat might be made to remedy the evil and at the same time to render the situation of the Indians better. Yours affectionately, Robt. Henry  May 3, 2017 — 12:56 am
201607216 "Letter from Samuel Fairbanks, Commissioner of Crown Lands, to the Provincial Secretary, regarding the Return of Indian Reservations Throughout NS with a report on the same pursuant to the command of the Lt. Gov. for Return and Report. Includes copy of the", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 98 1/2 Department of Crown Lands 29th April [?1858] Sir I have the honor to transmit to you in compliance with the command of His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor and for his information a Return of the Indian Reserves throughout the Province accompanied with a Report of my [Predecessor], and some suggestions offered by him on this Subject. Some of these reserves I am informed are of considerable value from the superior generosity of the Soil and their favorable situation, and consequently hold out strong temptations to Intruders _ I am continually receiving Complaints of encroachments, and as there is no person legally authorized to protect the Rights of the Indians, there is reason to [apprehend] that they will continue to diminish unless some prompt measure be taken to protect them _ Altho it would add considerably to the duties of the Commission of Crown Lands to have the charge of these Lands as required by the 11th Sec of the Act relating to the Crown Land Department, I would respectfully suggest The Honble The Pro.Secretary   April 30, 2017 — 12:58 am
201606700 "Negative copy of a letter from Walker to [unknown] relating his having to alter the course of the road from Chester towards Hammond Plains, the new course of which passes through the potato garden of a Mi'kmaq named Philip.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (156. Halifax 8 Dec[embe]r 1815 Sir I beg to acquaint you for his Excellency information that in executing my Commission as Commissioner of the Road from Chester towards Hammonds Plains I found it necessary for the improvement of the Road to alter it at the Indian River Bridge and bring it lower down inconsequence of which the Road now runs through a small Piece of low Intervale Land formd by the Rivers dividing into two Branches where the Proprietor of all the surrounding Lands / Philip an old Indian/ had a small garden of Potatoes which received Injury by the Road and demands Five Pounds as a satisfaction for the injury he had sustained. I have therefore to hope his Excellency will be pleased to allow me to give the Indian the above Sum of Five Pounds on condition of his giving a Grant of the Road. I have the honor to be your most obedient Serv[an]t James Walker [H?] H Cogswell Esqr.  April 29, 2017 — 11:35 pm
201607425 Map of lands on S.W. branch of the Marguerite River [Margaree?] reserved for Mi'kmaq, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 No.6 Reserve for Indians S.W. Branch of Marguerite   April 27, 2017 — 7:09 pm
201606716 Letter from John Spry Morris to William Hill regarding trespasses by non-Mi'kmaq on Mi'kmaq lands at Malagawatch. Explains that a complaint made by Alexander McIntosh and others against Deputy W. Luce for having laid out land for them at Malagawatch that, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 of the Petitioners is that, having settled on their Lots at Malagawaatchkt before they had sufficiently examined them, they discovered, after making some improvements, that there were not quite two hundred acres of Land for each Person; therefore they attempted to impose on Government the ingenious story of Indian Claims, in expectation of getting some compensation for lost labor, as they termed it, and of [evading?] the payment of the expenses of the survey- In the latter part of their scheme they succeeded , having never paid one shilling to the Deputy Surveyor- I beg leave further to remark that, Donald Mc.Rae whose signature appears to the Petition quitted this Island in 1821 or early in 1822 and never returned , and that [Alexr.?] Mc.Intosh, another subscriber, settled without authority and has not yet had his Lot laid out - With His Excellency's permission I shall issue another Ticket, to secure the Indians from similar encroachments; with a more exact description of their claims, amounting to about 200 acres for each family, than I was able to make in the first- I have the honor to be Sir your most obedt. humble Servt. [T] Crawley J.P. C. B. -------------------------- William Hill Esqr [Dy Suy?] &c &c  April 27, 2017 — 3:15 pm
201607213 "Unsigned memo on stationary of the Provincial Secretary's office regarding the condition of the Mi'kmaq of Nova Scotia, apparently referring to earler recommendations regarding trespasses on Mi'kmaq land. 1858.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 The Act relative to the Crown Land Department that the title to all lands reserved for Indians within this Province be and it is hereby declared to be vested in the Commissioner of Crown Lands whose duty it shall be to protect the rights of the Aborigines who are disposed to settle thereon. ------------- 15 April 1852 Copy of the foregoing transmitted  April 27, 2017 — 3:10 pm
201607212 "Unsigned memo on stationary of the Provincial Secretary's office regarding the condition of the Mi'kmaq of Nova Scotia, apparently referring to earler recommendations regarding trespasses on Mi'kmaq land. 1858.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 98 [typed at top of page] Provincial Secretary's Office, Halifax;------------ 1858. / 36./ 13 April 1852. The Provincial Secretary calls the attention of the Board to the present condition of the Indian population and represents that with a view to protect their interests and to prevent the further usurpation of lands reserved for their use effectual measures ought to be adopted. The subject having been considered it is ordered under the authority of the [illegible] section of  April 27, 2017 — 3:36 pm
201606784 Poor quality negative copy of a table of the distribution of sundry articles for the use of the Mi'kmaq by order of John Kempt from December 1826 to December 1829., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (171 Distribution of Sundry articles for the use of the Indians by order of His Excellency Sir [James?] Kempt [column titled as follows] Date | To whom delivered | Yds Cloth | Pairs Blankets | Flannel Shirts | Yards [Swanskins?] | [Hdkps?] | [lbs] Thread | Bbls Meal | Gals [Molasses?] | lbs [?Tobacco] | Axes | Flannel [Gowns?] | Bushels Corn | [Hoes?] | [Grindstone?] | [Rye flour bls?] | Potatoes bushels | Wheat bushels | Shawls | Homespuns | fearnaught Coating 4yds | Shot bags | Gunpowder lbs | beans lbs | picks | medicines 1826 13 Decr | ? | " | 8 | 3 | [~ in all columns 'til coating]| 12 | 125 | " | " | " | 1827 29 May | To Indians by Father Carroll |[~ in all columns except 2 illegible] May & June | To Do by Jno Heckman Esqr Lunenburg | [" in all columns 'til axes] | 2 | " | " 4 | " | " 37 | 2 | [~ in remaining columns] 19th Septr | To Do by C. E. Dickson Esqr Amherst | 6 ¾ | 3 | [" in all remaining columns] Octr | To Do by [?H] Haliburton Esq Annapolis | [" in all columns 'til axes] | 10 | " | " | 5 | [" in all columns 'til picks] | 5 | " Novr | [Wm.?] Campbell Esqr, Cornwallis | " | 5 | [" in all remaining columns] Father Vincent Pomquet | 10 | 10 |6 | " | 6 | ½lb | 2 | [" in all remaining columns] Judge Marshall, Sydney | 16 ½ | 10 | 10 | 10 | 12 | 1 | 5 | [" in all remaining columns] 7 Dec | Father Vincent | [" in all columns except medicines] | sundry Decr. | Monsieur Segoine Sissaboo | 10 | 5 | 6 | " | 6 | ½ | [" in all remaining columns] Lawrence Kavanagh St.Peters | 17 ½ | 10 | 5 | 10 | 12 | 1 | 5 | [" in all remaining columns] 1828 January | Robt Bingay Esq Shelburne | 10 | 6 | 6 | 10 | 6 | " | 1 | [" in all remaining columns] February | Robt. Dickson Esqr. Onslow | " | 20 | [" in all remaining columns] May | Judge Wiswall Digby | " | 8 | " | " | " | " | 1 | 20 | 15 | 12 | " | 40 | 12 | 1 | [" in all remaining columns] Novemr | Do Do | [" in all columns 'til molasses] | 64 | [" in all columns 'til potatoes] | 40 | [" in all columns 'til beans] 3 | " | " C.E. [Leonard?] CapeB | [" in all columns 'til axes] | 20 | " | " | 40 | " | " | 10 | [" in all remaining columns] Decr. | Peter Joseph & other Indians Cumberland } | 2 ½ | [illegible]| [" in all columns 'til axes]| 6 | [" in all remaining columns] Indians in the neighbourhood of Halifax _ _ _ } | " | 12 | 15 | [" in all columns 'til flannel] | 3 | " | " | " 1 | "| " | 6 | 2 ½ |[" in all remaining columns] Geo Smith, Pictou | " | 18 | | [" in all columns 'til flannel] | 12 | [" in all remaining columns] 1829_ | Wm Campbell Esqr | " | 6 | 2 | [" in all columns 'til flannel] | 10 | [" in all remaining columns] Jno Heckman Esqr, Lun[enbur]g | " | 8 | [" in all remaining columns] Father Geary, Chezzetcook | " | 6 | [" in all columns 'til axes] | 6 | [" in all remaining columns] Total | 73 ¼ | 131 | 53 | 30 | 42 | 3 | 14 | 84 | 15 | 56 | 25 | 40 | 62 | 1 | 1 | 107 | 2 | 6 | 2 ½| 12 | 1 | 25 | 3 | 5 | Sundries  April 27, 2017 — 11:00 am
201606986 Petition of Maltiel Sapier to Lt. Gov. Campbell regarding relief for the Mi'kmaq of Pictou., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 32 To His Excellency Sir Colin Campbell [Bant:] Lieutennant [Lieutenant] Governor, and Commander in Chief in and over his Majesty's Province of Nova Scotia and its Dependencies &c &c The Memorial of Maltel Sapier Chief, and other Indians Most Humbly Sheweth That your Memorialists are native Aborigines of the British Colonial Province of Nova Scotia, over which Your Excellency at present Presides, and reside in the County of Pictou, the place of their nativity. _ Your Memorialists beg leave to [express] their gratified acknowledgements, for the munificent assistance afforded to them by your Excellency last Year, and beg leave to solicit the benevolent hand of your Excellency would be streatched [stretched] out to them, in again administering to their necessities and wants; There are thirty seven of us, who are almost destitute of all the necessaries of life, especially of Blankets and coats, and Good Muskets and ammunition, and as the crops failed much last season in this quarter, particularly the Potatoe crop, Your Memorialists suffer much privation in provisions, Your Memorialists therefore, most Humbly and most earnestly Supplicate that your Excellency will be pleased to consider and commisserate [commiserate] their destitute condition, and the [privations] they experience, and order them to receive Such Supplies as Your Excellency may, in your Benevolence, think proper. __ and Your Memorialists as in duty Bound will ever pray &c Maltel Sapier X his mark for himself and his other Indian Brothers Pictou 14th. Janr. 1837   April 27, 2017 — 11:35 am
201606847 "Petition of Francis Paul, Peter Tom, Michael Tom and Edward Nowlins for relief for themselves and their families. Includes backer with note asking Thomas James to attend to petition. Dated at Douglas, Kennetcook.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Relating to the Indians at Pictou.  April 27, 2017 — 11:43 am
201607348 Letter from Chearnley regarding great coats forwarded to Pictou for the Mi'kmaq. Letter from Chearnley regarding a letter he received from Rev. McLean of Pictou. Other unordered pages of letters regarding the Mi'kmaq of Pictou., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 [Excepting] in a [few - right side edge cut off] [cases]); I am led to believe that [amongst - right side edge cut off] them there [?exists] a less inclination to [assist] themselves than in other portions of the Province and the respectable men of the Tribe who I [know - right side edge cut off] well and constant See ab[ou]t this Cty [County] and elsewhere. When I [question - right side edge cut off] them about those [?MicMaw - right side edge cut off] residing about Pictou tell me that they are inclined to [dissipation] With respect Sir Yours obedient S Wm Chearnley [illegible]  April 27, 2017 — 11:56 am
201607347 Letter from Chearnley regarding great coats forwarded to Pictou for the Mi'kmaq. Letter from Chearnley regarding a letter he received from Rev. McLean of Pictou. Other unordered pages of letters regarding the Mi'kmaq of Pictou., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 It appears to me that each district in N.S. in which Indians reside Immagine [imagine] that the grant of £300 is to be applied to their individual wants - I am now quite used to these complaints - and shall be bound in my place to defend my policy when called upon so to do. I have to look [to] upwards of Twelve hundred of the Tribe - and although not personally acquainted with Those that live in Pictou County   April 27, 2017 — 11:16 am
201607346 Letter from Chearnley regarding great coats forwarded to Pictou for the Mi'kmaq. Letter from Chearnley regarding a letter he received from Rev. McLean of Pictou. Other unordered pages of letters regarding the Mi'kmaq of Pictou., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 21st My dr Sir I enclose you the letter of the Revd Mr McSween I should wish it to be kept as I see a list of Indians at the back which in my opinion as regards numbers is much exaggerated I have little doubt but that his [Revd.] has been [imposed?] upon Ever Yours Sincerely Mr. Chearnley 'Private'  April 27, 2017 — 11:42 am
201607345 Letter from Chearnley regarding great coats forwarded to Pictou for the Mi'kmaq. Letter from Chearnley regarding a letter he received from Rev. McLean of Pictou. Other unordered pages of letters regarding the Mi'kmaq of Pictou., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 the Revd. [McLean] stating "that The "Indians in Pictou "County have no idea " "of using Cast off" "Soldiers Great Coats" in a subsequent letter. He writes that the Indians have called occasionally for a Great Coat to cut up to make doors for their camps. The Great Coat is an article that I can purchase at a cheap sale and in all parts of the province "Pictou excepted" is sought for by the Indian and accepted of with gratitude   April 27, 2017 — 11:18 am
201607344 Letter from Chearnley regarding great coats forwarded to Pictou for the Mi'kmaq. Letter from Chearnley regarding a letter he received from Rev. McLean of Pictou. Other unordered pages of letters regarding the Mi'kmaq of Pictou., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 132 Halifax NS Janry [?20 or 25th] 62 Sir In answer to the letter forwarded to me by you for the Revd. [Mr.] [?McSween] I beg respectfully to state that I see by my notebook that one Hundred Blankets were forwarded to Pictou for the use of Indians Novr. 11 '62. I consider this to have been a fair proportion issued to them. A number of Great Coats would have been sent at the same time Had I not a record from  April 27, 2017 — 11:27 am
201606020 Documents furnished to Howe upon appointment as Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 20. Digby. Charles Budd, Esq. In this neighborhood are about 24 families or 80 souls -- lands were allotted to about 17 / double-families / at Bear River / vide Annapolis, supra / a few occupy, but do not successfully improve their possessions -- 4 or 5 have built comfortable houses -- the rest adhere to wandering habits. Efforts for their civilization have been unsuccessful -- the few desirous to improve their lands have had to contend with difficulties from want of seeds and successive bad crops. Indian dissipation results from intercourse with whites. --- Queen's County Joshua Newton, Esq. There are in this County about 190 Souls -- generally poor, many old and decrepit. No settled abodes. They migrate in fishing and hunting seasons -- woman and children beg and sell beans and baskets -- generally honest. Few now intemperate. No material increase or decrease lately. Under ecclesiastical care of R.C. Minister. No lands allotted to them. Apparently not inclined to agriculture. Some employed   April 27, 2017 — 10:41 am
201606829 "Letter to George reporting that he has met with the Mi'kmaq of Pictou who have advised that they are anxious to make a permanent settlement at Biat Harbour, now owned by a Thomas Mudie of Pictou. Tract consists of 500a and Mi'kmaq want 100a on the eastern", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Smiths cheerful assistance. We are of opinion that less than 100 acres would not answer any useful purpose, and should the purchase be made. It ought to be done in [the - crossed out] such way as that the Indians can have no further controul [control] over the Land [than] while permitted to occupy it. We have the honour to be Sir Your Most Obedient Humble Servants. Hugh [Denoon] Tho [Dickson] Sir Rupert D. George Bart. &c &c &c  April 27, 2017 — 10:41 am
201606828 "Letter to George reporting that he has met with the Mi'kmaq of Pictou who have advised that they are anxious to make a permanent settlement at Biat Harbour, now owned by a Thomas Mudie of Pictou. Tract consists of 500a and Mi'kmaq want 100a on the eastern", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 obtaining possession of 100 acres on the Eastern side of it, upon which Mudie puts the price of £140 [?Currency] _ upon investigating the [tittle - crossed out] title of Mudie to this Lot of Land, as far as we have had it in our power to do so. we are of opinion that some difficulty on that point might hereafter arise, unless it is [cured] by the lapse of time; of this however we suppose Mr [Twining] would be [better] able to give an opinion that could be depended upon, and should it become necessary, we beg to refer His Excellency to [these] Gentleman on this subject. If His Excellency has available funds for this purpose, and the lot the Indians are desirous of obtaining can be procured for the £100 ~, we think the experiment well worth the trying, and as far as our [?services] can be made to further an object calculated to [do - written above so insert here] so much good to these unfortunate [wonderers?] His Excellency may rely on [?their] [?being] most gladly rendered, in which we make no doubt of having Mr.  April 27, 2017 — 10:44 am
201606827 "Letter to George reporting that he has met with the Mi'kmaq of Pictou who have advised that they are anxious to make a permanent settlement at Biat Harbour, now owned by a Thomas Mudie of Pictou. Tract consists of 500a and Mi'kmaq want 100a on the eastern", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (186 ½a Pictou March 8th 1831 Sir, In reply to your Letter of the 22d. [ulto.?] on the subject of the Indians who frequent the neighbourhood of this place, and the purchase of a piece of Land for their use, we beg leave to report, for the information of His Excellency the Lieut Governor, that we have made every enquiry in our power and find the state of their case to be as follows, The Land on which alone they are anxious to form a permanent settlement, is near to and adjoining Boat Harbour, about three miles to the eastward of the town of Pictou and on the southern side of the Entrance to the Harbour. It is the property of Thomas Mudie of this place watchmaker, and is under Mortgage by him to Charles [?Twinning] Esq. of Halifax. The whole tract consists of 500. a. and the Indians are desirous of obtaining   April 27, 2017 — 10:46 am
201606222 Printed Proclamation for the Treaty of 1752., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 By His EXCELLENCY Peregrine Thomas Hopson, Esq; Captain General and Governour in Chief, in and over His Majesty's Province of Nova Scotia, or Accadie, Vice Admiral of the same, and Colonel of one of His Majesty's Regiments of Foot, &c. A PROCLAMATION. WHEREAS the Treaty or Articles of Peace and Friendship hath been renewed on the 22d Instont, between this Government and Major Jean Baptiste Cope, chief Sachem of the Chibenaccadie Tribe of Mickmack Indians, inhabiting the Eastern Coast of this Province, and the Delegates of the said Tribe fully empowered for that Purpose. AND whereas it is provided by the said Treaty, that all the Transactions of the late War should on both Sides be buried in Oblivion with the Hatchet, and that the said Indians should have [?our] [?Favorable] Friendship, and Protection shewn [shown] them from this His Majesty [illegible], and also all the Benefits, Advantages and Priviledges in His Majesty's Courts of Civil Judicature, equal with all other of His Majesty's Subjects. I HAVE therefore thought fit, by and with the Advice and Consent of His Majesty's Council, in His Majesty's Name, to publish and make known the same to all His Majesty's Subjects, and strictly to charge and command all His Majesty's Officers, and all others His Subjects whatsoever, that they do forbear all Acts of Hostility against the aforesaid Major Jean Baptiste Cope, or his Tribe of Chibenaccadie Mickmack Indians, from and after the Day of the Date of these Presents, as they shall answer the Contrary at their Peril. Done in the Council Chamber at Halifax, this Twenty-fourth Day of November, 1752, and in the Twenty-sixth Year of his Majesty's Reign. P.T. Hopson. God save the KING. De Par Son EXCELLENCE Peregrine Thomas Hopson, Ecuyer, Capitaine Général et Gouverneur en Chef, pour le Roy, de la Province de la Nouvelle-Ecosse ou Accadie, Vice Amiral de la dite Province, et Colonel d'un Regiment d'Infanterie, etc. PUBLICATION. D'AUTANT que le Traité, ou les Articles de la Paix, et de l'Amitié , ont été renouvellés le 22me du present Mois, entre ce Gouvernement, et le Major Jean Baptiste Cope, chef Sachem de la Tribu de Chibenaccadie, des Sauvages Mickmacks, habitans les Cotes de l'Est de cette Province, et les Envoyés ou Deputés de la dite Tribu, ayant un plein pouvoir pour ce Sujet. ET Comme on est Convenu, par le dit Traité, que tout ce qui s'est passé de part et d'autre, durant la derniere Guerre doit être entierement mis en oubli, que la Hache doit être enterreé; et que ce present Gouvernement de sa Majesté doit assurer et demontrer aux dits Sauvages toute forte d'Amitié, de [Faveur?] et de [Protection?]; Comme [aussi?] les [faire?] Jouir, dans les Courts Civiles de Judicature, de tous les Bénéfices, Privileges et Advantages, dont peuvent Jouir les autres Sujets de sa Majesté. C'EST pourquoi, de l'Avis et Consentement du Conseil de sa Majesté et au Nom de sa dite Majesté, je publie et fais sçavoir ce que dessus à tous les Sujets de sa Majesté, afin que Personne n'en pretende Cause d'Ignorance, et de plus, Je charge, et Je defends absolument et tres etroitement à tous les Officiers de sa Majeste et a tous autres ses Sujets de quelque Qualité et Condition, qu'ils soient, de commettre aucun Acte d'Hostilité contre le dit Major Jean Baptiste Cope, ou ceux de sa Tribu de Chibenaccadie des Sauvages Mickmacks du jour de la datte de ces presentes, Ceux qui agiront au contraire, en responderont à leurs risque et Peril. Fait et passé dans la Chambre du Conseil à Halifax, le 24me de Novembre 1752, et la 26me Année du Regne de sa Majesté. P.T. Hopson. God save the KING. HALIFAX: Printed by J. Busbell, Printer to the Government, 1752.  April 26, 2017 — 4:49 pm
201607207 "Letter from R.B. Dickson, Parrsboro, to Charles Tupper, Provincial Secretary, regarding the request for relief of the Mi'kmaq of Parrsboro district.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 96 Parrsboro December 22d 1857 Honbl & Dear Sir The Indians of this place called on me today and stated that they are in a destitute condition and totally unprovided for this winter with blankets, clothing & provisions. I referred to an Almanach for 1858 & could find no [Commr?] for Indian Affairs for this part of the Province mentioned therein so I supposed a short petition such as the enclosed would [answer?] the purpose; blankets & provisions can be brought here for [money?] if his Excellency see fit to order a Sum to be [expended?] in that way for their relief. And you can not be at a loss for a suitable person here to take Charge of the business. I have the honor to be Yours respectfully R.B. Dickson The Hon[ora]ble Charles Tupper Provl. Secty ?  April 25, 2017 — 7:21 pm
201607231 Letter from William Chearnley to the Provincial Secretary regarding applications to the Department of Indian Affairs for blankets for Mi'kmaq in various locales throughout Nova Scotia., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Indians Blankets ---------   April 25, 2017 — 7:53 pm
201607229 Letter from William Chearnley to the Provincial Secretary regarding applications to the Department of Indian Affairs for blankets for Mi'kmaq in various locales throughout Nova Scotia., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 but it is to be hoped that the some of the number of Bkts [Blankets] lately sent to Antigonish may have been given to Indians in Guysboro. Mr. McKinnon might be able to speak to this. From Kenville from the Rev'd Jos. Kennedy (for 12 Indian Families names not mentioned perhaps some of these families may have had their share of Bkts [Blankets] sent to Horton & Windsor. From Bear River Annapolis County, number not stated  April 25, 2017 — 7:22 pm
201607228 Letter from William Chearnley to the Provincial Secretary regarding applications to the Department of Indian Affairs for blankets for Mi'kmaq in various locales throughout Nova Scotia., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 101 Halifax, January 31st 1859. Sir I have the honor to report to you that several applications have been made lately made to me for Blankets for Indians in the undermentioned localities as I have no Funds on Hands. I request you will inform me on the subject so as to enable me to answer those gentlemen who have written to me. Guysboro County Application for 66 Indians no Blankets have been sent to this County  April 25, 2017 — 7:20 pm
201607230 Letter from William Chearnley to the Provincial Secretary regarding applications to the Department of Indian Affairs for blankets for Mi'kmaq in various locales throughout Nova Scotia., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 from Windsor for three families ---------- 54 Bkts [Blankets[ have been sent by me to Windsor at different times last year. Months of Novr & Decr -------------- 136 Bkts [Blankets] have been sent to Annapolis to [honble.?] Mr Whitman --------------- Kentville uncertain ---------------- Guysboro .. [illegible] I have the honor to be Sir Your obedient Serv[an]t Wm Chearnley The Hon[ora]ble The Provincial Secretary &c [?&c]  April 25, 2017 — 6:42 pm
201607324 "Account of Dr. S.G.A. McKeen, Victoria County, Cape Breton, for medical services rendered to the Mi'kmaq. Letter of James Hill, Newport, to Joseph Howe enclosing a petition from Joe Cope requesting aid for his people. Letter from Joe Cope to the Provincia", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 126 County of Victoria & Province of Nova Scotia 1861 To S.G.A. McKeen ---- [D.s?] Jany 17 To visit 5 miles & Operation on John Richards/Indian $3.00 " 19 " vis. do ---- & dressing do .. & medicine " 3.00 " 20 " Medicine John Sewell's child for Hoopg Cough " 1.[H?] Apr. 6 "Medicine Peter [Creuer] " " " 1.75 " 27 " Extracting 3 Teeth [Clerence?] [Brecion] " 1.00 Octr.16 " Med. John [Achcoie's?] Child for [bursis?] &c. " .75 62 Jany.22 " Visit 9 miles &Medicine John [Meuse?] " 5.50 Apr. 28 " Medicine Francis [Brecion?] Sick Indian 1.20 Aug. 10 " Setting fractured arm &med. John [Andrews?] child " 4.50 ______ $22.10 The items set forth are moderate and reasonable and not more than my ordinary charges for attendance on the Poor. I, S.G.A. McKeen Clerk of the Peace for the County of Victoria hereby Certify the Above Account to be a true & correct copy of the original acct. as presented to the Grand Jury in Session and passed by them and ordered to be [paid?] - The [Account OR Amount?] has been assessed for [one?] the County and collected with the [poor?] rates; one half of the above amt. being paid from the County Treasury, and the remaining half from the Provincial Treasury as by Resolution of the House - The remaining half has not been paid as yet. Sworn to before me at Baddeck this 10th day of Feby. A.D. 1866 Clerk of the Peace Co. Victoria C.B.  April 25, 2017 — 6:59 pm
201607323 "Account of Dr. S.G.A. McKeen, Victoria County, Cape Breton, for medical services rendered to the Mi'kmaq. Letter of James Hill, Newport, to Joseph Howe enclosing a petition from Joe Cope requesting aid for his people. Letter from Joe Cope to the Provincia", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 great as to thwart the petition. I am my Dear Sir Yours very truly James. J. Hill [Hon.?] Joseph Howe_ &c &c  April 25, 2017 — 6:53 pm
201607325 "Account of Dr. S.G.A. McKeen, Victoria County, Cape Breton, for medical services rendered to the Mi'kmaq. Letter of James Hill, Newport, to Joseph Howe enclosing a petition from Joe Cope requesting aid for his people. Letter from Joe Cope to the Provincia", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Joe Cope. ---------------- Newport, April 10.61. To the Hon[ora]ble The Provincial Secretary Joe Coape [Cope] for himself and his people tender their best thanks for the liberal gift of the Government which has afforded them very timely relief. And they desire  April 25, 2017 — 6:33 pm
201606457 Account of Isaac Deschamps Junior for supplies distributed to seven Mi'kmaq at Windsor by order of Mr. Tonge., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (68. Windsor Government [Dr.?] To Isaac Deschamps Junr.. For the Undermentioned Supplys to Seven Indians by Order of Willm.. Cotnam Tonge Esqr.. 1801 Vizt.. £ ----S ---- D April 22 1 [Cut.?] Rye Flour 1--- 10 7 Smoaked Bass @1/ - 7 - 3 1/2 lbs_ Powder @ 5/ - 17 - 6 33 lbs_ Pork @ -8d 1--- 2 --- 3 yds Bagging to make bags to put their flour in @ 2/2 } -- 6 --- 6 14 lbs Shot @ 6d --- 7 --- £ 4--10--0 I hereby certify that the amount of the above account was supplied by my direction W Cotnan Tonge Received of Michael Wallace Esqr. Treasurer of the province four pounds ten Shillings in full for the above acct. for Isaac Deschamps Halifax 17th June 1801. W Cotname Tonge   April 25, 2017 — 1:55 pm
201606458 Account of Isaac Deschamps Junior for supplies distributed to seven Mi'kmaq at Windsor by order of Mr. Tonge., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [written vertically] Isaac Deschamps Accot. of Sundry supplys to Indians at Windsor by order of Mr. Tonge £4.10.0 paid. ------- No. 12 -----------  April 25, 2017 — 1:43 pm
201606475 Abstract of disbursements to Mi'kmaq by the Committee Council and the House of Assembly., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (73 Abstract of Disbursements to Indians. by the Commi[ttee? -right edge torn] of His Majesty's Council and House of Assembly at Halifax under a vote of the Legislature for that purpose, Sessions 180[0? - right edge torn] ------------------------to 17th. June 1801. -------------------------- 1800 Decem 10 To paid for sundry supplys' sent to Antigonish under the direction of Timothy Hierlihy. and Edward Irish Esqrs_ for the relief of Indians in the Eastern parts of the Province [afc?] Invoice [?&] vouchers 1 to 6 £ 62.19.6 " " " Cash paid Edward Irish to purchase potatoes at Antigonish for their use 10" - " - " " To 25 [lb?] more Gunpowder, and Cannisters delivered Edward Irish included in Hartshorne & Bogg's account ......................4" - " - 76 19 [No?] 7 To paid David Seabury for Blanket Coats bought at auction [afc?] accot ........................................ 3"3 " - 8 To paid John Howe for printing circular Letters to obtain information respecting the Indians ...........1.10 - 9 To paid Henry Watkeys for repairing a Gun ............1..2..6 10 To paid Hartshorne & Boggs for powder, shott, & guns distributed here [afc?] Accot .......................10.19.2 11 To paid Capt. George Dawkins for Potatoes supplied Indians at County Harbour ....................... -.17.6 To paid Seth Coleman for [illegible] Indian Meal & 1. Gall: molasses supplied to a family of Indians at Dartmouth in the smallpox ........................ ~ 12.6 To Cash_ paid Indians. to Buy Bread, Molasses, Beef [offall?] &c, for ferriages over to Dartmouth at different times ................................. 3.18.9 To ditto paid for Baize _ [&?] 2 Blankets ...................... 1.11.6 23.14 .[illegible - right edge torn] 12 To paid Isaac Deschamps' Account for supplys to Indians at Windsor by order of Mr. C. Tonge Esqr one of the Commissioners ..................................... 4.10 - 13 To paid Patrick Heffernan's Accot_ for ditto .....5 ..-..- 9 10 Carried forward £110.4.[3? - right edge torn]   April 25, 2017 — 1:21 pm
201606477 Abstract of disbursements to Mi'kmaq by the Committee Council and the House of Assembly., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [written vertically\ [illegible - left edge torn] of Disbursement by the Committee of His Majesty's Council, and House of Assembly - for relief of Indians, from 10th. December 1800_ to the 17th. June 1801.__ ---------------- £ 146..8..2 ---------------- [very faintly written] laid before Committee of assembly Sep[illegible] 1801  April 25, 2017 — 12:52 pm
201606476 Abstract of disbursements to Mi'kmaq by the Committee Council and the House of Assembly., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Brought Forward £ 110.4.5 [left edge torn - ?Ju]ne 17 To paid Geo: Oxley Esqr. for supplys issued by him to Indians in Cumberland County [afc?] Accot ....................... 16.12 - " " __ditto to Jonathon Crane Esqr. for supplys to Indians at Horton [&c?] [afc?] Account .................................19.11.9 £ 146.8.2 E. E. Halifax 17th June 1801. Mich. Wallace -- for the Committee of His Majesty's Council of House of Assembly NB. This Account included in the Abstract No. 2 - [?rendered] the General Assembly 26th June 1803. MW  April 25, 2017 — 12:51 pm
201606600 Sundries delivered to poor Mi'kmaq by Jonathon Crane at Kings County., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (129 Sundries Deld. Poor Indians by Jon. Crane Kings County 1802 July Delivered a Poor Indian Woman with a young Infant 3 1/2 yards white Flannel or Baize__ 2/6 } ---- 8.9. 1803 Jany. Delivered Magdalen Legon 3 1/4 yards blue Cloth. 5/ ___16.3 Tobacco --1.3 ___17. March Deld. Paul Bobbin for Mother_ 1 1/2 yard blue Cloth 8/- 12. 1 Handkerchief 2.6 __14.6. Deld. Bartholew Amquarret for self & Family 1 1/2 yard blue cloth 8/ ___12. 1 coarse Handkerchief ___2.6. Coarse Linnen __11.4. 5 1/4 yards blue cloth ....5/ ___ 1.6.3___ 2:12:5. Dd. Peter Francis Blue cloth___5. 1 Handkerchief ___2.6 2 pair Maugersons ___3. ___ 10:6 ------------ ~ £5:3:4 Received the above amount of the above accounts from Michael Wallace Esq. Halifax June 15. 1803 Jonathan Crane   April 25, 2017 — 12:44 pm
201606626 Account of clothes and supplies to Mi'kmaq at Truro by order of the Commissioners at Halifax., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (141 Province of Nova Scotia [?Dr] to James Archibald For Supplys to Indians at Truro by order of the Commissioners at Halifax Jany [7 or 17th?] 180[?page torn] To Sundries in Cloathing [Clothing] bought from Timothy Prout Esqr ----} £ 8:12:0 March 8th To Sundrie Supplies in provisions 11:8:0 ----------- 20:0:0 [total] A true account E-Excepted- James Archibald  April 25, 2017 — 12:02 pm
201607114 Letter from Silas Rand to Lt. Gov. LeMarchant regarding the petition of the Mi'kmaq. Few details., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 they will therefore be able to know what it is . I shall let them know immediately that it has been put into your hands. I am informed that the original of the Treaty concluded with the Indians , is in existence . Will your Excellency permit me to ask that search may be made for it. It might be advisable to publish it. I have the honor to be your Excellency's most obedient servant. Silas T. Rand Protestant Missionary to the Micmac Indians.  April 25, 2017 — 12:40 pm
201607092 "Letter from Abraham Gesner, Indian Affairs Commissioner, to Joseph Howe, Provincial Secretary, regarding giving the Mi'kmaq some of the old obsolete arms of the military so they may hunt in winter and get food for their families.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 62 Halifax 8th. Jany: 1852 Sir, A number of the Indians have applied to me for guns to enable them to obtain some food by hunting during the winter as has always been their custom. I know that many of them are without guns, or the means of obtaining them and I would therefore most urgently request that the Government be [desired?] to apply a number [say fifty - written above so insert here] of the old Militia Arms to the relief of these poor and helpless people. I have the honor to be Sir your most Obedient humble Servant A Gesner Com: Indian Affairs Hon. Joseph Howe Provincial Secretary &c. &c. &c. A. Gesner Jany 8 1852 -----------  April 25, 2017 — 12:39 pm
201607072 "Letter from William Chearnley, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, to Joseph Howe, Provincial Secretary, regarding 500 great coats to be received to distribute this year (1849) among the Mi'kmaq.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 55 Halifax N. S. Decr 7th 18[5 OR 4?]9 Sir In answer to your letter dated Decr 6th. 59. I have the [Honor?] to acquaint [illegible] for the information of His Excellency The Lieut. Governor. That I will require This year the number of Five Hundred Great Coats for distribution amongst the MicMac Tribe of Indians in this Province I have the Honor to be Sir your obedient Serv[an]t. William Chearnley Comr. Indian Affairs The Honble The Provincial Secretary &c &c &c [written on left edge] 150 [Aug?] 150. , 13  April 25, 2017 — 11:59 am
201606740 Letter from the Military Secretary's Office to Lt. Gov. Kempt advising that the commmissary has been instructed to release the presents for the Mi'kmaq in his charge as required., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (161 Mil[itary]. Secretary's Office Halifax November 29. 1824 Sir/ I have it in [ illegible] from His Excellency Sir Howard Douglas to intimate to Your Honor that in compliance with your request the Deputy Commissioner General is instructed to issue on Your Honors' Order [such?] of the Indian Presents in his charge as may be from time to time required for the use of those people~ I have the honor to be Your Honors most obedient Humble Servant [G Couper?] His Honor the [President?] of Nova Scotia  April 25, 2017 — 11:16 am
201606624 Account of James Archibald of supplies distributed to the Mi'kmaq at Truro., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (140 Truro March 9th 1803 Sir Please pay five pounds to Timothy Prout Esqr. being the Ballance [Balance] due me for supplys given the Indians in Truro your compliance will oblige your very Hum[bl]e. Servant James Archibald To Michael Wallace Esqr. Halifax- [Ent[ere]d?]  April 25, 2017 — 11:35 am
201607123 "Letter from A. Gesner to Joseph Howe, Provincial Secretary, regarding his resignation from his post as Commissioner of Indian Affairs of Nova Scotia.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 69 Halifax 13th. April 1853, Sir, I beg leave to state for the information of His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor , that I have been six years Commissioner of Indian Affairs and in that period my labors although frequently very disagreeable have been steady in an endeavour to relieve the distresses of the unfortunate Aborigines. For this public service I have received no compensation, as no provision is made for it by the legislature. I trust therefore that His Excellency will now consider favorably my claims to compensation and grant me the small allowance of ten pounds a year for the time I have served in the above office. As my private affairs will hereafter prevent me from being serviceable to the Government in the above capacity I beg that His Excellency will accept my resignation and permit me to thank you for the aid you have always been ready to afford in relieving the wants of the dwindling Micmacs. I have the honor to be Sir your Obedient humble Servant Abraham Gesner Hon. Joseph Howe Provincial Secretary &c. &c. &c.  April 25, 2017 — 11:17 am
201606436 "Letter from Jonathon Crane of Horton to Brenton, Morris and Wallace regarding his inability to meet the needs of all the Mi'kmaq in the County.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [written vertically] Jonathan Crane Horton 6th, March 1801  April 25, 2017 — 11:30 am
201606435 "Letter from Jonathon Crane of Horton to Brenton, Morris and Wallace regarding his inability to meet the needs of all the Mi'kmaq in the County.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Your Mr. [Tonge?] mentioned to me something Respecting a proposal of purchasing Boyd-Ville & other lands in that Vicinity for a permanent Settlement of Indians, and desired me to Converse with my Fraternity belong[in]g. to the House of this County, & write you on the Subject, Since w[hi]ch. time have only seen Mr. Allison he did not think it wou[l]d. answer any Good purpose -- however shall acquiesce with you in the affair if you think proper to make the purchase or any other System to serve the poor Indians, Here is on Gaspereau River and at the Lakes at Parrsboro', ( where the Indians are now Settled & generally reside Summer & Winter) places that I think will answer well for Settlements of Indians, of w[hi]ch. will write you more fully hereafter __ Respectfully yrs J.C.  April 25, 2017 — 11:50 am
201606434 "Letter from Jonathon Crane of Horton to Brenton, Morris and Wallace regarding his inability to meet the needs of all the Mi'kmaq in the County.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Age & others lately deliver'd of Children in this think I have Acted Agreeable to the [sense?] of the House when discussing on that Subject, My Accot. has and will be under the Quota of Money Granted in proportion to the Number of distress'd Indians in this County, I once mentioned this [underlined] to your [Mr.] Wallace who said I must write you regularly on this Subject, notwithstand[in]g any informallity in this respect, when you see my small Accot. & Explanations thereon I trust it will meet your fullest approbation. with Greatest respect Gents, Your very Hum[bl]e. Servant Jonathan Crane Messrs. Brenton Morris Wallace ------------  April 25, 2017 — 11:27 am
201606433 "Letter from Jonathon Crane of Horton to Brenton, Morris and Wallace regarding his inability to meet the needs of all the Mi'kmaq in the County.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (59. Horton March 6th. 1801 Gent[leme]n. I am favor'd with your Letter of the 23rd. of Jany. ult. Respecting Indians. Am now making Enquiries to give you an Early and Explicit answer as possible to your interrogatories. __ Since I returned from the House of Assembly I have barely relieved the pressing necessities of of some distress'd Indians in this County particularly Families of advanced Age  April 25, 2017 — 10:33 am
201607120 "Letter from A. Gesner, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, to W.H. Keating, Deputy Provincial Secretary, regarding the request for further funds for Mi'kmaq relief.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 68 Halifax Dec: 1st. 1852. Sir, I have the honor to inform you for the information of His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor, that there are now in the neighbourhood of Halifax and Dartmouth and also in other places a number of Indian families in a state of utter destitution and distress. There have been two deaths at Dartmouth within the past week and I am now supplying medicine and medical attendance to others labouring under consumption and other diseases. I have adavnced [advanced] to these poor Indians beyond the amount put in my hands by the Government, and unless their immediate wants are relieved, still farther suffering must follow. Under these circumstances I beg leave to apply to His Excellency for W.H Keating Esq: Dep: Provincial Secretary [&c ?]   April 24, 2017 — 8:11 pm
201606006 Letter from Joseph Howe to Lord Falkland, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 6 Your Lordship will probably ask where are the funds to come from. It is likely that Her Majesty's Government, on a proper application, would give an order for supplying the Muskets. The Legislature would, I have no doubt, cheerfully grant £200 or £300 a year, or what would be better, lay on some trifling tax on [legacies?], to be collected by the Judges of Probate, and to form a permanent fund, applicable to this service, and to no other. The Charitable Societies of Halifax would, I have a strong impression, appropriate £10 or £15 a year of their collections to so benevolent an object. The Commissioner would probably serve without fee or remand, if his [mere?] expenses were paid. Three or four years ago this project would have been extremely visionary, as every thing bestowed upon these poor people would have been sold for spirits. Now it is sufficiently feasible to justify the experiment, because most  April 24, 2017 — 8:10 pm
201606413 "Invoice for supplies to Mi'kmaq and supporting letter regarding Mi'kmaq man Louis Bouta, County of Sydney.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (50. Joseph Rheshaws acco[un]t of Supplies to the Indians at Torbay during the last winter. They being in a starving condition, & driven by the small pox to Torbay from O[ld] Manchester. vizt - Dec. 2 1800 & Jany. 2 1801. Two half Barrells flour £ 3 -- Ten Bushells potatoes - 2. 0. 0 5 quintals Cod fish 20/- 5 --- 1 lb powder & 4 lb shot -- .60 ___________________ £ 10.6.0 Personally appeared Joseph Rheshaw & made Oath on the holy Evangelists of Almighty God that the above is a just & true acco[un]t. & that the several articles above ment [mentioned] were actually furnished & supplied by him, being compelled thereto by threats, which if put in execution he had it not in his power to oppose without danger to his life & that of his family -- Before me at Halifax the 2nd day of June 1801 -- J. W. Schwartz [J. P. ?] Heads of Indian Families - vizt Francis Paul Jean Baptiste Bouta Paul Bouta Louis Parpish -- Making together with their wives & Children 23 persons -- Joseph Rheshaw his X mark Witness, ~ to Attestation ~ and Verity of the Fact } Rich. Cunningham  April 24, 2017 — 12:09 pm
201606401 List of Mi'kmaq in Pictou in 1800., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (46. List of Pictou Indians in the year 1800 viz.-- Men and Boys Women & Girls Children Total Head of the Family above 12 years above 12 years of each Family of age of age Old Paul - - 1 1 '" 2 Luland [Mucatuway] - 4 3 3 10 John [Tonny] 1 1 2 4 Mathu Sapier 1 1 4 6 Old Sapier-- 2 2 " 4 Nuvell Sapier - 1 1 3 5 John Patlis - ~ 1 3 3 7 Nuvell Patlis - ~ 1 1 3 5 Alpem Paul - 1 1 2 4 Francis Paul - 1 2 3 6 Sapier Paul - 2 2 4 8 Charles [Tonny] - 2 2 5 9 Mulis Petitiou - 1 1 " 2 Joseph Purnall - 2 1 4 7 Carried forward 21 22 36 79   April 24, 2017 — 12:45 pm
201606402 List of Mi'kmaq in Pictou in 1800., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 List of Pictou Indians in the year 1800 Continued Head of the Family Men and Boys Women & Girls Children Total above 12 years above 12 years of each Family of age of age ~Brought Forward - 21 22 36 79 John Purnall - 1 1 1 3 Peter John - 3 2 " 5 Peter John Junior - 1 1 3 5 Francis John - 1 1 2 4 Silly Boy [Luie] - 1 4 1 6 Francis Wilmot - 1 1 3 5 John William - 3 2 " 5 Old Mitchell - 3 3 " 6 Samuel [Oakum] 1 1 1 3 Francis a Blendman & [Mother] 1 1 " 2 [Allinci Palpiz] - 1 1 3 5 Luie Tonny - 3 1 4 8 Carry Forward totals 41 41 54 136 Taken from the most correct information I [find?] to the best of my knowledge ~ Edwd. Mortimer Pictou N. Scotia 9th. Septemr. 1800  April 24, 2017 — 12:32 pm
201606401 List of Mi'kmaq in Pictou in 1800., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (46. List of Pictou Indians in the year 1800 viz.-- Men and Boys Women & Girls Children Total Head of the Family above 12 years above 12 years of each Family of age of age Old Paul - - 1 1 '" 2 Luland [Mucatuway] - 4 3 3 10 John [Tonny] 1 1 2 4 Mathu Sapier 1 1 4 6 Old Sapier-- 2 2 " 4 Nuvell Sapier - 1 1 3 5 John Patlis - ~ 1 3 3 7 Nuvell Patlis - ~ 1 1 3 5 Alpem Paul - 1 1 2 4 Francis Paul - 1 2 3 6 Sapier Paul - 2 2 4 8 Charles [Tonny] - 2 2 5 9 Mulis Petitiou - 1 1 " 2 Joseph Purnall - 2 1 4 7 Carried forward 21 22 36 79   April 24, 2017 — 12:16 pm
201606220 Receipt for supplies received out of the stores brought in the sloop Massachusetts for the ?Tribe of Indians assembled here to treat.?, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (1. Fort St. George 24th. August 1751 Receiv'd out of the Stores brought in the Sloop Massachussetts Thomas Saunders commander, for accts. of the Province of Nova Scotia being for the subsisting of the Tribes of Indians assembled here to treat, and to be distributed to them on their returning home as a present from his Excellency Edward Cornwallis Esqr. Governour of Nova Scotia, in behalf of that Government; the following species and quantities of Stores and Provisions (viz) Two hhds. of Bread, on [one] Box of Short pipes, one barrell of Tobacco, Six barrells of GingerBread, Two pipes of Cyder, One pipe of Fyall, one barrell of Pork, One piece of blew [blue] Strouds and One Ox; part of which are already deliver'd and the rest Shall be faithfully deliver'd by me for the said use pursuant to the Instructions of Col. Paul Mascarene Commissioner att this Treaty for the Province of Nova Scotia - Witness Ezekiel Price Jabes Bradbury A true Copie Mascarene   April 24, 2017 — 12:34 pm
201606221 Receipt for supplies received out of the stores brought in the sloop Massachusetts for the ?Tribe of Indians assembled here to treat.?, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Account of Sundry Goods and Stores Shipp't by Mr. Thomas Gunter of Boston Merch[an]t. on board the Govern[men]t's Sloop Massachussetts Thomas Saunders Commander to the care of Colonel Paul Mascarene and dessign'd for presents to the Indians, and for stores for the said Colonel as Commissioner in behalf of the Province of Nova Scotia att the intended Treaty to be held att Fort St. George on Georges River; and of the Distribution thereof. [1st column] Shipp'd as above for the Indians No. 1 One Hhd. qr. 55 8/4 Blanketts 1 piece scarlett cloth 25 ½ yds. 8 pieces 7/8 [garletts?] No. 2 Two Hhds. qt. 65 8/4 Blanketts 3 One Box qtr. Six gross best London pipes 4 One Hhd. qr. 10pr. Small Blanketts 3 pieces Strouds a paper qr. 6 lbs Vermillion a Union Flagg. Two Boxes of Pipes qtr. 28 gross each One large Bale qtr. 10 pieces Strouds Contents on each cask {Two Hhds. molassess qr. 218 gallns. { Three Barrells of Pork One Hhd. of salt qtr. 15 bushells Two pipes of Cyder Three Hhd. New England Rhum 321 galls. Eight Barrlls. do. qt. 261 ¼ galls. One Pipe Fial Wine [EE?] 2 lbs Four Hhds. Biscuit qt.15 3 15 Six Barrells ginger bread qt. 2331 Cakes Four Barrells Role Tobacco qt. 416 lbs One Barrell cust do. - 75 lbs One Hamper qt. five cheeses 131 lbs One Hhd. qt. 11 2/3 Dozen of Beer [2nd column] Whereof were Expanded or Distributed for subsisting the Indians or for presents to them 2 Hhds. of Bread 1 Box Short Pipes 1 barrell of Tobacco 6 Barrlls. Gingerbread 2 Pipes of Cyder 1 Pipe Fyal wine whereof one qur. cask was given to the Interpreter another to the Minister of the Fort and the rest to the Indian squas 1 Barrell of Pork 1 piece blew [blue] Strouds as part of payment to the two St. John's Indians who carried the Belt of Wampom to the Miquemaques the rest to be delivered 1 Ox value £50 old Tenour bought att Georges for a Treat to the Indians, paid and drawn for on Mr. Gunter The above Expense and Distribution contain'd in the Rec. of Capt. Bradbury commander of St. George's Fort, deliver'd att my return to Mr. Gunter the copie whereof is on the back of this acc. & The Remainder of the Goods and stores not disposed of as above were on the Return from the Treaty deliver'd back by Capt. Saunders to Mr. Gunter in Boston. [written at bottom of column 1 & 2] N3 Mr. Gunter paid twenty Dollars to the Clerk that took down the minutes att the Treaty & writt three fair copies as the said minutes were not to be printed. Mr. Gunter kept one and I sent one to Governour Cornwallis and another since to Governour Hopson [3rd column] Sundrys Shipp'd for Sea Stores [for?] the Commissioner Colonel Mascarene One Barrell of milk Bread Two loaves [of?] refin'd Sugar qr. lh 3/4 lbs a Pail containing (viz) 2 quts. Oatmeal 6 lbs Rice ¼ oz. Cloves ¼ oz Mace ½ lb ground pepper 1 lb ground coffee 2 bottles mustard Seed One lb Hyson Tea 2 Hampers qr. 5 doz Madeira wine 1 do. qr. 5 doz English Beer 8 galls. Barbadoes Spirits 4 Neats Tongues 2 Hamms 1 Bottle Salt 2 quts. Vinaiger 1 [pint?] with 6 lbs fresh butter One Coop with 12 fowls and 8 ducks One bottle of Pickles 6 knives and forks One Tea Pott [4th column] Whereof Expended One Barrell of Milk Bread Two loaves [dd.?] refined sugar 14 ¾ lb The Contents in the Pail (viz) 2 quts. oatmeal 6 lbs Rice ¼ oz. Cloves ¼ oz mace ½ lb ground pepper 1 lb ground coffee 2 bottles mustard seed 1 lb Hyson Tea 1 of the Hampers of Madeira 3 doz bottles 3 galls. Barbados Spirits 2 Neats Tongues One bottle Salt Two quts. Vinaiger One coop with 12 fowls & 8 ducks One pott with 6 lbs of butter One bottle of pickles Part of the remaining Madeira Spirits & [illegible - crossed out] Beer were given to the master of the sloop and men with the further presents below Presents given by Col. Mascarene to the Master of the sloop and Men and repaid by Mr. Gunter. To the Master a french pistole in gold the Mate a Dollar the Barber a Dollar the Vessell's Cook a Dollar the Boy half a dollar I kept always on board & never lodg'd a Shoar att the Treaty in 1751 Boston 16th August 1751 the above were shipp'd Mascarene  April 24, 2017 — 12:12 pm
201606329 "Various Indianss relating to liences to Mi'kmaq chiefs of Shubenacadie, Cobequid, Cape Breton, Antigonish, Pictou, others.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Anthony Eurys Licence - A Licence to be Granted Anthony Eury Cheif [Chief] of the Tribe of Remshegs, To Occupy the Settlements made by them, on the West side of the River Remsheg, and to Hut [Hunt] of Fish in the Harbour and Rivers of that District, also an Exclusive Right of Hunting and Fishing Siles on the Island land laying of Fredericks, Bay; former[ly? - right edge cut off] called Tata Magoucha, called Isle Armo[r? - right edge cut off] or Table Island --   April 24, 2017 — 11:16 am
201607376 Circular letter from the Provincal Secretary to the members of the House of Assembly regarding great coats and blankets ordered by Chearnley before his resignation; they will be placed at the disposal of county reps. Letter from McKinnon of Antigonish reg, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 7th. June D[ea]r Mr Keating I cannot today exactly answer as to how the Indian Acct stands I have not as yet drawn for one farthing It is on my mind that [tendered?] [things?] [illegible] Duffus 450 pairs of Blankets - at I believe the sum of ten [11/3 written above so insert here] shilling, paper and my book will show something like an expenditure of ten pounds out of my purse Yours sincerely, Wm. Chearnley  April 24, 2017 — 11:48 am
201606414 "Invoice for supplies to Mi'kmaq and supporting letter regarding Mi'kmaq man Louis Bouta, County of Sydney.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Received the Contents from Mich[ael] Wallace Esqr on[illegible] of the Committee for the relief of Indians- J W Schwartz. Attorney Halifax 27th Octr 1801. [written vertically] ------------- £10..6.0 -------------- I do Certify that I have examined Louis Bouta who is well known to me , and that his Information Respecting Supplies Recieved [Received] from Joseph [Rhishaw?] last winter at Torbay in the County of Sydney Corresponds with the within Statement That Joseph [Rhishaw?] and [Olever?] Fleming declared to me in the month of May Last that they were under the necessity of sharing a considerable Part of their winter Supplies to the Indians At Torbay Geo. Dawkins October 20th 1801-  April 24, 2017 — 11:37 am
201607306 Letter from Chearnley to Provincial Secretary reporting expenditures of the Department of Indian Affairs for 1860., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 123 19th Feby / 61 D[ea]r Mr Howe. I have just returned from Dartmouth having had conversation with an intelligent [?son] of The Forest. It appeared that only one Indian is in disease and he is in a camp by Himself. Food is daily taken to him being left at the camp door. He can Help himself to victuals and is Heard to Both [?sing] and whistle _   April 24, 2017 — 10:06 am
201607307 Letter from Chearnley to Provincial Secretary reporting expenditures of the Department of Indian Affairs for 1860., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 The Wigwam he occupies is removed by a length [Great] distance from the rest. __ The [?whole] of the lot men women and children it seemed have been lately]vaccinated and they are fully [alive] to the [importance] of Keeping out of harms way. I will Keep a fatherly eye upon them so do not be "alarmed"   April 24, 2017 — 10:09 am
201607308 Letter from Chearnley to Provincial Secretary reporting expenditures of the Department of Indian Affairs for 1860., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Ever yours sincerely Wm. Chearnley The Honble Jos. Howe_  April 24, 2017 — 10:59 am
201607341 Letter from William Ross to Joseph Howe regarding white encroachers on Mi'kmaq lands at Wagmatcook. Command of the Lt. Gov. that the provincial government guarentee payment for any quantity of second-hand soldiers' great coats required by Chearnley for th, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 131 St Anns [Nictaux] July 22nd 1861 My dear Sir, In your absence from the Province I have [handled?] the Attorney General with County matters which more properly belonged to your department. You will understand from the enclosed letter that the [expelling?] of a number of families (our [?political] friends) from the Indian Land at [Middle?] River will be considered a matter of great hardship by the people and their numerous friends for the [better?] consideration of this Subject. I would beg [to refer?] you to the [Journals] of 1860 Appendi[x OR ng?] 392 - You will then observe that Mr Fairbanks himself considers the expelling of those people "a matter of great hardship" Here we have a number of families who are near their friends and relatives and you can scarcely imagine the feeling of Sympathy that will be raised on their behalf and such things will naturally operate against the [fact?] It is more than doubtful if I will even seek public force on my behalf but there are [those?] who would like to [ruin OR win?] [illegible] this 12th of May and for their Sakes I would [wish?] the field to be left as [smooth?] as possible - At [?Middle] River there is an Indian Reserve of 4504 acres - and the number of Indian families who claim this land is only 26 this would make 170 acres [illegible] to each family but while [?their] land is there the Indians are found Scattered all over the Island and I may Safely say that not more than [twelve?] families ever live there at one time Therefore you [would?] send my poor friends [away?] to be   April 23, 2017 — 12:15 pm
201607342 Letter from William Ross to Joseph Howe regarding white encroachers on Mi'kmaq lands at Wagmatcook. Command of the Lt. Gov. that the provincial government guarentee payment for any quantity of second-hand soldiers' great coats required by Chearnley for th, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 wandering without [homes?] and still the land would not be occupied. The Indians will never Settle on those lands only as it suits their own wandering purposes you might as well try to make them white as to think you will get them to settle long in any place It is not for me to dictate to the [Govt.] what [line] of conduct to pursue in this matter [but] a great deal of caution is required before you commit steps which will seriously undermine your position in this county and of which our opponents are already taking every advantage To compel Squatters to take out grants of their land may be quite proper but - these are dreadful hard times and many very many can never command that amount of money poor fisherman [?bring OR being] [under] [?mountains] are expected to pay £11 for one hundred acres of land while they have not 20 acres nor many instances [that] will even be [cultivated] or [that] any man would even grant_ You should [?proceed] with caution with those changes_ otherwise I [fear] that you may regret it. As already stated I only write to suggest some of the [?feeling] [that] will be [?exacted] here and not with a desire to controll [the] [fact]_ [However] I [fear] that [we] cannot defend those acts here Yours Truly William Ross [Honble] Joseph [Howe] Provincial Secretary   April 23, 2017 — 12:35 pm
201607008 Various documents including: statement of expenditure of the sum of £300 granted for the encouragement and relief of Mi'kmaq in 1846 and spent at various agencies; list of applications on behalf of Mi'kmaq that are before the House; petition of inhab, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 By Dr Dennys Near Dartmouth & Shubenacadie ----------- For building Hospital 28 - 15 . - For Soldiers Jacket for [?Indians] 3 - 12 - 2 [this line crossed out] For [warm under - written above so insert here] clothing for men & women & children 49 - 0 - 5 For shoes for Do ------- 22 - 10 - 3 For Blankets 7 - 8 - 7 For 2 Indian labour 117 - 14 . 3 10. - -------------------- -------------------------- For 1 other supplies ------------ 138 - 14 - 10 138 - 14 - 10 [140 - 4 - 10 - crossed out] Hire of horses to Maitland 8 - 10 . - Expenses of journey 9 - 15 Dr-.[Jennings?] bill 101 - 15 120 --------------------- --------------------------------- 2 Stoves for Hospital 8 - 2 - 6 276 - 9 - 1 11 Ordnance [Paillasses?] 3 - 12 -2 Dr_ Hoffman's bill ___ 9. --------------------- 20. 14 . 8 Total Indians near [Dath?] & [Shuben?] 297 . 3 . 9 [illegible] & Merkel's bill for Great coats supplied to Indians in various places 13 - 10 13 - 10 . - Bill of Dr [illegible] &c 7 -------------------------- 317 . 13 . 9 --------------------------- Recapitulation of expenses incurred [in relieving Indians - written above so insert here] with [?their] [illegible] Lt Governor's sanction, [illegible - crossed out] in addition to the grant of £300 in 1846 --------------- Indians near Dartmouth & Shubenacadie V 297 - 3 - 9 V [304 - crossed out] Dr [illegible] bill ----------------- } 7 Great coats for Indians in various places V 13 - 10 . Indians near Bear River, Co of Annapolis V 102-13-8 [93-7-2 - crossed out] Do -----near Pictou V 253 - 6 - 6 ------------------------- Total expenditure [illegible - written above] to be provided for V -- 657 - 7 - 5.[this line crossed out] Bill fr Drs Hume, [?Black] & [?Almon] V 7 Bill ?Inc] for Dodd & Crawley £105 673 . 13 . 11 Advanced to Dodd & Crawley 105 ------------------ To be provided for ------- 778 - 13 - 11 8 - 12 --------------------- 787 - 5 . 11  April 22, 2017 — 1:40 pm
201607007 Various documents including: statement of expenditure of the sum of £300 granted for the encouragement and relief of Mi'kmaq in 1846 and spent at various agencies; list of applications on behalf of Mi'kmaq that are before the House; petition of inhab, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 40 Statement of the expenditure of the sum of £300 granted for encouragement and relief of Indians in 1846 --------- Extended by the Honble E. [?M.] Dodd and [illegible] to Crawley, Indian Corn [illegible] for Indians Affairs in the Island of Cape Breton } 100. The Right Revd_ Bishop Fraser Comr. for Do in the Eastern Counties of NS Proper } 50 The Right Revd_ Bishop Walsh for the Shubenacadie Indians } 40 W. B. Taylor [Esqr.?] for Queen's Co_ Indians 15 [?J] Hekman Esqr for Lunenburg Do 10 The Honble Judge Wilkins for Windsor Do 9 - 15 [this line crossed out] By Provincial Secretary under the direction of the Lt. Governor } 93 -- 12 ------------------- £ 308 - 12 --------------------- The sum overexpended and due to the Provincial Secretary being £ 8 - 12. ==== Statement of expenses incurred [sums expended in - crossed out] with the sanction of His Excellency [and advanced from the Treasury in relieving Indians during severe illness - crossed out] in addition &c [For the relief of Indian at Bear River in the Counties of Annapolis and Digby, during illness - crossed out] ------------- By A Whitman Esqr. 47 - 14 - 1 Dr Bent's bill for attendance & medicine 28 - 3 - 1 Dr Leslie's Do ----- Do----------- 18 - ---------------------- Total Bear River Indians -------------------------------- £ 93 - 17 - 2 Mr. Wm. Nicole's bill for attendance ------------- 8 - 16 - 6 ------------------------- 102 . 13 . 8 Near Pictou By Board of Health ---------------- 98 - 4 - 9 Bill of Drs Anderson & Johnson 150 . - . Bill of Johnson & [?Mcold] Druggists 5 - 1 - 9 -------------------- Total for Pictou Indians . ----------- 253 . 6 . 6  April 22, 2017 — 12:03 pm
201607009 Various documents including: statement of expenditure of the sum of £300 granted for the encouragement and relief of Mi'kmaq in 1846 and spent at various agencies; list of applications on behalf of Mi'kmaq that are before the House; petition of inhab, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 The [following - crossed out?] claims [of the following ?persons - written above so insert here] for enumeration for services to Indians [appear - crossed out] are to have been sent [?direct[ to the House By Dr_ Desbrisay for attendance on Indians near Dartmouth for 14 years_ & medicine } By Dr._ [?Inggles] for attending a sick woman near her mouth } 4 - 10 By Dr_ Lyda for attendance on sick Indians at Bear River } 15 . -- By Overseers of Poor at Horton for relieving an Indian 16 By Dr_ [Heverman?], for attendance on sick Indians, at Lunenburg & 19 [illegible] 10-16-6 By Dr [Fauch?] for [?duties] near Yarmouth 3 - 5 . - Amt. exclusive of Dr_ Desbrisay's claim -------------------- 34 . 6 . 6 A very poor man [very faintly written] -------------------------- The following applications on behalf of Indians and also before the House._ ------ Petition of Inhabitants of Pictou (142) recommends that Indian [illegible] be purchased for Indians Dr_ Anderson's letter to [illegible] of [illegible] on same behalf The Revd_ C. H. [?Mackinnon's] letter to [?Insper.] {?Brenaan] & Power requesting supplies for the Indians in the Courts of Sydney, in the [?Spring] Letter from Revd_ L Byrne, [?requesting] assistance for Indians near St Mary's, French River Co of Digby [?Grant] 300 769 - 7 -5 34 - 6 - 6 --------------- 1103 . 13 . 11   April 21, 2017 — 6:16 pm
201606304 "Letter from Sigogne to John Cope Sherbrooke regarding Muis-Belcher Treaty, Maillard, the Mi'kmaq ?Peace-Dance and ceremony of burying of war weapons.?", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [?if] it were your good pleasure to honour the Bill, please to order the money to be paid into the hands of Mr Charles McCarthy, M'r of our Township, and bearer of the presents. I have the Honor of being with a sincere and profound respect of Your Excellency, The most humble and devoted Servant Sigogne [?Missionaire] [Written on the side of page: Indian Treaty]   April 21, 2017 — 3:23 pm
201606303 "Letter from Sigogne to John Cope Sherbrooke regarding Muis-Belcher Treaty, Maillard, the Mi'kmaq ?Peace-Dance and ceremony of burying of war weapons.?", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 I just now have received the bundle of the ambigus [a French card game, so perhaps the 'bundle of ambigus' is a deck of cards?], by which [I] have been much pleased, for in this retired place I live almost secluded from the rest of the world and absolutely from Society, and if it is not to be too troublesome, I take the liberty in that respect to beg the continuation of your Excellency's favour. The kind and obliging reception by which your Excellency has been pleased to honour my Memorial & Petition in behalf of the Indians excites my most earnest thanks, and sincere zeal in behalf of these unfortunate beings. I shall be sparing, and I will not abuse of your Excellency's generosity. Under your auspices I have a [?firm OR finer] hope that something shall be done from government in regard to the purposes exposed in the Memorial. It is to be wished that the Legislature would take the Indians into some consideration and forbid the selling them strong liquours as it is done in Canada, I am told. That would prove the first step to render them useful members of Society. Indeed their degenerate condition renders any of them unfit to be chief, however some trial should be made to bring them to a better order. I have heard the best caracter [character] of that old chief Franc. Miuce both for Morals and Religion, from every body that knew him, but is descendants do not follow his steps. His family, however poor, is respected amongst the Indians. I take the liberty to inclose a Bill of the [Expenditure - underlined] I have made for the Indians from November last, which does not amount to much; for I could not do more, alone. I leave it to the disposal of your Excellency. But if it were  April 21, 2017 — 3:14 pm
201606302 "Letter from Sigogne to John Cope Sherbrooke regarding Muis-Belcher Treaty, Maillard, the Mi'kmaq ?Peace-Dance and ceremony of burying of war weapons.?", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 many English people. A hole being dug, the chief at [the] head of his warriors began the dance with the Casse-Tête [club or mace] in their hands. They made more sounds that customary and the chief shewed some reluctance. He had much talk that was not understood by the byestanders [bystanders] but by the Priest who came nearer & wispered [whispered] to the Chief to fling his Hatchet in the hole; The Chief observed that perhaps they would be oppressed and could not afterwards make war again. The Priest then told him that if any wrong were done them, they might take their arms again. Then the [Indians] flung down instantly their weapons, which were soon covered with the earth.. So far for the Treaty of Peace. To that I have joined a copy of the Brevet de Commission of the Indian chief from the French Government thinking it might be agreable to Your Excellency. After the reception of Your Excellency's Letter I went in a neighbouring wood where I knew that [Jacques Muice - underlined] son to Francis was laying infirm by old age. I demanded of him His Father's Credential Letters, which he willingly delivered. If I have so much tarried to answer to Your Excellency, pray do not attribute that to any neglect from me. I have not received the honor of your most gratifying answer to the Memorial, till the [beginning] of May. Mr. Ritchie did not send the Letters &c [illegible] on his return after the breaking of the assembly, [illegible] it happened that I was then [?in OR on] a distant [?mission]  April 21, 2017 — 3:39 pm
201607074 "Petition by Newel Joe, Newel Dennis et al to Lt. Gov. John Harvey for relief for the Mi'kmaq of Nova Scotia, particularly those around St. Mary's. They argue that some of the problems from which the Mi'kmaq suffer, especially the scarcity of game, ?has be", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 with widows and infirm persons who belong to us _ Father the granting of our petition would be to us a proof that you are our real protector and benefactor who has our well-being and interests much at heart and will not suffer your helpless children to want, or be wronged without granting them relief and protection_ Father, should you be pleased to hear us, and grant our request, we would approve of some person at SherBrook being appointed to receive and distribute your contributions _ And your children as in duty bound shall always pray St. Marys Dec.8th. 1849 Newel Joe A Wife and six Children Newell Dennis A Wife Greigwell A GrandMother and two Children James [?Lewie] A Wife and one Child Caber Toney A Wife and four Children Michael Cristifer A Wife and Three Children [?Glema] A Wife and Two Children Louland A Wife and Two Children Joe Michal A Wife and Three Children Newal [?Polet] A Wife and Two Children Frank Forit A Wife and Two Children Joe French A Wife and Three Children Moses Caber A Wife and One Child Michal Cristifer A Wife and Two Children Prosper A Wife and Three Children Frank [?Sabra] A Wife and One Child Saint Mary's 10th Decr 1849 I beg leave to Recomend [Recommend] the above petition to your Excellency's Thomas [?Glenross] J.P. } [written on bottom right corner] £16 38 1 16 22 ------ 38   April 21, 2017 — 1:20 pm
201607073 "Petition by Newel Joe, Newel Dennis et al to Lt. Gov. John Harvey for relief for the Mi'kmaq of Nova Scotia, particularly those around St. Mary's. They argue that some of the problems from which the Mi'kmaq suffer, especially the scarcity of game, ?has be", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 56 To His Excellency, Lieutenant General, Sir. John Harvey, Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath, and Knight Commander of the Royal Hanoverian Guelphic Order, Lieutenant Governor, and Commander-in-Chief in and over Her Majesty's Province of Nova Scotia and its Dependencies, &c &c __ Father, The Petition of Newel Joe, Newel Dennis, Greigwell and others of the MicMacs of Nova Scotia on behalf of themselves and others, especially some of their tribe who are aged and infirm and now residing at Saint Mary's _ Humbly Sheweth, That in consequence of the failure of the crops for some years past, also the scarcity of fish, and consequently there being no demand for such labor as we were want to perform; and lastly the scarcity of game with which we were plentifully supplied in former time has rendered your Red Children destitute in the extreme. Father, We would therefore approach [you - written above so insert here] respectfully, yet confidently believing that, as some of these [?wrong's] especially the latter) has been inflicted by our white brothers you will not permit us to suffer with cold and hunger during this winter; which threatens to be one of unprecedented hardships to us_ In proof of this we need only remind you, that, during the deep snow last spring between two and three hundred moose were taken by our white brothers in this small District alone Other animals have been destroyed in nearly the same proportion, so that the food and clothing with which the Great Spirit so plentifully supplied us before the coming of our pale brothers is now cut off from our mouths and bodies and your red children left to inherit want and destitution. Father, We would therefore take the liberty to suggest that if a few Blankets an other clothes, and a small quantity of provisions were given to us, it would eable us to maintain our wives and children, together   April 21, 2017 — 1:36 pm
201607203 "Report of distribution of blankets to Mi'kmaq at Sackville where the chief James Paul resides, including Morris' family at North West Arm.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Feby: 18 Peter Sack's squaw, lately confined, [Kearneys?] 2 6 Matthew Thomas Squaw do, do 2 6  April 21, 2017 — 12:51 pm
201607201 "Report of distribution of blankets to Mi'kmaq at Sackville where the chief James Paul resides, including Morris' family at North West Arm.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 1859 Indians_ Jany. 16 Cash recd on [afc OR acct?] of Rev. [McHannan?] 10 " "  April 21, 2017 — 12:11 pm
201607199 "Report of distribution of blankets to Mi'kmaq at Sackville where the chief James Paul resides, including Morris' family at North West Arm.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Stephen Newall Squaw & 2 children grown up ------- 4 Widow Penall 1 Widow Phillips 2 & 8 children 4 John Paul, extra boys & girls 2 Widow Morris -old- 1 Mrs Paul, Joe Francis Squaw, & 1 pair Peter Sack, Squaw & 4 children-about to be confined- 5 Matthew Thomas Squaw & 2 Children 3   April 21, 2017 — 12:21 pm
201607198 "Report of distribution of blankets to Mi'kmaq at Sackville where the chief James Paul resides, including Morris' family at North West Arm.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 93 Distribution of Blankets to Indians at Sackville where the Chief James Paul resides [?including] Morris' family at N W Arms Dec. 11. 1856 The Chief, Wife & three Children. 1 each - 5 John Paul wife & 3 Children - 3 Thomas Morris. Squaw & family 1 each ------ 4 Peter Joe & Squaw 1 ea 2 Louis Paul, Squaw & 1 child & orphan Boy 4 Thomas Toney Squaw & 2 children 3 Widow Cope & 3 Children 3 Prosper Noel, Squaw & old mother 100 years 4 Prosper Paul, Squaw & 2 Children 4  April 21, 2017 — 12:42 pm
201606537 "Account of disbursements of supplies, April 1, 1801.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (100. 1801 Apr.1 Forsyth Smith & Co ------------------------------ £ 16 . 11 . 3 13 ------- Watkeys ----------------------------------------- 1. 2 . 6 May 13. paid to [?Squaw] to buy provisions ---- - 7 - 6 June 16. W.C. [?Tongs] order to Deschamps ---- 4 . 10 - July 15 Oxley ---------------------------------------------------- 16.12 - Crane---------------------------------------------------- 19 . 11 . 9 17 Sundry Indians to buy Bread --------------------------- - 5 - Augt. 4. Watkeys Gun [?Smith] ----------------------------- 1 . 10 . 0 7 paid for 1/2 [illegible] Indian meal -------------- - 8 - 26. [wooden?] seed potatoes -------------------------------- 2 . 5 . 0 Sep 18. paid for mending [?of] Canoes ------------------ - 7 . 6 Oct 21 paid G. Dawkins ----------------------------------------- 5 . 3. 0 Watkeys for 2 Guns --------------------------------- 3 - - 28. paid J. [illegible] ------------------------------------ 16. 11 . 0 Nov 7 paid 2 women to buy Provisions ------------------ - 3 - 9 decr 22 E. Ward for Blankets ---------------------------------- 7 . 5 . 5 24 Indians to buy meal & Bread --------------------- - 7 - 6 180[?2] Jany 26 2 women & a man Do ---------------------------------- .3 . 9 Feby 17 paid to Mr. Smith of Douglas for [?Seeds] -- 3 . 1. 6   April 21, 2017 — 12:29 pm
201607006 Letter from Archibald to Rupert George regarding trespasses on Mi'kmaq lands by whites. Encloses a copy of letter to Crawley on same subject., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 parties [?to OR or] remove them and [?levy] the [?costs] from such as are able to pay or otherwise as His Excellency may order, indeed I am called upon by the Sheriff and other officers [&] have no funds to pay any of them nor have I any thing [illegible] [illegible] our services in [all?] these [fines?] will you consider this for me and represent it to His Excellency. that [for me OR some?] provisions may be made for it. Yours very Truly [illegible] Archibald 25th. Nov Sir Rupert D. [George] Bart &c &c &c  April 21, 2017 — 11:22 am
201607005 Letter from Archibald to Rupert George regarding trespasses on Mi'kmaq lands by whites. Encloses a copy of letter to Crawley on same subject., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 39 My dear Sir Rupert, You will see by the [inclosed] what has been done by the Persons who [were] [sued] for Trespasses on the Indian Reserves, The [?costs] in these [fines] will [amount] to a considerable sum The Sheriff has rendered me a bill of £28. [for] [his] services and I have already paid Mr. [?Nattins] in part, I had [?marked] [Dificulty] against the [?Defendants] & am now making up the [?costs] to be [?Taxed] and will exhibit the whole when [completed] and Judgements may be entered against each of the [the following is written vertically on left side edge] [illegible] from His General Expense of prosecuting Trespassers on Indian Lands ---------------- letter of [?Wm OR Mr] Crawley on same subject enclosed. 1837.   April 21, 2017 — 11:03 am
201607006 Letter from Archibald to Rupert George regarding trespasses on Mi'kmaq lands by whites. Encloses a copy of letter to Crawley on same subject., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 parties [?to OR or] remove them and [?levy] the [?costs] from such as are able to pay or otherwise as His Excellency may order, indeed I am called upon by the Sheriff and other officers [&] have no funds to pay any of them nor have I any thing [illegible] [illegible] our services in [all?] these [fines?] will you consider this for me and represent it to His Excellency. that [for me OR some?] provisions may be made for it. Yours very Truly [illegible] Archibald 25th. Nov Sir Rupert D. [George] Bart &c &c &c  April 21, 2017 — 11:46 am
201607004 "Letter from Crawley, Surveyor General of Cape Breton, to Archibald regarding trespasses on Crown lands at Rocky Bay, Cape Breton and Mi'kmaq reserve encroachments.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 I have not heard of any of them coming forward to obtain the Lieut. Governor's permission, as directed, nor do I know that any [rent OR such?] has been fixed by His Excellency. In answer to your inquiry respecting their ability to pay your costs, I should say that some of them, at least, can do it, because they were desirous of purchasing the Indian land, had it been permitted; and indeed, I should think they must have acquired sufficient from the timber plundered from the Indian reserve, and from the neighboring crown property, to pay your [?dues OR acct]. I am Sir, Your humble servant. T. H.Crawley  April 21, 2017 — 11:54 am
201607003 "Letter from Crawley, Surveyor General of Cape Breton, to Archibald regarding trespasses on Crown lands at Rocky Bay, Cape Breton and Mi'kmaq reserve encroachments.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 taken by the parties accused. There is no difficulty, however, in substantiating the act of trespass committed by the parties in that prosecution, as the [witness?], Mc. Intyre, has full knowledge of the facts and is ready to attest to them. I should nevertheless anticipate a failure if the [cause?] were to be tried in the county where the facts took place, because the practice of despoiling the crown lands has become so universal, that I do not think a jury could be found to convict the offenders. It will require vigorous measures to arrest the evil. With respect to the encroachers and plunderers on the Indian reserves, the last measure taken, that I know of, was the issuing of a notice, of which a copy is now enclosed. According to the terms of that notice, a surveyor was sent to survey the clearings made by the trespassers. As far as I can learn, however, those persons continue in the reserve, but   April 21, 2017 — 11:24 am
201607002 "Letter from Crawley, Surveyor General of Cape Breton, to Archibald regarding trespasses on Crown lands at Rocky Bay, Cape Breton and Mi'kmaq reserve encroachments.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 38 Sydney, C.B. 31 Octr. 1837. Sir, I beg to acknowledge the receipt by yesterday's mail, of your letter of 24 [?inst] enclosing an affidavit copied from one presented by Britain and the other trespassers on Crown land in Rocky Bay, to which you request a reply and explanation on the part of the witnesses of the acts of trespass. I have accordingly forwarded the copy of the aff[idavi]t. to Arichat, and requested my deputy to make the requisite inquiries. I am sorry to say that the person employed by me to seize the timber cut by [Masters?] and others did not succeed in effecting any seizure. He alleged that the timber had been removed, and that he was afraid to detain it, lest he might not be able to prove that it was the identical timber that had been S.G.W.Archibald, Esqr &c &c   April 21, 2017 — 11:35 am
201606856 "Abstract of fees Attourney-General, Clerk of the Crown, and Sheriff on ?intrusion causes? for the last three years. First of the ten cases listed fall under ?Intrusions on Indian reserves in Cape Breton.? Dated Halifax.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (189 Abstract of fees of Attorney General Clerk of the Crown and Sherriff on Intrusion Causes in the [?Superior OR Supreme] Court at Halifax for the [last? - right edge torn] three years. Intrusions on Indian Reserve in Cape Breton Att. General Clerk, Crown [?Sheriff] The Queen - Aug. McKay £ 4 . 7 " " 1 . 16 . 6 1 . 8 " [Ead?] " [Ang.] Mattheson 4.7 " " 1 . 16. 6 3.9. [illegible - right edge torn] " [Ead?] " [Hen.?] McLeod 4.7 " " 1 . 16. 6 3.6. [illegible - right edge torn] " [Ead?] " [Murd.?] [McLeeuwan?] 4.7 " " 1 . 16. 6 3.10.[illegible - right edge torn] " [Ead?] " Quarrie McQuarrie 3.19.6 1 . 16. 6 3.9. [illegible - right edge torn] " [Ead?] " [?Nod.] [McLeuwan?] 4.7." " 1 . 16. 6 3.8. [illegible - right edge torn] " [Ead?] " Dond. Nickleson 4.7." " 1 . 16. 6 3.8. [illegible - right edge torn] " [Ead?] " Malc. McLeod 4.7." " 1 . 16. 6 1.8. [illegible - right edge torn] " [Ead?] " [Murd.?] McAuley 4.7." " 1 . 16. 6 1.8. [illegible - right edge torn] " [Ead?] " [Ken.?] Campbell 4.7." " 1 . 16. 6 3.7. [illegible - right edge torn] Intrusion on [Free?] [Stone?] Quarries at Joggins in Cumberland The Queen " Jos. [?Read] } 24.6.8 3.15.6 1.1. [right edge torn] Additional Fees Special [?Jury] Witnesses &c } "- "-"- 28.1.1 "-" [right edge torn] Various Intrusions on Crown Lands The Queen " Robt. [?H.] Masters & al 10.2.6 1.9.6 7.[illegible - right edge torn] " [Ead?] " Jno. Mailman 3.19. - " 14.6 " " [illegible - right edge torn] " Ead " Jas. Pollock & al 5.1.6 " .16.6 1.10 [illegible - right edge torn] " Ead " Wm. Brittain. & al 7.16." 1.5.6 4." [illegible - right edge torn] " Ead " [Danl.?] Kavanagh 6.13." 1.2.6 "." [illegible - right edge torn] On Repeal of [Jacob?] Marriotts Grants 7.4.4 "."." "."." Writ of [?Ancouvea] [?Maures], Alias, & Plures, in Cape Breton [Intrusion?] [?Causes] -------------------------- £108.5.6 £67.10.1 £43.6.[2?] Crown Office Halifax 31th January 1840 Recd the above £108.5.16 [illegible] Received the above amounts [illegible] £110.16.3 18th Feb.1840. I do hereby certify that the above costs are extracted from the Bills of Costs in the respective suits [?taxed in my office to the Attorney General, [?Clerk] of the Crown and Sherriff &c [?J.W.] [?illegible] Clerk of the Crown 110.16.3   April 20, 2017 — 8:45 pm
201606578 "Return of Mi'kmaq living at Sheet Harbour in the County of Halifax, 1802.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (120 Return of Indians now living at Sheet Harbour in the County of Halifax Province of N. Scotia 15th Novr. 1802 - ---------------------------------------- John [ Savio?] and his wife ___2 Peter [Savio?] his Wife and 2 Children___4 Thomas [Savio?] and his Wife ___ 2 Able Wise his Wife and 2 Children ___4 Frances Cope a Widdow with 3 Children ___ 4 [Penaul?] Cope and his Wife __ 2 --------------- in all 18 -------------- The above mentioned is in a way of providing for them Selves at this present period or as well to do as any in their line but the folowing is in great want of every Necessary of Life being cheifly [chiefly] Old, Sick, or Lame, and a great Burthen upon the inhabitants of this small Settlement__ Lewis Paul a Wife Mother in Law his oldest daughter a Widdow with a child and four children of his own} 9 [Penaul?] [Jons?] an old man upwards of 60 years of age and two daughters both Widdows with one child } 4 [illegible] and his Wife each upwards of 50 years of age } 2 Francis [Bardo?] and three children says he could provide for his family if he had a French gun and some powder & shot} 4 ----- 19 18 ----- 37 We the Subscribers inhabitants of Sheet Harbour do Sign in behalf of the aforesaid Indians and certify them to be Objects of charity _ To the Commissioners } Ja[me]s. Sutherland J.P. of Indians at Halifax } Peter M.Condachie   April 20, 2017 — 8:50 pm
201606808 "Letter from Abbe Sigogne to Sir George stating that as he did not receive a reply to his last letter, he has delayed acknowledging the receipt of blankets and great coats for Mi'kmaq relief, until now.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (179 Sir Rupert A George Honorable Sir As I have received no answer to my last, expecting one every day, I [delaid?] till now to acknowledge the receipt of three pairs of Blankets and six great coats for Indians. These I have duly received. Mr Franc. [Bonnanfant?] my friend and relation going to Halifax is entrusted with the present and if it be the good pleasure of his excellency to accede to my demand, as you [?wish] me it was; Be so kind to Send it to me by the man. I have the honour to be with respect Your most humble and obedient Servant. Abbé Sigogne Clare August the 5th 1831  April 20, 2017 — 8:32 pm
201607382 Circular letter from the Provincal Secretary to the members of the House of Assembly regarding great coats and blankets ordered by Chearnley before his resignation; they will be placed at the disposal of county reps. Letter from McKinnon of Antigonish reg, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Expenditure 1861 - [written vertically] Indians 1862 Miscellaneous  April 20, 2017 — 8:30 pm
201607380 Circular letter from the Provincal Secretary to the members of the House of Assembly regarding great coats and blankets ordered by Chearnley before his resignation; they will be placed at the disposal of county reps. Letter from McKinnon of Antigonish reg, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 1862 Halifax N. S. May 26th 62 Sir I have the honor to request that you will make it known to His Excellency the Lt Governor that I have this day resigned the appointment under Govt as Comr. Indian Affairs I have the [honor?] To be Sir Your obedient Servt WM. Chearnley The [Honoble?] The Provincial Sectry &c &c &c [Accepted?] May 28 1862 [written vertically]  April 20, 2017 — 8:58 pm
201607377 Circular letter from the Provincal Secretary to the members of the House of Assembly regarding great coats and blankets ordered by Chearnley before his resignation; they will be placed at the disposal of county reps. Letter from McKinnon of Antigonish reg, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Indian Grant 1862. Oct 18. 1862 Balance of [illegible] - $11.76. Duffus [& Co?] Blankets - 450 for 230. 12. 6. $922. 50. Balance 253. 50 _________ 1176.00 [(off [?Chearnley] claim $]  April 20, 2017 — 8:10 pm
201607021 Memorandum of Dr. Jennings regarding expenses incurred on account of the Mi'kmaq near Dartmouth and Maitland during his attendence on them and the reduction of his charges., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 3rd. That to have procured "Moccason's" would be a saving only of a few Pounds. To obtain them immediately was impossible. The state of the Indians required immediate attention, it was therefore considered judicious to purchase Shoes ready made at a low price_ Ed. Jennings Halifax April 1st.1847. [written vertically] Dr. Jenning's memo: relative to the reduction of his charges for attending Indians. ----- Rec'd. 1st April 1847 [very faintly written vertically] Dr. Jennings [illegible] [illegible] to call [?Lieutenant] Governor only [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] day ------------ I cannot but regret that [any portion of - written above so insert here] Mr.Jennings's charges should have been disallowed- & I should hope [illegible] glad if it had been in my power to make him any further remuneration beyond that which the Legislature has been fit to grant [?JH] April [?7]./47  April 20, 2017 — 8:38 pm
201607020 Memorandum of Dr. Jennings regarding expenses incurred on account of the Mi'kmaq near Dartmouth and Maitland during his attendence on them and the reduction of his charges., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Consulted a Medical gentleman who gave his candid opinion that my bill was by no means extravagant . All the Medical Gentlemen who were informed of my Services have expressed themselves to the Same effect I have been [induced?] to submit these facts to his Excellencys consideration From the government only can I seek redress having been employed by it My professional character, which hitherto has been unimpeachable, was attacked I have been represented as an extortioner and this circulated amongst my friends In the city & country To meet the objections raided against the propriety of building an Hospital the supplying of Shoes, Flannels, &c. the following will be sufficient 1st. That the inclemency of the weather demanded a Shelter for the dying Indians that it was necessary to build it as near to their wigwams [underlined] as possible Since their removal in the open air would be almost certain to produce death- 2nd That warm clothing was essential from the nature of the disease, not only for those sick but as a preventitive to the fatal termination of it. [the disease - erased] The successful result is corroborative of this opinion-  April 20, 2017 — 8:48 pm
201607019 Memorandum of Dr. Jennings regarding expenses incurred on account of the Mi'kmaq near Dartmouth and Maitland during his attendence on them and the reduction of his charges., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Even at the risk of my health to elieve their suffering and check the [ravages?] of the disease - No competent person could be procured to administer the medicine I was therefore under the necessity of giving it myself assisted by Dr. Richardson of 60th. Rifles who can bear testimony to all my statements. According to Medical [usage?] a dollar is allowed for each mile we travel to the Country and if detained for more than one day a proportional charge is made My visit therefore to Maitland would amount to at least £30 & if the Same principle be applied to my attendance in the Dartmouth district My bill would at least be double that [?r OR t]endered independant of what might Be considered a compensation for the loss sustained by an entire Sacrifice of Five weeks of practice My horse by standing in the Snow and cold has been since useless to me Many circumstances might be added to prove that my bill is moderate I was under the necessity of Keeping accounts With ['butchers' 'baker', 'grocers' - underlined] &c &c. an office, which made me responsible for mistakes (Should any be made) and which would have cost the Government at least £30 Soon after my papers were submitted to the Committee on Indian Affairs my accounts were Sent by some person of that Committee to be examined by Two Magistrates in Dartmouth one of these being absent the other  April 20, 2017 — 8:21 pm
201607018 Memorandum of Dr. Jennings regarding expenses incurred on account of the Mi'kmaq near Dartmouth and Maitland during his attendence on them and the reduction of his charges., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 43 Memorandum relative to the Expenses incurred on account of the Indians near Dartmouth and Maitland During my attendance on them - The following is a copy with explanations of the bill furnished the Government Medical attendance at £2 per day Horse hire at s10/- per day Q £ 90.0.0 -------------------- Medicine at [currency?] per day for each Indian while under treatment } 11.0.0 Medicine administered and Left with the Indians at Subenachedie & Maitland } 0.15.0 Horse hire for Dr. Richardson, his servant, an Indian, and Myself } 8.10.0 Expenses of travelling (four persons for six days) including hay, oats Stabling &c for two horses } 9.15.0 ------------------ £ 120-0-0 ----------------- Instead of the above amount only £85 were granted by the House of Assembly, - My attendance was as follows For thirty four days a total sacrifice of my private practice was made. At that Season of the year its average value is £2 per day. This year it must have realized more, an unusual degree of Sickness Existing, I was not in bed sooner Than from two to four oclock in the Morning during my whole attendance using every exertion in my power [?Q] Only £55 granted for attendance [written vertically on left edge]  April 20, 2017 — 7:07 pm
201607298 Account of Dr. William Pearson of Musquodoboit for services rendered to Mi'kmaq. Letter of chearnely authorizing attendance upon Mi'kmaq at Spry Bay suffering from small pox. Account of William Hall of supplies given to the Mi'kmaq. Account of Thomas Hanl, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Spry Harbour Indians To [illegible] Lesley Dr. 1860 Dec 3} To 40 feet Lumber. 8/2. 2.5 " 2 nails [?/4] " " .8 " 2 yards Broad Cloth. [?11/1] 1.3.0 " Sundries Mary Ann Philips. " 12.7 " Do. Susan. " " 9 " Do. Sally. (2) " 5.4 ". Do. John Paul. " 2.9 ½ " Do. Peter Paul. "12.0 " Do. James Paul. " 9.8 ½ " Do. Joseph Paul. 4.6.10 ". Do. Freeman. 1.17.6 19 3 " Butter 1/ 3/ 1 [ Gln?] [ Spts?] 13.0 " 1 Bott. Caster Oil ( large). 1.0 21. " 1 pr Boots. 21/3. 2 bottles C oil 2/. 1.3.3 " Bott Strong Sprts 1/10½ 1/2 lb Tea. 1/6. " 3.4 ½ 26. " 10 lb Rice. 2/11 2 lb Butter 2/. " 4.11 " 2 ½ lb Nails. [?c10] 4 Botts C Oil 2/6. " 3.4 " ½ Glns Molasses 1/2 ½ Gln Strong Rum 5/- " 6.2 " 1 Tobacco 2/1 1 dozen Pipes (3) " 2.3 " 200 feet Lumber "12.0 27. 1 lb Tea. 3/3. 1 Gln. Molasses. 2/3. . 5.6 -------------------------- Amount Carried Forward £ 13.8.4 ½   April 20, 2017 — 7:54 pm
201606605 George Oxley's account of supplies to Mi'kmaq at Ramsheg in 1802 and March 1803., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 George Oxleys Acct. of Supplys to Indians at [Remsheg?] in 1802 & March 1803 -------- £ 16..13..0 --------- p[ai]d No 30  April 20, 2017 — 7:59 pm
201606604 George Oxley's account of supplies to Mi'kmaq at Ramsheg in 1802 and March 1803., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (131 Province Nova Scotia To G. Oxley [Dr?] [?1803] To Sundry Provisions Delivered L. Tony and others Jan.y 15th To ½ Bbbl. Fish @ [?2/] _______£ -12-6 17 To 5 Bushels potatoes @ 2/6_____-12-6 Feby After their application to [Commiss[ion]ers?] 15 To 3 Blankets ____@9/ _____1-7 21st To 12 bushels potatoes @ 2/6 _____1-10- To 1 Bbbl. Fish- @ 25/ ____1-5 26 To 1 [?Ct.] of Beef @ /3_____1-5 To 15 bush.l potatoes @ 2/6 1-17-6 28th To 1 Bbl. fish @ 25 ____1-5- To 9 yd Cloth @ 7/6 _____3-7-6 To 1 [?Ct.] of Beef /3 ________1-5- March 2nd To 2 pr Trowser _____8/6 ___-17- 6th To 3 yd Forrest Cloth 6/ ____18- To 1 hide for Mogasons 11/ _____-11- -------------------- for four Indians £ 16''13'''0 Ramsheg 7th June 1803? Errors Excepted. and payment Received from Michael Wallace - G. Oxley   April 20, 2017 — 7:54 pm
201606559 Account of Edmund Ward for blankets for Mi'kmaq. Payment received from Wallace and Commission for Indians., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (111 Halifax Nova Scotia The Commissioners for Indians, o Edmund Ward...[?Dr.] 1802. March 11th To 1 Blanket 7/....20th 5 Blankets @ 7/- 35/....£2.2- " 23rd " "2....do....14/.....24th....1 do......7/.....1.1 April 9th....1 ...do....7/....13th...1....do....7/....-"14- May. 10th " "4 1½ Yds Green Baize...[?@] 1/10......8..3 --------------- £4,,5,,3 Received payment the 27th.. September 1802. - from Michael Wallace Edmund Ward Ent[ere]d.  April 20, 2017 — 7:07 pm
201606613 "Account of Hartshorne and Boggs for gunpowder supplied to the Indian Committee, 1802-1803.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 1802 Brought over..............................3.4.8. 11.14.8 ½ January 13. 1 ½ lb powder 3/4...6 lbs Shot 2/6..| 0.6.3 14. 1 lb do...2/6................4 lbs do 1/8.....| 0.4.2 19. 4 lbs do..10/.............10 lbs do 6/8....| 0.16.8 24. 3 lbs do..7/6............12 lbs do 5/.....| 0.12.6 25. 2 lbs do 5/...............8 lbs do 3/4....| 0.8.4 27. ½ lb do ...1/3.......2 lbs do 10..| 0.2.1 5.18.10 February14. 2 lbs do...5/..............8 lbs do 3/4..... ..| 0.8.4 15 1 lb do..2/6..4 lbs do 1/8..2 lbs Lard 2/ | 0.6.2 19 1 ½ lbs do ....3/9.....7 lbs do 2/11......| 0.6.8 21. ½ lb. do....1/3.....3 lbs. do 15.........|0.2.6 22 1 lb do ..2/6...4 lbs do 1/8..1 fox trap 10/,| 0.14.2 24 1 felling Axe 6/6..1 hoe 4/..1 lb powder 2/6. | 0.13.0 4 lbs Shot 1/8..2 Blankets 20/6 .2lb.s hogs lard 2/ | 1.4.2 25 1 lb powder 2/6..4 lbs Shot 1/8......................| 0.4.2 3.19.2 March 2 1 lb do ..2/6....4 lbs do 1/8.................. .....| 0.4.2 12 ½ lb do..1/3...2 lbs do 10........................| 0.2.1 30 1 felling Axe 6/3..1 grubbing hoe 4/3..........| 0.10.6 0.16.9 April 2 ½ lb powder 1/3..2 lbs Shot 10............. ..| 0.2.1 13 2 ½ lb do 6/3.......10 lbs do 4/2..................| 0.10.5 23 ½ lb..do 1/3........2 lbs do 10.....................| 0.2.1 25 1lb..do..2/6...........4 lbs do 1/8....................| 0.4.2 0.18.9 May 7 ½ lb do 1/3.........2 lbs do 5/.......................| 0.2.3 9 ½ lb do ..1/3........2 lbs do 5/......................| 0.2.3 10 1 lb. do..2/6.........4 lbs do 2/.......................| 0.4.6 11 1 lb do 2/6...........4 lbs do 2/.......................| 0.4.6 16 2 ½ do 6/3.........10 lbs do 5/.....................| 0.11.3 20 1 lb do ...2/6.........6 lbs do 3/.......................| 0.3.6 23 3 lbs do..7/6..........8 lbs do 4/......................| 0.11.6 2.1.9 £ 25.9.111/2 June 2 1 lb powder 2/6....4 lbs Shot 2/........0.4.6 4 3 lbs do 7/6..........12 lbs do 6/...........0.13.6 9 1 lb do 2/6...........................................0.2.6. 1.0.6 £ 26.10.51/2 Received payment from the Honorable Michael Wallace Hartshorne & Boggs   April 20, 2017 — 7:30 pm
201606612 "Account of Hartshorne and Boggs for gunpowder supplied to the Indian Committee, 1802-1803.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (135 Indian Committee To Hartshorne & Boggs Dr,, 1802 March 10 Two lbs powder 6/ .....8 lbs Shot 3/4......| 0.9.4 11 1 lbs Gunpowder 3/...4 lbs....do...1/8....| 0.4.8 13 1 lb. do..............3/6...4 lbs...do....1/8..| 0.5.0. 1 hatchet 2/9....................................... .| 0.2.9. 20 1 lb powder 3/6.... 4 lbs Shot 1/8...| 0.5.2. 24. 1 lb do....3/6...........4 lbs do. 1/8...| 0.5.2. 1.12.3 April. 5 1 lb do ....3/6..........4 lbs do 1/8...| 0.5.2 7. ½ lb do....1/4..........2 lbs do10.....| 0.2.7 10. 2 lbs. do....6/............8 lbs. do3/4..| 0.9.4 14. 1 lb do....3/............4 lbs do 1/8| 0.4.8 17. ½ lb do ....1/6.........2 lbs. do. 19 | 0.2.4 28. 5 lbs. do 15/............20 lbs do 8/4.| 1.3.4. 2.7.5 May. 3. 2 lbs do 6/............... 8 lbs do 3/4. | 0.9.4 10. 3 lbs do 9/ .............12 lbs do. 5/...| 0.14.0 11 1 lb. do 3/.................4 lbs do.1/8. | 0.4.8 15. 2 lbs. do. 8/.................4 lbs. do. 3/4. | 0.9.4 19. 1 lb do. 3/...................4 lbs do. 1/8. | 0.4.8. 2.2.0 June. 7. 1 Carolina hoe ......................................| 0.3.3 14 1 lb powder 3/..4 lb Shot 1/8..2 Hoes 8/.| 0.12.8 19 1 lb. do. 3/...................4 lbs Shot 1/8...| 0.4.8 28. 1 lb. do. 3/.................4 lbs. do. 1/8...| 0.4.8. 1.5.3 July 12. 2 lbs. do 6/ ...8 lbs do 3/4...6 flints 6. | 0.9.10 14. 1 lb do. 3/...4 lbs do 1/8...2 do.2. | 0.4.10 0.10.8 Septr. 29. 3 lbs do 9/....................12 lbs do 5/. | 0.14.0 October 14. 2 lbs do 6/....................6 lbs do 2/6...| 0.8.6 Decr. 10 12 lbs do 2/6.......................................| 1.10.0 24. 3 lbs do 7/6...12 lbs Shot 5/...............| 0.12. 6 13 lbs pork ..........................0.8.1 1/2. 2.10.7 ½ 1803 January 11 12 lbs powder 30/ ..½ [Cut.?] Shot 22/6. | 12.12.6 ( Truro Indians) 2 lbs do 5/....6 lbs Shot 2/6..6 flints 6. | 0.8.0 12 1 lbs do 2/6..4 lbs do 1/8....................| 0.4.8 £ 3.4.8 11.14.8 ½ Carried over   April 20, 2017 — 7:37 pm
201606557 "Receipt from J. Crane for payment received from Michael Wallace for supplies distributed to the Mi'kmaq of Kings County, 1801-1802.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Halifax April 13th. 1802. Personally [appeared?] Jonathan Crane and made Oath on the Evangelists to the truth of the [Written OR within?] Account and that the several Articles were Delivered as within mentioned Jonathan Crane Mich Wallace J.P.  April 20, 2017 — 6:55 pm
201606556 "Receipt from J. Crane for payment received from Michael Wallace for supplies distributed to the Mi'kmaq of Kings County, 1801-1802.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (110 1801 Supplies Given the Indians in Kings County Aug 1. Delivered John Wilmot for his wife & young child 2 yards of Baize 3/3 6.6 1 yard cloth 8 ..14.6 Decr. 23 Delivered Peter Batteast & Catilina Batteast (his Mother) for the Family Settled at the Lake- 6 ½ yards Cloth- 7/6 -2.8.9 7 yards Flannel 2/4 16.4 3 [?lb] Tobacco 3/ [Twine?] 1/- 4 1 Wood Ax- 10 3:19:5 1802 Bartholomew Amquarret Jan. 2 yards Cloth- 7/6 15 3 yards Baize ----- 7. 3 lb Tobacco 3/, [?twine] 1/ 4- 1.6 -------- Francis [Nogood?] 1 yard cloth - 7.6 3 yards Baize 7. 1 lb Tobacco 1/. 1 pair Mittens 1/ . 2 _ 16.6 ----- John Batteast [Burk?] 1 ½ yard Coating 8/4- 12.6 2 yards Flannel- 4.8 7:2 ------------- £7:13:3 [E.E.] Jonathan Crane Received payment from Michael Wallace one of the Commissioners this 13th April 1802_ Jonathan Crane  April 20, 2017 — 6:37 pm
201606609 "Account of Hartshorne and Tremain for goods supplied to the Committee for Indians, 1801-1803.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Amt [?brot] forward.........£ 25.19.0 1802 [?Ct] gr lb June 30 To 5 0. 0 Indian Meal from [ illegible] 14/ 3 10 0 July 30 To 1.2.0. Ditto.....Ditto....@ ". 1 1 0 October 14 To 0.1.0.....Ditto................." 3 6 Novemr. 26 To 1.0.0...Ditto..Ditto....." 14 " Decemr. 31 To 0.3.0.........Ditto...Ditto...."10 6 1803 Jany. 31 To 7.0.14..Ditto...Ditto....4 19 9 Feby. 28 To 8. 0. 14..........Ditto...Ditto...." 5 13 9 Mar 28 To 3.0.14.............,Ditto......Ditto...." 2 3 9 April 23 To 3.1.0.........,,,,,,Ditto.......Ditto...." 2 5 6 -------------- £ 47.0.9 May 31 To 7. 2. 0..........,Ditto .......Ditto......5.5.0 June 12th To 2.2.0.........Ditto.......Ditto.....1.15.0 ----------------- £ 54.0.9 Halifax June 12th 1803 Received from The Honble Michael Wallace Fifty pounds and nine pence Currency for the above for Hartshorne & Tremain [?Jon] Tremain Jun[io]r. £ 54.0.9  April 20, 2017 — 6:41 pm
201606608 "Account of Hartshorne and Tremain for goods supplied to the Committee for Indians, 1801-1803.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (133 Committee for Indians, by order from M. Wallace Esqr To Hartshorne & Tremain [?Dr.] 1801 October 22 To 1[?Cuc] Indian Meal........£ ,,16,, 31 To 1/2 ...Ditto 8/ Nov 9th 1/11 [?Cuc] Meal 11/.... ,, 12 ,, November 14 To 1/2....Ditto 8/ .....23...1/2 [?Ct].....Do 7/....,,15 .... ". 26 To 1/2.....Ditto 7/ Decem. 7th 10 B. Meal @ 22/ 11 7 0 Guysborough} Decm 21 To 1/4...Ditto 3/6.....23 3/4 C I Meal 11/ " 16 " 28 To 3/4......Ditto @ 14/.... 31 1/4 [?Ct.] Ditto.... "11" 1802 Jany. 4 To 4 Barrs. Indian Meal Sheet Harbour 22/. 4 8 " 14 To 1/2 C' Meal @ 14/ 1/4 C' Meal @ 14/......."10 6 19 To 1/4 C' I. Meal.............. "3 6 29 To 1/4 C'. Ditto ............. "3 6 [?Feby?] 3 To 1/4 C' Ditto..................."3 6 5 To 1/4 C' Ditto..................."3 6 20 To 1/4 C' Ditto................."3 6 25 To 1/4 C' Ditto................."3 6 26 To 1/4 C' Ditto................"3 6 March 10 To 14 lbs Ditto....."1 9 11 " 1/2 C'. Ditto.............." 7 " 20 " 1 C'. Ditto............." 14 " 23 " 1/2 C' Ditto............" 7 " April 17 " 1/4 C' Ditto......... " 3 6 ". 28 " 3/4 C'. Ditto........14. " 10 6 29 " 1/4 C'. Ditto........" 3 6 May 3. ". 1 C'. Ditto....... " 16 " 9 " 1 1/4 C'. Ditto......14/. " 17 6 12 " 1/4 C'. Ditto ......" 3 6 --------------- £ 25.3.3 19. " 1/2 C'. Meal 7/ 20th 14 [ lb?] Meal 1/9........." 8 9 25 " 1/4 C' Do 3/6. 27th 1/4 C' Meal 3/6............" 7 " ----------------------------------------------------- Amt. Carrd. over........£ 25.19.0   April 20, 2017 — 6:23 pm
201606610 "Account of Hartshorne and Tremain for goods supplied to the Committee for Indians, 1801-1803.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (134 M. Wallace Esqr for the Indians at Sheet Harbour 1803 [Bot?] of Hartshorne & Tremain 5 Jany 5 [?Bbls] Indn Meal 22/ £ 5:10:0  April 20, 2017 — 6:55 pm
201606645 Account to Hartshorne and Boggs for sundries supplied to the Mi'kmaq by order of Governor Wentworth., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (146 Halifax Nova Scotia Government To Hartshorne & Boggs Dr For Sundries supplied the Indians by Order of His Excellency Governor Wentworth.- Date To whom delivered No. Powder No. Shot No. Flints No. Guns No. [?Hats] 1807 Novr. 7 } 7/2 30 2 1 3 21 James Paul [Goram?] Paul Clods , Paul Thomas Francis and Thomas Morris } [?7]/2 30 " " " 2 1 3 23 Noel [Sanpier?] Lewis Anthy and John Anthony } 4/2 18 " " " 1 4 9 Decr.. 3 Thos, [?Boitton] Paul bask .... 3 12 " " " " 16 6 6 Paul Labradore, Gabreal Barbard, [?Cheremi] & Hannah Cheremi } 6 24 12 1 " 3 4 " 7 JJos. Bask & his wife Jacob Bask & Widowed mother } 3 12 " " " " 16 6 11 Paul Morris and Sons .... 1/2 6 " " " " 8 3 14 Joseph Philip ....1 4 " " 1 1 15 6 18 John Bask & his wife.....1 4 " " " " 5 6 22 Joseph Paul, Paul Bonnes 2 8 " " " " 11 " 24 Lewis Paul, Simon Paul and a Blind Indian ....2 8 " " " " 5 6 28 John Nocout .....1 4 " " " " 5 6 30 Joseph Paul & Thomas Bell } 2 8 " " " " 11 " 31 Capt. Philip , Peter Morris Penard Argamatin Francis Penard, John Penard Ino. Muse } [?6] 24 " " " 1 13 " 1808 Jany 1 Thos.. & Jos. Ball Paul Martyn 4 16 " " " 1 2 " 4 James Paul Junr.. 1/2 2 " " " " 2 9 11 [Nootus?] Paul 1/2 [?6] " " " " 8 3 ---------------------------------- Carried Forward £ 17 12 6  April 20, 2017 — 6:23 pm
201606654 Account to Hartshorne and Tremain for sundries supplied to the Mi'kmaq by order of John Wentworth., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Date | To whom delivered | lbs Pork | lbs Bread | price pr lb | Amount [column headings] Amount brot. over 309 ½ 682 April 1 Hannah Paul her son & daughter 8.16 " Hannah Morris,widow & 4 sick child.n. 8.20. 2 Simon Tony & family. 8.16. " Jacob Bask & Mother. 4.12. " Paul Morris. 8.16 3. James Davey. 4.12 " Tho.s Boutoo. 4.8. [?owd.] Decr 23 Simon Paul & 4 other Indians & familys 21.10 842lb @ 4. 12.9.8 374 ½ Pork @ 8. 14 " 8. --------------- £ 26.10.4 Halifax N.S. Received payment of George Henry Monk Esqr. superintendant of Indian Affairs for the Province of Nova Scotia having signed three receipts of this [tenor?] & Date -----   April 20, 2017 — 6:05 pm
201606653 Account to Hartshorne and Tremain for sundries supplied to the Mi'kmaq by order of John Wentworth., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (147½ Halifax Nova Scotia Government To Hartshorne & Tremain Dr. For Sundries supplied the Indians by order of His Excellency Sir John Wentworth Date | To whom delivered | lbs Pork | lbs Bread [ price [?per] | Amount [column headings] 1807 Decemr. 3 Tho.s Boittow & Paul Bask 10. 25. 5 Hannah Carlimi & children. 8. 24. " Hannah Morris & children. 12.30. " Paul Labrador & 3 other Ind. 15.25. 7 Joseph & Jacob Bask & familys - 15 9 Louis & Simon Paul & family. 4. 15. 11 Paul Morris & family. 11. 20. 13 Joseph Phillip~~. - . 6 17 Catharine & family ~~~. 8.12. 22 Joseph Paul & Peter Bonnes 18. 32. 23 Stephen & Paul Simon & Benton 7. 12. 24 Lewis Paul & Simon Paul. 8.15. 31 six Indians & their familys. 26 ½. 48 1808 January1 Thos. & John Ball ~~~~~~~-----. 8. ". " Paul McGrode~~~~~. -. 12. 4 [Gerarn?] Cloud & Ja.s Paul. 6.12. 11 [ Nastus?] Naul. 6.15. 18 Paul Boones. 4½. 10. 20 Simon Peter & Jos. Paul. 5.12. 23 Jos. Lenis himself mother &family. 6.20. 26 Jns. Paul Molly Simon & P. Morris. 8.20. February 4 Nancy Simon & family. 6.15. 10 Jos. Cope John [Nuffcoor?]. 11.24. 17 Madlin Dooton. 9.20 18 Thomas Nagoot. 8.15. 25 Josha. Sapere the younger Madeline 18.27 29 Andrew Bootoo & family. 4.12. " Simon & Jno.Paul & family's. 18. 16. " Samuel Paul & family March. 1 Archd. Davis & 2 sisters~~~~. 4.12. " Joseph Paul & family 4.12 2 Philip & family 4.10 3 Fracs. Jo, & his Wife & family. 4.10 " Jos. & Thos. Philip & family. 16.30 " Clauds. Paul & family. 8 15 16 John Bask~~~~~. 4 ½.12 17 Simon Paul a blind Indian. 4 15 , 18 Fras. Ball ~~~~~. 4.10 25 Thos. Nocoot 4.10. 25 John Paul. 8.15 30 Lewis Toney. 8.16 ------------------------ 309½ | 682   April 20, 2017 — 6:27 pm
201607304 Account of Dr. William Pearson of Musquodoboit for services rendered to Mi'kmaq. Letter of chearnely authorizing attendance upon Mi'kmaq at Spry Bay suffering from small pox. Account of William Hall of supplies given to the Mi'kmaq. Account of Thomas Hanl, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 1861 Bill of Articals For Indians 2 Bls of Flower. 3 15 1 do of Bread. 1 4 1 do of Meal. 1 17 6 1/2 lb Shugar. 1 10 . Rice. 10 Meet. 11 8 Labour. 10 Caster Oil. 1. 6 ____________ £ 10 ' 8 Clothing 3 Coats at [ ten?] Shillings. 1.10. 25 ( inserted below - yard) Cloth for pants. 2. 2. 6 6 Hats 12 Socks @4. 1.11. Mittens. .6. Labour For Making Cloas. 1.5. __________ 6.19.6 William Hall Personally appeared before me One of Her Majesty's Justice of the Peace for the County of Halifax the undersigned William Hall and maketh a oath that he furnished the Indians with the articles in the foregoing Bill Sworn to before me at Sheet Harbour this 8th day of February, 1861 Joseph [ Browner?] J.P. William Hall   April 20, 2017 — 5:57 pm
201606856 "Abstract of fees Attourney-General, Clerk of the Crown, and Sheriff on ?intrusion causes? for the last three years. First of the ten cases listed fall under ?Intrusions on Indian reserves in Cape Breton.? Dated Halifax.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (189 Abstract of fees of Attorney General Clerk of the Crown and Sherriff on Intrusion Causes in the [?Superior OR Supreme] Court at Halifax for the [last? - right edge torn] three years. Intrusions on Indian Reserve in Cape Breton Att. General Clerk, Crown [?Sheriff] The Queen - Aug. McKay £ 4 . 7 " " 1 . 16 . 6 1 . 8 " [Ead?] " [Ang.] Mattheson 4.7 " " 1 . 16. 6 3.9. [illegible - right edge torn] " [Ead?] " [Hen.?] McLeod 4.7 " " 1 . 16. 6 3.6. [illegible - right edge torn] " [Ead?] " [Murd.?] [McLeeuwan?] 4.7 " " 1 . 16. 6 3.10.[illegible - right edge torn] " [Ead?] " Quarrie McQuarrie 3.19.6 1 . 16. 6 3.9. [illegible - right edge torn] " [Ead?] " [?Nod.] [McLeuwan?] 4.7." " 1 . 16. 6 3.8. [illegible - right edge torn] " [Ead?] " Dond. Nickleson 4.7." " 1 . 16. 6 3.8. [illegible - right edge torn] " [Ead?] " Malc. McLeod 4.7." " 1 . 16. 6 1.8. [illegible - right edge torn] " [Ead?] " [Murd.?] McAuley 4.7." " 1 . 16. 6 1.8. [illegible - right edge torn] " [Ead?] " [Ken.?] Campbell 4.7." " 1 . 16. 6 3.7. [illegible - right edge torn] Intrusion on [Free?] [Stone?] Quarries at Joggins in Cumberland The Queen " Jos. [?Read] } 24.6.8 3.15.6 1.1. [right edge torn] Additional Fees Special [?Jury] Witnesses &c } "- "-"- 28.1.1 "-" [right edge torn] Various Intrusions on Crown Lands The Queen " Robt. [?H.] Masters & al 10.2.6 1.9.6 7.[illegible - right edge torn] " [Ead?] " Jno. Mailman 3.19. - " 14.6 " " [illegible - right edge torn] " Ead " Jas. Pollock & al 5.1.6 " .16.6 1.10 [illegible - right edge torn] " Ead " Wm. Brittain. & al 7.16." 1.5.6 4." [illegible - right edge torn] " Ead " [Danl.?] Kavanagh 6.13." 1.2.6 "." [illegible - right edge torn] On Repeal of [Jacob?] Marriotts Grants 7.4.4 "."." "."." Writ of [?Ancouvea] [?Maures], Alias, & Plures, in Cape Breton [Intrusion?] [?Causes] -------------------------- £108.5.6 £67.10.1 £43.6.[2?] Crown Office Halifax 31th January 1840 Recd the above £108.5.16 [illegible] Received the above amounts [illegible] £110.16.3 18th Feb.1840. I do hereby certify that the above costs are extracted from the Bills of Costs in the respective suits [?taxed in my office to the Attorney General, [?Clerk] of the Crown and Sherriff &c [?J.W.] [?illegible] Clerk of the Crown 110.16.3   April 20, 2017 — 5:33 pm
201606552 Edward Mortimer's account for blankets supplied to Mi'kmaq at Pictou., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (108 Pictou Province of Nova Scotia To Edwd. Mortimer [?Dr] 1802 Jany.16th. [To?] 8 blankets-@17/6 £ 7.0.0 N.B. Delivered to the following Indians " when almost naked. 1 [Leeland?] [Mucatuwan?] 1 Francis Willmot 1 [Martel?] [Sapien?] 1 old [Sapier?] 1 young [Sapier?] 1 John Michael 1 Samuel [Oakum?] 1 Chas. Toney ------------- --------------- 8 [?in all] Pictou 12th. May 1802 Sir Please pay the above sum of seven pounds , to [Messrs?] Andrew & John [?Siddell], on order.- Yours &c &c &c Edwd: Mortimer Michael Wallace Esqr Halifax  April 20, 2017 — 4:07 pm
201606553 Edward Mortimer's account for blankets supplied to Mi'kmaq at Pictou., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [written vertically] Edward Mortimer's Acct. for Blankets supplied to Indians at Pictou_ Jany 7 1802. £7..0..0 ------------ No.10  April 20, 2017 — 4:07 pm
201606647 Account to Hartshorne and Boggs for sundries supplied to the Mi'kmaq by order of Governor Wentworth., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Date To whom delivered U. Powder u. shot N"Flints N"Guns N"Hats Amount ~1808~ Amount Brout up £34. 12. 3 March 25 Thos. [?Necoat], Francis Tony John Tony Stephen Simon } 4 16 " " " 1 2 " April 1 Peter Muse, Hannah Paul 2 8 " " " 1 2" 2 Paul Morris Simon Paul 2 8 " " " " 11" 4 Peter Tony, Jas. Davy John Baptist Thos. Beaton } 3 12 " " " " 16 6 - ------------ £37.12.9 -------------- 37. 12. 9 14 Cash paid Smith Surveying Land for Indians....} 9."." May 31 paid Coppying Reports......"10." " " D" Repairing a Gun ....7 6 " " D" King Conveying Circular Letters } 1 5 " 11 2 6 - -------------- 11 2 6 ----------- £ 48.15.3 Halifax N.S. Received payment of George Henry Monk Esqr,, superintendant of Affairs for the province of Nova Scotia, having signed three receipts of this [tenor?] and Date-   April 20, 2017 — 4:13 pm
201606646 Account to Hartshorne and Boggs for sundries supplied to the Mi'kmaq by order of Governor Wentworth., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Date To whom delivered No. Powder No. Shot No. Flints No. Guns No. [ Hats?] 1808 Amount Brout over ...£ 17 12 5 Jany 12 Paul Martyn Grove and one more Indn.. for repairing } " " " 2" " 17 6 20 Stephen Simon Josiah Paul and Peter Paul } 3 12 " " " " 16 6 23. Jos.. Paul Junr.. Jos.. Lewis 2 8 " " " " 11" 26 Lewis Tony , John Paul wife & family old Paul Benard L. Cope Morris and Wife } 3 1/2 14 " " " " 19 3 29 Joseph Pennageur and Abraham Joseph } 1/2 [?6] " " " " 8 3 30 Captain Lewis ...1 4 " " " " 5 [?6] 18 Paul Boonis...1/2 [6] " " " " 8 3 Feby 3 Peter Paul 1 4 " " " " 5 [?6] 4 Peter Paul Nancy Simon Alias Bosque her Son &c } 2 8 " " " " 11 " 10 Solomon [ Nusscoat?] , John [ Nusscoat?] Joseph [Cosse?] ....} 3 12 " " " " 16 6 17 Madlin [Dectou?] Jos. Paul 2 8 " " " " 11 " 18 Joseph [ Noocal?] .....1/2 6 " " " " 8 3 " do.....do..." " 12 1" 2 [?6] " 25 Tony Simon Joseph Thom Joseph Sapere the youngr.. 3 12 " " " " 16 6 " Andrew Bottomy..." " " " 1" 4 6 29 Francis Thony Lewis Thony 2 8 " " " " 11" March 1 Aleck David Jos.. Paul ....2 8 " " " " 11" 3 Francis [?Jo.] &c....1/2 8 " " " " 11" 8 [?Jos.] & Thomas Philip [?&c] 3 12 " " " " 16 6 14 Thos.. Morris & Saml. Paul 2 8 " " " " 11" 5 Captain Lewis ...1/2 6 " " " " 8 3 16 Jos.. Lewis Jos.. Paul John Bask & Francis [Mude?] } 31/2 14 " " " " 19 3 18 Bill alias Bernard Cope Francis Ball } 2 8 " " " " 11 " " do....do....do...." " " 12 1 1 1 " 19 Andrew George and Andw.. Bottene } 2 8 " " " " 11 " 24 Peter Morris Jos.. Paul 2 8 " " " " 11 " ------------------------------------ Carried up £ 34.12.3.  April 20, 2017 — 4:28 pm
201606647 Account to Hartshorne and Boggs for sundries supplied to the Mi'kmaq by order of Governor Wentworth., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Date To whom delivered U. Powder u. shot N"Flints N"Guns N"Hats Amount ~1808~ Amount Brout up £34. 12. 3 March 25 Thos. [?Necoat], Francis Tony John Tony Stephen Simon } 4 16 " " " 1 2 " April 1 Peter Muse, Hannah Paul 2 8 " " " 1 2" 2 Paul Morris Simon Paul 2 8 " " " " 11" 4 Peter Tony, Jas. Davy John Baptist Thos. Beaton } 3 12 " " " " 16 6 - ------------ £37.12.9 -------------- 37. 12. 9 14 Cash paid Smith Surveying Land for Indians....} 9."." May 31 paid Coppying Reports......"10." " " D" Repairing a Gun ....7 6 " " D" King Conveying Circular Letters } 1 5 " 11 2 6 - -------------- 11 2 6 ----------- £ 48.15.3 Halifax N.S. Received payment of George Henry Monk Esqr,, superintendant of Affairs for the province of Nova Scotia, having signed three receipts of this [tenor?] and Date-   April 20, 2017 — 4:05 pm
201606627 Account of clothes and supplies to Mi'kmaq at Truro by order of the Commissioners at Halifax., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Account of Supplys to Indians at Truro, by order of the Commissioners [Pd?] £20:0:0 1803 No. 23 ( written vertically)  April 20, 2017 — 3:34 pm
201606784 Poor quality negative copy of a table of the distribution of sundry articles for the use of the Mi'kmaq by order of John Kempt from December 1826 to December 1829., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (171 Distribution of Sundry articles for the use of the Indians by order of His Excellency Sir [James?] Kempt [column titled as follows] Date | To whom delivered | Yds Cloth | Pairs Blankets | Flannel Shirts | Yards [Swanskins?] | [Hdkps?] | [lbs] Thread | Bbls Meal | Gals [Molasses?] | lbs [?Tobacco] | Axes | Flannel [Gowns?] | Bushels Corn | [Hoes?] | [Grindstone?] | [Rye flour bls?] | Potatoes bushels | Wheat bushels | Shawls | Homespuns | fearnaught Coating 4yds | Shot bags | Gunpowder lbs | beans lbs | picks | medicines 1826 13 Decr | ? | " | 8 | 3 | [~ in all columns 'til coating]| 12 | 125 | " | " | " | 1827 29 May | To Indians by Father Carroll |[~ in all columns except 2 illegible] May & June | To Do by Jno Heckman Esqr Lunenburg | [" in all columns 'til axes] | 2 | " | " 4 | " | " 37 | 2 | [~ in remaining columns] 19th Septr | To Do by C. E. Dickson Esqr Amherst | 6 ¾ | 3 | [" in all remaining columns] Octr | To Do by [?H] Haliburton Esq Annapolis | [" in all columns 'til axes] | 10 | " | " | 5 | [" in all columns 'til picks] | 5 | " Novr | [Wm.?] Campbell Esqr, Cornwallis | " | 5 | [" in all remaining columns] Father Vincent Pomquet | 10 | 10 |6 | " | 6 | ½lb | 2 | [" in all remaining columns] Judge Marshall, Sydney | 16 ½ | 10 | 10 | 10 | 12 | 1 | 5 | [" in all remaining columns] 7 Dec | Father Vincent | [" in all columns except medicines] | sundry Decr. | Monsieur Segoine Sissaboo | 10 | 5 | 6 | " | 6 | ½ | [" in all remaining columns] Lawrence Kavanagh St.Peters | 17 ½ | 10 | 5 | 10 | 12 | 1 | 5 | [" in all remaining columns] 1828 January | Robt Bingay Esq Shelburne | 10 | 6 | 6 | 10 | 6 | " | 1 | [" in all remaining columns] February | Robt. Dickson Esqr. Onslow | " | 20 | [" in all remaining columns] May | Judge Wiswall Digby | " | 8 | " | " | " | " | 1 | 20 | 15 | 12 | " | 40 | 12 | 1 | [" in all remaining columns] Novemr | Do Do | [" in all columns 'til molasses] | 64 | [" in all columns 'til potatoes] | 40 | [" in all columns 'til beans] 3 | " | " C.E. [Leonard?] CapeB | [" in all columns 'til axes] | 20 | " | " | 40 | " | " | 10 | [" in all remaining columns] Decr. | Peter Joseph & other Indians Cumberland } | 2 ½ | [illegible]| [" in all columns 'til axes]| 6 | [" in all remaining columns] Indians in the neighbourhood of Halifax _ _ _ } | " | 12 | 15 | [" in all columns 'til flannel] | 3 | " | " | " 1 | "| " | 6 | 2 ½ |[" in all remaining columns] Geo Smith, Pictou | " | 18 | | [" in all columns 'til flannel] | 12 | [" in all remaining columns] 1829_ | Wm Campbell Esqr | " | 6 | 2 | [" in all columns 'til flannel] | 10 | [" in all remaining columns] Jno Heckman Esqr, Lun[enbur]g | " | 8 | [" in all remaining columns] Father Geary, Chezzetcook | " | 6 | [" in all columns 'til axes] | 6 | [" in all remaining columns] Total | 73 ¼ | 131 | 53 | 30 | 42 | 3 | 14 | 84 | 15 | 56 | 25 | 40 | 62 | 1 | 1 | 107 | 2 | 6 | 2 ½| 12 | 1 | 25 | 3 | 5 | Sundries  April 20, 2017 — 3:16 pm
201607300 Account of Dr. William Pearson of Musquodoboit for services rendered to Mi'kmaq. Letter of chearnely authorizing attendance upon Mi'kmaq at Spry Bay suffering from small pox. Account of William Hall of supplies given to the Mi'kmaq. Account of Thomas Hanl, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Spry Harbour Indians To G.H. & W. Leslie Do 1860 Dec 3} To 40 feet Lumber @ 8/2 2.5. " 2 [lbs?] Nails @4 ".".8 " 2 yrs Broad Cloth 11/1 1.3.0. " Sundries Mary Ann Phillips. ".12.7 " Do. Susan. ".".9. ". Do. Sally (2) ".5.4. ". Do. John Paul. ".2.9 ½ ". Do. Peter Paul. ".12.0. ". Do. James Paul. ".9.8 ½. ". Do. Joseph Paul. 4.6.10. ". Do. Freeman. 1.17.6. 19 " 3 [?lb] Butter 1/- ( paper stained) 3/- 1 Gln [?Spt] 10/. .13.0. " 1 Bott Caster Oil (large). .1.0. 21 " 1 pr Boots. 21/3. 2 Bottles C Oil 2/. 1.3.3. " 1 Bott Strong?] [?Lpts] 1/10½ ½ lb Tea 1/6 ".3.4 ½ 26 1o [lb?] Rice 2/11 2 lbs Butter 2/. ".4.11. " 2 ½ lbs Nails. 4 Botts C Oil 2/6. ".3.4. " 1/2 Glns Molasses 1/2 Gln [Strong?] Rum 5/. ."6.2. " 1 [lb?] Tobacca 2/1 1 dozen Pipes @ [?C3] ".2.3. " 200 feet Lumber. [?/-]. ".12.0 27. " 1 lb Tea 3/3 1 Gln Molasses 2/3. ".5.6. Amount Carried Forward. £ 13.8.4 ½   April 20, 2017 — 3:33 pm
201606649 "Negative copy of a petition from Lewis Antonea requesting relief for Mi'kmaq, especially several aged widows and those with families of small children near Dartmouth.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (146 ½ To Sir George Prevost Bart Lutanant [Liuetenant] Governor and Commander in Chief in and over his Majesties Province of Nova Scotia and its Dependences &c &c &c The Petition of [?Lewis R Levis] [?Antona] and Others Humbly Sheweth That there is a Number of us Native Indians residing near Halifax Several of them aged Widows and others who are Left with Famalies [Families] of Small Children , who are Unable to provide them selves with nessary [necessary] Cloathing suffient [sufficient] to guard against the Inclemency of the Approaching Season, And that Your Petitioner with others have been wating [waiting] to know the Kings pleasure respecting them, and have been under the necessaty of Contributing out of their little Earnings toard [toward] the Support of Said Widows and Childrens which has Unabled your Petitioners to Provide Necessaries Sufficent to Enable them to Return to Winter Quarters -Your Petitioners therefore Humbly Pray that your Excellency will be Pleased to [thake?] their Distressed Situation , into consideration and to afford such Little Reliefs of Blankets Cloathing Ammunition [?&c] as your Excellency may in your Goodness See [Meet?] to [bestow?]- and your Petitioner and they as in Duty bound will Ever Pray Dartmouth Octbr 22nd 1808 Lewis his X mark Antonea  April 20, 2017 — 3:09 pm
201607076 "Letter from William James Anderson of Pictou to G.R. Young regarding Joe Wilmot, a Mi'kmaq from Pictou who desires to send his sons to Pictou [?] Academy. Anderson recommends that the boys be removed entirely from their families and sent to board with a w", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 57 Pictou 4th May 1850 The Honble G.R. Young Dear Sirs In reply to your note of the 1st [?inst.] , I can only say in addition to what I wrote in the letter which you [?read] to the House, that we are still of opinion that there never occurred more favourable opportunity of testing the problem in reference to the Indians of this Province. [?Joe] Wilmot appears as anxious as ever to send his boys to the Academy, and we are no less desirous that he should be enabled to do so, and are willing to devote our time to the superintendence of all the arrangements and also to raise a portion of the sum requisite. Our plan at present is, to take the boys entirely from their parents wigwam, that is to say, merely to permit them occasionally to go to see them ; if we shall be placed in possession of the necessary funds, we would at once place them in a respectable family, and have them clothed and treated in every other respect, as the other boys of the Town, Children of respectable tradesmen. I have not yet spoken to [?Miss] Wilson, the Superintendent of the Infant School, but we have thought she would be an excellent person with whom to board the boys - she has lately taken up house and supports her father and mother; The father is aged and infirm, but the mother is an active, respectable and intelligent woman and would aid her daughter in attending to the boys - The Board we suppose would be [Twenty Pounds - underlined] a piece, per annum- it might be got cheaper but not in such families as we would think it safe to place the boys. We do not think that it is too much to ask the Government to advance this sum, we will, we will undertake if this be done to provide suitable  April 20, 2017 — 3:52 pm
201607077 "Letter from William James Anderson of Pictou to G.R. Young regarding Joe Wilmot, a Mi'kmaq from Pictou who desires to send his sons to Pictou [?] Academy. Anderson recommends that the boys be removed entirely from their families and sent to board with a w", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Suitable clothing, and to pay for washing &c ~ I can say nothing more than this that I have thought it would be prudent not [underlined] to attempt to break them in to the whole discipline of the Academy at once, and that it will be wise to send them for a portion of the day in the first place to the Infant School, the exercises in which tho well calculated to instruct and improve would not appear so much in the nature of the tasks. Both his Excellency and Mr. Howe have considerable acquaintance with the habits of the Indians, and will readily judge of the feasibility of the Project- If the Government think our plan worthy of encouragement, I for one, will cheerfully [?devote} my time to aid in carrying out, but I would rather that nothing should be done, than that it could be commenced and abandoned. I remain very faithfully Yours Wm. Jas Anderson P.S. What is the meaning of the dishonouring of the draft of the Trustees of Pictou Academy. By order of the Board I write Mr. Howe in reference to it this day.   April 20, 2017 — 3:03 pm
201607078 "Letter from William James Anderson of Pictou to G.R. Young regarding Joe Wilmot, a Mi'kmaq from Pictou who desires to send his sons to Pictou [?] Academy. Anderson recommends that the boys be removed entirely from their families and sent to board with a w", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Indians Pictou [Dr?] Anderson H.M. Service The Honble R Young &c &c &c Halifax Pictou Indians Halifax Nova Scotia My 6 1850 [stamped]  April 20, 2017 — 3:20 pm
201606866 "Page from a letter book of Indian Affairs. The first letter is from William MacKay, Acting Commissioner of Crown Lands and Surveyor-General to Crawley requesting a correct plan of all lands reserved for Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton. The second letter is from Jo", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 189½ Sir, Please to forward to this Office as early as possible a correct plan of all the reserved Indian lands within the Island of Cape Breton agreeable to the following order from Government [?&] Much obliged your most obedient Humble Servant William MacKay [?Acting] Commissioner of Crown lands & Surveyer General. H. W. Crawly Esqr. [illegible] Comm. Crown lands & [?Sur.] General } [ 29 May 1843 written vertically on left edge ] Copy ------------ Provincial Secretary 's Office Halifax 26 May 1843. Sir, I have it in command from His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor to give you directions to furnish to the Hon-ble Joseph Howe , as Commissioner for Indian Affairs, plans of the lands reserved for Indians in the Island of Cape Breton. I have the Honor to be Sir, your Most obedient Humble Sert John Whidden. Mr William MacKay [illegible] [surveyor? ] General &c &c &c }  April 20, 2017 — 3:39 pm
201607297 Account of Dr. William Pearson of Musquodoboit for services rendered to Mi'kmaq. Letter of chearnely authorizing attendance upon Mi'kmaq at Spry Bay suffering from small pox. Account of William Hall of supplies given to the Mi'kmaq. Account of Thomas Hanl, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 122 Musquodoboit Feby. 4th 1861 W.W. Hall 1860 To William Peerson [?Dr] Dec 18th [?To] [visit?] to [Popes?] Harbor Indians 5.0.0 - 29 To do do do do do 5.0.0 1861 Jan 23 [To] [visit?] to [Popes?] Harbor, Indians 5.0.0 [To?] Medicine during above attenda[nce?] for 10.6.3 twenty seven persons ------------- £ 25.6.3 William Hall [illegible] Sworn before me this sixteenth day of Feby 1861 Joseph [name?] J.P.  April 20, 2017 — 3:11 pm
201607300 Account of Dr. William Pearson of Musquodoboit for services rendered to Mi'kmaq. Letter of chearnely authorizing attendance upon Mi'kmaq at Spry Bay suffering from small pox. Account of William Hall of supplies given to the Mi'kmaq. Account of Thomas Hanl, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Spry Harbour Indians To G.H. & W. Leslie Do 1860 Dec 3} To 40 feet Lumber @ 8/2 2.5. " 2 [lbs?] Nails @4 ".".8 " 2 yrs Broad Cloth 11/1 1.3.0. " Sundries Mary Ann Phillips. ".12.7 " Do. Susan. ".".9. ". Do. Sally (2) ".5.4. ". Do. John Paul. ".2.9 ½ ". Do. Peter Paul. ".12.0. ". Do. James Paul. ".9.8 ½. ". Do. Joseph Paul. 4.6.10. ". Do. Freeman. 1.17.6. 19 " 3 [?lb] Butter 1/- ( paper stained) 3/- 1 Gln [?Spt] 10/. .13.0. " 1 Bott Caster Oil (large). .1.0. 21 " 1 pr Boots. 21/3. 2 Bottles C Oil 2/. 1.3.3. " 1 Bott Strong?] [?Lpts] 1/10½ ½ lb Tea 1/6 ".3.4 ½ 26 1o [lb?] Rice 2/11 2 lbs Butter 2/. ".4.11. " 2 ½ lbs Nails. 4 Botts C Oil 2/6. ".3.4. " 1/2 Glns Molasses 1/2 Gln [Strong?] Rum 5/. ."6.2. " 1 [lb?] Tobacca 2/1 1 dozen Pipes @ [?C3] ".2.3. " 200 feet Lumber. [?/-]. ".12.0 27. " 1 lb Tea 3/3 1 Gln Molasses 2/3. ".5.6. Amount Carried Forward. £ 13.8.4 ½   April 20, 2017 — 3:40 pm
201606911 Letter form Crawley to George regarding plans and descriptions of Chapel Island and Malagawatch. The only Mi'kmaq settlement left to survey is on the Marguerite River [i.e. as of 11 Aug 1833]. Includes receipt from D.B. McNab for payment received for surv, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Government [D] £ s d ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- To Mr. Dugal B. McNab for laying out a Track of Land for Indians at [?Malagawaatchkt] 4 15 0 Do. Do at Wagamathook & Whykokomagh 13 4 8 Do. Do. near Chapel Island, Bras d'Or 4 1 1 To Mr. Benjn. Cossit for laying out a Tract of Land for Indians at [Escasonie]. ---------------------------------- 5 7 6 To Mr. William [Renell?] for laying out the Indians Gardens at Marguerite River ---------------------------- 1 12 6 -------------------- £ 29 1 3 --------------------- 28 11 1 --------------- . 10 2 ? [the following is written on the right half side of the page] [Cd - Continued?] £ s d By Cash advanced 31st. Oct 1832 ................... 24 10 1 Do. ...................... 2nd. May 1833 .................... 4 1 1 ---------------- £ 28 11 1 Sydney 27th Jany 1834 T.Crawley [illegible] 7   April 20, 2017 — 2:14 pm
201607147 "List of articles issued by William Chearnley, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Includes account of muskets issued to Mi'kmaq in 1853.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Francis Cope 1 " Old Mrs. Cope " 1 James Tony 1 " Louis [Luxey?] 1 " Joseph Maltie. 1 " Mrs. Tony " 1 Children 2 " 1 Mrs Luxey " 1 Children 6 " 1 Mrs. Maltie " 1 Children 3 " 1 Stephen Labradore 1 " Mrs. Labradore " 1 Children 3 " 1 Francis Charles 1 " Mrs. Charles " 1 Child 1 " 1 Peter Gload 1 " Mrs. Gload " 1 Peter Labradore 1 " Mrs. Labradore " 1 Children 5 " 1 Noel Michael 1 " Mrs. Michael " 1 1 Child " 1 Noel Jeremy 1 " Mrs. Jeremy " 1 Joseph Gload 1 " Mrs. Gload " 1 Francis Muse 1 " Mrs. Muse " 1 Children 2 " " Mrs [?illegible] Gload Child 1 " " Francis Luxey 1 " Mrs. Luxey " 1   April 20, 2017 — 2:13 pm
201607315 Letter from Chearnley to Provincial Secretary reporting expenditures of the Department of Indian Affairs for 1860., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 herewith I have the Honor to be Sir Your obedient Servant William Chearnley [Comr?] of Indian Affairs The Honorable The Provincial Secretary &c &c [written vertically] Report of [Comr?] Indian Affairs ----------- copy - laid before Assembly Feb 22. 1861  April 20, 2017 — 2:40 pm
201607314 Letter from Chearnley to Provincial Secretary reporting expenditures of the Department of Indian Affairs for 1860., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Blankets and Clothing for their use - The condition of the Indians in Nova Scotia and Cape Breton may be described as destitute and miserable; disinclined as they are, to anything like farm labor on their vast reserved lands, they seem destined to live a roving life; almost wholly dependants on charity. The small Pox in a most virulent form having broken out amongst the Indians living Indians living on the Eastern shore of the County of Halifax (numbering about thirty two men women and children) upon consultation with Members of the Government, The [?Custos] of the County and a gentleman representing the interest of the residents in that locality, I took necessary precautionary measures to stay the progress of so fatal a disease, and also [provided means - written above so insert here] to alleviate the necessities of those already attacked by it. I trust that in so doing I shall meet with the approval of His Excellency. It is highly gratifying to me to learn that the afflicted Indians found in the professional Gentleman who attended them not only a skillful medical attendant but a most kind and benevolent friend. The medical report will be found among the enclosures  April 20, 2017 — 2:21 pm
201607312 Letter from Chearnley to Provincial Secretary reporting expenditures of the Department of Indian Affairs for 1860., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Expenditure Account 1860 £ . s .[p?] October 20th To Duffus & Co's acct for Blankets 200.0.0 December 24 " Duffus & Co's acct for Blankets etc 15.15.6 " 31 " Duffus & Co's acct for ditto 24.5.0 Novr 16 " DeBlais & Merkel's acct for ditto 5.5.0 Decr 1 " acct for Great Coats 36.1.10 " 22 " acct for ditto 7.16.3 " M. Cady's acct 0.18.10 " Freights, Truckage, Postage " Stationary, one pair of shoes " and six [?woolen's.] 9..18..0 -------------- £ 300..0..5 [2.2.?] William Chearnley Comm Indian Affairs  April 20, 2017 — 2:10 pm
201607058 "Letter from William, Bishop of Halifax, to Joseph Howe regarding Howe's offer to give him money for the relief of poor Mi'kmaq. He says he'd rather have someone else distribute it and directs Howe to give five pounds to the bearer of this letter for his t", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 5£ for the use of his Tribe, as I would wish to have a correspondence with the Priest before he gets more Yr dear Mr Howe, Very Sincerely. + Wm. Bp of Halifax Tuesday St Marys Hon. J. Howe &c &c &C  April 20, 2017 — 2:55 pm
201607071 "Letter from William, Bishop of Halifax, to Joseph Howe regarding Howe's offer to give him money for the relief of poor Mi'kmaq. He says he'd rather have someone else distribute it and directs Howe to give five pounds to the bearer of this letter for his t", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 forgotten in the next distribution of Public Relief. Believe me to remain, Dear Mr Howe, Very Suncerely Yrs + William Bp of Halifax St Mary's Halifax Tuesday Morning 4 Decr. 1849 Honble Joseph Howe &c  April 20, 2017 — 2:57 pm
201607070 "Letter from William, Bishop of Halifax, to Joseph Howe regarding Howe's offer to give him money for the relief of poor Mi'kmaq. He says he'd rather have someone else distribute it and directs Howe to give five pounds to the bearer of this letter for his t", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 As he lives in so remote a place, and is not very [?forward] or active himself, he and his tribe may have been overlooked in the general Distribution . If this supposition be true, he is indeed a rara avis amongst the Indians. From [?his] peculiar circumstances I recommended him after getting some [?private] [?alms] to return to his home by the favorable opportunity which now presents itself, and to leave his Paper and Claims in your hands until the meeting of the Assembly. If his claims be well founded, I have ventured to assure him that he and his tribe will not be   April 20, 2017 — 2:44 pm
201607069 "Letter from William, Bishop of Halifax, to Joseph Howe regarding Howe's offer to give him money for the relief of poor Mi'kmaq. He says he'd rather have someone else distribute it and directs Howe to give five pounds to the bearer of this letter for his t", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Dear Mr Howe, The Bearer says you directed him to come to me, probably for a Testimonial of his character Unfortunately I do not know him, and can therefore add nothing to the Certificate which he possesses, signed by Mr [?Snow] and others. I have examined him, and his story appears to be correct. He says that for a considerable time past he has received no relief from the Province. This seems surprising and can be accounted for only by the [supposition?] that  April 20, 2017 — 2:56 pm
201607067 "Letter from William, Bishop of Halifax, to Joseph Howe regarding Howe's offer to give him money for the relief of poor Mi'kmaq. He says he'd rather have someone else distribute it and directs Howe to give five pounds to the bearer of this letter for his t", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 had myself a vast deal of trouble There never was a simpler case to decide. It seems the Land Board of the County to whom the question of limits was committed have made no report, or if they have no action has been taken upon it. Believe me to remain, Dear Mr. Howe Very Sincerely Yrs + William Bp of Halifax St Mary's 20 October 1849 Honble Joseph Howe &c &c &c   April 20, 2017 — 2:34 pm
201607066 "Letter from William, Bishop of Halifax, to Joseph Howe regarding Howe's offer to give him money for the relief of poor Mi'kmaq. He says he'd rather have someone else distribute it and directs Howe to give five pounds to the bearer of this letter for his t", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 I may as well embrace this opportunity. to [?State OR note] an opinion I have long since found [?viz:] that those poor Indians can never be properly managed unless through the [?medium] of their Clergy. I enclose your Letter, and beg you will send me back the Memorandum. When I was in Frenchtown the Rev [?McGerry] complained that there has been so long a delay in making out the Deed of the Church Lot there, about which I have   April 20, 2017 — 2:57 pm
201607065 "Letter from William, Bishop of Halifax, to Joseph Howe regarding Howe's offer to give him money for the relief of poor Mi'kmaq. He says he'd rather have someone else distribute it and directs Howe to give five pounds to the bearer of this letter for his t", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Dear Mr Howe, The enclosed Memorandum will throw some light on the grave question of disputed succession at Bear River.The Indians were unanimous on the occasion with only one exception ---- a stubborn fellow who did not declare his opposition until the last moment and who was evidently influenced by some petty motive. The Elected Chief ( Salome?) appears to be a very worthy man, and I certainly never saw any one bear his honours more meekly.  April 20, 2017 — 2:20 pm
201607062 "Letter from William, Bishop of Halifax, to Joseph Howe regarding Howe's offer to give him money for the relief of poor Mi'kmaq. He says he'd rather have someone else distribute it and directs Howe to give five pounds to the bearer of this letter for his t", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 My Lord About £ 60 remains in hand of the Indian Grant. Will you let me send £ 25 for present use of such of the poor fellows [who - crossed out] as find their way hither [?to OR the] Bearer [?intended]  April 20, 2017 — 2:03 pm
201607060 "Letter from William, Bishop of Halifax, to Joseph Howe regarding Howe's offer to give him money for the relief of poor Mi'kmaq. He says he'd rather have someone else distribute it and directs Howe to give five pounds to the bearer of this letter for his t", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 I find I have already twice more business on my hands than I can conveniently get through I will talk to you on the subject on some future day. Believe me to remain, My Dear Sir, Very Sincerely Y[ou]rs + William Bp of Halifax St Marys 23 Octr. The Honble Joseph Howe &c &c   April 20, 2017 — 2:52 pm
201607059 "Letter from William, Bishop of Halifax, to Joseph Howe regarding Howe's offer to give him money for the relief of poor Mi'kmaq. He says he'd rather have someone else distribute it and directs Howe to give five pounds to the bearer of this letter for his t", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 My dear Sir. On the receipt of your note I wrote to the Priest near Digby to send me the limits of the new Chief's Jurisdiction I will consider the general subject of the Indians , but I could not promise any personal management   April 20, 2017 — 2:52 pm
201607057 "Letter from William, Bishop of Halifax, to Joseph Howe regarding Howe's offer to give him money for the relief of poor Mi'kmaq. He says he'd rather have someone else distribute it and directs Howe to give five pounds to the bearer of this letter for his t", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 54 Dear Mr. Howe I can have no objection in the present instance to receive for the benefit of the Poor Indians the money which you so kindly offer, though I would much prefer to have it distributed by some one else. I think for the present Bearer might receive   April 20, 2017 — 2:06 pm
201607109 "Letter from W.A. Hendry, Commissioner of Crown Land Office, to the Att.-Gen. regarding a complaint by Lewis Paul that he has been interfered with by Francis Webber and other proprietors of a saw mill near the head of the tide at Ingram River.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 65 Lewis Paul states that he has been interfered with by Francis Webber & others proprietors of a saw mill situate at the Head of the tide on Ingraham's River. first [underlined] - In May last Paul had his nets set in the cove at the mouth of Imgraham's River.-----Webber & co. destroyed them [nets - crossed out] by throwing [his - crossed out] slabs from their mill down stream altho' warned by Paul not to do so. Second [underlined]. This fall Paul built a wier on the River , about ¼ of a mile above the mill, on the Indian Land.---to catch eels for winter use. Told Webber & co. Not to bring logs down the River without giving notice so that the wier might be removed. Webber & co in defiance of this, brought their Logs down the River without giving notice, and completely destroyed Paul's wier. Third [underlined] - That Webbers & co 's dam overflows Paul's land where he ( Paul) formerly raised potatoes and turnips. Fourth [underlined]. That Webber and Co. have cut logs from the Indian land without leave of or in any way compensating the Indians. t will be necessary to have the boundaries of the Indian land at Ingraham's  April 20, 2017 — 1:39 pm
201607105 "Letter from Crawley of Sydney to Joseph Howe regarding the report of distribution of relief for the Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton in 1851. Includes copy of the report of Abraham Gesner, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for 1851.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Report on Indian Affairs Abraham Gesner 4 Mar. 1852 [written vertically]  April 20, 2017 — 1:15 pm
201607104 "Letter from Crawley of Sydney to Joseph Howe regarding the report of distribution of relief for the Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton in 1851. Includes copy of the report of Abraham Gesner, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for 1851.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 selves upon the Metropolis . It has been to supply the extreme destitution of such that so many small charges appear in my accounts. Not unfrequently my residence is nothing better than an Indian hospital, and as they rightly believe that I will never turn one of them from my door, their frequent visits are by no means pleasant, or convenient Surely then, if the demands for medical bills are paid by the Government there should be some consideration for the Commissioner to whom all the Indians appeal in their necessities. I believe that the present law relieves one from all charge in regard to these people and although I shall always feel a lively interest in them, and in their prosperity. I shall rejoice if I have given satisfaction to His Excellency during the continuance of my Commission, and if the poor Indians shall find a better [Mulwaalaweet? - underlined] in my successor. respectfully submitted By your most Obt. Humble Servant (signed) Abraham Gesner Hon: Joseph Howe. Provincial Secretary &c &c &c Halifax. March 4th 1852  April 20, 2017 — 1:27 pm
201607103 "Letter from Crawley of Sydney to Joseph Howe regarding the report of distribution of relief for the Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton in 1851. Includes copy of the report of Abraham Gesner, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for 1851.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Shubenacadie and Bear River should be repaired , at a small cost, The Indians have a high veneration for their places of worship ; but are too poor to keep them in order. Numerous bills for attendance &c upon the Indians come in annually from medical gentlemen resident in different parts of the Province. These bills, in the aggregate amount to a large sum, which is drawn directly or indirectly from the only source by which these people are aided in their farming. It is therefore extremely desirable that such charges should not be made or if they are made that they should be audited and paid by the several counties where the Indians reside. At Christmas and other seasons of the year hundreds of the Indians collect about the confines of the City to attend to their religious observancies, and the aged, infirm and destitute seem naturally to throw them-  April 20, 2017 — 1:20 pm
201607101 "Letter from Crawley of Sydney to Joseph Howe regarding the report of distribution of relief for the Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton in 1851. Includes copy of the report of Abraham Gesner, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for 1851.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 The settlement at Bear River improves but slowly. The abundance of Fish in the Annapolis Basin draws the Micmac off from his little farm at that season when his labour is most required. and his immediate and pressing wants compel him to seek his food in the fisheries. Again the means placed at my disposal have been insufficient to give the settlement any strong impulse and the consequence has been discouragement. The praiseworth commencement also that made at Fairy Lake and the [Ponhook?] in the County of Liverpool have not been followed up by the energy wished for. A higher degree of support has been required than I was able to afford. The smaller patches of cultivation made by the Indians in other parts of the Province do not require particular notice. It may however be remarked that on account of the decline of their game there is a more general desire to abandon a wandering   April 20, 2017 — 1:49 pm
201607100 "Letter from Crawley of Sydney to Joseph Howe regarding the report of distribution of relief for the Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton in 1851. Includes copy of the report of Abraham Gesner, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for 1851.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 features of the ability and industry of these people. About fourteen families have taken up their residence at that place and have begun to cultivate the soil. Several of these are owners of cows and other live stock, and they produce crops of considerable value, Two barns have been erected and another within the last two years, and another will be raised in the course of the coming summer. One of the settlers has built a comfortable house and it is proposed to build another for the Old Chief who is now very infirm. Taken altogether the prospects of this settlement are flattering. A small settlement has also been commenced at Fish Lake in the district of Musquodoboit where a tract of land was obtained by an exchange for a part of the reserve in Cumberland. I have given this infant settlement all the aid in my power its situation being peculiarly favorable to the wants of these people  April 20, 2017 — 1:54 pm
201607099 "Letter from Crawley of Sydney to Joseph Howe regarding the report of distribution of relief for the Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton in 1851. Includes copy of the report of Abraham Gesner, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for 1851.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 62½ (copy) Report on Indian Affairs Sir, I have the honor to report for the information of His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor, that I have now completed another year in my duties as Commissioner for Indian Affairs, and the Accounts of the ex[d?]enditures in that service have been duly submitted. In a former Report I endeavored to bring to the notice of the Government the rapid decline of the whole Micmac tribe and some of the causes that tend to that lamentable result. Since I entered upon my duties as Commissioner, it has been my aim to induce the Indians to enter upon and settle those extensive tracts of land which have been wisely reserved for their use, and in some instances I have been successful. The settlement near the Shubenacadie presents some pleasing   April 20, 2017 — 1:06 pm
201607097 "Letter from Crawley of Sydney to Joseph Howe regarding the report of distribution of relief for the Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton in 1851. Includes copy of the report of Abraham Gesner, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for 1851.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 and political rights by giving them a voice in the election of representatives for the Counties and townships I beg also to state that the clothes and provisions included in the account and purchased for this writers use are not yet distributed. Having understood that the Indians objected to the mode of distribution which I have adopted and that they have applied for the appointment of James McLeod Esqr. M.P.P. as Commissioner in lieu of myself (which appointment I trust may take place) I am reserving the said articles for his disposal. I have [&c?] (Signed) H. W. Crawley. The Honble.. Joseph Howe &c &c &c   April 20, 2017 — 1:35 pm
201607096 "Letter from Crawley of Sydney to Joseph Howe regarding the report of distribution of relief for the Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton in 1851. Includes copy of the report of Abraham Gesner, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for 1851.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 habits of Industry encouraged by placing the supplies within their attainment at a moderate price. Little or nothing can be done for the cause of Education among these people with the present limited funds. After providing a sufficiency for the needy the remainder is but a small sum for the encouragement of their agriculture by furnishing the requisite seed and implements. Lastly I should not omit the annual mention of a subject which has hitherto failed to commend itself to the attention of Government. but is not withstanding in any view. of the first importance to the perpetuation and progress of the Indian tribe in this Island. the preservation of their lands so long preyed upon, and in a great part sequestred by trespassers and squatters. and the concession of their social and   April 20, 2017 — 1:02 pm
201607095 "Letter from Crawley of Sydney to Joseph Howe regarding the report of distribution of relief for the Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton in 1851. Includes copy of the report of Abraham Gesner, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for 1851.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 original roving practices. They are expert workmen at the coopering business and supply all the trade in this part of the Island with fish casks, and in various ways are so well employed that as I am informed by [?Messrs] Gammell & Moore such of the tribe as frequent this neighbourhood did not avail themselves of the supplies of Indian meal offered at half price preferring instead to pay the full price for superfine flour. Nevertheless it is not to be denied that cases of much destitution exist among these people many aged and infirm individuals would be exposed to suffering but for the considerate assistance offered by the Legislature. Every succeeding years experience tends to confirm the opinion that gratuitous relief should only be extended to the infirm and helpless: and that the welfare of these people will be promoted and their habits  April 20, 2017 — 1:50 pm
201607094 "Letter from Crawley of Sydney to Joseph Howe regarding the report of distribution of relief for the Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton in 1851. Includes copy of the report of Abraham Gesner, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for 1851.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Year to the sick and indigent, in paying for medical attendance, postage, and storing of supplies; leaving a balance in hand of £7.10,,7 ½. as will appear by referance [reference] to accompanying account and vouchers. The condition and prospects of the Indians as compared with their state last year may be considered to be improving. The crops of the past season were better with the exception of Indian corn, which was cut off by early frosts in the autumn; and if a sufficiency of seed potatoes could have been obtained there would have been a good supply of that valuable root for the winter. the small quantity obtained and planted, about thirty bushels produced well. These people are becoming every year more dependent upon the produce of the soil and less habituated to their original   April 20, 2017 — 1:24 pm
201607093 "Letter from Crawley of Sydney to Joseph Howe regarding the report of distribution of relief for the Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton in 1851. Includes copy of the report of Abraham Gesner, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for 1851.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 62 ½ Copy. Sydney. C.B. 13th February 1852. Sir. It is again my duty to report to you for the information of the Lieutenant Governor the distribution that has been made of the annual legislative grant for the benefit of the Indians in this district of Cape Breton. The sum placed at my disposal last year was £ 45 besides a small balance in hand of about £7 increased by about £10 arising from sales to the Indians and a small sum from seeds remaining and sold at cost price, in all amounting to about £63. Of this money a trifle over £13 was expended in providing seed last spring; £35 in clothing and provisions for the present winter and the remainder in affording relief throughout the past.   April 20, 2017 — 1:25 pm
201607091 "Petition of Denny Michael, Mi'kmaq Chief, Francis Tomma et al to Sir John Harvey, Lt. Gov., requesting assistance in completing the inside of the Chapel at Eskasoni.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 [written vertically] 1851 Petition from [?Ascanei] Cape Breton £50 for chapel [chqd?] To His Excellency Sir John Harvey Bart. Halifax Nova Scotia Sydney CB DE 1 1851 [Stamped] H NS DE 4 1851 [Stamped]   April 20, 2017 — 1:27 pm
201607090 "Petition of Denny Michael, Mi'kmaq Chief, Francis Tomma et al to Sir John Harvey, Lt. Gov., requesting assistance in completing the inside of the Chapel at Eskasoni.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 And humanity yearly displayed towards our support therefore we are of opinion Your liberality will be extended towards such laudable enterprize [enterprise] which if said sum is granted will be a boon which will be for ages known and remembered by the Micmac Indians of Cape Breton and as in duty bound they will ever pray. [Ascaonie?] County Cape Breton November [?th] ..22..1851_ [Mean?] time we remain (Your Excellencys) Most humble and obedient servants- [?J] Corteau P.P. [?L] Ardoise Novr 1-1857- Peter [Grigware?] [Dinney] Michael Chief of the Indians Stephen [Grigware?] Noel [Dinney?] Francis Tomma Beloney Denny [Denney?] Tomma [Nuel?] [Clamo?] Mathew Morris Alexr Scotchman Paul Christmas Francis Scotchman John [Dinney?] Jun[io]r [Nuel?] Julyan Paul Andrew Peter Julian Peter [Lucey?] Michael Joseph Joseph [Grigware?] Andrew Joseph [Prospari?] Julian Andrew [Bansle?] [?Nuel] [Ducry?] [Nuel?] [Lucey?] Bengamine Christmas Michael [Poney?] John [Dunnas?] John [Urney?] Joseph Gregware Francis [Urney?] John [Nidon?] John Nicholas [Lucey?] [Dusey?] Isaac [Johnes?] Francis [Dussey?] John Martin Michael Martin Joe Burna John [Bornah?] Joseph [Benna?] [Lucey?] Gregware [Casno] [Burnah?] [Lucey?] Paul Francis [Muick?] Francis Moose James Joseph Francis Barnard  April 20, 2017 — 1:01 pm
201607089 "Petition of Denny Michael, Mi'kmaq Chief, Francis Tomma et al to Sir John Harvey, Lt. Gov., requesting assistance in completing the inside of the Chapel at Eskasoni.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 61 To His Excellency Sir John Harvey Lieutenant Governor in and over the Province of Nova Scotia and its dependencies &c &c &c The Petition of the undersigned Indians of [Ascaonie?] on the North shore of the East Arm of the Great Bras, dor County of Cape Breton Most Humbly Sheweth That your Petitioners enjoy the rights and previleges [privileges] of British subjects we are now few in number the remnant of the Micmac Indians ( once a powerful tribe) occupying a sequestered part of the East Arm of the Brasdore called Ascaonie our manners informed by civilization and [ameliorized?] by the influences of Christianity disqualify us from our unskilled habits of our natural conditions. Your Petitioners have erected comfortable dwellings in imitation of the Scorch who are now our neighbours and are maintaining our families by cultivating the soil we have also erected houses of worship in which we assemble to praize the (Lord of Hosts the maker and giver of all things in whoom [whom] we live and move. Your Excellencys petitioners are few in number and owing to the failure in the crops all over the Province we had often to combat with famine in all its various forms which time after time stared us in the face- The Ermine and other inhabitants of the woods have for some time past disappeared from being destroyed or driven from their natural haunts by the whites- and now no resourse [resource] left for Your Excellencys Petitioners but by cultavating [cultivating] the soil but being yet backward in husbandry we can hardly raise more than half we consume and the remainder we purchase for coopering &c Having a few Years ago commenced building a Chaple [Chapel] which was some time ago completted outside _ but the interior is yet in its rough form from Your petitioners unability to finish it Your Excellencys petitioners therefore pray that the sum of fifty pounds will be granted [?to - erased] us which will enable us the Poor Indians to finish our Chaple interiorly _ We Your Excellencys petitioners are aware of Your wisdom  April 20, 2017 — 12:54 pm
201607087 "Letter from W.H. Creighton, Gold River, to the Receiver General, regarding 5 pounds voted for relief of Mi'kmaq at Gold River.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 60 Gold River New Chester 13th May 1857. Dear Sir/ I applied to the Legislature last session for some relief for The Indians at Gold River & I understand five pounds was voted to them. If you will have the kindness to send it to me under cover [?to] {?Mr.] R.D.Clarke I will see that it is applied in the purchase of seed [?&c] while I am here, as it would be of comparative[ly OR &?] little use to them at any other season. I send on the other side a receipt for the amount. Yours very [?Truly] W.H. Creighton The Honble [?The] Reciever Gen[era]l }  April 20, 2017 — 12:09 pm
201607086 "Letter from H.W. Crawley to William H. Keating, Deputy Secretary, regarding a schoolhouse and schoolmaster for Eskasoni.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 [written vertically] Indian Affairs 1857 H W Crawley to W H Keating  April 20, 2017 — 12:33 pm
201607085 "Letter from H.W. Crawley to William H. Keating, Deputy Secretary, regarding a schoolhouse and schoolmaster for Eskasoni.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 certainty, that they would obtain the sum desired for tuition, they appeared discouraged from undertaking the building. I make this representation in the hope it may not be too late for the consideration of the House of Assembly:- and I have the honor to be Sir signed HW Crawley  April 20, 2017 — 12:07 pm
201607084 "Letter from H.W. Crawley to William H. Keating, Deputy Secretary, regarding a schoolhouse and schoolmaster for Eskasoni.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 also declared that Cameron the person who wrote the petition and letter was willing to undertake the tuition of the Indian children for the £15 It appears to me that £26 is a very moderate sum for building the school house and paying the master: but yet it is equal to one half of the entire amount hitherto allowed for the releif [relief] of the Indians in this part of the Island - and if it should be deducted from that allowance the diminution would be sensibly felt by the aged, sick, and destitute, and indeed by the Indians generally. I am persuaded that they do not contemplate any such consequence, but suppose that the £25 is to be given for the school house and tuition of their Children, without reducing the measure of relief to which they have been accustomed. Of course I could not assure them of the fulfilment of this expectation, not even knowing as yet that any grant will be made for the Indian service this year: but I offered them, as I had before proposed to several, to furnish nails, glass, [sashes?], bricks, &c provided they would prepare the frame, boards, shingles, and put up the building for the school house. As, however, I could not promise them, with certainty  April 20, 2017 — 12:13 pm
201607083 "Letter from H.W. Crawley to William H. Keating, Deputy Secretary, regarding a schoolhouse and schoolmaster for Eskasoni.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 59 Copy Sydney C B. 13.25 March, 1851 Sir At the time of my making a report to you on 18th ult respecting the expenditure of the sum granted for the Indians in the year past, they had not evinced any solicitude as to the proposed school house at Eskasonik, for which a petition on their behalf was presented in the House of Assembly in 1850 - To day however several of them came forward with the enclosed letter, and stated that they had been informed that in compliance with their petition aforesaid, the sum of £10 had been granted for building the school house and £15 for paying a master to teach their children during the year. Meaning no doubt the appropriation made in the House last year, and they expressed a readiness to put up the building at once, if they could be assured of those payments. They Wm. H. Keating Esqr &c &c &c Deputy Secretary  April 20, 2017 — 12:08 pm
201607365 "Letter from Chearnley to the Provincial Secretary regarding the report for the Lt. Gov. on expenditures of the Department of Indian Affairs, monies lent to Joseph Baptiste of Pomquet to allow him to build a house for his family, agriculture among the Mi'k", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 The Honble The Provincial Secretary &c &c &c Province Building Halifax N.S. CIA. Report [written vertically] 1861 Indians Copy with Voucher sent to [?illegible] [Assembly?] March 4. 1861.  April 20, 2017 — 12:57 pm
201606540 Receipt from John and J. Tremain for payment received from Commissioners for Indian Affairs for blankets for Mi'kmaq relief at Sheet Harbour., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (102 Committee for Indians [?Bout.] of Jon & J. Tremain 1802 [?Ja]nuary 4. 6 pairs blankets 2 ½ [?pr] ..14/. £4..4..0 sent to Sheet Harbour [?afc] [Balcam?] Feby 24th_ Received payment from M. Wallace. Jon & John Tremain  April 20, 2017 — 12:50 pm
201606541 Receipt from John and J. Tremain for payment received from Commissioners for Indian Affairs for blankets for Mi'kmaq relief at Sheet Harbour., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [written vertically] John & Jonathan Tremains Acct. of Blankets sent to Sheet Harbour for the Indians there _ January 1802. p[ai]d £4..4..0 ----------------- No.9  April 20, 2017 — 12:50 pm
201606859 "Page from a letter book of Indian Affairs. The first letter is from William MacKay, Acting Commissioner of Crown Lands and Surveyor-General to Crawley requesting a correct plan of all lands reserved for Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton. The second letter is from Jo", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Costs. in Intrusion Causes. 1840.  April 20, 2017 — 12:05 pm
201606869 "Page from a letter book of Indian Affairs. The first letter is from William MacKay, Acting Commissioner of Crown Lands and Surveyor-General to Crawley requesting a correct plan of all lands reserved for Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton. The second letter is from Jo", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [written vertically] Order of [from?] Government for Indian affairs in Cape Breton & Crawley's letter [?&c] 1843  April 20, 2017 — 11:18 am
201606721 "Copy of a letter from the Rev. Mr. Trotter relative to the claims of Mi'kmaq to lands granted to McWhinnie and others at Pomquet. Describes creation of reservation, relations with adjoining non-Mi'kmaq land owners, improvements by Mi'kmaq upon the dispute", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Acres cleared by the Tennants [Tenants] of McWhinnie or of his assigns and Grant the present proprietor has cut down Six acres this winter and is Carrying on his improvements with spirit. - Campbell's lott [lot] has been sold and for some years in possession of a family of the name of Johnston who have made large improvements on the front of it and have been at considerable expence in perfecting the improvements of the Indians and as they have no chance of obtaining any [?redress] from the Heirs of Colonel Campbell it would be a very great hardship to them to have their lands and improvements taken from them after they have gone so far on the faith of a public deed. The recall of the Cogswell's Grant is not liable to the same objection but when the case is stated to him he will probably be willing to renounce a hundred Acres in favor of the Indians which would be perfectly sufficient for them. I believe that the greater part of the statement I have made may be established upon the most unexceptionable evidence as the individuals from whom I received the information are among the most respectable settlers in the place intematly [intimately] acquainted with all the facts of the Case excepting the extent of the improvements made by the Indians upon Campbell's and Cogwell's Grants taken seperately [separately] and they are ready when called on to make affidavit to their Statements - It is possible that in some of the minute points I have misunderstood and misrepresented them , but I am satisfied the account is sufficiently correct to enable His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor to select those particular points on which he may wish to have more full and better authenticated information and it is with this in view that I have drawn it up and submitted it in this form to the Board- I have the honor to be &c &c &c (Signed) Thomas Trotter (True Copy) John Munro[?e] Secy To The Gentlemen comprising the Board of Land Commissioners Upper District County of Sydney   April 20, 2017 — 11:17 am
201606720 "Copy of a letter from the Rev. Mr. Trotter relative to the claims of Mi'kmaq to lands granted to McWhinnie and others at Pomquet. Describes creation of reservation, relations with adjoining non-Mi'kmaq land owners, improvements by Mi'kmaq upon the dispute", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 On the fifty acres thus excepted in the letter of occupation the Indians had cleared from two to three acres in their own imperfect way but finding that they were not permitted to occupy it permanently those who were settled upon it left it at that time and Confined themselves to their settlements on the front of Campbell's and Cogswell's land till the date of Campbell's Grant when they removed from his lott [lot] and confined themselves entirely to Cogswell's..Here they remained and continued their improvements till the visit of His Excellency the Lieut. Governor to this place in the autumn of 1822 when they applied to him through the medium of Mr Cunningham and some others of the Commissioners for some more certain possession and obtained his promise that Fifty or a hundred acres of McWhinnie's Grant should be reserved for them in case of its being Escheated probably the matter was not sufficiently explained to them or the Certainty of the escheat was too readily taken for granted but in whatever way it happened they left Cogswell's land and settled upon the point in the front of McWhinnie's where they have done more in the course of last year than they have for sometime back been accustomed to do for one season___ Previous to their last remove they are calculated to have cleared altogether upon McWhinnie's , Campbell's and Cogswell's Grants nearly to Fifty Acres , of these Fifty from two to three Acres are upon McWhinnie's Grant and these were abandoned by them for a period of Twenty Three or Twenty four years, I could not learn what proportion of their improvements were upon Campbells and what were upon Cogswell's Grants but was given to understand generally that the largest part was upon Cogswell's - Besides the two or three acres cleared upon the point on McWhinnie's Grant there have been nearly Twenty Acres &  April 20, 2017 — 11:44 am
201606719 "Copy of a letter from the Rev. Mr. Trotter relative to the claims of Mi'kmaq to lands granted to McWhinnie and others at Pomquet. Describes creation of reservation, relations with adjoining non-Mi'kmaq land owners, improvements by Mi'kmaq upon the dispute", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (160a Copy Dorchester 24th Feby 1824 Gentlemen, Having occasion during the last week to visit the settlements of Pomquet and Little River I took the opportunity of collecting all the information that I could obtain respecting the Indians and have reason to believe that the Statements contained in Mr Cunninghams letter to His Excellency the Governor are in general correct excepting as they refer to lands granted to Mr. McWhinnie and now owned and occupied by James Grant; The Indians appear from what I learned to have been settled and to have made some improvements upwards of Thirty Years ago upon those parts of the public on [Navy?] Reserve which ly upon the waters of Pomquet and form the front of lands since granted to Mr McWhinnie , Colonel Campbell and H. H. Cogswell Esqr which I shall distinguish by the names of McWhinnie's, Campbell's and Cogswell's Grants; Having been disturbed by different people they applied for protection to His Excellency Lieut. Governor Sir John Wentworth about Twenty five years ago and obtained a letter under his hand authorising them to settle and plant Gardens upon any part of the Reserve they might choose with the exception of the point or neck of land on the front of McWhinnie's Grant on which they had already made some improvements; This point [?Contains] about Fifty Acres and the reason asigned [assigned] for excepting it was that it was to be reserved for the benefit of the Pomquet Ferry.. There was a plan of the Reserve annexed to the latter and in that plan the fifty acres in question was marked off by red lines and connected with a lot of a hundred acres adjoining it which was appropriated to the same purpose namely the support of the Pomquet Ferry  April 20, 2017 — 11:00 am
201606316 Northern District - Extract from the Minutes at a Conference with the Six Nations and Delawares at Johnson Hall 2 May 1765, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 thereof; and from thence to Kittanning [underlined] or Adigio [underlined] on the Ohio[underlined]; thence along down the Ohio [underlined] to the [Cherokee River - underlined] and up the same to its head this Side." Upon condition that you have some regard for our Warriors who always pass through that Country, & give them always a free Passage; and we are very happy in being all assembled here both Sachems and __ Warriors at this time, & not as has been formerly the case on such occasions; We can now all act together, as all should receive a share for what they ceded, by which it will be preserved in our minds. We have never refused you Lands in many Places; we have given Proof of our friendship, on which we have promised a recompense which we have not received. We assisted your Army last year, & many of our People were forsaken & left __ to famish, & we have been promised a large trade, & to fix Interpreters & [illegible] at each [post?], which is not done as yet: We beg you will consider these things, & have regard to your promises & our __ Requests, as we pay due Regard to your desires at present, that therefore you will take these things into your consideration, &  April 20, 2017 — 11:46 am
201606156 Letter from Samuel Creelman of Stweiacke to Howe responding to Howe's letter of 13 Sept. Discusses land around Stewiacke settlement., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 153 have those pleasing reflections which spring from the performance of worthy actions xxx Yours respectfully Abm. S. Harris. P.S. any lands appropriated to the Indians must have the title so secured that they cannot alienate the lands. A.S.H. From Mr. S. Creelman, Stewiacke Stewiacke Dec. 9th. 1842 Honourable Sir I am in receipt of your favour of the 13th. September, only since the 30th ult. The Crown lands adjoining this settlement lie to the North and East, those on the North are I believe of a very inferior quality with respect to soil. But with respect to the Crown lands which lie between the head of this settlement and the County of Pictou there is some reason for supposing that they contain some good tracts, it is the continuation of the ridge which seperates Musquodoboit from  April 19, 2017 — 2:48 pm
201606147 "Letter from Dawson to Howe asking if the Mi'kmaq of Pictou County can expect any ""Royal Bounty"" this year. Tell of the need for relief, particularly clothing. There are about 62 families: 150 individuals. Says the government must purchase or otherwise acq", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 There must really be something done next year in the way of getting the Pictou Indians some land either by purchase or otherwise, I mentioned to you before that they had not a foot reserved in this County that they could call their own. Untill this be done they will not believe that Government intends doing them any good, and they will not fall in with your measures. I have no hesitation in saying this much, because I have it from the mouths of their own chief men, and also their Priest who is always supposed to be in their confidence. I shall very soon send you an account of the few dollars I have expended for them -- I say few because i did not see any way I could do them much good this year by expending money on them. I did not succeed in getting any of their young people instruction, but I think in another year I might get some benefit extended to them in this way. I am yours very truly, Jas. Dawson.  April 19, 2017 — 2:33 pm
201606145 Letter from Dawson to Joseph Howe regarding the request of Fr. O'Reilly for medical aid for Pictou Mi'kmaq. Includes Howe's response advising Dawson to spend as necessary for health care., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 of Poor refuse them any aid. He wishes if you can allow a few pounds for this purpose, that you would name Dr. McMillan of this place as their medical attendant -- Please let me hear from you in course of Post, and oblige yours truly Jas. Dawson. --- Answer to foregoing --- Halifax Oct. 1 1842 My Dear Sir I thought I had written you some time after the receipt of your letter, giving you a carte blanche to do what seemed right in your eyes with the Indians untill I could get East. If I did not, or if you did not receive the letter, be kind enough to take this authority. The act contemplates no expenditure for medical attendance, and in general the Indians are better Doctors than the Whites -- besides, if one Doctor is put upon the Indian Civil list another must be, and from the Bills sent in for transient pauper cases to the House, the cost would be enormous. A few pounds are not of much consequence in an extreme case, but be sure to have some clear bargain and reasonable limit. Yours truly J. Howe.  April 19, 2017 — 2:35 pm
201606127 Letter from Howe to William Hendry promising due consideration of his request [probably as per his letter: RG 1 vol. 432 pp. 123-124]., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 farm. Therefore if it is in your power to do anything to assist me by persuading the Indians to relinquish about one hundred acres and take it in another [place?] [adjoining?] or elsewhere on the River, which they can do without any detriment to themselves, and will be remembered with heartfelt gratitude by your most devoted and humble Ser[van]t Wm Hendry. N.B. I have opened a waggon road to the above named place, being a distance of two miles - for further particulars please inquire of W. Freeman.Esqr W. H. To W. Hendry, - answer to above. Dear Sir I have not yet received W. Freeman's Report and Plans of the Indian Reserve at Brookfield - when I do I will certainly be disposed to give a fair consideration to your claim. Yours truly Joseph Howe. W. Hendry.  April 19, 2017 — 7:23 am
201607400 "Letter from P.M Holden, Kentville, to Charles Tupper, Provincial Secretary, requesting blankets for 12 large Mi'kmaq families at Aylesford and 12 families around Kentville and Dalhousie. Accoutn of Levi W. Eaton for clothing supplied to Peter Bass. Accoun", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 The overSeers of the Poor for the township of Cornwallis To Peter Bass [dr.?] 1864, Feby 17 To boarding, lodging, and taking care of Newell Penall a Sick Man, Mary Ann Penall a Blind Woman (sick), & Ann Sarah Penall daughter of Mary Ann Penall nine years old, [fully? OR July] 10 Weeks - each = 30 weeks @ 75 [est?] , pr Week __ $22.50 (up to this date) -------------------------------------- Cornwallis N S May 2nd. 1864. I am of opinion that the above account is correct L. W. Eaton [J.P?]  April 19, 2017 — 2:26 am
201606899 "Account of D.B. McNab, Deputy Surveyor, for laying out land at Chapel Island", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 McNabs acct. of expenses for surveying [?lines OR lands] for Indians  April 19, 2017 — 2:27 am
201607139 "List of articles issued by William Chearnley, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Includes account of muskets issued to Mi'kmaq in 1853.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 75 List of Articles issued by William Chearnley Commissioner of Indian Affairs. the names of the Indian Men & Women to whom the articles were issued. Halifax Decr. 31st 1853 . [4 column headings] Names of Indian men & women together with the No of Children in each Family Great Coats No. 125 at a cost of 3/9 each Coat. Total Amt £ 23.8.9 Blankets[& Rugs Extra Articles £. s. [d?] 17 pr. at 8/9- 7. 8. 9 6 pr.. at 10/6- 3. 3. 2 pr -" 9. . 18 . 9 pr. " 10/6- 4. 14. 6 2 pr " 11- 1. 2. 16 pr. "9/6----- 7. 12. 2 pr " 7-------- . 14. 4 pr 5/6-------- 1. 2. 8 pr 3/10------- 1. 10. 8 16 pr 9/9--------- 7. 16. 6 pr. 10/9-------- 3. 4. 6 11 pr. 12/6------- 6. 17. 6 12 pr 10/4------- 8. 8. 8.pr 11/. ___ 4 . 8 . 20pr. 8 8 . . . . ----------------- £ 66.18.11 --------------- Catherine Morris " 1 Children 3 " 1 Thomas Morris 1 " John Gload [crossed out] 1 " Dead. Janry. 22 1854 ----- Paul. 1 1 1 Shirt 4/6 Joseph Pennall 1 " John Pennall 1 " Mrs. John Pennall " 1 Peter Pennall 1 " Catherine Pennall " 2 Old Mrs. Pennall " 2 [?Mrs.] Joseph Pennall " 1 Children 3 " 2 Louis Cope 1 " Mrs. Cope. " 1 Children 3 " 2 Peter Sack. 1 " 1 musket Mrs. Sack " 1 Children 3 " 2 Mary Thomas " 1 Charlotte Thomas " 1  April 18, 2017 — 5:03 pm
201607140 "List of articles issued by William Chearnley, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Includes account of muskets issued to Mi'kmaq in 1853.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Joseph Male / Child 1. ". / Edward Nolan. /. " Mrs. Nolan. ". / Frank Tony. /. " Noel Jeddore. /. ". 1 Musket Mrs. Jeddore. ". / Children 2. / Joseph [Gregwar?] ( C B)". ". 1 Musket John Maloney /. ". 1 Musket Mrs. Maloney. ". / Children 4 ". 2 Mrs. Joseph Cope. ". / Mary Paul. ". / Catherine Tony. ". / Prosper Paul. /. " 1 Musket Francis Paul (Chief). /. " Mrs. Paul. ". / Children 2. ". 2 Goram Paul. /. / Mrs. Paul. ". / Mary Anne McHenery. ". / John Jadis. /. " Louis Paul. /. " Noel Paul. /. " Mrs. Paul. ". / Christopher Paul. /. " Mrs. Paul. ". / Child 1. ". / Mrs. Charles. ". 2 Mary Charles. ". / Eliza Charles. ". / Joseph Francis. /. ". 1 Musket Stephen Charles. ". " Mrs. Charles. ". 2   April 18, 2017 — 4:22 pm
201607141 "List of articles issued by William Chearnley, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Includes account of muskets issued to Mi'kmaq in 1853.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 A Boy ( name not known). /. " A Girl ( Ditto). ". / Philip [Goaley?]. /. " Mrs. [Goaley?]. ". / Child 1. ". / A Girl ( name not known). ". / Michael Thomas. /. " Mrs. Thomas. ". / Children 2. ". / A Girl ( sick) name not known. ". / M. Thomas Mother in law. ". / Joseph Nolan. /. " Mrs. Nolan. ". / Children 3. ". / Francis Paul. /. " Mrs. Paul. ". / Miss Paul. ". / Children 6. ". / Joseph Paul (1st) /. " Mrs. Paul. ". / Miss Paul. ". / Children 5. ". / Peter Cope. /. " Mrs. Cope. ". / James Tony. /. ". 1 Musket Mrs. Tony. ". / Children 2. ". / James Paul. ". / Joseph Paul (2nd). . /. ". 1 Musket Mrs. Paul. ". " Joseph Paul (3rd). /. " Mrs Paul. ". / Peter Francis. /. " Mrs. Francis. ". / Peter Joe Cope. /. "  April 18, 2017 — 4:28 pm
201607142 "List of articles issued by William Chearnley, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Includes account of muskets issued to Mi'kmaq in 1853.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Francis Gload 1 " Mrs. Gload " 1 Children 3 " James Charles 1 " Mrs. Charles " 1 [?Odis] Bobbie 1 " Mrs. Bobbie " 1 Peter Gload 1 " Mrs. Gload " 1 Children 2 " Gabriel Gload 1 " Mrs. Gload " 1 Children 3 " Joseph Bartlett 1 " Mrs. Bartlett. " 1 Children 3 " Peter Gload 1 " Mrs. Gload " 1 Children 2 " Joseph Michael 1 " Mrs. Michael " 1 Children 1 " James [?Lewis OR Lewie] 1 " Mrs. Lewis " 1 Children 2 " Paul Francis 1 " Mrs. Francis " 1 Children 2 " Peter Tony 1 " Mrs. Toney " 1 Children 1 " Alexander Davis 1 " Mrs. Davis " 1 Children 2 " Francis Charles 1 "   April 18, 2017 — 4:21 pm
201607143 "List of articles issued by William Chearnley, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Includes account of muskets issued to Mi'kmaq in 1853.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Mrs. Charles " 1 Children 4 [blank] Francis Gload "1 Mrs. Gload " 1 Children 4 [blank] Nelly Maltie " 1 Children 2 .. .. Sally Jeremy [blank] 1 Children 4. [blank] 1 Sally Maltie [blank] 1 Children 1 [blank] Orphan (Girls) 3 [blank] 3 Abraham Michael 1 .. Stephen Michael 1 .. Peter Michael 1 .. [Peter Michael - duplicate crossed out] " " Joseph [illegible] 1 " Alexander Jeremy 1 " Louis Bottomy 1 " Abraham Labradore 1 " Paul Maltie 1 " Nelly Maltie " 1 Benjamin Francis 1 " Mrs. Christopher Paul " 1 John Stevens 1 " 1 Musket Mrs. Stevens " " Children 2 " 1 John [Oakum?] 1 " 1 Musket Joseph Philips 1 " 1 Musket Mrs Philips " 1 Alexander Philips 1 " Mrs. Philips [blank] 1 Children 3 " 2 Anne Louis " 1 Mary Cope " 1  April 18, 2017 — 4:15 pm
201607144 "List of articles issued by William Chearnley, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Includes account of muskets issued to Mi'kmaq in 1853.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Noel Paul Francis Paul Isabella Paul Catherine Paul Mathew Thomas 1 " 1 Musket Mrs. Thomas " 1  April 18, 2017 — 4:21 pm
201607146 "List of articles issued by William Chearnley, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Includes account of muskets issued to Mi'kmaq in 1853.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Anne Morris " 1 Children 4 " 2 Lewis Morris 1 " James Paul 1 " Madeline Paul " 1 John [?Oeste] 1 " David Oakum 1 " 1 Musket Mrs. Oakum " 1 Andrew Oakum 1 " John Hammond " 1 Mrs. Hammond " 1 Children 3 " 1 Old Tom Hammond " 1 Mrs Hammond " 1 Louis Hammond " 1 [Miss?] Hammond " 1 Tall Peter Pennall [blank] 1 Anne Pennall [blank] [Thos.?] Pennall [blank] 1 James Pennall [blank] 1 Margaret Pennall [blank] 1 Elizabeth Pennall [blank] 1 Mary Ann Pennall [blank] 1 Molly Pennall [blank] 1 Francis Pennall [blank] 1 Michael Pennall [blank] 1 Noel Pennall [blank] 1 (previous 7 names) } old John Pennall's family [Joen?] River ( written vertically to the left) Francis Labradore [blank] 1 William Labradore [blank] John Labradore [blank] Lewis Labradore [blank] ------- Labradore [blank] Nicholas Paul [blank] Mary Anne Paul [blank]   April 18, 2017 — 4:27 pm
201607145 "List of articles issued by William Chearnley, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Includes account of muskets issued to Mi'kmaq in 1853.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Account of Muskets issued to Indians 1853 by William Chearnley C. I. Affairs ---- Names of Indians to whom Muskets have been given -------- Muskets Peter Sack ( Halifax County). / Noel Jeddore ( Cornwallis). / Joseph [ Gregnor?]. ( of Cape Breton)/ John Maloney ( Halifax County). / Prosper Paul Halifax County. / Joseph Francis ( Lunenburg County). / James Tony Halifax County. / Joseph Paul Junior Ships Harbour Halifax C.ty / John Stevens Rawdon. / John [?O]akum. Rawdon. / Josep[h?] Philips Rawdon. / Ma[tth?]ew Thomas Halifax County. / Da[vid?] Oakum?] Truro. / B[?enjam]in Brooks Windsor / [?illegible] Williams. Queens Count. / [?illegible] Paul Halifax County / [?Franc]is Cope. Cape Breton. / [?Fra]ncis Phillips. Halifax County / [?Mi]chael Allen. Halifax County / [right side torn - ?innick] Paul. Halifax County / (old) Francis Tony. Halifax County / [lower right edge is torn]   April 18, 2017 — 4:51 pm
201607147 "List of articles issued by William Chearnley, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Includes account of muskets issued to Mi'kmaq in 1853.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Francis Cope 1 " Old Mrs. Cope " 1 James Tony 1 " Louis [Luxey?] 1 " Joseph Maltie. 1 " Mrs. Tony " 1 Children 2 " 1 Mrs Luxey " 1 Children 6 " 1 Mrs. Maltie " 1 Children 3 " 1 Stephen Labradore 1 " Mrs. Labradore " 1 Children 3 " 1 Francis Charles 1 " Mrs. Charles " 1 Child 1 " 1 Peter Gload 1 " Mrs. Gload " 1 Peter Labradore 1 " Mrs. Labradore " 1 Children 5 " 1 Noel Michael 1 " Mrs. Michael " 1 1 Child " 1 Noel Jeremy 1 " Mrs. Jeremy " 1 Joseph Gload 1 " Mrs. Gload " 1 Francis Muse 1 " Mrs. Muse " 1 Children 2 " " Mrs [?illegible] Gload Child 1 " " Francis Luxey 1 " Mrs. Luxey " 1   April 18, 2017 — 4:28 pm
201607148 "List of articles issued by William Chearnley, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Includes account of muskets issued to Mi'kmaq in 1853.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Abraham Philips 1 " Mrs. Philips " 1 Child 1 " 1 Mrs. Louis Paul " 1 B. Brooks 1 " 1 Musket Mrs. Brooks " 1 Children 5 " 3 Old Joseph Cope 1 1 Madeline Tony " 1 Children 2 " 2 ______1Child dead Decr. 1853. __Francis 1 " Christopher Paul 1 " Noel Paul " 1 Mrs. Paul " 1 Children 2 " 2 Thomas Philips 1 " Margaret Lamee " 1 Michael Lamee 1 " Noel Jeremy 1 " Mrs. Jeremy " 1 Joseph Cope (2nd) 1 " His Son " 1 Mrs. Cope (Child 1) " 1 Miss Cope " 1 Sick Child (Miss Cope) " 1 Mrs. Joe. " 1 John Symons 1 " Sons 3. 3 " Mrs [Symons?] " 1 Miss Symons " 1 Peter Paul 1 " Peter Morris 1 " Mrs. Morris " 1 Miss Morris " 1 Master Morris 1 "   April 18, 2017 — 4:12 pm
201607149 "List of articles issued by William Chearnley, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Includes account of muskets issued to Mi'kmaq in 1853.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 John William 1 " 1 Musket Mrs. Williams " 1 Children 3 " 1 Black Louis 1 " Peter Noel [Barske?] 1 " Mrs. Barske " 1 Children 4 " 1 Sally Paul " 1 Children 4 " 1 Joseph [Barske?] 1 " Children 2 " 1 Louis Paul 1 " 1 Musket Israel Paul 1 " Mrs. Paul " 1 Children 6 " 3 Joseph Paul 1 " Mrs. Paul " 1 Children 2 " 1 Noel Tony 1 " Mrs. Tony " 1 Child 1 " 1 Thomas Noel 1 " Mrs. Noel " 1 Joseph Philips (1st) " 1 Mrs. Philips " 1 James Jeremy 1 " Mrs. Jeremy " 2 Mary Anne Philips. " 2 M. A. Philips husband 1 " Old Silome 1 " Hannah Philips " 1 Madeline Philips " 1 Francis Cope 1 " 1 Musket William Cope " 1 Mrs. Malony " 1   April 18, 2017 — 4:28 pm
201607150 "List of articles issued by William Chearnley, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Includes account of muskets issued to Mi'kmaq in 1853.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Francis Philips 1 " 1 Musket Mrs. Phillips " 1 Children 7 " 2 Michael Allen 1 " 1 Musket Mrs. Allen " 1 Children 3 " 2 James Paul 1 " Mrs. Paul " 1 Children 2 " 1 Samuel Paul 1 " Thomas Tony 1 " Mrs. Tony " 1 Mary Cloud " 1 Prosper Noel 1 " Mrs Noel " 1 Child 1 " 1 Elizabeth Paul " 1 Children 2 " 1 [Winnick?] Paul 1 " 1 Musket Mrs. Paul " 1 Children 3 " 2. Francis Tony 1 " 1 Musket Mrs. Tony " 1 Louis Paul 1 " Molly Paul " 1 Child 1 " 1 Mrs. James Pennall " 1 Child 1 " 1 Madeline Paul " 1 Charles Tony 1 " Mrs. Tony " 1 Children 2 " 1 Peter Tony 1 " Mrs. Tony " 1 Children 4 " 2  April 18, 2017 — 4:35 pm
201607151 "List of articles issued by William Chearnley, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Includes account of muskets issued to Mi'kmaq in 1853.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Indians Capt. Chearnley's [?List] 5 [bottom right corner] ( written vertically )  April 18, 2017 — 4:13 pm
201607194 Indian Grant - 1857, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 90 Indian Grants 1857  April 18, 2017 — 4:21 pm
201607193 Indian Grant - 1857, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 90 Indian Grants Doctor Brown for Medical Services Grant of 1856 1.9.6 Rev. M. Kennedy To aid C. Glode to build a House. do [pd] 5.0.0 Dr. Geddis in full for attendance on Indians Grant 1857 [pd] 8.1.6 Dr. Creed Cumberland. do. do. [pd] 2.6.0 Dr. Ruggles Digby. do. do. 2.10.0 Dr. Fox Hants. do. do. 1.10.0 Dr. Jeans C.Breton do. do. [pd] 8.16.10 Dr. Forbes Queen Co do. do. [pd?] 8.16.3 Overseers of Poor ( Aylesford) do. [pd] ["] 17.6 Do. Cornwallis do Funeral exp. do. [pd_] 11.9.10 D. O'Gaskill Queens Co: do in full. do [pd_] 2.19.4 Dr. [ Marston?] Kings Co: do. do. do. [pd.] 1.12.6 Dr McLatchie Horton. do. do. [pd_] 1.16.6 Capt. Chearnley as per [?vouchers] 11.12.6 do [pd] 11.12.6 Newel Jaddore Lame & Blind Indian do. [pd.] 3.0.0 Francis Paul for Loss sustained by fire do. [pd_] 7.10.0 James McKeagney advanced by him in 1856 do. [pd.] 1.19.7   April 18, 2017 — 4:56 pm
201607043 "Letter from H.W. Crawley of Sydney to Joseph Howe, Prov. Sec., regarding the Mi'kmaq request for seeds for the 1848 growing season and encouragement of agriculture among the Mi'kmaq.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Will, no doubt, apply to the Priest at L'Ardoise, Mr Courteau, whose appointment I lately observed in the Gazette. I have the honor to be, Sir, your most obedient, humble servant, H.W. Crawley (Written vertically) Mr. Crawley ------------- Indians [illegible] [?the or to] [sum OR him] to [?draw] for £100 to be decided between himself and Mr Courteaux, at their discretion.  April 18, 2017 — 3:09 pm
201607042 "Letter from H.W. Crawley of Sydney to Joseph Howe, Prov. Sec., regarding the Mi'kmaq request for seeds for the 1848 growing season and encouragement of agriculture among the Mi'kmaq.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 They were making a considerable advance; but the disastrous seasons of the three last years have been exceedingly adverse to the desired object. A withdrawal or apparent cessation of that encouragement at the present crisis, it is to be feared, would throw these people back upon their former listless and vagrant habits. My constant attendance at the Crown Land office is an impediment to the personal inspection , which, as Commiss[ione]r. I should be expected to make, of the Indian settlements; but I shall gladly [?render] such aid as may be within my power for communicating to them whatever measure of relief the Lieutenant Governor may be pleased to extend to them. If I may be permitted, however, to offer a recommendation, I should say that the member elect for this township, Mr. James [?McKeagney], would be a much more efficient person for the office of Indian Commissioner, having his time at [?command] and having also opportunities of seeing these people in their settlements ; but I know not how far he may be disposed to undertake their superintendence- I ought to state that the Indian settlements that will look to Sydney for supplies are, Escasoni, Wagamathkook, and probably Whykokomagh . The chapel Island Indians will   April 18, 2017 — 3:39 pm
201607041 "Letter from H.W. Crawley of Sydney to Joseph Howe, Prov. Sec., regarding the Mi'kmaq request for seeds for the 1848 growing season and encouragement of agriculture among the Mi'kmaq.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 avert or to shorten the continuance of the present dearth, which there is too much reason to [apprehend?] will be prolonged, however favorable the approaching summer may prove, [thro'?] the impossibility of providing seed in sufficient quantity. From such information as I have been able to collect, the scarcity is universal throughout the Island, and hundreds of families among the settlers must from that cause, relinquish the hope of harvest_ Still there are to be found individuals, scattered over the country, holding small supplies, which they sell at extravagant prices- 4/ or 5/ per bushel for potatos, for instance- and if funds were in my possession, I could materially assist the Indians, by giving them orders , for a small sum to each family, to purchase wherever they know that seed can be had - especially potatos. With respect to wheat, barley, and oats, supplies could be probably obtained cheaper at Halifax; altho' they would scarcely arrive in time for sowing, unless forwarded hither with the utmost expedition. The wheat especially would be very late. It is of course , known to the Government that for some time past the Indians have been encouraged to exertion in agricultural occupations. They  April 18, 2017 — 3:07 pm
201607040 "Letter from H.W. Crawley of Sydney to Joseph Howe, Prov. Sec., regarding the Mi'kmaq request for seeds for the 1848 growing season and encouragement of agriculture among the Mi'kmaq.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 48 Sydney, C.B. 22 May , 1848. Sir, Not being aware that any funds will be placed at my disposal for the benefit of the Indians in this Island, I am uncertain how to reply to their request for seed for the present season. These people , with their customary improvidence, have not made application until now that it is actually time, if not past the time, to commence the operations of sowing and planting : and altho' I was convinced of the prevailing scarcity being so extreme that it was most unlikely that the Indians had a supply of seed, or could obtain it, yet I did not consider myself justified in representing the urgency of their want, merely upon my own [?impression] but waited until they should themselves come forward to make it known. Notwithstanding , however, that a supply of seed would not be now of so much advantage as it would have been if provided earlier, yet it may still greatly help to avert Hon.ble Joseph Howe, &c &c &c   April 18, 2017 — 3:31 pm
201606969 Receipt of Robert Thomas for payment received for 22 1/2 pairs of blankets., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 25 Halifax NS Tho[ma]s. James Esqr 1836 To Rob[er]t. Romans Dr Decr_ 12. 22 ½ p[air]s Blankets 11/- [?£] 12-7-6 1837 May 1 Rec'd payt Robert Thomas   April 18, 2017 — 3:01 pm
201606868 "Page from a letter book of Indian Affairs. The first letter is from William MacKay, Acting Commissioner of Crown Lands and Surveyor-General to Crawley requesting a correct plan of all lands reserved for Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton. The second letter is from Jo", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 189½ Provincial Secretary's Office Halifax 26th. May 1843 Sir, I have it in command from His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor to give you directions to forward to the Hon[ora]ble. Joseph Howe, as Commissioner for Indian affairs, Plans of the lands reserved for Indians in the Island of Cape Breton. I have the honor to be Sir, Your Most Obedient humble Servant John Whidden Mr. William Mc.Kay Acting Surveyor General &c &c &c  April 18, 2017 — 3:00 pm
201606867 "Page from a letter book of Indian Affairs. The first letter is from William MacKay, Acting Commissioner of Crown Lands and Surveyor-General to Crawley requesting a correct plan of all lands reserved for Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton. The second letter is from Jo", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 In answer to the within from Wm. Crawley recieved on 13 June 1843- He states that he will comply with the within request providing it is neccessary- That the said plans were sent to [?Li-n OR Sir] Rupert some years ago- This letter of W. Crawley I showed to J. Whidden Secretary & he said that he would make a search [^ in his office] in order to find these plans & requested that I should leave Crawley's letter with him which I did this being the contents of said letter- Copy sent to H.W. Crawley Esqr. Cape Breton__  April 18, 2017 — 3:25 pm
201606812 Letter from P. Wiswall to Rupert George reporting on the purchase of supplies for the Bear River community in the spring and that the remaining funds may be used to purchase Indianss of common convenience in the fall. Notes that he and Abbe Sigogne will dedi, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 P Wiswell relative to the Indians £20 In H. M. Service Sir Rupert D. George Barr. Provincial Secretary &c &c Halifax [ written vertically]  April 18, 2017 — 3:59 pm
201606811 Letter from P. Wiswall to Rupert George reporting on the purchase of supplies for the Bear River community in the spring and that the remaining funds may be used to purchase Indianss of common convenience in the fall. Notes that he and Abbe Sigogne will dedi, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 time he will dedicate their New Chapel. The visiting indians as well as the settled ones are very proud of this building, and I purpose through [their own efforts -underlined] to get it finished on the inside_ The [ provincial?] £100 and the small amount of private subscriptions intrusted to my care will cover the expense of finishing the [exterior?]_ I feel as grateful as any of these poor people can towards Sir Peregrine Maitland for his kind disposition to [?forward] their general settlement and civilization_ as soon as I have gathered the proper information I will forward it to You_ I hope this will find You fully restored to health_ Pardon the roughness of my paper & stationary better being at this time accidentally out of my reach_ I have the Honor to be with much respect Yr Ob H. Servt. P. Wiswall Sir Rupert D. George Bart.  April 18, 2017 — 3:41 pm
201606863 "Page from a letter book of Indian Affairs. The first letter is from William MacKay, Acting Commissioner of Crown Lands and Surveyor-General to Crawley requesting a correct plan of all lands reserved for Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton. The second letter is from Jo", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Halifax 30 Aprl 41 My Dear Mr Rupert The [enclosed?] petition was forwarded [?by] "[?Governor] [?Glode]" to [?Ritchie] to be [presented?]_ His [also?] is [I suffer?] the [reason?] of its [coming?] to me. As I intend [leaving?] [tomorrow?] [morning?] if the health is at all favorable, may I ask in kindness to [deliver?] the petition to Lord Falkland. The poor MicMac will need no advocate with   April 18, 2017 — 2:26 pm
201606862 "Page from a letter book of Indian Affairs. The first letter is from William MacKay, Acting Commissioner of Crown Lands and Surveyor-General to Crawley requesting a correct plan of all lands reserved for Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton. The second letter is from Jo", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [written vertically] Charles Glode and other Indians in the County of Annapolis ------- [illegible] to be supplied with potatoes and oats for seed, ------------- Recd 2nd May 1841 -------------- Answered to [Hfx?] [Ritchie?] 6 May  April 18, 2017 — 2:01 pm
201606861 "Page from a letter book of Indian Affairs. The first letter is from William MacKay, Acting Commissioner of Crown Lands and Surveyor-General to Crawley requesting a correct plan of all lands reserved for Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton. The second letter is from Jo", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 But as the crop during the past season was by far inferior to what was expected, and to what was necessary for the support of the settlers, your petitioners, therefore , humbly implore your Excellency to grant them out of the province stores a supply of potatoes and seed oats for their spring purposes. And petitioners in duty bound will ever pray~~~ Annapolis, April, 20th.. 1841. Charles Glode Governor of the Tribe ------------------- having 5 ½ acres of land ready for the seed. ------------- John Glode 1 acre Abraham Peters 3 ½ acres. Joe Peter 1 ½ do. John Jeremy 2 ½ do. Joseph Glode ½ acre. Francis Charles 1 ½-~ Molly Nockwood, widow, ½ acre.  April 18, 2017 — 2:38 pm
201606860 "Page from a letter book of Indian Affairs. The first letter is from William MacKay, Acting Commissioner of Crown Lands and Surveyor-General to Crawley requesting a correct plan of all lands reserved for Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton. The second letter is from Jo", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 The Right Honourable Lucius Bentinck Cary, Viscount Falklands Knight of Grand Cross of the Guelphic order, and a member of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council; Lieutenant Governor and Commander-in-Chief in and over the Province of Nova Scotia and its Dependencies.------ The Petition of Charles Glode and others Most humbly sheweth That petitioners are a part of the Mic Mac Tribe of Indians settled on the new Line of Road leading from Annapolis Royal to Liverpool. That petitioners have to contend with all the disadvantages pertaining to a new settlement , and particularly to those accustomed to roam at large in the Forest when settled down to cultivate the soil. That it is the determination , however, of your petitioners to persevere in their undertaking, being persuaded that ultimately the blessings of civilized life may be realized. But   April 18, 2017 — 2:09 pm
201606463 Return of the state of the Mi'kmaq at and near Tatamagouche. From Alexander Waugh., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (14) it could be possible to induce the Indins to go in fishing boats by Purchasing Shares in boats _ assisting them with a little salt and supporting ther families & alowing them a bounty on [?Marchandable] fish of anny kind I think it would be verry Proper to alow the Indins a small premium on Produce of Every kind for there incuragement, Likewise on Staves hoops shingles hand spiks Oar rafters &c I Remain with Respect your Humble Serv[an]t Alexr. Waugh Michel Wallace Esqr. Halifax  April 18, 2017 — 2:20 pm
201606462 Return of the state of the Mi'kmaq at and near Tatamagouche. From Alexander Waugh., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (4) there is no white Person in these settlements who understands the Indin Language ------------ (5) the Indins of these Settlements Resort to the Priest of Prince Edwards Island for Confession & absolution once Every summer in about the munth of Jun -------------- (6) there is no Lands ungranted in these Settlements but there is Large tracts of Lands Lying weast [waste] for want of improvement there is land to be sold in the River John at a reasonable reate [rate], and for to be Leased for nine hundred & ninety years in Tatmagouch- frunting[fronting] [?this] harbour ------------ (7) These Lands & the Neighourhood afford materiels for Staves Hoops Shingles Clapbord, Oar Rafters Hand spiks & Laths these articles could all be sent to Halifax were the Indins to manufacture them ----------------- (8) there is great Quantitys of Herrings in these Harbours in the spring of the year- One herring net of about fifteen fathoms Long is suficent [sufficient] for five or six famileys about the first of Jun the Codfish is verry Plenty and by the twelfth the Rivers is full of [ Gaspheroues?] ----------------------- (9) Potatoes can be purchased at the season of gathering them for Eighteen Pence Per bushell ------------ (10) Small huts for About £6 can be built (11) the Price of Clearing an acre of Land Depends Chiefly upon what sort of timber grows upon it from £2 =10 to £4- - 10 is what I have Payd my self -------------- (12) Wool flax & Wheels Can be Procured hear for the Indin women & Persons can be had to instruct them in Spinning & knitting ----------------- (13) the Indins are not willing to Place some of there Children in the families of the neighbouring Settlers on acount of there Religion- yet the Settlers for small premiums would Receive and instruct them.   April 18, 2017 — 2:43 pm
201606461 Return of the state of the Mi'kmaq at and near Tatamagouche. From Alexander Waugh., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (70. Tatmagouch 22 May [1801?] Gentlemen agreeable to your Instructions I send to you an acct of the indines [indians] that Properly belong to the Harbour of Tatmagouch Including the River John (1) [Lui?] Tonie & his wife [3?] males Above 12 years 2 younger 1 feamel [female] {this family is verry industrous and Dos a great Deal of work to the Inhabi-tants 2 Charles Tonie no wife at Present a sober Indin 2 males & 2 females above 12 years 2 males younger 3 Joseph Tonie & wife industrous Indins [he?] [coopers?] a little 2 males & 2 females above 12 years 1 male younger 4 Daniel Tonie & wife a great Drunkard and verry saucy 2 males above 12 years 1 Dito younger ------------ 5 John [Batist?] Tonie & wife a verry Lazy Indin 2 males 5 years old 1 femal younger ------------------------- River John Indins 1 Francis [ Wilomt?] & wife a sober industres Indin 3 males from 5 years and [illegible] younger 2 John wilmot & wife a sober Indin 3 males 2 females above 12 years 3 females younger ------------------------- (2) [Lui?] Tonie is the Person who has the most influence over the Indins in this Place- he Can speak the Inglish Language verry well- he Likewise shoes a [Disposion?] to Settle he Left Tatmagouch this Spring on acount of the small pox , and is planting in Ramshig  April 18, 2017 — 2:00 pm
201607115 Letter from Silas Rand to Lt. Gov. LeMarchant regarding the petition of the Mi'kmaq. Few details., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Indians 1853- [illegible] [?Mr] Rand _ ( written vertically)  April 18, 2017 — 2:31 pm
201607113 Letter from Silas Rand to Lt. Gov. LeMarchant regarding the petition of the Mi'kmaq. Few details., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 other places, and intend to publish it, here, and in England, and to call the attention of all [?classes] to the claims [underlined] of the Indians. It may be also proper to [?note OR state] that the Indians do not consider themselves subjects of Queen Victoria. I had written this [expression?] at the close of the Petition. The venerable old chief- Francis Paul,- shook his head: that [expression?] could not be admitted. "We treated [underlined] as an independent nation", said he, " and no steps had ever been taken to alter this relation". I must say I admired the Independant spirit of the old man. I dashed my pen thro the offensive expression. [Simple Justice - underlined], is all he asks. Why may he not have it? There is just one more request which I promised to make on their behalf. Should an answer be obtained, they wished it to be forward to them [if possible - written above so insert here] thro me, as I understand their tongue and   April 18, 2017 — 2:41 pm
201607112 Letter from Silas Rand to Lt. Gov. LeMarchant regarding the petition of the Mi'kmaq. Few details., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 66 To His Excellency Sir Gaspard Le Marchand Lieutenant Governor &c. &c. &c May it please you Excellency As I shall probably leave town on Monday , and may not have an opportunity of communicating with your Excellency respecting the Petition handed you by Dr. [Twining?] and myself on the part of the Indians, I beg to say that in presenting it I simply fulfilled a promise to the Indians that I would myself put it into the Governors hands and use all my influence to get it forwarded. It may be proper for me to state that I cannot vouch for the truth of the statements contained in the Petition, tho I fear they are all too true. I have read the Petition publickly at Charlottetown , St. John N. B. Frederickton and many Sir Gaspard Le Marchant, Lieute[na]nt Governor &c &c &c  April 18, 2017 — 1:55 pm
201606789 "Letter from Thomas Crawley, Cape Breton, with reference to Hugh McLean's case, M.M. Keagney's petition, the Indian Grant, and other matters.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 he petitioned in January 1828 and again in October following, habit being understood that his Lot was in the midst of the [?coal] works the petition was ordered to stand over till enquiry could be made, which produced the statement and sketch of [?W. or Mr.] Richard Brown - Matthew Brian's Lot does not interfere with the works - You will find in this Packet a Petition from certain Administrations to His Honor the President , which they conceived it was necessary to pass through my office- I know [not -written above so insert here] if it be of any consequence, that the persons styling themselves [?Executors] in the petition for Land for the [infant?] [?Belworth] have never qualified themselves for that office.- I am much flattered by the friendly recollection of our friend Sir Rupert- I imagine he would [?rather] write than return to this side of the great ocean- I confess I entertain the same fears that you express for Sir Peregrine's health- I need not tell you this is written in haste yours [?Servt.] T.[homas] Crawley [?JP] 12 Jany 1830  April 18, 2017 — 1:22 pm
201606788 "Letter from Thomas Crawley, Cape Breton, with reference to Hugh McLean's case, M.M. Keagney's petition, the Indian Grant, and other matters.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 to complete their titles except by purchase- Such a hint may be the means of saving some expense to Mr. McKeagney, who [?resigned] the Lot non petitioned for by Hugh Melony, for the benefit of his grandchildren , since deceased - Which of the [?Pseudo] Apostles of the Indians bears most of the [Onus - underlined] , I know not , but I shun to think that the [?Stipendiary] determined to take the lighter end, as he pitched his tabernacle entirely out of the way of his Disciples. Alas, how much more that £50 [?per] [illegible] might have benefitted the poor Indians in the shape of blankets, [?meal] [&c] to the blind, the naked and more than half Starved wretches among them- Apropos unless the Honorable Committee be pleased soon to brush away the difficulties that impede the Indians Grant , the poor old Surveyor General may chance to receive the honor of the scalping Knife and Tomahawk, for they cannot be made to comprehend what impediment can exist since [Gubbench? - underlined] promised with [underlined] his own [?mouth - underlined] that they should have it. Unless [?Clawley - underlined] whom they consider as the chief if not the only land merchant; be turned against them- One John [?Handley] wishes to obtain a warrant for Lot No. 2 South Side of Lingan Bay and as much land in the Rear as may be requisite to make two hundred Acres;  April 18, 2017 — 1:01 pm
201606787 "Letter from Thomas Crawley, Cape Breton, with reference to Hugh McLean's case, M.M. Keagney's petition, the Indian Grant, and other matters.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (173 [left edge is cut off] [Dear?] Sir Although I felt in the first instance , some apprehensions of the weight of the legal opinion respecting [hardship? OR kinship] I had little doubt but that if the case were taken under consideration [illegible] [with?] difference between the [ pampered?] partner in a productive [?illegible] and the [worn?] up [drudge] on a Lot of Land but partially [?redeemed] from a state of nature would turn the balance in [?favour] of the poor Widow- In the case of Hugh McLean [?my] intention was by stating certain precedents , to remove any objection that the general Rule might have raised in His [?Honor's] mind - I shall therefore put the warrant into [?operation] - Before I return the Petition of the Revd. McKeagney, [?Papist OR Parish] Priest , may it not be as well to inform His Honor that the Petitioner did not comply with the 3rd Act. [?The] directions contained in the Regulations issued from the Secretary's Office 8th. May 1827; in which it is stated that His [?Excellency], having no longer authority to grant land upon the [?usual] terms , applications for land would not be received, and [?that] persons neglecting to lodge their fees at the proper offices [?previously] to the 1st. Jany. 1828 would not be permitted  April 17, 2017 — 7:01 pm
201606734 Letter from John Morris to William Hill enclosing the abstract of the Commissioners of Land for the month of February and also enclosing a copy of a letter from Trotter to the Board of Commissioners regarding the improvements of the Mi'kmaq on lands at Po, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 at present. The commissioners wish to know His Excellency's pleasure respecting the particular point or points to which he would wish their enquiries to be directed and two or more of them will repair in person to the place without delay and collect all the information that can be obtained on the subject- I also enclose two returns from the Dy [Deputy] Surveyor here.- I have the honor to be Sir Your most obedient and very humble Servant John [Morris OR Munro?] Secy William Hall Esq Dy. Pro: Secy Halifax  April 17, 2017 — 7:22 pm
201607364 "Letter from Chearnley to the Provincial Secretary regarding the report for the Lt. Gov. on expenditures of the Department of Indian Affairs, monies lent to Joseph Baptiste of Pomquet to allow him to build a house for his family, agriculture among the Mi'k", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Abstract of accounts -------------- Vote - /£300/$1200. Payments [illegible] with 10 Vouchers - 1172.27 Balance 27.73. --------------- $1200.00  April 17, 2017 — 7:12 pm
201607362 "Letter from Chearnley to the Provincial Secretary regarding the report for the Lt. Gov. on expenditures of the Department of Indian Affairs, monies lent to Joseph Baptiste of Pomquet to allow him to build a house for his family, agriculture among the Mi'k", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 134 ½ ---------- Halifax N.S. March 3rd. 1862 Sir As C.I. Affairs I have to report for the information of his Excellency the Lieut Govenor [Governor] The Twelve Hundred dollars placed to my Credit has been expended almost wholly in the purchase of Blankets and Clothing for the Indians In a few cases where real distress existed at the recommendation of Magistrates and other gentlemen who have bought the matter to my notice I have furnished the Families with Flour and meal in small Quantaties [Quantities] I have also at the recommendation of John McKinnon Esqr M.P.P backed by a Petition numerously signed by respectable people. payed the sum of Twenty dollars to enable an Indian (Joseph Baptiste) residing at Pomket   April 17, 2017 — 6:24 pm
201606554 "Return of Indian meal, blankets and potatoes issued to Mi'kmaq in the eastern district of Nova Scotia.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Return of Indian Meal Blankits [Blankets] & Potatoes received from Micheal Wallace Esquire Commissioners for the Use of [Decayed?] & Orphan Indians residing in the Eastern District of Nova Scotia between the 1st day of January 1802 & 31th March Included _______Vizt.____ Quantity Received & To Whom Issued | Indian Meal 1680 Lbs | Blankets 20 Pair | Potatoes 150 bush[el]s 4th. Jany. Molly [Porpus?] Widow & Several Children ..84..1..3 Madilene a Very Old Widow ..84..1..2 [Fransway?] a Lame Indian & Wife old..84..1..10 Captn. Marble Wife and Children very Poor...84..1..10 Captn Thomas Wife & Family old ...84..1..6 Old Catherina with four Grand Children ...105..1...8 To Widows With Familys at Country Harbour [recommend?] by Hudson...168..2..15 25 Jany Mary Soloman Widow & Child ...105..1..8 Widow Prosper with Seven Children ...126...2...9 John Batist wife and Family a Cripple ...126..2..10 Hannah very old Indian Woman...63..1..5 4th Feby Mary Joseph old [?do] Woman...63..1..5 Monarch Micheal Widow & three Children...105..2...6 Joseph Gays Widow ..42..1..8 Margeret Joseph Widow ...42...1...8 [Newil?] Brinaugh & Family ...84...1..10 Molly Peter & Child... 84..1..6 A Cripple Orphan Girl Maintained by Porpus ...42..1...4 Molly [?Selone OR Setone] Orphan....1...4 1st March [Luce?] Marble & Two Children...1..4 Willmot & [Lequire?] old men Lives at Pomquit...42..2.... Sarah Indian Woman....21..1..2 16th Phillip old Tracida Indian...1.." Mara Marble & Child ....1.." 18th. Molly Martin Widow & Family ...42...2...2 Hannah Orphan Girl ...1 5 31st John Batiste Jun[io]r Squa[w] & Several Children ...1.... ------------------- 1680_33_150 [totals] Blankits remains on hand ...... 7 Errors Excepted Guysboro County Sydney 31 March 1802 Wm. Nixon   April 17, 2017 — 6:35 pm
201606555 "Return of Indian meal, blankets and potatoes issued to Mi'kmaq in the eastern district of Nova Scotia.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (109 Return of Indian Meal Blankits [Blankets] & Potatoes Issued to Sundry Poor & Distressed Indians E[a]stern District of Nova Scotia ------------------------ Blankits on hand the 31 March 1802 12th May Jacob a Sick Indian...1 14 " Molly Sam Orphan Girl...1 15 " Wife of David with a Large Family...1 18 " Lewland a Wife & Large Family...1 20 " Joseph Snake Sick and Poor...1 23 " [?Esquire] an Orphan Boy...1 28 " Molly Martin Object of Pity...1 -------- 7 [total] Errors Excepted 31 May 1802 Wm. Nixon ( written vertically)  April 17, 2017 — 6:04 pm
201606765 Petition of James Lulan of Pictou on behalf of himself for relief in consequence of interference with his land. Includes backer with note that five pounds be taken from the Indian Account to be given to purchase necessaries for the Mi'kmaq and since the I, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (168 To His Excellency Sir Peregrine Maitland K.C. B Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Chief in and over His Majesties Province of Nova Scotia and its Dependencies &c. &c. &c. _ The Petition of James Lulan an Indian of the Micmac Tribe, residing in the District of Pictou in behalf of himself and others of said Tribe Most Humbly and Respectfully Sheweth That for upwards of Fifty years The fathers of Your Petitioners, and your Petitioners themselves have been in the possession of a piece of Land at the Mouth of the Harbour of Pictou and have made a considerable clearing therein That at the Commencement of last spring Your Petitioners were prevented from planting as usual by the Proprietor Mr. Mudie to whom it has been granted and have since been [?ordered OR induced] to leave said place. That the hardship of the case of Your Petitioners must appear perfectly [plain?] to Your Excellency, and that your Petitioners will be deprived of the small piece of ground they usually used for the purpose of   April 17, 2017 — 6:02 pm
201607200 "Report of distribution of blankets to Mi'kmaq at Sackville where the chief James Paul resides, including Morris' family at North West Arm.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 1857 Jany 17 Blankets [illegible] Elliott's- Peter Toney & Squaw 2 [Vic Lexi?] Squaw & 4 Children. 4 James Toney, Squaw & 4 children 4  April 17, 2017 — 5:02 pm
201607202 "Report of distribution of blankets to Mi'kmaq at Sackville where the chief James Paul resides, including Morris' family at North West Arm.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 1857 Jany 2. [ Pd?] Old Widow Morris ( Molly). "5" " Peter Sack's Squaw near confinement "5" 16 " McKearney Provisions Chief's Squaw. "14 11 17 " Elliott & Co. Toney's family 20 " Widow Philip " 8 9 " Cash. " 1 3 21 Prosper Toney Squaw & 3 children- 29 Mich Allen Squaw & 2 children " [?Jim] Paul & Squaw & 1 girl- Widow Cope & 3 children Meal &c Noel Prosper Sick, Squaw, & old mother 100 years Feby. 14 Elliott & Co [?afc]. Widow Charles & child   April 17, 2017 — 5:47 pm
201606594 "Letter from George Oxley reporting the distress of some Mi'kmaq in the neighbourhood of Ramsheg [perhaps Ram's Head or Ramsey, or a place name no longer in use.] requests relief for letter bearer, Lewis Tony, and other Mi'kmaq named and described.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (127 Ramsheg 4th Feby. 1803 Charles Morris and Michael Wallace Esqrs Gentlemen The bearer Lewis Tony, hath made many applications to me, with two other Heads of family's for some Releif [Relief]: _ but not having any direction lately for that purpose from the Commissioners ; I have but Let them have to a small ammount [amount]; merely to Keep them from [Starving? - underlined] _ Their Distress is truly great:_ The measles have raged amongst them; one or two [have - crossed out] have died- The scarcity of game utterly renders them unable to subsist, but by the Generosity of the Inhabitants Lewy Tony the bearer whose wife at this time is Extremly sick, hath a family of seven Children, most of them unable to help themselves; I believe the Father hath done his endeavour for their support, but found it impossible Tony Tony a very old man whose wife hath been blind this some Months and is entirely helpless; They have a week or two ago lost their cheif support in a daughter their only Child who was carried off by the Measels- The old man hath been very Industrious and reported honest and I believe hath never had any support from Government, If there be any Releif for those poor distressed Creatures he merits some  April 17, 2017 — 2:10 pm
201606595 "Letter from George Oxley reporting the distress of some Mi'kmaq in the neighbourhood of Ramsheg [perhaps Ram's Head or Ramsey, or a place name no longer in use.] requests relief for letter bearer, Lewis Tony, and other Mi'kmaq named and described.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Some- Francis Noel an Indian, with a small family, might not himself have no great need of assistance: but being a kinsman of the above Tony Tony is obliged to stay with him as he is not able to cut wood for the fire_ If directions were given for their Releif [Relief] it might be [had?] here such as fish, and potatoes, and such other articles of Provision as are the Cheapest- If you should think proper [to bestow - crossed out] to allow them any Cloathing, (as the above familys are in a [?manner] naked) [if? - crossed out] you will please to Direct for that purpose, and it may be procured such as is absolutely necessary to keep them from perishing I have stated the above from my own Observation in the familys of those Indians ; and humanely hope they will meet with some releif.__ I am Gentlemen your most Obedient Hum[b]le. Ser[van]t. G. Oxley  April 17, 2017 — 2:29 pm
201606594 "Letter from George Oxley reporting the distress of some Mi'kmaq in the neighbourhood of Ramsheg [perhaps Ram's Head or Ramsey, or a place name no longer in use.] requests relief for letter bearer, Lewis Tony, and other Mi'kmaq named and described.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (127 Ramsheg 4th Feby. 1803 Charles Morris and Michael Wallace Esqrs Gentlemen The bearer Lewis Tony, hath made many applications to me, with two other Heads of family's for some Releif [Relief]: _ but not having any direction lately for that purpose from the Commissioners ; I have but Let them have to a small ammount [amount]; merely to Keep them from [Starving? - underlined] _ Their Distress is truly great:_ The measles have raged amongst them; one or two [have - crossed out] have died- The scarcity of game utterly renders them unable to subsist, but by the Generosity of the Inhabitants Lewy Tony the bearer whose wife at this time is Extremly sick, hath a family of seven Children, most of them unable to help themselves; I believe the Father hath done his endeavour for their support, but found it impossible Tony Tony a very old man whose wife hath been blind this some Months and is entirely helpless; They have a week or two ago lost their cheif support in a daughter their only Child who was carried off by the Measels- The old man hath been very Industrious and reported honest and I believe hath never had any support from Government, If there be any Releif for those poor distressed Creatures he merits some  April 17, 2017 — 2:22 pm
201606064 Report of Joseph Howe regarding the reserve at Indian Brook, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 64 The Hants County Reservation. [underlined] -- Left town to visit this tract of land on the 11th of May. taking with me the Chief, Francis Paul, and Peter Thomas. In passing the Grand Lake, Sheubenacadie, the Chief enquired if I had ever heard of whales being in fresh water. I answered, no. He said his grandfather had often told him and others that there was, at one time, a whale in the Grand Lake -- that he was there for some time, but at last stretched himself across the [foot? OR fork] of the lake, above the river, and died there. I explained my doubts of the truth of this story, but Francis declared it " [?certain] true" said it was always believed by his contemporaries, and that he had often seen some of the bones himself. [?In OR On] mentioning this story to [Shultz?] he informed me that many large bones of some unknown fish or animal had been found at the [foot? OR fork] of the lake. The Reservation consists of 1100 acres, not on the Shubenacadie, as I had hoped, but about four miles to the N.W. of the New Bridge at [Parker's?]. There is no marsh, but a portion of brook [intervale?]. The upland appeared to be of a fair quality -- the bush timber mostly destroyed. The [drowning?] of one branch of the brook which runs through the reserve, by a person who owns an adjoining lot, for the erection of a saw and grist mill, has flooded a great deal of the flat land belonging to the Indians. On this Reserve there is some cultivation. A few acres of upland have  April 17, 2017 — 2:15 pm
201606069 Report of Joseph Howe regarding the reserve at Indian Brook, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 69 an Indian Boy [(John [Jarvis? OR Inglis] )faintly written above so insert here], also an adopted child. The labors of his farm seemed to be chiefly performed for him by his white neighbors, for whom he makes churns, buckets, &c. and who buy the [?boxes] and baskets made by his family. Letter to Faulkner, directing him to make surveys, repair Goreham's House, and ascertain if 5 acres of land can be purchased near the River. Halifax 12th. Nov. 1842. Sir You will please to lay off, at your earliest convenience, the Indian Reserve, of which I send you a Plan, and on part of which Goreham Paul lives, in convenient Farm lots of 100 acres, reserving to Paul all his improvements, and sending me a plan with the lots numbered, so that Indians disposed to settle on them may each have one, and know and respect each other's boundaries. Will you also endeavour to get Paul to put his house in a state of repair and remove to it. If it is necessary to aid him to the extent of £10 or £15 please expend that sum in making the building habitable, and draw on me for the amount.  April 17, 2017 — 2:48 pm
201606068 Report of Joseph Howe regarding the reserve at Indian Brook, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 68 having to travel four miles by land, while, for the Indians who might settle on the reservation, the distance would not be too great. If a suitable piece of ground could be got, the Chapel should be moved to the side of the river. Goreham Paul, who has had much to do with its erection, is the only Indian, who is averse to this, but his scruples might be overcome. The Hants Reservation, if judiciously parcelled out, might make five or six tolerable Indian farms - if the Chapel were moved, and some land procured up and down the River, and on some of the main roads, the experiment of agricultural settlement, with a [?chance] of combination on a common centre for religious and educational purposes, might be fairly tried. On this jaunt I met Peter Paul, another Brother of the Chief's and of Goreham's, who is the Judge of the Tribe. I was not aware of the existence of any such officer, supposing the duties of such a functionary, in the few disputes that might arise, was discharged by the Chief. I was assured that Peter has long acted as Judge, hearing all causes and settling all points of Micmac Law without fee or reward. He speaks but little English, but utters his own language with great fluency and energy, and has the reputation of being a good speaker. Goreham's Family consisted of himself, wife, the white girl, [Mary Ann Ferris? - faintly written above so insert here] and  April 17, 2017 — 2:43 pm
201606067 Report of Joseph Howe regarding the reserve at Indian Brook, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 67 shut my eyes to the fact that the civilization of which we [boast?] so much cannot always [?pressure] the whites from abandoning their offspring, and that within the humble wigwam's upon which we look with so much contempt there may often he found the higher feelings of benevolence and steadfast fidility [fidelity], which in the dwellings of our own race, are sometimes wanting. Mary -Ann Paul; (her former name, I do not know) is now about 22, still unmarried, probably hesitating between her pale face and tawny admirers, but bears the reputation of being a good girl, and very dutiful to her parents. Goreham has a house and two cows, some implements of agriculture, and more of household stuff about him than any of the Indians about Halifax.) A small wooden hapel has been put up, on the Indian land, near Goreham's house. The inside is still unfinished. The general opinion among the Indians is, that a great mistake was made in placing the Chapel in this place. If it had been built on the Shubenacadie, near the junction of roads, by Nelson's or Parker's - Catholic settlers, living on those roads, could have had the benefit of it, and the aged and sick Indians, coming up or going down the River in their canoes, could visit it without  April 17, 2017 — 1:19 pm
201606065 Report of Joseph Howe regarding the reserve at Indian Brook, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 65 been cleared and are worked, a portion of the brook [interval?] has also been cleared, and the grass is either cut or sold to the neighbors. The only family living here is that of Goreham Paul, brother of the former Chief, and of the present one. He is a fine looking, intelligent man, holds rank near the Chief, and above the [Captains?], a [place?] which answers to our ideas of [?Mayor OR Major], although they do not use the word. Goreham Paul has been for a long time almost the sole occupant of this Reserve, other Indians moving on and off, but residing for no length of time, and making no improvements. At the time that Mr [Brownley's?] well meant experiments were made upon the Micmacs about 30 years ago, a great number of them used to frequent this neighborhood -- but when the provisions were gone, (20 or 30 oxen I was informed, were killed for their use in one winter) they dispersed, without making any advance in agriculture or civilization. While gratuitously fed, they drank and smoked in their camps. Any return to this system would be most unwise. _ I suspect but could not get at the fact, that the house which stands upon this lot, was built, and the chief part of the clearing made, out of the public fund expended at this time. ( For several years Goreham Paul and his family lived in a frame house, but having [let?] his place during a visit which he paid to his wife's relations, in New Brunswick, the house got out of repair - his [stock?]  April 17, 2017 — 1:37 pm
201606066 Report of Joseph Howe regarding the reserve at Indian Brook, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 66 was destroyed_ and his farm much [?injured]. On his return he abandoned the house, which has been turned into a barn, and has since resided in a wigwam near to it. His habitation was more spacious than Indian Camps generally are, having an entrance at each end. To my surprise, I found a white girl living in the camp. On enquiry into her history, it appeared that her father was an Indian and her mother a Scotch woman, who, from intemperance [and illegible - crossed out] or other causes, had neglected or abandoned her in infancy. Goreham, having no children, was induced to take her. She had been brought up as his own, and although subsequently visitted by her mother, refused to abandon those to whom she owed everything but existence to unite her fortunes with one who merely brought her into the world to [abandon - crossed out] cast her [illegible] off to perish, or sink in the [?scale] of [?living OR being] to the level of the [?damage OR Savage]. A kick from a horse about a year ago had injured her jaw and changed the expression of her mouth, but she had been very good looking, and seemed healthy and cheerful. She spoke both Indian and English fluently, and the rapidity with which she changed her language, and her manner and expression of countenance, was singular, interesting, but often painful. One could not but regret that a young creature, who might have been the honored mistress of the best [?farm] house in the neighborhood, had her parents done their duty, was the mere tenant at will of an Indian's Wigwam, and yet I could not  April 17, 2017 — 1:17 pm
201607419 "Letter from Louis Joe of St. Peter's, Cape Breton, on behalf of other Mi'kmaq, to Richard G. McDonnell requesting a response to petition forwarded to him on 10 Jan. 1865. handwritten note signed by RSMD noting signor was in favour of petition for sewer; c", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 No. 748 Secretary's Office, N.S., 1865 Louis Joe & other Indians asking for aid to get a Seine &c. Also His Excellency's observation on the same - Replies to Stating that the Executive could not grant the Prayer of the Petition 13 June 1865.  April 17, 2017 — 1:21 pm
201607418 "Letter from Louis Joe of St. Peter's, Cape Breton, on behalf of other Mi'kmaq, to Richard G. McDonnell requesting a response to petition forwarded to him on 10 Jan. 1865. handwritten note signed by RSMD noting signor was in favour of petition for sewer; c", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 [D?] [Tupper?] --------------- I think if possible the Ministry should consider this proposal favorably R S [illegible] 22 Nov / 64 - considered in [illegible] Council [This?] [granted?] and Referred to Provincial [Seats?] to reply to [this?] 1864 Petition of Indians St. Peters Co. of Richmond C.B. Recd. 7th. Nov. / 64 [Repd.?] 10 Jany 1865 [L.S.H.?] [JP.?]   April 17, 2017 — 1:27 pm
201606860 "Page from a letter book of Indian Affairs. The first letter is from William MacKay, Acting Commissioner of Crown Lands and Surveyor-General to Crawley requesting a correct plan of all lands reserved for Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton. The second letter is from Jo", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 The Right Honourable Lucius Bentinck Cary, Viscount Falklands Knight of Grand Cross of the Guelphic order, and a member of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council; Lieutenant Governor and Commander-in-Chief in and over the Province of Nova Scotia and its Dependencies.------ The Petition of Charles Glode and others Most humbly sheweth That petitioners are a part of the Mic Mac Tribe of Indians settled on the new Line of Road leading from Annapolis Royal to Liverpool. That petitioners have to contend with all the disadvantages pertaining to a new settlement , and particularly to those accustomed to roam at large in the Forest when settled down to cultivate the soil. That it is the determination , however, of your petitioners to persevere in their undertaking, being persuaded that ultimately the blessings of civilized life may be realized. But   April 17, 2017 — 1:05 pm
201606864 "Page from a letter book of Indian Affairs. The first letter is from William MacKay, Acting Commissioner of Crown Lands and Surveyor-General to Crawley requesting a correct plan of all lands reserved for Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton. The second letter is from Jo", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 with His Excellency - if he did I [illegible] no [farther?] [friend?] could be [found?] [there? / these?] [ illegible] Please send the [answer?] to the Com of [J.P.?] J. W. [Noble?] at Annapolis - where he will probably remain for [four? OR few] weeks. I am very [humbly yours?] J. W. [illegible] [The Hone.?] Sir [RDSpry?]  April 17, 2017 — 1:20 pm
201606865 "Page from a letter book of Indian Affairs. The first letter is from William MacKay, Acting Commissioner of Crown Lands and Surveyor-General to Crawley requesting a correct plan of all lands reserved for Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton. The second letter is from Jo", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Honb. Sir N. D. [illegible] Bart. &c &c [Inoram?] Glode [illegible] 1841 Hon. S W. Johnston petition of Governor Glode.  April 17, 2017 — 12:43 pm
201607423 Letter from James Lang of River John complaining that the government has not lived up to its promises to protect and preserve thousands of acres granted to the Mi'kmaq as reserves in 1859., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 144 My Lord God stired up the [speret?] of Cyrus who gave the [jues?] there own land with gold silver Cattle and goods to settle it that was Gods plan, tho the wicked opposed it. Ezra 1 Chapter 6 [vers?] Great Britain gave £20.000.000 to free the Negro 3 days in the week for three years, when the Money was paid Danial O.Conel. carred a resolution in Parlement that they be set free Government obeyed and sent an order to free them, it gave him an immortal name in History Great Britain gave the Indians of this Provance thousands of acrs of land to settle on in 1859 the [Assemble] took it all from them. and the Act [distinkly?] states when they pay there [lote?. it is to be left to the Government weather they gett it or not in 1860 Joseph Howe carried a resolution that each Indian was to receive a deed of a Hundred acres to be sold only to Indians only. for ever the Government has failed to give deeds according to that resolution. 1862 I offred the diveden or Intrest of $100 in Pictou [yass?] work yearly to Rev McDonald [preast?] if it was in his Power to gett a lot of land (as I had failed with the M.P. who [held] [illegible - crossed out] for the Law of 1859 who excluded them except at the option of the Government) he got 50 acres [imeadately] two Indians settled on it. He applyed to the Comitee of the assembly of 1865 for Deeds butt failed. I saw the same Comitee reported that two Indians had settled in Cape Britain [but?] did not say they were to get Deeds nor any of the [Int?] of there owen $1000 did they recomend for there encuragement , butt recomended to sell a part of the lands. $5.000 is granted to help the Foreigner who imagrants to help him to settle butt not a cent to the native Yours Trully James Lang River John 27 January 1866  April 17, 2017 — 12:14 pm
201607421 "Letter from Samuel Fairbanks, Indian Commissioner, to the Provincial Secretary regarding disbursement of funds granted by the House for Mi'kmaq relief.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 my disposal - The Proceeds of the Indian Reserves, which in accordance with the Act are paid into the Treasury should in my opinion constitute the fund from which these advances ought to be made. The representatives from C Breton have expressed an opinion, that the portion realized from the Sales of the Island, ought to be appropriated exclusively to the Indians residing there - I may observe in [answer] to this, that they get their full Share of the annual appropriation for Clothing - that they often charge their abodes to the Province - and that it would be in every way more convenient to regard the proceeds as a common fund for the benefit of the whole Tribe. I have no doubt there will be sufficient to meet the provisions of the Act, for I fear but few of them will be disposed to settle on the Land. I am anxious to have all uncertainty removed as to my course in these matters, and have therefor been more particular in my comments on the Subject. If the Government approves of these Sums being paid from the Indian fund in the Treasury - I have respectfully to request an  April 17, 2017 — 12:34 pm
201607420 "Letter from Samuel Fairbanks, Indian Commissioner, to the Provincial Secretary regarding disbursement of funds granted by the House for Mi'kmaq relief.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 143 [for?]: Land Officer - 27 " Octr 1865. Sir During the last sitting of the House of Assembly the Committee on Indian Affairs recommended that the Sum of twenty Dollars each should be paid to four Indians [viz?] one in Pictou and three in Antigonish Counties towards building their Houses - and to be paid out of the funds granted for the Supply of Cloathing for the Indians generally - I am now called upon by the Indian at Pictou, to pay the amount allotted to him - and have a satisfactory Certificate that the House is erected- I have doubt however whether I am justified in paying these Sums - for the report is at [variance?] with the Law which restricts all [advances?] to the supply of Clothing - and if sanctioned, it will no doubt be followed by other [asseveration?] - and the charitable intention be defeated = At various times by order of the Government and to meet an immediate case of distress - small Sums have been advanced - but in making [ my?] Purchases - it [will?] be very [embarrassing?], if I cannot be certain of the amount at The Honble Pro. Secry [Journal?] 1865 [App?] & [45?] Revised Stat: [Cap?] 57 [Sec:?] 5.  April 17, 2017 — 12:09 pm
201606007 Letter from Joseph Howe to Lord Falkland, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 7 of them have joined the Temperance Society. The two who were with me today wore their medals, and assured me that they knew of but two or three who were not strictly sober. This, then, would seem to be the appropriate time for following up what their Pastors have so well begun. Every friend of humanity would rejoice to see your Lordship take the lead in this matter, and every Member of your Government would, I am convinced, give their cordial co-operation, and feel proud to place before the country, in your Lordship's name, a measure that [and?] probably redeem the remnant of the Aborigines, and lure them to some, at least, of the practices and blessings of civilization. Trusting that your Lordship will pardon the liberty I have taken, and attribute it to a desire to atone for my own neglect in not having long since made an effort to do something effectual for this unrepresented portion of my countrymen, I remain, with profound respect, Your Lordship's faithful and humble servant, Joseph Howe Nov. 1841  April 17, 2017 — 12:22 pm
201606006 Letter from Joseph Howe to Lord Falkland, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 6 Your Lordship will probably ask where are the funds to come from. It is likely that Her Majesty's Government, on a proper application, would give an order for supplying the Muskets. The Legislature would, I have no doubt, cheerfully grant £200 or £300 a year, or what would be better, lay on some trifling tax on [legacies?], to be collected by the Judges of Probate, and to form a permanent fund, applicable to this service, and to no other. The Charitable Societies of Halifax would, I have a strong impression, appropriate £10 or £15 a year of their collections to so benevolent an object. The Commissioner would probably serve without fee or remand, if his [mere?] expenses were paid. Three or four years ago this project would have been extremely visionary, as every thing bestowed upon these poor people would have been sold for spirits. Now it is sufficiently feasible to justify the experiment, because most  April 17, 2017 — 12:31 pm
201606004 Letter from Joseph Howe to Lord Falkland, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 4 that squatters might not trespass upon them, and to give public notice that Government would recognize no claim, and confirm no title, so that attempts to get these lands for trifling presents of rum, clothing, &c. might be discontinued. Should it turn out that valuable permanent improvements have been made on any of them, the Commissioner might be authorized to make such compromises as would secure the value, the amount to be[ laid?] out in the purchase of lands adjoining, or in other favorable situations. The Reservations might be parcelled out, with the assistance of the Chiefs, among the heads of families within the district - each one having the right to sell or bequeath to Indians, and to them only. This would give a stimulant to exertion, and yet preserve the property to the Tribe When this was done, some assistance might be given to purchase agricultural implements, stock and a dwelling for the Chief, a School House, and to aid in the erection   April 17, 2017 — 12:58 pm
201606865 "Page from a letter book of Indian Affairs. The first letter is from William MacKay, Acting Commissioner of Crown Lands and Surveyor-General to Crawley requesting a correct plan of all lands reserved for Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton. The second letter is from Jo", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Honb. Sir N. D. [illegible] Bart. &c &c [Inoram?] Glode [illegible] 1841 Hon. S W. Johnston petition of Governor Glode.  April 16, 2017 — 3:55 pm
201606864 "Page from a letter book of Indian Affairs. The first letter is from William MacKay, Acting Commissioner of Crown Lands and Surveyor-General to Crawley requesting a correct plan of all lands reserved for Mi'kmaq in Cape Breton. The second letter is from Jo", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 with His Excellency - if he did I [illegible] no [farther?] [friend?] could be [found?] [there? / these?] [ illegible] Please send the [answer?] to the Com of [J.P.?] J. W. [Noble?] at Annapolis - where he will probably remain for [four? OR few] weeks. I am very [humbly yours?] J. W. [illegible] [The Hone.?] Sir [RDSpry?]  April 16, 2017 — 3:57 pm
201606377 "Petition of John Nowland for land. John Nowland is married to a Mi'kmaq woman and they have a large, young family. Also includes Letter from Hurlihy [?] and Cunningham to Wentworth regarding a petition for Mi'kmaq relief.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 34 ½ Dorchester 18th, March 1800 Sir The necessities of the Indians in the vicinity of this settlement is so great and urgent as to Induce them to prefer a Petition to His Excellency for Relief and as the nature of their case requires a speedy supply of Provisions ^ & clothing we would humbly advise that Edward [Irish?] Esqr. might be the Person authorized to distribute what Bounty it may seem good to His Excellency to extend to them. Among their wants a few Hoes and axes would be very necessary as we are urgent with the Indians to plant as much as possible the Ensuing Spring We hope the nature of the Case will [plead?] our [excuse?] for giving you this trouble. We are Sir with due deference Your Most Obedts. Humble Servants [T. W.?] [Hurlihy?] Rich[ar]d. Cunningham [left bottom corner torn - ?Wen]tworth.  April 16, 2017 — 3:51 pm
201606376 "Petition of John Nowland for land. John Nowland is married to a Mi'kmaq woman and they have a large, young family. Also includes Letter from Hurlihy [?] and Cunningham to Wentworth regarding a petition for Mi'kmaq relief.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [written vertically] Petition of John Nowland referred to Mr. Morris _ ---------------- The Petitioner to have the Land [M?] --------- Entd. a Warr[en]t of Survey is necessary [?be] [illegible - written above so insert here] I can lay out the land C Morris  April 16, 2017 — 2:47 pm
201606375 "Petition of John Nowland for land. John Nowland is married to a Mi'kmaq woman and they have a large, young family. Also includes Letter from Hurlihy [?] and Cunningham to Wentworth regarding a petition for Mi'kmaq relief.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 34½ To His Excellency John Wentworth Legis Legum Doctor Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Chief in and over His Majesty's Province of Nova Scotia and its Dependencies &c &c &c [a.] The Petition of John Nowlan Humbly Sheweth That about six year's past on your Excellency's visiting Saint Mary's Your Excellency was pleased to call into Nicumquodie the Eastward of Beaver Harbour where Mr. Lawson lives & finding your Petitioner & his Wife an Indian with a large young [Family - written above so insert here] in poor Circumstances tho. neat and clean You was pleased after Viewing their little Improvements to give Petitioner an Order on said Mr. Lawson for Bread Pork & Salt which they received. & now return their sincere thanks for Your Excellency at same time [strictly?] ordering Petitioner on his first Arrival in Halifax to wait on you for which he presents himself before your Excellency Therefore Relying on your Excellency's Tenderness for his large Family Most humbly Prays your Excellency to grant him a Spot of Land between Col. [Hales's] & [Nicumteau?] to assist him in supporting them & with such necessaries & Supplies as may protect them from the Inclemency of the [coming?] Season as to your Excellency may Seem [meet] And Petitioner will Pray  April 16, 2017 — 2:14 pm
201607404 "Letter from P.M Holden, Kentville, to Charles Tupper, Provincial Secretary, requesting blankets for 12 large Mi'kmaq families at Aylesford and 12 families around Kentville and Dalhousie. Accoutn of Levi W. Eaton for clothing supplied to Peter Bass. Accoun", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Coppy of acct sent to Halifax for Indians February 11, 1865 Dr Struthers Bill $ 68.09 ½ Peter [Wicken?] 12.06 1/2 Peter [?Tress] 5.00 17.06 ½ J E V C F Eaton & 7.00 Feb 13 Levi W. Eaton Esq 4.00 ------------ $ 96.16 $48.8 46.08 --------- [?Due] 2.00 February 10/65 For Edward Riley David M Dickie bill $15.85 Dr Dennison 3.00 ------------ $18.85 1865 for James Hurley Feb 13 Samuel Robinson Bill $ 2.87 ½ Leander Rand Bill 7.69 ½ David M. Dickie Bill 11.49 $22.06 [subtotal] -------------------------------- $40.91 February 18 Dr Struthers bill for Mrs. James Hurley 15.75 April 10 for Mrs James Hurley $30.62 /for board/ 30.32 [?Due] for Poor 55.71. " " Indian 46.08 ---------------- 18 85 22.06 ---------- 40 91 15 75 --------- 56.66 120 26 ------ 720 24 00 ---------- 31.20 ------------- 600 2600 ---------- 3200   April 16, 2017 — 2:28 pm
201607408 "Letter from P.M Holden, Kentville, to Charles Tupper, Provincial Secretary, requesting blankets for 12 large Mi'kmaq families at Aylesford and 12 families around Kentville and Dalhousie. Accoutn of Levi W. Eaton for clothing supplied to Peter Bass. Accoun", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 To His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor of the Province of Nova Scotia May it Please your Excellency Your Petitioner the overseer of the Poor for the District N.10, in the Township of Clare, Digby County humbly Sheweth That your Petitioners have had for year past, have had Some Indian, who have no relative and being abandoned by their tribe -and being so cripple that they could do nothing for themself - have become Chargable to the Township of Clare as pauper - Therefor your Petitioner Solicits the Sympathy of his Excellency to take their cause into consideration and reimburse them the Sums expended by them for the Suport [Support] of Said poor indian - and your Petitioner as in duty bound will ever pray Clare February 11th. 1865, Francis Bourneuf Ude [Therio?] Overseer of the poor [written vertically]  April 16, 2017 — 2:31 pm
201607407 "Letter from P.M Holden, Kentville, to Charles Tupper, Provincial Secretary, requesting blankets for 12 large Mi'kmaq families at Aylesford and 12 families around Kentville and Dalhousie. Accoutn of Levi W. Eaton for clothing supplied to Peter Bass. Accoun", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Province of Nova Scotia To the overseer of the poor district N. 10 for bording lodging John Peter from 29th March [1860?] to the [4th April 1864 - written above so insert here] an old Indian, 14 weeks at £2.50 per week £35.00 cloath [?£ or $]2, 1 pair India rubber Shoes $1.00 3.00 2 [illegible] of tobaca [tobacco] @ 3/9 -----1 . 50 --------------- [?£ Or $]39.50 I Angel [Blin?[ do Swear that the foregoing account is just and true, and that the above named Indean [Indian] was Supplyed as above by request of the overseer of the poor for district N. 10. and that Said Indian was distetute [destitute] of every thing. Angel B. Blinn Sworn to at Clare this day of February 1865 before me John [B?]. [Melonson] J.P. We the undersigned overseer of the poor for District N. 10 in Clare, do certify that we are cognizance of the poor an distitute [destitute] condition of the Indean [Indian] reported to in the foregoing account, Francis Bourneuf overseer of the poor [Ude Therio?] I do swear that the sum of £39.50 paid for the Suport of Said poor indean has been assessed, collected, and paid for by me for the maintenance of the Said Indean Sworn to before me at Clare this 11th. day of February 1865 A.J. [Comeau?], J.P. A.M. Comeau D.T.   April 16, 2017 — 2:46 pm
201607405 "Letter from P.M Holden, Kentville, to Charles Tupper, Provincial Secretary, requesting blankets for 12 large Mi'kmaq families at Aylesford and 12 families around Kentville and Dalhousie. Accoutn of Levi W. Eaton for clothing supplied to Peter Bass. Accoun", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Province of Nova Scotia to this overseer of the Poor District N.10 For bording [boarding] and lodging John Peter an old Indian from the 4th. of April, to the 30th. of May 1864 _ _ _ 8 weeks at [the?] 1.70 per week _ _ _ [illegible] 13.60 Expence [expense] of funeral, Coffin 10/- _ 5.00 diging [digging] grave 10/- Cloath [cloth?] for laying up the body 5/. $ 18.60 I Mark Devons do swear that the foregoing account is just and true, and that the above named Indian was Supplyed [suppplied¸] as above by request of the overseer of the poor for District N. 10 and that said Indian destitute of everything [Swor?] to at Clare this day of February 1865 before me A. F. Comeau J.P. Mark Devons his mark "X" we the undersigned overseer of the poor for District N. 10 in Clare do certify that we are Cognizance of the poor and destitute condition of the poor indean reported to in the foregoing account Francis [Bourneuf] [Ude?] Therio overseer of the poor [written vertically] I [space for a signature/name] do swear that the sum of $16.60 paid for the suport [support] of said poor indean has been assesed [assessed¸] collected, and paid by me for the maintenance of said Indian A.M. Comeau D. T Sworn to at Clare this 11th. day of February 1865 - before me A. [J?] Comeau [J.P.?]   April 16, 2017 — 2:21 pm
201607403 "Letter from P.M Holden, Kentville, to Charles Tupper, Provincial Secretary, requesting blankets for 12 large Mi'kmaq families at Aylesford and 12 families around Kentville and Dalhousie. Accoutn of Levi W. Eaton for clothing supplied to Peter Bass. Accoun", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 [McLetchy?] Indians [?afc]  April 15, 2017 — 6:51 pm
201607402 "Letter from P.M Holden, Kentville, to Charles Tupper, Provincial Secretary, requesting blankets for 12 large Mi'kmaq families at Aylesford and 12 families around Kentville and Dalhousie. Accoutn of Levi W. Eaton for clothing supplied to Peter Bass. Accoun", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Township of Horton 1864 Oct To H. [Q or A.?] Mc[illegible] [illegible] To attendance and medicine to Newel [Jeremy's] child Indian. By order of Mr. John Minor Overseer of poor, on Black River Mountain $3.00 Wolfville Oct 1864  April 15, 2017 — 6:02 pm
201606116 Letter from Nicholl to Howe reporting on Bear River., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 113 From W. Nicholl. Hillsburgh, 3rd Dec. 1842 Sir I received yours of the 21st ult. and have put Newell Paul in possession of the lot you desired, given him a new axe and laid his old one. I herewith transmit you the bills for the oxen and cow for Matthew Picton, and [?Mr or W] Godfrey's certificate for the last quarter's schooling. Messrs. [?Veroom] and [?Veal] have applied to me for the remuneration they were to have for their leases, which, as Paul has now the lot of the former, I told him I supposed you would send immediately. I likewise send an account of all I have got and am getting for the Indians to this time. J. Meuse (the Chief) has bought himself a pair of steers, and requested me to get a ring and staple for his yoke, which I have done. Respecting the old woman who wanted a house built for her from the best information I coul [could] get, I think there is no occasion for it at present, as she has three daughters on the hill and they are willing she should live with them, but as   April 15, 2017 — 6:39 pm
201607399 "Letter from P.M Holden, Kentville, to Charles Tupper, Provincial Secretary, requesting blankets for 12 large Mi'kmaq families at Aylesford and 12 families around Kentville and Dalhousie. Accoutn of Levi W. Eaton for clothing supplied to Peter Bass. Accoun", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 The Township of Cornwallis To Levi W. Eaton [dr.] 1864 May 2d To Supplies to Peter Bass (Indian [illegible] 4.00 in clothing Levi W. Eaton of Cornwallis Kings County maketh oath and saith that the above account for supplies to Peter Bass.(Indian) is just and true Sworn to at Cornwallis } the 11th day of Feby 1865 } before me } Levi W. Eaton [?To OR Dr] Mr H Clarke JP I certify that the above account is correct DM Dickie [illegible]  April 15, 2017 — 6:50 pm
201607396 "Letter from P.M Holden, Kentville, to Charles Tupper, Provincial Secretary, requesting blankets for 12 large Mi'kmaq families at Aylesford and 12 families around Kentville and Dalhousie. Accoutn of Levi W. Eaton for clothing supplied to Peter Bass. Accoun", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Only the other day understood he had long since resigned his appointment. You'll excuse me then for adding this trouble to [your - written above so insert here] many duties, but the cold weather is upon us and if those poor people are allowed aid this [?fall OR first] time they should have it. Will you be good  April 15, 2017 — 5:17 pm
201607395 "Letter from P.M Holden, Kentville, to Charles Tupper, Provincial Secretary, requesting blankets for 12 large Mi'kmaq families at Aylesford and 12 families around Kentville and Dalhousie. Accoutn of Levi W. Eaton for clothing supplied to Peter Bass. Accoun", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Lyons Hotel Kentville Dec 2nd 63 My dear Dr. Tupper The Indians are very clamorous about their blankets, I wrote some time ago to Capt Chearnley about them and   April 15, 2017 — 5:24 pm
201606538 "Account of molasses, rice and baize for Mi'kmaq.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (101 Halifax N. S. Commissioners for Relief of Indians To Forsyth Smith & Co" 1801 Octr 28. 1 [piece?] White Baize . . . £4..2.- 1802 June 18. 27 Gallons Molasses . . 2/6 3..7..6 1 Cask of Rice N. [@] 1.3.17 28/. 2.13.3 an Empty Cask for Do. 1/ -.1.- --------------- £10.3.9 1802. December 31st_ Received payment from Michael Wallace Treasurer of the Province~ Forsyth Smith & Co  April 15, 2017 — 5:53 pm
201606539 "Account of molasses, rice and baize for Mi'kmaq.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Forsyth Smith & Co[mpan]ys Acco[un]t. of Molasses. Rice Baize &c for Indians 1801. [illegible] 1802_ ----- £10..3..9. ---- No.20  April 15, 2017 — 5:09 pm
201606470 Letter from Jonathon Crane to Brenton and Morris responding to circular letter. Signed at Horton., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Indian Women and persons can be had to Instruct them in Spinning and Knitting in this County._ 13 No doubt by proper Encouragement Indians might be taught the Domestic Arts particularly the younger part of them, either in their Wigwams, or in the Farmers Houses which are only one Quarter of a Mile to two Miles distant from the residence of the Indians at Horton and Parrsboro._ 14 Indians might be taught to Fish in Boats to aid the support of their Families _ It is my opinion if the Indians ever adopt the English mode of subsistence it will be gradually and that partly thro' necessity, therefore I conceive it will be the most Effectual method [method - crossed out] to let each tribe or Family Cultivate Lands near their respective Fishing and Hunting Grounds, and [as?] the latter fails they will embrace the former of course._ Their [Assitant?] residences in this Town from time immemorial I am told is where they [have - crossed out] are now Settled on the Gaspereau, having apple trees growing there before the English Settled this County with Great conveniency of Catching Fish which of some sorts are always there._ I conceive the expense of Settling and Keeping them alive will be much less Divided in many places, than for [them?] [all?] to be collected in one or two places. With respect Your most Hum[bl]e. Servant Jonathon Crane To. Mess. Brenton Morris & Wallace  April 15, 2017 — 2:38 pm
201606469 Letter from Jonathon Crane to Brenton and Morris responding to circular letter. Signed at Horton., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Plenty of Timber for Shingles and Clapboards_ there might a Market for those Articles in the West Indies, also in this County._ 8 There is a great plenty of the Gaspereau Fish, [considered - crossed out] besides supplying Horton it is estimated that one Hundred Tons has been carried to the neighbouring Towns fresh, these have been taken going up to the Lake to Spawn they are estimated the fattest and best quality of all [?illegible] in America on their return from Spawning large Quantities have and may be taken for Exportation. there is also some Salmons and plenty of Eels and trout in Gaspereau, Black River, and the lakes Contiguous._ there is also some Salmon and Gaspereau Fish on the Rivers and lakes Emptying in the River Hibert with Great plenty of Trout, where the Indians are now Settled at Parrsboro._ 9 Potatoes may be delivered at Gaspereau River and Parrsboro where the Indians are Settled for about one Shilling & six pence in the fall and about two shillings and six pence [per?] Bushel in the Spring. 10 Hutts [Huts] may be Constructed 20 by 16, of your description [for -crossed out] from £15 to £20 _ 11 The average price of Clearing Land fit for Housing will be from 40/. to £5. [per?] acre according to the Growth of Timber &c . _ 12 Wool flax and wheels may be procured for Employing Indian  April 15, 2017 — 2:30 pm
201606468 Letter from Jonathon Crane to Brenton and Morris responding to circular letter. Signed at Horton., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Cloth them, but when their Expectations are [lost?] to any further supply their influence will subside, the Priests can only Effectually [?control OR constrain] them 5 The Indians generally go once a year to [Menudi?] on Memramcook in the County of Cumberland to Mr. Power or the Priest residing their for Absolution_ 6 The Lands suitable for Indians to settle [illegible - crossed out] on in this County are principally on the Gaspereau River to the Eastward of the Great Lake about Three Miles South of where Benjamin Peck now lives._ The Lands are all Granted in this Township none of which I think is Subject to [Extreat?] but a few Hundred Acres may be purchased for the Indians, at a very moderate rate. there are now Roads and Settlers near the same. their Hunting Grounds are about the Lakes [&?] to the Southward towards Liverpool, the Land is generally good, &well Timber'd. Also at Parrsboro where they [illegible - crossed out] reside the Lands are good. but all Granted but may be purchased low. 7 There is plenty of Timber both in Horton and Parrsboro, where the Indians are now Settled for Staves, Hoops, Rafters, Hanspikes and laths, but not a   April 15, 2017 — 1:08 pm
201606467 Letter from Jonathon Crane to Brenton and Morris responding to circular letter. Signed at Horton., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (72. Horton June 6th.1801 Gentlemen In answer to your Letter of the 23rd of January [sett?] principally containing Several Queries respecting Indians. I now beg leave to [transmit?] you the best information in my power _ 1 The number of Indians [are Generally - crossed out] who usually resort to Kings County & that Generally reside here are [parpicularly?] mentioned in the Paper Annexd_ 2 I do not Know of any Principal among any of the Indians in this County. 3 Several Families [show?] a disposition to Settle in this County [and are - crossed out] they have no particular Trades. they are all particularly named in the paper annexd 4 I believe here is no White Man in Horton or Cornwallis that can speak the Indian Language. When I was about 17 years of age, with the aid of the French Language could Speak Enough of their Language to [Traffick?] with them a part of which I still retain. many persons may have an influence with the Indians while they feed and Cloth  April 15, 2017 — 1:07 pm
201606437 "Letter from Edward Irish of Antigonish to Wallace regarding relief supplies, a pending return of Mi'kmaq in his area, and smelt.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (60. Dorchester March 11th 1801 Sir, I embrace this favourable opportunity by Mr Cunningham, to inform you of my safe arrival hear last fall also the articles shiped for the Indians came safe to hand, and very opportunely for them, as they were in a miserable condition Both for Provisions and Clothing n the Blankets were of singular use, as they were entirely naked, they have Been Tolerable Comfortable since they got the Blankets, as the old [?answered] to make them, stockings & Britches, which was just sufficient to keep them from Perishing the meal when Divided was very small as the number Collected to Receive it was Beyond my Expectations, but still it was a partial Relief and served to Ease the settlement in some measure, from their Pressing Importunities, the powder & Shott (which is now Expended) has helped them greatly, as they could not possibly have [?survived] for the want of means I  April 15, 2017 — 1:35 pm
201606439 "Letter from Edward Irish of Antigonish to Wallace regarding relief supplies, a pending return of Mi'kmaq in his area, and smelt.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [written vertically] Edward Irish Antigonish 11th March 1801 Michael Wallace Esquire Halifax [?favored] by W Cunningham  April 15, 2017 — 1:20 pm
201606438 "Letter from Edward Irish of Antigonish to Wallace regarding relief supplies, a pending return of Mi'kmaq in his area, and smelt.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 I shall make a Return when I Come to Halifax or Probably Before, one Circumstance has been much in there favour this winter, the River has afforded them a quantity of smelts which they take by cuting a hole in the Ice and with a short line & hook, they draw up [?numbers], This Providential Relief never has happened Before this winter ~ nor known by any of the Inhabitants that those fish Resorted the Harbour in the winter season __ I am with Respect Sir your Most Humble Servant Edward Irish Micheal Wallace Esquire Halifax  April 15, 2017 — 1:57 pm
201606423 "Description of land reserved for the Indians in different counties throughout the province including Sydney County, Cumberland County, Hants County, Halifax County, Queens County, Lunenburg County, Annapolis County, and Kings County.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 West eighty three Chains crossing Port Medway River to the South Western Angle of land Granted Lydia Collins_ thence North thirty degrees East along the Rear line of said Collin's land to the end thereof thirty chains_ thence North Sixty eight degrees thirty minutes West along the Northern side line of said land fifty five chains to the Rear line of [Josiah?] Smiths and said Daleys land thence North thirty degrees East sixty chains along said Rear line to the place of beginning containing One thousand Acres according to the Plan- Annapolis County 1,000 acres. Described as follows vizt. Beginning on the Western side the South branch of Bear River at the distance of twenty eight chains on a Course South Sixty six degrees East from the South Eastern Angle of Land Granted Christopher Benson_ thence to run South twenty four degrees East on Vacant land One hundred Chains thence North sixty six degrees West One hundred chains_ thence North twenty four degrees West One hundred chains to the Rear Line of said Bensons land_ thence South sixty six degrees East along said Rear line and Vacant land One hundred chains to the place of beginning. Containing one thousand Acres according to the Plan_ Kings County 1,000 acres_ Abutted and bounded as follows Vizt. Beginning on the Southern Angle of land Granted the Right Revd. the Bishop of Nova Scotia for the support of a Dean and Chapter in the Rear of the Township of Horton_ thence to run North sixty degrees East along the Southern boundary line of said land One hundred and twelve chains_ thence South thirty degrees East on Vacant land eighty nine Chains [thirty links - written above so insert here]_ thence South sixty degrees West one hundred and twelve chains_ thence North thirty degrees West eighty nine chains [thirty links - written above so insert here] to the place of beginning containing One thousand Acres _ And in the whole of all the lands hereby described for the Indians eight thousand eight hundred and sixty acres including the five hundred Acres heretofore granted at St. [Margarets] [illegible - right lower corner torn]  April 15, 2017 — 1:55 pm
201606422 "Description of land reserved for the Indians in different counties throughout the province including Sydney County, Cumberland County, Hants County, Halifax County, Queens County, Lunenburg County, Annapolis County, and Kings County.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 County of Halifax Saint Margarets Bay 800 acres The first Tract marked A containing five hundred Acres already Granted The second Tract marked B at the head of Sutherlands alias Ingrams River containing three hundred Acres_ And is described as follows Beginning on the Eastern side of said River on the North Western Angle of Ingrams Grant so called_Thence to run North eighty degrees East along the Rear line of said land fifty two chains fifty links_ thence North ten degrees West on ungranted land forty chains_ thence South eighty degrees West Seventy five chains thence South ten degrees East thirty eight chains to the upper line of land formerly granted Robert [McKoon?]_ thence North eighty four degrees East along said line twenty five chains [to the River -written above so insert here] thence crossing the same to the place of beginning_ Lunenburg County 960 Acres Beginning on the Rear line of Farm lots fronting on Gold River , and on the South Eastern Angle of land Granted [Apthorp?] and Co._ From thence to run North seventy three degrees West along the South boundary line of said land One hundred and twenty Chains_ thence South on ungranted land eighty chains _ thence South Seventy three degrees East One hundred and twenty chains to the Rear line above mentioned_ thence North along the same eighty chains to the place of beginning Containing Nine hundred and sixty Acres according to the Plan_ Queens County 1,000 Acres Abutted and bounded as follows vizt. Beginning on the Southern side line of Lot Number eighty four on the Road leading from Liverpool to [Nictaux?] and on the North Eastern Angle of James Daly's land_ thence South sixty eight degrees thirty minutes East along said line and Vacant Land One hundred and thirty eight chains_ thence South thirty degrees West ninety chains _ thence North sixty eight degrees thirty minutes West   April 15, 2017 — 1:20 pm
201606421 "Description of land reserved for the Indians in different counties throughout the province including Sydney County, Cumberland County, Hants County, Halifax County, Queens County, Lunenburg County, Annapolis County, and Kings County.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Containing [in this Tract - written above so insert here] One hundred and twenty Acres. and both said Tracts one thousand Acres according to the plan~ Cumberland County 1,000 acres at Shinemicash Beginning at a Maple tree standing on the Southern Angle of land granted Thomas Smith _ Thence to run North twenty five degrees West along the Upper line of said Smiths land One hundred and eight chains_Thence South Sixty seven degrees West on ungranted land eighty chains _Thence South twenty five degrees East One hundred and twenty seven chains _ Thence North sixty seven degrees East eighty chains _ thence North twenty five degrees West nineteen Chains to the place of beginning containing One thousand Acres_ Hants County. 2,100 Acres in two different tracts The first on the Western side the Great Lake Beginning at the distance of twenty two Chains North Easterly from the lower bound of land Granted [Mayhew?] Rand and Brothers thence to run North seventy degrees West on ungranted land One hundred and fifty Chains_ thence North twenty degrees East sixty chains_ thence South Seventy degrees East to the shore_thence following the several courses of said Shore up Stream to the place of beginning containing in this Tract One thousand Acres_ Secondly another Tract Beginning on the South Eastern Angle of land Granted [Josiah? ] Thomas and George Wallace in the County between [Col.?] Hamiltons Grant on the Shubenacadie River and the Nine Mile River lands _ Thence North twenty degrees West along the lower line of said Wallaces land forty seven chains fifty links to the South boundary line of Richard Carters land_ thence North seventy degrees East along said boundary line sixty one chains_ thence South sixty five degrees East along said Carters line, ungranted and the South boundary line of land Granted William Nelson and Sons One hundred and fifty two chains_ thence South thirty degrees West twenty[five?] chains fifty links along the lower line of said Nelsons land_ thence North sixty degrees West along said Nelsons line and ungranted land One hundred and thirty one chains to the place of beginning, containing in this tract eleven hundred Acres and in The Whole two thousand One hundred Acres According to the Plan  April 15, 2017 — 12:25 pm
201606420 "Description of land reserved for the Indians in different counties throughout the province including Sydney County, Cumberland County, Hants County, Halifax County, Queens County, Lunenburg County, Annapolis County, and Kings County.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (54. Description of land Reserved for the Indians in the different Counties throughout the Province Sydney County. 1000 acres at Pomket] in Two separate Tracts marked A,B. B on the Annexed plan The Tract A is abutted and bounded as follows Vizt. Beginning on the South Eastern side line of land Granted Charles [Bousar or Beusar ?], and at the South Eastern Angle of land Granted Colin Campbell Esqr. Thence to run South forty five degrees East along said side line fifty chains_ thence North forty five degrees East on ungranted land One hundred and twenty two chains_ thence North forty five degrees West eighty four chains_ thence South forty five degrees West seventy seven chains _to the lower line of said Campbells land thence South forty five degrees East along said line thirty four chains_ thence South forty five degrees West along the Rear line of said land forty five chains to the place of beginning. Containing in this Tract eight hundred and eighty Acres_ The Tract marked B. B is abutted and bounded as follows Vizt. Beginning on the upper bound of lands Granted the French Acadians on the Southern side the River at the head of the South branch of said Pomket Thence to run South forty five degrees East along the upper line of the said Acadian land thirty six chains to the North Western Angle of land granted John Wentworth Solomon_thence South fifty eight degrees West along the lower line of said land forty three chains to the River_ thence following the course of the same to the forks _ thence Crossing to the West branch and following the same up stream six chains fifty links to the lower bound of land Granted William Bannerman_ thence North along the front of said Bannermans and Mary Irish's land fifty chains or until it meets the Upper line of land Granted the said Acadians on the Northern side of said River _ _ thence South fifty degrees East [West - crossed out] ten chains to the Margin of the same_thence crossing the River and following the course down Stream to the beginning [ Boundary?] containing   April 15, 2017 — 12:14 pm
201606063 Letter from Joseph Howe to Morris regarding plans of ten reserves mentioned in Charles Morris' report of 1820, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 63 Halifax, May 7, 1842. Sir I have been furnished, by the Deputy Secretary, with Plans of 10 Reserves, referred to in your Fathers Report to Government on the subject of Indian lands, made in May, 1820. From conversations with some of the Indians, they seem to have an impression that they have claims, either by possession, grant, or verbal arrangements with the authorities, in other places, as at Prospect, the Ship Harbour Lake, &c. Will you be kind enough to furnish me with any further information that may be in your possession, so that I may know exactly which lands the Indians hold in the Province, either by grant to Individuals or as Reserves in possession of the Crown. I have the honor to be Sir Your Obedt Servt John Spry Morris {?Esq]  April 15, 2017 — 12:50 pm
201606002 Letter from Joseph Howe to Lord Falkland, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 2 in Cape Breton. What the number of Indians in the Province may be, I cannot tell, but those I have talked with assure me that there are at least 300 in this County / or command / alone. This is a large number to be left as outcasts, if any thing can be done for them. These people often call upon your Lordship, and visit others, whom they suppose can serve them, and go away disappointed and mortified, if they are not seen and attended to. To talk to them, or to relieve or advise them, en masse, or in detail, is impossible, and this I have explained to the most reasonable and intelligent of them, but in order that there may be some link between them and the government, some medium of communication, it would be well if each clan would return the name of its chief for the time being, and, in the event of illness or extreme old age, if he should name some one of his people to represent him. If then, some Member of the Council, an Officer of the Government, duly authorized by your Excellency, would under  April 15, 2017 — 12:40 pm
201606006 Letter from Joseph Howe to Lord Falkland, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 432 6 Your Lordship will probably ask where are the funds to come from. It is likely that Her Majesty's Government, on a proper application, would give an order for supplying the Muskets. The Legislature would, I have no doubt, cheerfully grant £200 or £300 a year, or what would be better, lay on some trifling tax on [legacies?], to be collected by the Judges of Probate, and to form a permanent fund, applicable to this service, and to no other. The Charitable Societies of Halifax would, I have a strong impression, appropriate £10 or £15 a year of their collections to so benevolent an object. The Commissioner would probably serve without fee or remand, if his [mere?] expenses were paid. Three or four years ago this project would have been extremely visionary, as every thing bestowed upon these poor people would have been sold for spirits. Now it is sufficiently feasible to justify the experiment, because most  April 15, 2017 — 12:00 pm
201606726 Letter from Thomas Trotter to Rupert George enclosing the report and affidavit regarding the improvements made by Mi'kmaq at private lands in Pomquet. Also includes backer of Dominique Philyspas., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (160d Dorchester 5th May 1822 Sir Rupert I herewith transmit for the consideration of his Excellency the Lieut. Governor a statement of the improvements made by the Indians on certain land in the Settlement of Pomquet together with the Affidavit of Dominique Philyspar one of the oldest and most respectable settlers in the immediate neighbourhood of the Land Some of the Indians attended here yesterday but It was judged unnecessary to take their depositions but the following are the facts to which they will swear That they settled on the land granted to McWhinnie nearly three years ago and improved two acres and a half that they removed from them twenty [five OR four?] years ago and settled twenty three years ago on the lands granted to Colin Campbell and H. H. Cogswell that eighteen years ago they were ordered by some persons who cut the hay on some Marshland on the farm of Campbell' lot to remove from it and they did so at that time and have ever since confined themselves to Cogswells lot till two years ago when they moved again to McWhinnies [?Elisha Randal] Senr. [senior] of Little River and Adolphus Atwater of Pomquet who have resided twenty seven years in the neighbourhood of the land have offered to make affidavit to nearly the same things if necessary of trust however that his Excellency will be satisfied with what has been done and that It will not be thought necessary to put these men to any more trouble on this account   April 14, 2017 — 2:36 pm
201606767 Petition of James Lulan of Pictou on behalf of himself for relief in consequence of interference with his land. Includes backer with note that five pounds be taken from the Indian Account to be given to purchase necessaries for the Mi'kmaq and since the I, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 We beg leave to Certify that the Petitioner James Lulan is a sober Honest and industrious man and is acknowledged as the Chief of the Indians at Pictou - That the facts stated with Petition are true, and that should any money be [ entrusted?] to the Petitioners it will be faithfully [expended] and accounted for ---- Halifax 6 March [1829?] G. Smith [signiture] Tho. Dickson   April 14, 2017 — 2:25 pm
201606768 Petition of James Lulan of Pictou on behalf of himself for relief in consequence of interference with his land. Includes backer with note that five pounds be taken from the Indian Account to be given to purchase necessaries for the Mi'kmaq and since the I, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [illegible] Sulan an Indian ------- March 1829 -------------- £ 5 X sent to the [Deacon?] by Sulan - to purchase [ necessaries?] for these Indians [illegible signature] X [?since] the Indian accounts were rendered to he House. -- [illegible] George 15th May 1829  April 14, 2017 — 2:18 pm
201606715 Letter from John Spry Morris to William Hill regarding trespasses by non-Mi'kmaq on Mi'kmaq lands at Malagawatch. Explains that a complaint made by Alexander McIntosh and others against Deputy W. Luce for having laid out land for them at Malagawatch that, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (160 Sydney 17th. Feb 1823 Sirs I beg you to inform His Excellency the Lieut.Governor that in consequence of a complaint, set forth in a Petition to His Excellency, signed by Alexander McIntosh Neil McLellan, Donald McLellan and Donald McRae, that [?W. OR Mr.] Luce. one of my Deputies, had laid out Lands for them which belong to the Indians at Malagawaatchkt, W. Luce repaired thither to enquire into the real cause of this complaint and having , at no trifling expense and trouble, made a survey of the North Shore of that Settlement it appeared that there was no foundation for the representations which the above named persons had presumed to make to His Excellency ,as the enclosed sketch will more fully prove- While these men confined themselves to the Lots which they had employed W. Luce to lay out, the Indians manifested no disposition to disturb them, neither did they set up any claims to the Lands on which they were settled; but the petitioners equally regardless of truth, of common honesty and the rights of their neighbours, took possession, last summer, of a place cleared by the Indians about forty years ago and pastured their cattle on an ancient cemetery, the principal object of the love and [amoration?] of those poor people- then and not till then, the chief of the Indian Settlement applied to me for advice respecting the mode of repelling such encroachments, and I gave him a Ticket of Location which His Excellency was pleased to approve~ The true cause of the discontent  April 14, 2017 — 2:57 pm
201606716 Letter from John Spry Morris to William Hill regarding trespasses by non-Mi'kmaq on Mi'kmaq lands at Malagawatch. Explains that a complaint made by Alexander McIntosh and others against Deputy W. Luce for having laid out land for them at Malagawatch that, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 of the Petitioners is that, having settled on their Lots at Malagawaatchkt before they had sufficiently examined them, they discovered, after making some improvements, that there were not quite two hundred acres of Land for each Person; therefore they attempted to impose on Government the ingenious story of Indian Claims, in expectation of getting some compensation for lost labor, as they termed it, and of [evading?] the payment of the expenses of the survey- In the latter part of their scheme they succeeded , having never paid one shilling to the Deputy Surveyor- I beg leave further to remark that, Donald Mc.Rae whose signature appears to the Petition quitted this Island in 1821 or early in 1822 and never returned , and that [Alexr.?] Mc.Intosh, another subscriber, settled without authority and has not yet had his Lot laid out - With His Excellency's permission I shall issue another Ticket, to secure the Indians from similar encroachments; with a more exact description of their claims, amounting to about 200 acres for each family, than I was able to make in the first- I have the honor to be Sir your most obedt. humble Servt. [T] Crawley J.P. C. B. -------------------------- William Hill Esqr [Dy Suy?] &c &c  April 14, 2017 — 2:00 pm
201606717 Letter from John Spry Morris to William Hill regarding trespasses by non-Mi'kmaq on Mi'kmaq lands at Malagawatch. Explains that a complaint made by Alexander McIntosh and others against Deputy W. Luce for having laid out land for them at Malagawatch that, Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [written vertically] Surveyor General of Cape Breton _ transmits for His Excellency's information a statement and plan explanatory of a complaint made by Alexander McIntosh and others against his Deputy [?W OR Mr.] Luce for having laid out lands for them at Malagawaatchkt which belonged to the Indians- Sydney 17 February 1823. Recd.15 March --. inform the Surveyor Genl. that this report is exceedingly Satisfactory that I approve of his [?forming] another ticket to [?License] the Indians from similar encroachments and that I beg [he] will present his Deputy W. Luce with Five pounds as a present from me for performing this service [?W.H.]  April 14, 2017 — 2:42 pm
201606655 "An order for clothes for Louis Tony and Peter Maurice, two good men with influence over their fellow Mi'kmaq, including the letter requesting provisions for them and the order to get proper dress for each of the, but ?let it be clearly understood that I c", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (148 Louis Tony and Peter Maurice Indians in the name of their fellow Indians promise if his excellency will order them some provisions and Clothing that they will come in when called on to fight for him. They say the guns must not be given to the Indians [till?] they are wanted because they would take them into  April 14, 2017 — 1:17 pm
201606491 Abstract of disbursements to Mi'kmaq by the Committee of His Majesty's Council and House of Assembly. 1800 and 1801., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 No.2. -------------- Abstract of Disbursements by The Committee for Relief of Indians from 17th June 1801- to 12th. June 1803.  April 14, 2017 — 1:12 pm
201606490 Abstract of disbursements to Mi'kmaq by the Committee of His Majesty's Council and House of Assembly. 1800 and 1801., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 1803 Brought forward.....£230.8.11 ½ April 20 To paid Wm Smith for supplys to Indians at Douglas [?afc] Acct. No. 25. 3.12.6 " 30 To cash paid for Molasses .fish. [offall] Bread &c] this mo.....4.13.9 " " To ditto paid for Blankets [54/_ 4] ditto 32/ ....4.6.- May 4 To paid Henry Watkeys for mending Gun [afc] Acct 26 -.15- " 31 To Cash paid for Molasses [?offall] &c &c this month....3.12.6 June 1 To paid for 5 Bushels seed Potatoes to Musquodoboit Indians....1.5- " 8 To paid Tremain & Boggs for Blankets [afc] Account 27. 8.2 - " 12 To paid Hartshorn and Tremain for Indian Meal issued from their Store ][illegible] orders ....28 54~9 " " To paid Hartshorn & Boggs for Powder Shott &c issued [afc] orders on their Store....29 26.10.5 ½ " " To paid George Oxley Esqr. for supplys to Indians at Ramsheg last winter & Spring.. 30 16.13.~ " " To paid Jonathan Crane Esqr. for supplys to Indians at Horton....31. 5.3.4 " " To paid Casper [ Woolenhaupt?] Esqr. for Potatoes & Hoes issued at Lunenburg....32. 2.9.9 ---------------- 131.4.07 [subtotal] --------------------- 361.13.0 To The Estate of Joseph Davis for sundries supplied to Indians. by order of His Excellency The Lieut Governor in 1799. & 1800. before Commissioners were appointed....16.11.6 ------------- 378.4 .6 To Amount of Account laid before Committee of Assembly in June 1801 --( duplicate herewith).....146.8.2 --------------- £ 524.12.8 To 5 Barrells Indian Meal sent to Sheet Harbour the 5 Janry 1803 [afc] Receipt No.34 - omitted above.....5.10.0 ----------------- £ 530.2.8 ---------------Cr._--------------- By a vote of Assembly 1800 - Received from [?afc] Treasury ....350..0..0 By ditto...in 1801....150.- Balance...30.2.8 --------------- £530..2.8 ---------------- Errors Excepted Halifax 26th June 1803 Mich. Wallace - for the Committee of His Majesty's Council and House of Assembly  April 14, 2017 — 1:44 pm
201606489 Abstract of disbursements to Mi'kmaq by the Committee of His Majesty's Council and House of Assembly. 1800 and 1801., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 1802 Brought forward....£108.10.3 April 13 To paid Jonathan Crane Esqr. for sundry supplys to Indians at Horton [afc] Account No. 13. 7.13.3 "30 To cash given Indians to buy Molasses .fat Potatoes axheads &c this & last month....4.17.9 May 30 To paid William Nixon Esqr. for Potatoes supplyd to Indians at Guysboro' last winter [afc] Acct...14. 11.5- " " To Cash paid for seed Potatoes to [Sundry] Indians at Musquodoboit & Margarets Bay ...3.5- July 12 To Cash and sundry supplys' given to 11 Indians from New Brunswick [by] order of His Excellency The Lieut. Governor.....15. 6.16.9 "31 To Cash paid for Molasses Beef [offal] &c this month...1.16. - Augt. 31 ditto.....do ......ditto....2.14.6 Septr 27 To paid Edmund [Ward?] for Blankets Baize &c [afc] acct. 16. 4.5.3 "30 To paid John Brown for 6 Barr[e]l.Indian Meal ..17...6.10 Octor. 31 To Cash given Indians this month for Molasses Potatoes fat &c &c.....2.6 .- Novemr. 15 To paid John [Wooden?] for Seed Potatoes issued at Margarets Bay last spring ...18...-10.- "17 To paid John & Jonathan Tremain for a Hatchet...19 -2.9 " 30 To Cash paid to Indians to buy Molasses. Bread [?offall] &c this month....3.13.6 ---------------- 55.15.9 [subtotal] decemr 31 To paid Forsyth Smith & Co for Rice & Molasses [had?] in June for sick Indians.....20. 10.3.9 " " To Cash paid for 7 Blankets....2.16 " " To ditto paid this month for Molasses [ox head?] Bread &c &c ....4.12 1803 Janry 21 To paid Forsyth Smith & Co for [Baize?] Blanketing &c [afc] Account....21. 14.12.8 ½ " " To paid Henry Watkeys for repairing Guns....22. - .11.6 " 31 To Cash paid for Molasses. Potatoes [?offall] &c this month 2.11.6 Feby 27 To ditto. ditto. ditto....3.6 -- March 9 To paid James Archibald for supplys to Indians at Truro by order......23. 20. .. - .. - " 31 To Cash paid for Molasses.fat, Potatoes Beef &c this month....3.17. - " To ditto for 1 Barrell Mackarole.....1.5. - 1 Barrell Shad.....1.2.6 April 12 To paid Peter McCondachie for Potatoes supplied by him at Sheet Harbour last winter [by] order....24. 1.5- -------------------------- 66.2.11½ [subtotal] -------------------------------- Carried forward- £230.8.11 ½  April 14, 2017 — 1:57 pm
201606488 Abstract of disbursements to Mi'kmaq by the Committee of His Majesty's Council and House of Assembly. 1800 and 1801., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (78. Abstract of Disbursements to Indians, By the Committee of His Majesty's Council and House of Assembly at Halifax, under Votes of Assembly for that purpose in 1800. and 1801.---------- 1801 July 23 To paid Henry [Watkeys] for a Gun...[?afc] Acct. No 1 1..10 - Augt. 26 " paid John Woodin for seed Potatoes he furnished to Indians at Margarets Bay [per] order... 2 2.5- " 31 To Cash given Indian women & children to buy molasses offall &c this month....1..2.6 Octr. 21To paid Henry [Watkey's] for 2 guns ... 3 3..-.- " " " paid George [Dawkins?] Esqr. for sundry supplys to Indians at Country Harbour by his order.... 4 5.3 - " 27 " paid William Schwartz for supply's to Indians at Torbay [?afc] Accounts.. 5 16.11.- " 31 To Cash paid Indians this month to buy Bread. Molasses fat offal &c ..3.18.9 Novr. 20 To ditto paid for Green Baize & Blankets ....4.3.4 decem. 8 To paid Edmund Ward for Blankets sent to [?W OR Mr] Nixon Esqr. for Indians in Sydney County [?afc] acct... 6 7..5- " " To " Jonathan & John Tremain for ditto do...7 7..--- " " To Cash paid for mending a Canoe, broke by a M: of [War's?] boat.... - 7.6- " " To ditto paid for 5 Blankets....2.5..- " " To ditto paid this and last month, for Beef. Potatoes, Hog's fat and Biscuit given Women & Children...7.15.6 ---------------- 62.6.7 [subtotal] 1802 Jany 31 To Cash paid for Molasses. offall, Bread &c this month..2.18.- " " To ditto for Baize & dammaged Blankets... " 3.10- Feby 21 To paid William Smith for supplys to Indians at Douglas... 8 3.1.6 " 24 To paid Jonathan & John Tremain for Blankets sent to Sheet Harbour [afc] Acct. 9 4.4- " " To ditto to Edward Mortimer for Blankets issued by him, by order at Pictou .... 10 7---- " " To ditto to Hartshorne & Boggs for Powder & Shott supplied Indians by order of Committee....11 12.9.10 " 26 To Cash paid for 6 Blankets... 2.14- " 28 To ditto paid Molasses. Heads of Beef. Potatoes &c this month...3.3.6 " " To ditto paid for a Barrel Herring....1.3.4 March 20 To paid Henry Watkeys? for repairing Guns &c [afc] Acct. 12 3.9.6 " 31 To Cash paid for 4 Blankets 36/- Baize 14/ ...2.10- 46.3.8 [subtotal] ----------------------- Carried forward --- £108.10.3   April 14, 2017 — 1:32 pm
201606455 Account for relief supplies to Mi'kmaq. From Oxley to government. Marked paid., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (67. Province of Nova Scotia To George Oxley [illegible] Provision Delivered to Sundry Indians 1801 Feby. 15th To Luxy Tony 10 bushl. of potatoes 2/6 - 1 - 5 - 0 To [illegible] bushel of Peas @ 10/ - - - . 15 - 0 To Joseph Salome 8 bushl. potatoes 1 - 0 - 0 March 6th To two bushels of Peas - - - - 1 - 0 - 0 To Antony Tony 8 bushl. potats. 1 - - - " 12th To three bushl of Peas - @ 10/ 1 - 1- - To Andrew Barrow 6 Bushl. potas. - 15 - 20th To 2 bushl Peas @ 10/ - - - 1 - 0 - Francis [illegible] 10 busl. Potatoes 1 - 5 - To 3 Bushels of Peas @ 10/ ----- 1 - 10 - 27th To 1 bushel of wheat @ 10/ - - - 10 Andrew Barrow [9th] of powder - - - - 5 - Apr 10th To 4th of shot - @ /6 p - - - - 2 - [?Luxey] Tony two hoes @ / 6p - - - 12 - John Salome 8 bushl. potatoes - - 1 - 0 - 18th To 2 1/2 busl of Peas - @ 10/ - 1 - 5 - Thos. [Noent] To 4 bushel of potatoes - - - 10 - To [illegible] bushel Rye meal @ 10/ - - - 8 - To 2 bushl. of Peas @ 10/ - - 1 - 0 - -------------------- £ . 16 ..12 .. Errors Excepted George Oxley River Philip 2d June 1801 Halifax July 8' 1801 Personally appeared Before me Charles Morris Junr. Esqr. one of His Majestys Justices of the Peace for the County of Halifax George  April 13, 2017 — 8:28 pm
201606456 Account for relief supplies to Mi'kmaq. From Oxley to government. Marked paid., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [Oxley] who made Oath on the Holy [Evangelests] of Almighty God. that the foregoing is a true and Just account of Provisions actually Supplied by him to the Indians therein named and this [Defendant] further [illegible - crossed out] declares that at the time he furnished the said Provisions. the Indians therein names [?were] in actual want and Distress for the [?Same] Charles Morris Junr. J.P. Recd. payment from Michael Wallace Treasurer of the Province this 15 July 1801 George Oxley [written vertically] Indian [illegible] Acct. George Oxley's Acct. of Sundry Supplys to Indians - £ 16 .. 12..0 ------------------- June 1801 -------- in Cumberland County No.14  April 13, 2017 — 8:38 pm
201606757 "Negative copy of a letter expressing the satisfaction of the Mi'kmaq of Bras d'Or Lake, Cape Breton, with Rev. Mr. Lawlor for visits to their places of residence and of worship. Has attached a page of names[?].", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 165/ We the undersigned Indians of the Bras d'or Lake, County Cape Breton having authorized one of our tribe, with the consent of our Chief, to affix our names as [follows] . Expressing our Satisfaction of the attention paid us by the Rev[eren]d. Mr. Lawlor at our seperate [separate] places of residence and [Houses] of Worship at different times, hope His Reverence will in future [teach] us and continue his Instructions for which we are thankful.. 165 [19 row of Indian names TBD - expertise required] [illegible] [illegible] [Brunfree] [Wanteni] [Nuer] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [Wars] [Wuri] . [illegible] [Nuer] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [Walatis] [illegible] [illegible] [Nuer] [Walatis] [illegible] [illegible] Walatis] [Walatis] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [Duma] [Brier] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [Bril] [Duma] [Nuer] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [Machieu] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [Antre] [Antre] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [Machieu] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [elli] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] [Bohn] [illegible] [Bohn] [ellui] [Antre] [Nuer] [illegible] [Wanhoulla] [Wanlatist] [illegible] D 7th. Augt. 1828.  April 13, 2017 — 8:46 pm
201606445 "Return of Mi'kmaq residents in the district of Pictou, County of Halifax, Province of Nova Scotia.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (63. Return of Indians resident in the District of Pictou, County of Halifax, Province of Nova Scotia viz --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Head of the | name borne | Men | Women | Children | Total of | Character Family | by his Father | | | | ea. family | ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Old Paul | Sallan | 1 | 1 | " | 2 Suland Mercat[uary] | [?Franceca] | 4 | 3 | 3 | 10 John [Touny] | Capt [Touny] | 1 | 1 | 2 | 4 Maltel Sapier | Sapr. Mercat[uari] Sapr. Mercat[uarie] | Franceca | Newel Saiper | Sapr. Mercat[uarie] | John [?Patlis] | Petitiou - | Newell Patlis | John Patlis | 1 | 1 | 3 | 5 Assem Paul | old Paul | 1 | 1 | 2 | 4 Francis Paul | do. do. | 1 | 2 | 3 | 6 Sapier Paul | do. do. | 2 | 2 | 4 | 8 Cha[rle]s. Touny | Capt. Touny | 2 | 2 | 5 | 9 Mulis Petitiou | Petitiou | 1 | 1 | " | 2 Joseph [?Purnal] | Peter Purnal | 2 | 1 | 4 | 7 John Purnal } Joseph Purnal | 1 | 1 | 1 | 3 Peter John | Patist | 3 | 2 | " | 5 Peter John Jun[io]r. | P. John Sen[io\r. | 1 | 1 | 3 | 5 Francis John | do. do. | 1 | 1 | 2 | 4 [Silly] [?BayLuci] | [?Allinie] | 1 | 4 | 1 | 6 Francis [illegible] | [illegible] A. [illegible | 1 | 1 | 3 | 5 Jno. William & Br[othe]rs | [?Satillnak] | 3 | 2 | " | 6 old Mitchell | -- | 3 | 3 | " | 6 Sam[ue]l. Oakum | -- | 1 | 1 |1 | 3 Francis a Blindman & Mother | 1 | 1 | " | 2 Allinie [?Paessius] | -- [?Paessius] | 1 | 1 | 3 | 5 --------------------------------- 38 | 40 | 50 | 128 -------------------------------- [written vertically in character column] Honest, [illegible] [illegible] [few] have a great [illegible] for Ardent Spirits Errors Excepted Pictou 19th . March 1801 Edwd. Mortimer  April 13, 2017 — 7:56 pm
201606446 "Return of Mi'kmaq residents in the district of Pictou, County of Halifax, Province of Nova Scotia.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [written vertically] [illegible] [illegible Indians resident in the district of Pictou by __ E. [Mortimer] 1807  April 13, 2017 — 7:02 pm
201606561 "Account of potatoes furnished to Mi'kmaq at Guysborough, May 1802.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (112 Michael Wallice Esqr. & Commissioners of Donations to Indians &c. To William Nixon ..... Dr. To 150 bushels of Potatoes Purchased & Distributed To Sundry Indian Familys in the Estern [Eastern] District of their Province @ 1/6 per. Bushell .... £ 11. 5 . 0 -------------------- 20th May 1802 Received from Michael Wallace Esqr. the A[illegible - bottom edge torn] Wm. [Nixon]   April 13, 2017 — 6:45 pm
201606586 Receipt signed by P. McCondachie for potatoes supplied to the Mi'kmaq at Sheet Harbour. Payment received from M. Wallace., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (123 The Commissioners for relief at Halifax of Indians ----- Dr. to Peter McCondachie 1802 Decemr. for 10 Bushels Potatoes issued to Indians at Sheet Harbour by order ____ @ 2/6 £ 1..5..0 Received payments from Michael Wallace Treasurer of the Province 12th April 1803 __ Peter McCondachie Ent[ere]d  April 13, 2017 — 6:31 pm
201606724 "Affidavit of Thomas Trotter and John Monro certifying that they did, in April of 1824, measure the improvements made by the Mi'kmaq in lands in Pomquet granted to Colin Campbell, H.H. Cogswell, and William Mcwhinnie and found said improvements to be 3 1/2", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Dorchester 3rd May 1824 We the Subscribers in company with [Elisha] [Randal] Senr. of Little River Adolphus Atwater Ferryman at Pomquet John Johnstone now residing on land granted to Colin Campbell in Pomquet and James and Peter Grant proprietors of lands granted to Willm. McWhinnie and a number of the most sober and intelligent of the Indians and assisted by [Aaron] [S] Harrington Deputy Surveyor of the district did on the 27th and 28th of April last measure with the chain and compass the improvements made by the Indians on land in Pomquet granted to Colin Campbell H.H. Cogswell and Willm McWhinnie and found said improvements to be to the extent and in the state represented in the annexed plan and Explanations namely three acres and a half or thereabouts on lands granted to William McWhinnie twenty acres on lands granted to Colin Campbell and forty acres and three quarters on lands granted to H.H. Cogswell with the exception that in making out the improvements on Mr Cogswell's land we have made nearly ten acres less than our measurement as the irregularity of the lines made it very difficult to ascertain the [?precise] extent of the improvements and as we wished rather to be within than to go beyond it Thomas Trotter John Monro Sworn Before us this 3rd May. 1824 __ John Cunningham J.P. [?Mr] Macdonald J.P. Robt. N. Henry J.P. As the greater part of the firewood has been cut and removed from forest [?100] acres on the front of Mr. Cogswell land one hundred acres would be too little for the Indians and we have taken the liberty of recommending it to his Excellency to allow them as far as the line we have drawn across the front or to allow 150 acres at least [illegible] between that it can be proved beyond all doubt that the Indians have been in possession of the land for a period of twenty three years and upwards. we expect a number of them here tomorrow to give their affidavits and will transmit them Thomas Trotter John Cunningham [illegible] Macdonald Robt. N. Henry  April 12, 2017 — 8:13 pm
201606762 "Petition of Father Simon Lawlor regarding the Mi'kmaq school in Cape Breton, addressed to the House of Assembly and accompanied by a report of the committee to which it was referred, concurring with Lawlor's opinion in his letter.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 The Committee, to whom this petition has been referred, fully concur [with - crossed out] in the opinion of the Revd gentleman who petition in favour of the unfortunate Indians. But, so there has been no general system adopted for their education & settlement of these unfortunate people, we extend this [to] the Country __ The Committee do not see how his views can be carried into effect. But they recommend that £ 50 should be placed at his disposal as [last] year _ for these schools & establishment [Natl.] [Uniacke] [Thos] [Haliburton] William [A] Chipman  April 12, 2017 — 7:28 pm
201606761 "Petition of Father Simon Lawlor regarding the Mi'kmaq school in Cape Breton, addressed to the House of Assembly and accompanied by a report of the committee to which it was referred, concurring with Lawlor's opinion in his letter.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 for Indian Education, and even the Bounty of a Nation has spread the light of knowledge over the Indian Ocean, whilst the Aborigines of this Province are still worse than what we found them, poor in the extreme, given up to intemperance, and the evils resulting therefrom, destitute of education, their fishing and hunting nearly exhausted, and themselves, as destitute wanderers, must soon become a burden upon the generosity of the Province. Your Petitioner further begs leave to state, that if some proper person was established to instruct them in their moral and religious duties, they might in time be restrained from their habits of intemperance, induced them to cultivate their lands, and instead of poor miserable outcasts become a blessing to themselves, and of use to society. That one of the Indians in my Jurisdiction is well acquainted with the English as well as his own language, and if proper Books, which are there published, were purchased for their use, great improvements might justly be expected. That your petitioner has already attended them several times a year in their different settlements, instructing them in the above; but unless some remmunneration will be allowed, it will be impossible for him to continue. Your petitioner concluded by representing to your Honors, that by your Honors taking the above into consideration, and if, in your wisdom, you may deem proper to grant any assistance towards the distressed Indians, he will cheerfully accept the task, and as in duty bound to &c &c Simon Lawlor  April 12, 2017 — 7:22 pm
201606760 "Petition of Father Simon Lawlor regarding the Mi'kmaq school in Cape Breton, addressed to the House of Assembly and accompanied by a report of the committee to which it was referred, concurring with Lawlor's opinion in his letter.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 167½ To the Honorable the Speaker and Members of the Legislature of Nova Scotia The Petition of Simon Lawlor Missionary in [Broadeaue?] Island of Cape Breton and Province of Nova Scotia, Humbly Sheweth, That from your Petitioners long acquaintance among the Indian Settlements in this Island, having attended them for a length of time as their Spiritual Director, he has had every opportunity of observing the miserable ignorance, the bad consequences of intemperance, and all the many other disadvantages which accrue from the want of a liberal system of Education established among them. That your Petitioner can assert from his personal knowledge, that the Indians are fully sensible of this, and would consent, with the greatest pleasure to any measure your Honorable House should be pleased to adopt for the furtherance of this desirable object. It was long, and in some parts still is the general opinion, that the Indians were incapable of either mental or moral improvement, and consequently unfit for every purpose of civilised society; but, that such is erroneous, numberless proofs can now be produced such as [Lorettne.?] near Quebec, where upwards of One Hundred families reside, cultivate Agriculture with success. and are supplied with every necessary implement for the cultivation of the soil. That in New Brunswick, Canada &c &c ample provision has been made  April 12, 2017 — 7:04 pm
201606764 "Petition of Father Simon Lawlor regarding the Mi'kmaq school in Cape Breton, addressed to the House of Assembly and accompanied by a report of the committee to which it was referred, concurring with Lawlor's opinion in his letter.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 His Excellency Sir John C. Sherbrooke Lieutenant Governor &c &c &c Halifax [illegible - right edge torn]y 13 1815 Father Segogne Indian Affairs  April 12, 2017 — 7:25 pm
201606763 "Petition of Father Simon Lawlor regarding the Mi'kmaq school in Cape Breton, addressed to the House of Assembly and accompanied by a report of the committee to which it was referred, concurring with Lawlor's opinion in his letter.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [written vertically] for Indian School 1829 Mr Uniacke Mr Chipman Mr Haliburton referred to Com. of supply 12 March 1829 ____ £50 Mr Uniacke   April 12, 2017 — 7:29 pm
201606799 "Letter from Rev. E.W. Morris to Lt. Gov. Maitland regarding the condition of several Mi'kmaq families living near Rawdon. Also encloses a petition from Louis Benjamin Paul Pominout requesting relief for the 200 Mi'kmaq encamped at Winsdor, Newport, Kennet", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 ed by their Chief Benjamin Paul or as he is named in his Commission Louis Benjamin Pominout to [?express] their wants and wishes in a Petition to his Excellency I consented to do so with the hope that should his Excellency be enabled to grant relief sufficient to meet the [?exigence] of the case some person might be found in Halifax who would undertake to provide them with clothing. Perhaps provisions might be more cheaply procured in the Country and rather than the Indians should fail of relief in this point also. I would become responsible for the due appropriation of whatever sum his Excellency may think proper to devote to this purpose. I speak with reference to the Indians in Rawdon only. The Chief tells me he is disabled by a [?Carneness] from being the Bearer of his Petition. I have the honor to be your Obdt Humble Serv[an]t Geo E W Morris  April 12, 2017 — 7:08 pm
201606798 "Letter from Rev. E.W. Morris to Lt. Gov. Maitland regarding the condition of several Mi'kmaq families living near Rawdon. Also encloses a petition from Louis Benjamin Paul Pominout requesting relief for the 200 Mi'kmaq encamped at Winsdor, Newport, Kennet", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (176 Rawdon Jany 17th 1831 Dear Sir When in Halifax a short time since I had some conversation with my honoured Father respecting the destitute condition of a number of Indians now on the glebe in Rawdon. The most probable mode of obtaining speedy relief for them which suggested itself to his mind was to mention the subject to you. Upon his doing so, he obtained from you on the part of his Excellency the ready offer of relief to the amount of ten pounds. This sum would have been gladly and thankfully accepted by me in behalf of the poor Indians had I not been afraid of the difficulties attending the Office of Almoner to them. Since my return to Rawdon having their destitute condition before my eyes, and having been request  April 12, 2017 — 7:43 pm
201606821 Letter from Crawley to George regarding surveys of roads and accounts of deputy surveyors., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 is due to him, on a former account for Road Surveys £ 11..18..1 __ I hope the [?House] will make another grant towards paying for the Surveys already completed as well as for those that are in progress __ I remain with great regard Dear Sir yours sincerely T. Crawley 5th. March 1833 -------------------------   April 12, 2017 — 7:03 pm
201606820 Letter from Crawley to George regarding surveys of roads and accounts of deputy surveyors., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (184 Dear Sir I hope this will reach you in time to prevent the trouble of a useless search for the Plan of the Road from Long Island in the [?Little] Bras d'or to the Strait of Barra __ I have just learned that Mr. Sutherland did not get my Instructions __ When the Survey is completed I will take a copy of the Plan __ I shall endeavor to proceed without the other Plans until the close of the Session when it may suit you better to give directions about these _ Sutherland begged me to mention that their  April 12, 2017 — 7:09 pm
201606819 Letter from Thomas Crawley to George transmitting a description and plot of the land reserved at Whycocomagh for the Mi'kmaq and accounts of surveyors for work done., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 Capt Crawley 11th - Feb. 1833 Surveys _ Indians and Roads __ Sir Rupert D. George Bart &c &c &c  April 12, 2017 — 6:11 pm
201606818 Letter from Thomas Crawley to George transmitting a description and plot of the land reserved at Whycocomagh for the Mi'kmaq and accounts of surveyors for work done., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (183 Dear Sir I have the pleasure to transmit a [illegible] and [Plots] of the Land reserved at Whykokomagh for the use of the Indians; also a Sketch of a Road ordered to be [?explored] from the Bras d'or to the Lake's at the Head of Grand Riviere with the Deputy Surveyor's account of expenses amounting to £ 6.15-0 __ Mr. McNab begged me to remind you that the sum of £ 11..18..0 is due to him on a former account of road surveys delivered 20th. March 1832 amounting to £ 51..1..0 of which he received from my [Son] only £ 39..2..22_ I am with great regard Dear Sir yours sincerely T. Crawley [20th] Feby 1833  April 12, 2017 — 6:10 pm
201606844 "Petition of Francis Paul, Peter Tom, Michael Tom and Edward Nowlins for relief for themselves and their families. Includes backer with note asking Thomas James to attend to petition. Dated at Douglas, Kennetcook.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 The bearer of the annexed petition Michael Thom being on his way to Halifax, requests my signature thereto, I therefore beg respectfully to state, that I agree with the prayer of said petition and recommend to the favorable consideration of His Excellency the case of the Indian families therein named; believing them to be in a distressed state. Given under my hand in Douglas 30th. January 1838. David [Tom?] J.P.  April 12, 2017 — 6:38 pm
201606843 "Petition of Francis Paul, Peter Tom, Michael Tom and Edward Nowlins for relief for themselves and their families. Includes backer with note asking Thomas James to attend to petition. Dated at Douglas, Kennetcook.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (186g To His Excellency Major General Sir Colin Campbell Knight Commander of the [Most] Honorable Military order of the Bath &c &c &c The Petition of Francis Paul Peter Tom in behalf of themselves and two other families [viz] Michael Tom and Edward Nowlins Humbley Sheweth that your Petitioners are in a distressed Case for want of Cloathing [Clothing] and find it as much as they Can Possibly do to Procure Provisions to [Eat] as the Inhabitants does not Seem Willing to Purchase the articles they manufacture at the Rate that would Enable your Petitioners to Purchase Blankets and great Coats and that on account of there being no Snow this Winter there has been no chance of Hunting Moose or Carrabou to make money of your Petitioners would therefore most Earnestly Solicit your Excellency to order them a Pair of Blankets and a great Coat to Each family your Petitioners are at Present Located at the River [Kennetcook] in [?Douglas] for a time by your Excellency granting the Prayer of your Petitioners they will in duty bound Ever Pray. __ Francis Paul his + mark Peter Tom his + mark Michael Tom his + mark [Ned] Nowlins his + mark Douglas Kennetcook January 29th 1838  April 12, 2017 — 6:34 pm
201606567 "Letter from McCondachie to Wallace regarding attempts to have the Mi'kmaq at Sheet Harbour plant seed potatoes, expressing doubt that the Mi'kmaq will ready the ground or plant the potatoes.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (115 Sheet Harbour 7th June 1802 Sir I have been honoured by your note [of?] the Indians concerning some seed Putotas [Potatoes] after reading and considering the same, I [found -crossed out] was in oppinion with you and doubtful wheather they would plant them or not, I therefore told them to go and get the ground prepared and as soon as I saw it in readiness to plant, I would give them seed They neither said they would or would not but I am sure they will not, They are very troublsome and distresing to this setelment in the winter time at present they can make out very well in their own way, [mead?] me reserve the Putotas untill I hear from you or a more needfull time unless I see ground prepared to put them in which theer is no Lickly of at present. I remain Sir your Very Hu[mb]le Ser[van]t Peter McCondachie Michael Wallace Esq[ui]re Treasurer Halifax ---  April 12, 2017 — 5:32 pm
201606578 "Return of Mi'kmaq living at Sheet Harbour in the County of Halifax, 1802.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (120 Return of Indians now living at Sheet Harbour in the County of Halifax Province of N. Scotia 15th Novr. 1802 - ---------------------------------------- John [ Savio?] and his wife ___2 Peter [Savio?] his Wife and 2 Children___4 Thomas [Savio?] and his Wife ___ 2 Able Wise his Wife and 2 Children ___4 Frances Cope a Widdow with 3 Children ___ 4 [Penaul?] Cope and his Wife __ 2 --------------- in all 18 -------------- The above mentioned is in a way of providing for them Selves at this present period or as well to do as any in their line but the folowing is in great want of every Necessary of Life being cheifly [chiefly] Old, Sick, or Lame, and a great Burthen upon the inhabitants of this small Settlement__ Lewis Paul a Wife Mother in Law his oldest daughter a Widdow with a child and four children of his own} 9 [Penaul?] [Jons?] an old man upwards of 60 years of age and two daughters both Widdows with one child } 4 [illegible] and his Wife each upwards of 50 years of age } 2 Francis [Bardo?] and three children says he could provide for his family if he had a French gun and some powder & shot} 4 ----- 19 18 ----- 37 We the Subscribers inhabitants of Sheet Harbour do Sign in behalf of the aforesaid Indians and certify them to be Objects of charity _ To the Commissioners } Ja[me]s. Sutherland J.P. of Indians at Halifax } Peter M.Condachie   April 12, 2017 — 5:23 pm
201606547 "Letter from Abe Merchand [?] to John Wentworth reporting that the local magistrate and settlers at Sheet Harbour want to make him aware of the situations of three Mi'kmaq families (i.e. the families of Lewis Cope, Eleanor Cope, and Peter Cope.) Urge relie", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [written vertically center left] Sir John Wentw[orth - page cut here] recommendation relief of Indians Sheet Harbo[ur - page cut here] 2 January  April 12, 2017 — 5:16 pm
201606546 "Letter from Abe Merchand [?] to John Wentworth reporting that the local magistrate and settlers at Sheet Harbour want to make him aware of the situations of three Mi'kmaq families (i.e. the families of Lewis Cope, Eleanor Cope, and Peter Cope.) Urge relie", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 (105 [Gent.?] The preceding statement is recommended for [relief?] Halifax 2nd Jany. 1802 To the Honble. James Brenton, Commn. for relief of Indians  April 12, 2017 — 5:31 pm
201606545 "Letter from Abe Merchand [?] to John Wentworth reporting that the local magistrate and settlers at Sheet Harbour want to make him aware of the situations of three Mi'kmaq families (i.e. the families of Lewis Cope, Eleanor Cope, and Peter Cope.) Urge relie", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 but what the settlers send them to preserve life. I am therefore led very respectfully to approach your Excellency & beg leave to [?recommend] the above families of wretched Indians to your Excellencys favorable consideration & attention as deserving objects - I have the honor to be with great respect Sir Your Excellency's Most Obedient very Faithful humble Servant [?Abe] Merchand J.P. His Excellency Sir John Wentworth Bart. Lieut. Governor of N Scotia &c &c &c  April 12, 2017 — 5:27 pm
201606354 A licence for the Mi'kmaq ?to occupy the land? at Sheet Harbour. Includes small map., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 A license for the Indians ~~ To Occupy the land Situate laying & being Beginning, at the Upper Bounds of Lands Granted Jonathan Belcher Esqr, on the Eastern Branch of Sheet Harbour, Thence to run East, One Mile, Thence North Six Miles, Thence West, Three Miles, Thence South Seven Miles Thence East to the said Harbour, Thence Crossing the Harbour, and Runing up the same to the Bounds first Mentioned, Containing in the whole, Eleven Thousand Five Hundred & Twenty Acres [including to Salmon Fishery - written above so insert here]. According to Plan Annexed Halifax September 4th, 1783 Charles Morris Chief Surveyor West 3 Miles South 7 Miles East to the Harbour East 1 Mile North [6?] Miles [written on edge of paper above map] Jonathan Belcher Esqr. ~ his ~ ~ Grant. Sheet Harbour Map follows   April 12, 2017 — 4:10 pm
201606355 A licence for the Mi'kmaq ?to occupy the land? at Sheet Harbour. Includes small map., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 27½ 27½ Indian License 3 Septr 1783 License made Sepr 1783   April 12, 2017 — 4:52 pm
201606515 "Letter from William Nixon to Sir John Wentworth stating the situation of Mi'kmaq at Guysborough. Reports that a number of immigrants arrived at Pictou from Scotland bringing small pox, whooping cough, and measles. Fearing for their health, the Mi'kmaq lef", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [written vertically] Wm. Nixons Letter to Sir John Wentworth Stating the Situation of Indians about Guysboro & in Sydney County 20. November 1801 Sir John Wentworth Bart.  April 12, 2017 — 4:31 pm
201607333 Letter from Charles J. Gossip MD to the Provincial Secretary regarding the ?Indian remedy? for small pox laid before the society by Dr. Morris., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 129 Halifax N.S May 8th 18[6?]1 To The Hon. The Provincial Secretary Sir A meeting of the Nova Scotia Medical Society was held on Monday Evening last _ [6th?] May _ when the papers relating to the Indian Remedy for Small-Pox were laid before the Society____ After hearing the evidence and explanations of Dr. Morris on the subject _ he having certified that he has tried the remedy, and also published a letter extolling its virtues and vouching for its efficacy in cases of Small-Pox. The following resolutions were agreed to. Dr. Morris alone dissenting ____ [Resolved - underlined] _ That this meeting having listened attentively to the explanations of Dr. Morris respecting the Indian Remedy for Small-Pox (so called) is of the opinion that Dr. Morris has not had any reliable data upon which to found any opinion in favour of its value as a remedial agent ____ over  April 12, 2017 — 4:02 pm
201607334 Letter from Charles J. Gossip MD to the Provincial Secretary regarding the ?Indian remedy? for small pox laid before the society by Dr. Morris., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Names of the Members present at the meeting ____ Dr. Jennings _ President in the Chair Dr. Forrest __ Vice [do] Dr. Morris Dr. [Hume?] Dr. Gil[pin?] Dr. Almon Dr. Black Dr. Tupper Dr. Slayter Dr. Davies Dr. Cowie Dr. Gossip __ secretary ________ ... __________  April 12, 2017 — 4:09 pm
201606511 Letter from Joseph Marshall to Michael Wallace reporting that fourteen Mi'kmaq families have lately moved to the Guysborough area from Antigonish where they are inoculating for the small pox virus. Seeks relief. Mentions Salmon River encampment., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 [written vertically] Joseph [page torn - Mar]shall Guysboro [illegible] October 1801 reporting the state of Indians in that quarter Michl. Wallace Esquire [Honored] by Mr. John Newton Junr. } Halifax   April 12, 2017 — 4:44 pm
201606510 Letter from Joseph Marshall to Michael Wallace reporting that fourteen Mi'kmaq families have lately moved to the Guysborough area from Antigonish where they are inoculating for the small pox virus. Seeks relief. Mentions Salmon River encampment., Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 430 appeared to be the case, as the young children seemed almost naked. Their numbers on an average will be about five in every family. I hope Sir, you will excuse the liberty I have taken, in mentioning these circumstances to you, not doubting but upon representation to His Excellency (which I hope you'll make) he will in his humanity order a supply of blankets, [strouding?] and Indian corn, to relieve the extreme wants of about one hundred Indians, that I have every reason to think will winter in or near this settlement, on account of the small pox being in the neighbourhood of Antigonish. I am Sir your most Humble Servt. Joseph Marshall Michl. Wallace Esquire   April 12, 2017 — 4:57 pm
201607048 "Report of Lewis Johnston, M.D. of Bridgetown, relative to the small pox among the Mi'kmaq on the Bay Shore in Annapolis County.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 and the eruption had first made its appearance. They were both in a state of the greatest destitution having had nothing in the shape of food or drink for the last few days. but a small kettle of warm water & the aforesaid Lewis Johnston is of opinion that immediate steps should be taken by the authorities: both for the relief of these attacks. & to prevent the spread of so malignant a scourge. [The - crossed out] I would also mention that I visited another Indian who is lying in a very critical state from pulmonary disease & who is very anxious for assistance. both medical and otherwise.  April 12, 2017 — 2:33 pm
201607049 "Report of Lewis Johnston, M.D. of Bridgetown, relative to the small pox among the Mi'kmaq on the Bay Shore in Annapolis County.", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Signed, Lewis Johnston Bridgetown June 8th 1849  April 12, 2017 — 2:47 pm
201607052 "Letter of R. James of Bridgetown to Joseph Howe regarding the report of Dr. Johnston on small pox among the Mi'kmaq of Bay Shore enclosing a resolution of a Special Session of the Magistrates held at Bridgetown in 1849, ordering Drs. Johnston and Cochran ", Commissioner of Public Records collection volume 431 Copy At a Special Session of Magistrates held on Friday the 6th of June instant, [held - crossed out] at the Office of [?W or Mr] Justice James in Bridgetown Present Richard James, Edward Eaton Robert H Bath, Joseph Wheelock [?and] Edward [illegible] Randolph Esq[ui]re J. P. Read the Report of Dr Johnston reporting Indians at Charles' Cove, Granville, infected the with Small Pox. Resolved that Drs Johnston and Cockran to attend the said Indians, and [?offer to OR afford] them all necessary assistance and also take the necessary steps to prevent the spread of the disease. Ordered that Joseph Wheelock Esqr. having declined to act as Health Warden, to which Office he had been appointed by the Court of Sessions, in consequence of his being the only one, to attend the said [?Indians] there, and see that the above Resolution is carried out. [?Resolved] that Copy of the above be forwarded to His Excellency the Lieut. Governor. [?New] Copy R.James J.P.  April 12, 2017 — 2:11 pm
201607051 "Letter of R. James of Bridgetown to Joseph Howe regarding the report of Dr. Johnston on small pox among the Mi'kmaq of Bay Shore enclosing a resolution of